US 92195 A
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Letters Patent No. 92,195, dated July 6, 1869; anteclated June 19, 1869.
SHREDDING-AUG-ER FOR BARRELS.
The Schedule referred to in these Letters Patent and'inaking part of the same.
To all whom it may concern.-
Beit known that I, ARCHIBALD KELLY, of Sharpsburg, in the county of Allegheny, andState ot' Pennsylvania, haveinvented a new and useful Improve-v ment in' Shredding-Auger for Barrels; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact descriptionthereo', reference'being had to the accompanying drawings,`and to the letters of reference marked thereon.
Inboring bung-holes in barrels, the edge inside of l the barrel is lern rough and lagged 'by the auger, or other instrumentus'ed for making the bung-hole, and
the innerfsurface of the staves of barrels are rough and uneven. A
This rough and ragged condition of the lower edge of` the bung-hole, and the uneven and rough lsurface of the inner side of stares, are impediments, obstacles, and obstructions, which preve11t`,the proper cementing or coat-ing of the insidesurface of barrels used for holding .hydrocarbon-oils, for the cement or coating-material gathers, coagulates, and adheres to the rough and ragged edge and surface around the bung-hole of the barrel, and, in .driving the bung, the cement or coating around the bung-hole is knocked oii' into the o il in the barrel, thereby injuring the oil, and also causing aleakage around the bung.
The. nature of my invention consists in providing a shredding-auger for making the inner edge Vand surface around the bung-hole of barrels smooth and even, said auger being constructed, arranged, andzoperating inthe manner hereinafter described.
Toenable others skilled in the art to make and nse my invention, I will proceed to describe its construcfion and operation.
In the accompanying drawings, which form part of my specilicationl Figure lis aside elevation of my improvement `in shredding-auger.
Figure 2f is a vertical section of the same.
Figure. 3 is a transverse section 0f its cutting-head.
In the drawings- A represents the shank of theauger, on the upper end of which is secured a handle, D.
The shank A is placed in a metal sleeve, C, and is held in the sleeve by means ot' a projecting pin, o,
which` moves in the slotl X.
Io the lower end of the sleeve C is pivoted, at g, a cutter-head, B, provided with a knife, f, which may be secured in the cutting-head by means vof wedges or a set-screw.
Around the sleeve Gis placed a spiral-spring, e,-to
the lower. end of which may be attached a flange, as indicated by the dotted lines marked S, The upper end of the sleeve O is provided with a narrow ange, for the purpose of holding the spring on the sleeve, and also for making the vspring operative in holding the cutter-head to its work.
As the construction ofmy improvement, and the arrangement of the several parts, and the relation that they bear to each other, will readily be seen andv understood -from the foregoing description, and by reference to the accompanying drawings, l will therefore proceed to describe its operation, which is as follows: The end of the cutting-head Bis insertedgin the bung-hole of the barrel. I then press down on the Vhandle D, which will force down the shank A, and' theA lower end of' the shank, pressing on the end of the cutting-head will throw it intothe position repre: sented by the dotted lines y, and the spiral spring will draw the head up against the stave, represented by lines h, in which the bung-hole is made.
I then turn the handle D to the right, which will bring the pino .into the recess t, and canse the sleeve C Ato revolve with thesh/ank A, and the revolving of the sleeve O will rotate the'cutte'r-'head B, which, being held up against the under side ot' the stave, through the medium of the spiral spring, the knife f will shave on" the ragged edge of the bung-hole, and 'make' that part of thestave around the bung-hole snlooth land even. v v
' The handle D is then turned back snficient to bring the pin o opposite to the slot X.
Thehandle 1D is then drawn up, which will raise l the shank A off the end of the cutter-head B, which will dropdown, by itsown gravity, into the position representedy in iig. l.
The auger is then withdrawn, and the'barrel will then be ready for cementring,` which' process is well understood.
Barrels prepared in the manner described will allow the surplus eement'to llow out,'lelaving the surface around the bnng-hole'smooth, even, vand perfectly cemented.v f
Having-thus described the nature, construction, and operation of my improvement,
Vhat Ifclaim as of my'invention, is-'- The shredding-ranger herein described, consisting of shank A,.cutt,nghead B, spring e, when all are constructed and arranged to operate as set forth.
Viit-nesses: v- ARGHA. KELLY.
J Arms J-. JOHNSTON, A. O. JOHNSTON.