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Publication numberUS925019 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 15, 1909
Filing dateFeb 20, 1909
Priority dateFeb 20, 1909
Publication numberUS 925019 A, US 925019A, US-A-925019, US925019 A, US925019A
InventorsMorden F Parks, Oswald Parks
Original AssigneeMorden F Parks, Oswald Parks
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 925019 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)



Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented June 15, 190e.

Application filed February 20, 1909. Serial No. 479,093.

To all 117mm, 4it may concern:

Be it knewnthat we, Monnnx F. PARKS and Osvvzvnn limits, citizens of the United States, residing at Capac, in the county of St. Clair and State of liliehigan, have invented eertain new and useful Improvements in (.fulvert of which ille following is a specifit-ation.

This invention relates to thel art of making eulverts. adapted t'or usual purposes, such as 't'or bridges. unter-Ways, conduits, and the like.

'l`he invention resides in the specific construeiion of a device. as will be hereafter fully lset' lol'ih and illustrated in the aecompanying drawings. in wl1ieh--- Figure l is a perspective view of the device showing it ill its preferred embodiment: Fig. 2 is a vertical central longitudinal section ot' the deviee eonstrueted substantially the sami as Fig. l; Fig. il isa vertical trails-- verse section on ille plane at the line 3---3 of Fig. 2.

rThroughout the following description and on ille several figures oi the drawings similar paris are referred to by like reference ellaraeters.

eulvert constructed in aeeordanee with this invention eomprises a plurality ot" similar arell-shaped seetious. or segments lt). rl`lle speeitie form of these seetions may be varied to a very great extent witllin ille vscope ot' the invelltion. but as indieaied herein they are drawn on ille form ot' all are of :l eil'ele. less than a semi-eirele, and as indieated they are all of ille. same i'orm and' adapted thereby to enable ille constructor oi a eulvert to make the same longer or shorter aeeording to the desire or exigencies of any particular ease. 'The members lil are made of any suitable material commonly known as concrete and enlbedded tllerein in each one are one or more .'si'rengihelling plates ll, made of any suitable dimensions or strength. As shown each of ille plates l1 is substan`v tially Hat and is shaped to conform to the curvature of ille seeiion io whiell it is connected. The exaei form of the plate l1 may be changed ill aeeordanee with the desire of ihe builder. rl`lle ends l1 of the plates rest upon abutlnents I2 and upon Wllieh ends of ille section 10 also rest. rl`he plates 11 arc lrovided eentrally with holes 11 which register with holes through the sections l0, and

ill and through whieh holes is passed a bar 1:3. consi ituting a bindingand pivotingmember for holding the several sections together on a eonnllon axis and also permitting a ce1'- tain amount of distortion or radial movement thereof with respect to one another without rupture or breakage thereof.

'lhe adjaeent faces of the two, adjoining seetions 1t) are smooth, thereby permitting ille distortion or radial movement hereinbetore referred to. Such displacement or distortion. may be caused by a great many ditlerent causes, such for instance as freezingand thawing and hy the upheavalfor settling of some portions of the foundation.

'The foundation l2 may be constructed 0f any suitable dimensions or material, such as concrete, stone, wood, orthe like.. Assoeiated therewith is a flange l-i. which may be either on ille abutment l2 or may be formed as a tiange on the section l0. `The culvert sections are not only smooth on their exterior surface, but also on the inner surface, whereby there is no likelihood whatever of any passing material such as drift-Wood, rubbish,'or thc like, being carried by the water passing therethrough, to collect thereon and become lodged. 'lhe length of the rod 13 will he determined by the number of seetiolls l() that will he employed in coilsirueting` any particular culvert. Again, it will be noted that the arch sections l0 are illiekest at their top or middle portions, whereby the maainlum strength is obtained.

llaving illus described ille invention in its preferred embodiment, what we claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States, is:

1. The hercindescribed culvert comprising abutment members having upright flanges on their tops and at the edges thereof farthest renlote from each other, a. series of semi-circular sections support-ed at their ends upon said abutment members and between the aforesaid anges, each section being provided with a metallic reinforcing plate llaving a central transverse hole, and a pivot bar passed through all of said sections and metallic plates, whereby the sections are prevented from lateral displacement but. are permitted to partake of relative independent rotation.

ries of arch sections each constructed of concrete with a reinforcing plate embedded "necting the sections pivotally together on a therein, the sections and plates having regiscommon axis. tering holes,4 and a binding bolt passed In testimony whereof We afix our signathrough said holes to secure the sections to- I tures in presence of two Witnesses.

5 gether, said bolt constituting a pivot mem- I MORDEN F. PARKS.

ber permitting independent rotation of said OSWALD I; PARKS sections. v mark In a concrete culvert, the combination Witnesses: oi a plurality of arch sections havlng SIDNEY GRANGER,

10 smooth abutting. faces and a binder rod contoy Do'rr.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2730081 *Oct 14, 1949Jan 10, 1956Kaiser Aluminium Chem CorpDistillation furnace
US4595314 *Dec 28, 1983Jun 17, 1986Lockwood William DPrecast concrete culvert section
US4687371 *Apr 17, 1986Aug 18, 1987Con/Span Culvert Systems, Inc.Precast concrete culvert section
US4797030 *Aug 17, 1987Jan 10, 1989Con/Span Culvert Systems, Inc.Precast concrete culvert system
US4854775 *Feb 29, 1988Aug 8, 1989Con/Span Culvert Systems, Inc.Precast concrete culvert system
US4993872 *Aug 8, 1989Feb 19, 1991Con/Span Culvert Systems, Inc.Precast concrete culvert system
US5449020 *Dec 7, 1992Sep 12, 1995Matiere; MarcelElongated enclosure of large cross-section, and process for its manufacture
US6854928 *Jan 29, 2003Feb 15, 2005Con/Span Bridge Systems Ltd.Precast concrete culvert system
US6991402Oct 17, 2002Jan 31, 2006Stormtrap LlcMethods and modules for an underground assembly for storm water retention or detention
US7160058Oct 21, 2005Jan 9, 2007Stormtrap LlcMethods and module for an underground assembly for storm water retention or detention
US7344335Dec 7, 2006Mar 18, 2008Stormtrap LlcMethods and modules for an underground assembly for storm water retention or detention
US8770890Sep 3, 2009Jul 8, 2014Stormtrap LlcModule and assembly for managing the flow of water
Cooperative ClassificationE04B7/08