US 926537 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
E. N. BAGLEY. SHIPPING. CASE. APPLICATION FILED MAR. 17, 1908.
Patented June 29, 1909.
EGB'ERT N. BAGLEY, OF PITTSBURG, I'\'ANSAS.'
Appiication filed. march 17, 1903. Serizfl No. 421,605.
To all whomiz' may eoncem."
vBe it known that l, Eonnnr N. BAGLEY, a citizen of the United States, residing at Pittsburg, in the county of Crawford and State of Kansas,- have invented new and H591 ful Improvements 1 in Shipping- (lases, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to innvroyements in shipping boxes or (:aSBS, the objects of the invention being to provide, first, a simple, strongand durable construction of case formed of wood and sheet-nietal; second, a box or case of this character in which theside. and end walls are made of a single piece of sheet-metal bent into shape; thir'd, a box orcase herring a sliding cover which may be applied and removed from either end of the case;'and, fourth; a box or case having iniroved guiding andsecuringnicans for the sliding cover.
The invention consists of the features of construction, combination and arrangement of parts hereinafter fully described and claimed, reference being had to the accompanyingdrawing, in which l Figure 1 is a perspective View of a closed shipping box or crate embodying iny inven tion. Fig. 2 is a horizontal section through the same. Fig. a vertical eross-sectioir Fig. is a vertical longitudinal section.
The box or case is of'rcctangular or oblong rectangular form and comprises a bottom 1, oret'erably formed of wood, and a hody 2, the latter formed of a single piece of sheetmetal. marily'in the shape of a continuous strip, is bent to produce the side walls 35; and 'end walls l. One of the ends of the metallic strip is bent to form a ilange 5 and the other end bent to form a retaining; hook (3 which interlocks with said llai'ig'e, thus forming a seam uniting the tree portions of the st rip at one of the corner portions of the body. The bottom 1 is secured to the lower edges of the side and end walls by nails or analogous histcnings 7, whereby it is pernmneutly secured in position. In the use of the din icons a shipping case or crate for eggs and other articles requiring the subdivision of the be): into compartments, a transverse partition 8 is employedwhich is secured to the side walls 3 by nails or similar lastenings 9, and in conjunction With this partition the ordinary card-hoard fillers may be used.
The top of the be or case is designed. to be closed by a sliding cover 10. This cover As shown, the 'nietal, which girl Specification of Letters Patent.
1 l l i l l l t Patented. June 29, 1ooe.-
is provided with inturncd side flanges 11' to engage outturned guide flanges 12 on the up per edges of the walls 3, such flanges 12 being formed by outwardly and invardly oxtcnd ing ortolded portions or the metal to give increased strength 'lheend-w-alls 4 oithe box areprovidcd at their upper edges with struction, and each of which is formed with an opening 14. The cover 10 is .lorined at one end with a hook shaped flange 15 and at its other end with a =tlat opening 17. The cover is adapted to-he ap plied and removed from either end of the case for greater convenience in closing and opening the same, and the hooked flange 15 is accordingly adapted to interlock with ith'er of the flanges 13, while the flange 16 'is adapted to restupon the upper surface of either of said flanges 13 with its opening v17 in registry with the opening 1-1 therein. It will thus be seen that when the-cover is slid on from one end, its hooked flange 15 will onthe flange .13 of the body at that end, :hile its flange 16 will rest upon the upper surface of the flange 13 at the o )posite end of the body, and that when the cover is slipped on front the other end of the body the 'tlanges l5 and 16 will engage the flanges 123 in reverse order from that ah'ove"described. In order to adahtthc cover to'be applied and removed in .thismanner, interchangeably from either end the, case, the ends ot'the flanges Hand 12?, are ohliquely cut away at the corners of the body, while the-corner portions 18 01' the cover are. tflso obliquely cut away to separate the-ends of the side.- and end flanges 11, 1,5 and 16 and thus form learanco spaces to facilitate and admit of the engagement 'ol'-such' flanges with the hinges on tl'iobodyl Any suitable locking means may heeniployed to secure the cover in position. In the present instance, I have shown a iic'ccrd'or wire 19 threaded through the opening 17 in the flange 16 and the opening body the ends of thcrord extending-out ward and being oonncctcdby a suitable seal 20. it will he understood, of course, that the usual shipping tag siinilar flanges 13, which are alike in con-' flange 16 having an ,1 t in the nndrrl ing flange 13 of the- .may be attached by this cord'to the case and ,a seal of any suit ahle form and construction employed,-and
which, if desired, may form with the tie a visual evidence of that tact an be given. 1 passed through the openingin the flat flan e" Wooden strips or cleats 21 are secured upon the outer sides of the end Walls A} to form transverse hand grips and-are secured in position by nails or equivalent fastenings 22 which are clenchedupon the inner sides of said Walls to firmly fasten the cleats thereto.
It-Will be seen from the foregoing description that the invention provides a shipping case or crate which is strong and durable and may be inexpensively manufactured, since the body of the crate is composed of a single piece of sheet metal bent into shape; that the mode of-applying and removing thecover aflords increased conyenience in the operation of opening and closing the container;
and that a simple and, effective means for securing the cover in position is employed. Having thus fully described the invention, What is claimed as new is .1. A box or case comprising a body having outturned side flanges and outturned end flanges obliquely cut away at their ends,
each of said endflanges being formed with an opening, a cover provided with inturned side flanges to shdably engage the side flanges oi the body and with end'flanges to cooperate with the end flanges of the body, and cut away at its corners to separate the ends of said flanges and form clearance spaces, one of the said end flanges of the cover being in the form of a hook to engage one of the end flanges of the body and the other end flange of the cover being flat to rest upon the other end flange of the body and provided Withan opening to register with the opening in either end flange oi the body, said cover being adapted to be slid onto the body from either end of the latter so that the hooked end flanges of the cover may engageeither end flange of the body, While the flat flange of the cover rests upon the other end flange oi the body, and a fastening device adapted to be z I r l asses? of the cover and the opening in the end flange of the, body engaged thereby to secure the cover in closed position.
2. A box or 'case comprising a bottom, a body formed of a single piece of sheetmetai bent to form side and end walls, the ends of the piece of sheet-metal being formed with interlocking flanges at the corner junction of one of the side with one of the end Walls, said body having at its upper edge outturned :side flanges and outturned end flanges obliquely cut away at theirends, each of the end flanges being formed with an opening, acover provided with inturned side flan 'es to slidably engagethe side flanges of the ody and with end flanges to cooperate with the end flanges of the body and cut away at its corners to separate the ends of said flanges and form clearance spaces, one of the said end flanges of the cover being in the form of a hook to engage one of the end flanges oi the body and the other end flange of the cover being flat to rest upon the other end flange of the body and provided with an opening to register with the opening in either end flange of the body, said cover being adaptedto he slid onto the body from either end of the latter so that the hooked end flanges of the cover may engage either end flange of the cover, While the flat flange of the cover rests upon the other end flange of the body, and a fastening device adapted to'be passed through the opening in the flat flange of the cover and the opening in the end-flange of the body engaged thereby to secure the cover in closed position.
In testimony whereof I aflix my signature in presence of two Witnesses.
EGBERT N. BAGLEY] Witnesses:
J HN P. BAGLEY, A. H. Mot/camera.