US 927710 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Patented July 13, 1909.
W. H. CARROLL.
TRANSPORTATION CHECK HOLDER.
APPLICATION FILED APR.11.1908.
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WITIIESESz WW WILLIAM H. CARROLL, OF JERSEY CITY, NEW JERSEY.
Specification of Letters Patent;
Application filed April 11, 1908.
Patented July 13, 1909.
Serial No. 426,533.
To allrwhomit may concern: 7 Be it known that 1, WILLIAM H. CARROLL, a citizen of the United States of America, re-
siding at Jersey City, in the county of Hudson and State of New Jersey, have invented ing a check holder, a connected baggage-emgaging loo and a catch on said loop adapted to interloc with a latch hook or hooks of the holder for securing the check to a trunk, box or other )iece of baggage, the object being to provi e a simple and efiicient device of this character promoting convenient ship ment and accurate delivery of baggage and providing safeguards against unlawful substitution of other checks thereby avoiding losses to transportation companies; the device being so lnexpensive that it need be used for but one trip on railroads, steamboats or other conveyances.
The invention will first be described and. then will be particularly defined in claims hereinafter set forth.
Reference is made to the accom anying drawings forming part of this speci cation, and in which Figure 1 is a front face view of the improved holder-with the complete baggage check therein. Fig. 2 is a part y broken out and partly sectional vertical edge view of upper portion of the check holder, check, baggage-engaging loop and loop catch. Fig. 40 3 is a rearview of theholder and check with the claim cou on detached. Fig. 4 is an enlarged deta' vertical sectional edge view of u per parts of the holder and. check with the 00p catch finally engaged with the main primary latch hook of the holder. Fig. 5 is a rear view of 11 per parts of the holder and check with the oop catch engaged with the holder latch-hook. Fig. 6 is a front transverse vertical sectional elevation of upper .-parts of the holder and check. Fig. 7 is an. inner face perspective view of the loop catch; and Fig. 8 is an enlarged detail vertical sectional view showing a modified arrangement of thesecondary latch hook.
The baggage check holder is a skeleton frame 1, made of sheet-metal or other masha terial and having a front opening bordered by side flanges 2, 2, a top flange 3, and :1 preferably shorter bottom flange 4, said anges being pressed down upon the front face of the check 5, which preferably has a pendent detachable claim coupon 6. This coupon is torn 0d andhanded to the shipper by the baggageman for use in claiming the baggage at destination. Themain body and coupon portions of the check contain necessary shipping instructions with remarks indicating the condition of the baggage when ship )ed, and also the baggage identifying num er which as shown is 9999. In order to prevent loss or delay or confused ownership should the number be blurred on or torn from'the main body of the check, said number 9999 also is stamped or otherwise permanently produced upon the check holder face, and preferably upon one of the holder flanges-2, 3, 4, it being shown upon the flange 4, in Fig. 1 of the drawings. At its back or reverse side the holder frame 1 has an opening 7, through which are visible data written on the check at destination and including the date of receipt and the condition of the baggage, as shown in Fig. 3 of the drawings. During stampin from sheet-metal or other material of the ho der frame blank portions of it are slit and cut out to provide the above named o ening 7, and at the same time form a fia 8 rom which rojects a narrower strip whic later is twice ent to form the main or rimary latch hook 9, and the secondary Patch hook 10. In stamping the blank its upper rear portion is outwardly )ressed to form a shallow ocket 11, a somewhat deeper narrower latera pocket 12, and a still deeper pocket 13, which is preferably centrally isposed, After the hooks 9, 10, are bent to sha )e, the flap 8 is bent upward to lie in the llow pocket 11 and form the inner wall of the deeper latch hook pocket 13, whereby the two hooks 9, 10, are inclosed in said ocket 13, with the free end of the primary 100k 9 elastically hearing by its preferably flattened lower part closely against the outer wall of said pocket 13, while the end of the secondary hook 10 bears elastically against the flap 8, as shown in Figs. 2 and 4 of the drawings. Instead of connectin the secondary hook 10 to the extremity of t 1e rimary hook 9, a secondary hook 10*, wilFperform substantially the same functions if it be fastened at its lower end to the fia 8, or other inner wall of the pocket 13, and ear by its upper free end 1 7 is made preferably of a strip of metal strands.
doubled upon itself and having at one side or leaf a hole 18 through which is passed the opposite end of a baggage-engaging loop wire 19, which may have one or two or more The center of the illustrated twostrand loop 19, .is first bent to form the above named catch 100 16, and the wire strands are brought toget er to form a neck 20 sufficiently long to provide spaces 21, 21, between the inner edge of the loop 16, and the face of the catch 17, or to off-set the loop from the catch body, while the two wire strands pass uplward between the two catch sides or leaves w ich are tightly pressed to the strands to hold the wire 100 19 and its catch 100 16 securely to the b0 y portion of the catc The loop 16 is preferably inclined forward or downward asshown in Figs. 1, 2, 4, 7 and 8 of the drawings. The opposite ends of the two wire loo strands are together passed through a hole 22 in the up er edge of the holder frame and the wires t en are preferably twisted together at 23, and their ends then are bent laterally in op osite directions and their extremities 24 t en are passed through holes 25 in the flap or inner wall 8 of the latch hook pocket and are then bent over upon said wall 8, to securely hold the wire baggage-engaging loo ends to the check ho der frame, as specia ly shown in full and dotted lines in Fig. 6 of the drawings. The frame pocket 12 accommodates the twisted and bent attaching portions 23, 24 of the wire loop, and the wireend twist at 23, relieves the holes 22, 25, of most of the tearing strains incident to pulling upon the baggage-engaging loop or upon the check holder. The baggage-engaging loop may be formed otherwise than of wire, and may be attached at opposite ends in any approved manner to the check holder frame and to the hook-engaging 1001p portion of the catch. a
11 using this device, the check 5 and its coupon or stub 6 are properly filled out by the baggageman and the coupon is torn off and handed to the shi per. The catch 17 then is slipped through t e baggage handle or cord and the catch then is laid over the holder pocket 13, and the catch loop 16 is passed into the wide slot portion 14, thereby pressing inward the two latch hooks 9, 10 of Fig. 4, and the loo 16 then is pushed downward along the hoo 9 beyond the slot portion 14 and until the outer loop side passes the point of junction at 26 of the two hooks 9, 10, which point 26 then resumes its normal position against the outer wall of the pocket 13: The catch 17 now is drawn u ward or the holderframe is pulled downwar ,which causes passage of both primary and secondary hooks 9, 10 through the eye of the loop 16 while the neck 20 of the loop 16 enters and moves upward along the narrow part 15 of the catch slot and until said loop 16 passes the upper end of the secondary hook 10 which then instantly springs away from the primary hook 9 and again resumes its normal osition with its extremity bearing against t e inner wall 8 of the hook pocket 13, while the catch loop 16 remains coupled with the primary hook 9 at final locking engagement, whereby the baggage-engaging loop catch is securely held' to the check holder frame to safely fasten the check to a trunk, box or other piece of baggage. All pulling strain on the check then is taken by opposing portions of the loop'16 and the outer pocket wall at and near the slot portion 15, and the locking hook 9 then also is ractically relieved of pulling strains on the c eck holder during transit of the baggage or while examining the check prior to delivery of the baggage to the rightful owner presenting the coupon 6 at destination."
When the catch loop 16 is finally engaged with the primary hook 9 as above described, any attempt to disengage the catch by sliding it downward along said hook 9 will be frustrated by entrance of the 100 16 between the primary and secondary lOOkS 9, 10, and it is practically impossible to release the catch by prying it 03 without attracting attention by the consequent disfigurement of the arts.
In t e modification shown in Fig. 8 of the drawings, the catch loop 16 first engages the single rimary hook 9, and when said loop is move fully outwardto lock finally with said hook 9, it passes clear above the free end of the secondary hook 10*, which then prevents ilelelzlse of the catch loop from the primary In both arrangements of primary and secondary catch-locking hooks shown in Figs. 4 and 8 of the drawings, the main body portion of the locked catch 17 is held by the rimary hook 9 closely to the slotted outer wa l of the hook pocket 13, so as to always cover the slot 1415, and the extremity of the primary hook 9 also extends some little distance beyond the wider slot portion 14, thereby preventing entrance through said slot portion 14 without noticeably disfiguring the catch, of a knife or thin tool to attempt disengagement of the catch from the locking hook, and these features of safety prevail whether the pri mary hook 9 alone is used, as may be done, I
or whether said hook 9 be used with either style of secondary hook 10, or 10* shown in the drawings. The entire baggage check locking devices thus are well safe-guarded to prevent detachment of the check for the purpose of unlawfully substituting another check upon the same piece of baggage.
The reproduction upon the check holder frame 1 of the same consecutive numeral or mark, such as 9999, appearing on the main body and coupon portions 5, 6, of the check, is not merely marking something with a plurality of identifying marks so that if one mark be blurred or mutilated another may be used. This triplication upon the original check of the identifying number or mark is an important feature of this invention. The check 5, 6, is necessarily made of paper or other substance which may be easily written upon or ink-stamped by the baggagemen, and is therefore much more liable to damage in transit than is the stronger metal frame 1. It might be most inconvenient and perhaps impossible for an unknown traveler to obtain his baggage when presenting his claim coupon 6 at destination if the important identifying number or mark, say 9999, were rubbed or cut or torn from the main check portion 5, unless this number or mark a peared also on the holder frame 1, as hereln described. l/Vith this identifying mark on the frame itself there need be no delay or confusion in delivering the baggage to the rightful owner or party presenting the similarly marked claim coupon, even though the main shipping checkportion be damaged or be wholly torn away at destination.
The check holder and check may almost instantly be removed from the baggage at destination by simply cutting or severing the Wire or other loop 19, and the entire check holder, check, severed loop and the locking catch devices, may be thrown away, or the check, with or without the holder, may be preserved for filing or for future reference.
This invention may be modified otherwise than as above set forth within the scope of one or more of the appended claims.
I claim as my invention i 1. A transportation check and holder comprising a protective holder and a destination check retained in the holder; said holder and check having a like identifying number or mark, substantially as described.
2. A transportation check and holder comprising a destination check having a detachable claim coupon, and a holder in which the main body portion of the check is retained in manner permitting severance of the coupon; both the main body and coupon portions of the check and also the check holder having a like identifying number or mark, substantially as described.
3. A transportation check holder having a pocket the outer wall of which has a slot made wider at one end or part, a hook in said pocket, a baggage-engaging loop held at one end to the check holder, and a catch device held to the other end of said loop and including an inwardly projecting off-set loop adapted to enter the wider part of the holder poc ct slot and engage the hook within said .ocket, the neck of said hook-engaging catch oop being adapted to enter the narrow part of said slot wlule the loop overlies the inner face of the slotted pocket wall, substantially as described.
4. A transportation check holder having a pocket the wall of which has a slot made wider at one end or part, primary and secondary hooks in said pocket, a baggage-engaging loop held at one end to the check holder, and a catch device held to the other end of said loop and including an inwardly projecting off-set loop adapted to enter the, wider part of the holder pocket slot and engage the primary hook within the pockct, the neck of said hook-engaging catch loop being adapted to enter the narrow part of said slot while the loop overlies the inner face of the slotted pocket wall; said secondary hook preventing disengagement of the catch loop from the primary hook, substantially as described.
55. A transportation check holder having and to engage the hook in said pocket and.
adapted also to look behind the slotted pocket wall while the body portion of the catch covers the slot to guard the engaged catch loop and holder hook, substantially as described.
6. A transportation check holder having a pocket provided at its outer wall with a slot having Wide and narrow portions, a hook in the pocket bearing elastically u on the inner face of the outer slotted wal of the pocket and extending protectively beyond the wider portion of the wall slot, a baggageengaging loop fastened at one end to the holder, and a catch device fastened to the other end of the baggage-engaging loop and having an off-set loop adapted to enter the slot of the holder pocket and to engage the hook in said pocket and ada ted also to look behind the slotted pocket wa I while the body portion of the catch covers the slot, substantially as described.
7. A transportation check holder having a pocket provided at its outer wall with a slot having wide and narrow portions, a hook in the pocket, a wire baggage-engaging loop fastened at one end to the holder frame, and a catch device comprising opposed leaves or plates between which the other end of the wire baggage-engaging 100 is confined, said catch including an inwarrly projecting off- &
set loop formed of the baggage-engaging loop wire and adapted to enter the slot of the holder pocket and to engage the hook in said pocket while looking behind the slotted pocket wall, substantially as described.
' 8. A transportation check holder having a pocket provided at its outer wall with a slot having wide and narrow portions, primary and secondary hooks in the pocket, a baggage-engaging loop fastened at one end i to the holder, and a catch device fastened to the other end of the baggage-engaging loop and having an off-set loop adapted to engage Y tially as described.
9. A transportation check holder having a pocket provided at its outer wall with a 'slot having wide and narrow portions, a
hook in the pocket, a two-strand wire baggage-engaging loop fastened at one end to the holder, and a catch device at the other end of said baggage-engaging loop and comprising two leaves or plates one having a hole through which passes the neck of an off-set loop formed at the bend of the two-strand wire loop and adapted to engage the hook, said wire strands beyond the loop neck. being clamped or fastened between the two leaves -or plates of the catch device, substantially as described.
10. A transportation check holder having a pocket provided at its outer wall with a slot having wide and narrow portions, a hook in the pocket, at two-strand wire baggageengaging loop fastened at one end' to the holder by passing at end parts through an opening 22 thereof and thence diverging laterally in opposite directions and passing through apertures 24, 24 of the inner pocket wall and bent at extremities over said wall, anda catch device held to the other end of said two-strand wire loop and having an offset loop adapted to enter the pocket wall slot and to engage the hook in said pocket, substantially as described. 1
11. A' transportation check holder having a pocket provided .at its outer wall with a slot having wide and narrow portions, a hook in the pocket, a two-strand wire baggage-engaging loop fastened at one end to the holder by passing at end parts through an opening 22 thereof, said wire end parts being twisted together at 23, and thence diverging laterally in opposite directions and passing through apertures 24, 24, of the inner pocket wall and bent at extremities over said wall, and a catch device held to the other end of said two-strand wire loop and having an off-set loop adapted to enter the pocket wall slot and to engage the hook in said pocket, substantially as described.
WILLIAM H. OAR-ROLL,
Witnesses: WILLIAM J. WELLS, ALVIN K. GoonwIN.