US 928598 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
S. W. GIBBS.
APPLwATIoN FILED MAR. 1e, 1909-.
Patented July l20, 1909.
4 fr ....VIULHIHK 4 m 5 ha l To'o'll whom'z't may concern: i
sYLvEsrER W. Giens, or CANTON, onio,l AssieNon fro THE GIBBsMAN-UFACTURING COMPANY, or CANTON, oHio,.A CORPORATION or orario.
B 'e it knownthat I, SYLvEs'rEn W; Gines, a citizen of the yUnited States, residing at Canton, in the county of Stark and State of Ofhio,i have. invented anew and useful lin'- provernent in Embroidery-Hoops, Of lwhich `the following is a specification. The nrentioii relates to a .frame composed f tw@ teleco. les rinse arranged to stretch and hold a fabric over-the inner ring for the pur ose of enibroideringthe fabric fand par? ticuarl'y to that class ot'. frames commonly xknovv'n' as 'cushioned hoops, in Whiih tho holding surface of one or 'both of the rings is provided With a 'band of felt or'other re.
silient frictional material. In making and using Wooden hoops of this character, diffi-` culty has been experienced-in applying and" holding the resilient lrictional band to the done by gluing the band either on the face body of the ring. This has usually been' of the ring or in a countersink therein, and
the .edges of the band have also been (lepressed inl grooves oijon diverging side portions of the ring. ll these methods .of construction depend largely if not entirely upon the adhesiveness ofthe glue to hold the band `in proper position, and in none of them arel same from the ring. These diiculties are the enges 0f the band positively protected. and clamped toprevent a looseiiing of the overcome by making thel body of the rings out of sheet metal With' a'resilient frictional band applied thereto, andby having; the. ortionsv ofthe sheet metal bent or edge b'eade. around` and over the edge portions I of the band and clam ed thereon, whereby the ,resilient frictiona material is held securely in place and its yedge portions are yond the `beaded edges thereo thus. ositivelyrk presenting the Wholefthickness o the]l corresponding portion of the resilient fric? tional material to the holding face of the op -l posing ring In the use of cushioned hoops, a further diiiiculty arises from the factthat tlie'resili cnt frictional material ultimately loses a considerable part' ofitjs resilience, and becomes by abrasion Oris permanently packed.
Specification of Letters-'Batman Application niednar'cii is, ieee. serial No. essfziiz.
*out hoop' are thus .held
1protrude becushioned ring is so varied that it does not LPatented July 2o, iooo. 4
'into a lmuch less, depth than `its original i thickness; as a result ofwhich the diameter and circumference of. the holding face of the' properly iit the companion rin thus ren-.-
dering the hoelp Der. fabrics; .is di'iculty has been overinefficient to. ho d the thin-' corne by transversely cutting or dividing one of the hoops, and by connecting -the severed ends bya spr-ing adapted to antomatijoally clamp the v out hoop against the other one, whereby the diameter and-cirorirniierence of th'e holding face' of the severed hoop is automatically adjusted to properly fit the holding face of the companion hoop; and an ancillaryobjeot .of the present invention iS t0 provide, means for suitably joining 'and holdingthe severed ends ofthe out hoop in' proper vraliiioir1en-t during the adjusting rnoveni'ents.` This .particular object is attained vby entering pieces of properlyLcuived Wire in the 'hollovvs of the respective beads on the severed ends of the cut, and b clamping the beads tightly around oneen of each wire vand loose-lyV around the other-end,
vwhereby 'the loose end of eaohwireis adapted to 'slide in vthe guide formed by the corresponding bead, and-thesevered ends `of the in true circumferential alinoment.
The purposes of: the invention, thus set. forth'iii general terms areattained by the' rforfodnollbodmontof the same illustrated 111 Sever-a1 inodied forms, in the accompanyin@ drawiln .formin .art hereof, in whichl o g., g p
Figure 1 is a perspective view of the improved embroidery hoop Fig'. 2, an enlarged section through one side, of the saineI showing the rings separated in proper' position for tlooping to stretch and hold 'anintervening fabric; Fig.. il a similar section showing tho rings telesooped together with the fabric Streit-hed l.2t-od heldbotWoen them; Fig. 4; a
'similar section showing an improved outer ring in conjunction withan ordinary inner Fig 5 a siniilarsection sho'iving an 1inp'ro'ved inner ring .with an ordinary outer r'ing; FigQG, a similar section showing animproved cushioned inner ring with an iinproved iorin of a sheet inet-al outer ring;v Fig. 7, a siinilar section'sliowing an improved cushioned outer ring With an in iproved form of sheet metal inner ring; and Fig. S, a fraglos mentary' erspective view showing' the im-A proved a justable joint between the severed ends ofthe cuthoo Similar numera s refer to similar parts throughout the drawing.
The rings are preferably made of sheet metal or other suitable thin material, and in the embodiment of the invention illustrated 1n `Figs. l, 2 and 3, the outer ring 1 is shaped with a cylindricv web or periphery 2, on the inner side of which the'band of resilient frictional material, as of felt 3, is laid, and the edge portions or iianges 4 of the ring .are formed or bent asa bead 5 around and over the vedge portions 6 of the felt, againstwhich the fianges are preferably clamped. The engagement of the iianges against the edge portions of the felt compresses and packs the same into a comparatively thin depth, and the iianged edge portions-of the ring are thus located in a plane considerably below the inner ring 1`a is made in a similar manner,
eXce. tingthat the middle portion-,of the web cut or divided on one side to permit this ring to be expanded or contracted so that its normalsurface 7, of the resilient material, so that thev same protrudes beyond. the edge portions 'of the ring and is presented to the opposing face of the companion ring. The
2a o this ring is shaped or bent outward to protrude between the flanged edge portions 4a thereof, either in or beyond the plane thereof, and it is evident that the .whole thickness of the corresponding -portion of the felt .band 3a is thus'located in a plane beyond the flanged edge portions lof' the v-ring and therefore cannot be worn. or compressed between the same. The joint for the ends of the strip out of which the ring is formed, is
preferably made by inserting sections of wire 8 in the hollows of the beads and then clamping the beads around the wires, as shown for the outer rings in Figs. 2 and 3. One of the rings, the inner ring as shown, is preferably holding face will properly fit the holding face of the companion ring, and in order to effect this adjustment automatically the severed ends 9 of the divided ring are preferably con-V nected' by controlling means, as the bow spring 12, and vthe severed ends are always held in proper circumferential alinement by curving the wires 10 like the normalcircumference of the ring, and inserting them in the" hollows of the end portions ofthe respective beads, one end of 'each wirebeing secured 1n the bead on one side of the divide, and the other end being adapted to slide endwisefin l the bead on the opposite side thereof.
For simplicity and economy, itv is some- .times desirable to make one of the improved rings of sheet metal, without the resilient frictional band, as the rings 1c in Figs. 6 and 7, in which event the middle portion of the web is referably shaped or bent .to protrude beyond) the plane of the edge beads 4 and to material.
The general ideas of making an embroidery hoop out of sheet metal with beads on the edges, and of making a joint .by clampingwiresin the hollows of the beads, which are illustrated and described, but not claimed herein, are included in the subject-matter of another application for Letters Patent filed herewitlf- I do not claim tov be the first inventor of a cushioned hoophaving one ring divided and :connected by a controlling spring.-
` What I claim as my invention, and desire 'to 'secure by Letters Patent, is-
1. Ail embroidery hoo p composed of two telescoping rings made o sheet metal or the like with resilient frictional bands on their' holding faces, the edge portions of the metal being bent .around and overl the edge portions of the' bands, the outer ring being for formed with ay cylindric periphery, and the middle portion of the inner ring beingshaped to protrude between the bent-over edge portions. y
2. An embroidery hoop composed of two telescoping rings made of' sheet metal o r the like with resilient frictional bands on their holding faces, the edge portions of' the metal being bent around and over the edge pori tions of the bands, and the middle portion of one of the rings being shaped to protrude between the bent-over edge portions.
3. 4An embroidery hoop composed of two telescoping rings made of sheet metal or the like with resilient frictional bands on their holding faces, the edge portions of the sheet metal being bent around and over the edge portions of the bands.
4. A ring for an embroidery hoop made of 'sheet metal or the like with a band of resilient frictiona-l material on its holding face,
the edge portions of the sheet metal being bent around and over the edgeportions4 of the band, and the middle portion ofthe sheet metal being shaped to protrude between the v bent-over edge portions.
5. An embroidery hoop composed of two; telescoping rings having resilient frictional bands o n their. holding faces, there being flanges-on the edge portions of the rings eX- tending around and over the edge portions of the bands, the outer ring being formed With a cylindricperiphery andthe middle portion of the inner ringibeing shaped toprotrude between the flanges.
6. An embroidery hoop composed of .two
teles'eoping rings having lresilient frictional I bands on their holding faces, Ythere being lflanges on the edge portions of th'e rings eX- tending aroun and over the edge portions of 'the bands, the middleportion'of one of the rings being 'shaped .toprotrude between its 7.'v A ring. for an embroidery hoop having a band ofj`4 esilient ritional material on .its hlding faiee, there being i-anges on the edge portionsof the ring extending around and overtle edge portions oi'- the band, and the middle portion of the ringbeing shaped'to protrude between the flanges. v
8. -A divided ring for an embroidery hoop with hollow beads on'its edges' and having Wires curved like and extending into the holy lows of the beads on each side of the divide,
9. A dividedring for an embroidery hoop with hollow beads on its edges 'and having Wires curved like andextending into the hollolws ofthe beads on each side of the divide,V
one end `of each wire being'secure'd in the bead on one side of the divide andthe other end being adapted to slide endwise in the opposing bead, with controlling means connesting the severed ends of the ring.
1li). Aringlfor an' embroidery hoop made of sheet metal or thellike with beads on each 'v edge and having the middle portion of theA web shapedto protrude a cylindrie face bef).
yond the plane lof the beads.
11. A ring for an embroidery hoop'made of sheet metal or the like with a band of re. silient friotional material on its holding face,
the edge portions of the sheetmetal being bent around and over the edge portions ofl the band7 and the web' being shaped to pre-v sent a eylindrie face.4
12. An embroidery. hoop composed of two telescoping rings having atleast one of ,thel
rings made of sheetmetal or the llike with a resilient i'rictional band on its holding face and having the edge portions of the sheet meta-l bent around and over the edge portions oi' the band. SYLVESTER W. ,GIBBS v Witnesses:
, "NM R. RnoADs,
'RUTH A. MILLER.