|Publication number||US928660 A|
|Publication date||Jul 20, 1909|
|Filing date||Feb 6, 1908|
|Priority date||Feb 6, 1908|
|Publication number||US 928660 A, US 928660A, US-A-928660, US928660 A, US928660A|
|Inventors||Nickolas B Ippolito|
|Original Assignee||Nickolas B Ippolito|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (4), Classifications (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
N. B. IPPOLITO.
SAFETY ATTACHMENT FOR TANKS OR CANS. APPLICATION FILED EBB; 1908.
, Pa ented July 20, 1909.
4. .kerosjeneporyna htha,'wh1le conta ned m porting-member is secured to the tank bya. v v
m-i a ai To allwhcfitfit may-concern:
Be itknown that 'I, NIcxoLA's .B.IP1?OL1TO,
which the following is a specification.
. object of: my-iinventi'on'is to provide nevi end improved means for preventin explosion of explosive flu'ids, suchas gaso len'e,
the" accompanyingdrawing, f*which illustrates an. app ication-of my invention, Figure' l is, a; part elevationahandapart-vertical sec'tiona viewbfagtank embod grmy invention; Fig. 2 an enlarged .vertlcal seetional view of the safety 'device'showingthe safety-disk closingtheopenihg -in the cap Fig. 3 a similar viewshowing the safety-disk raised from the opening; Fig. 4 a cross-section taken on line 4-4 of Fig. 3; and Fig. 5 a detail plan. i
Referring to the drawing, 1 designates a tank designed to Contain the explosive fluid This tank may be made of any suitable material and of any desired form. In the drawing, I have shown a tank particularly designed for an automobile storage tank formed with an inlet opening- 2 and an outlet .3.- The outlet is preferably formed by making a series of small openings in the tank and then placing a piece of Wire-gauze over the openings. A suitable nozzle or faucet 4 in communication with the outlet is secured to the tank.
Over the inlet-opening 2, I emplo a supporting-member 5, preferably of.t e form shown, comprising an annular flange 6 and an externally threaded portion 7. This supmeans of rivets 8 passed throu h the flange 6, or it may be secured thereto y'screws 8, as shown by Fig. 3. f
Passing. down through the inlet-opening and projecting into the tank, I provide a tube -or cylinder 9: This tube is formed with an open upper end and with a closed bottom 9 and is further provided with rows of small openings .10. The upper open end of the tube or cylinder extends into'the supportingmember 5 and is riveted or otherwise secured thereto.
11 designates a wire-gauze placed on the outside and inside of the tube and covering the openings 10.
a the attached.
TSlaIi aI EJR'nSiLtAK 5 was. iiie fd as.
an internally threaded detachable cap-member. 12fadapted to -b eapplied to and removed therefrom. This member 1'2is formed with P I-T Thesupporting-member 5 is provided with a: centrally disposed opening or- 'passa'ge 13 I designed toperm'itlthe escape of-accumu ca member oversaid opening b -me'ans-of so der 14 or othersuite =latedgasesgenerated withinthe tank. Un-f -der'-normal conditions,- the-said opening 13 is closed by a disk or plate Mfsecu'redto the 1e fusib e material.
Disk 14- I is; provided 'Witha g'rn aperture 15 throughwh'ichastem'i6 isi asse'd. y
f Secured to the ,lowe'rent of sten'r 16 and adapted to rest upon "the upper end of v the tube or cylinder 9, I am loy across-bar 17,
to revent the escape of'gases along the stem an through the aperture 15 of -disk 14, I'
provide a suitable washer 21 held in the desired position on the stem between the metallic washer 20 and thesaid disk.
In the position of the parts, as shown by Fig. 2, the spring is'compressed and exerts a pressure against the disk 14, tending to force or to aid in forcing the disk away from the cap when the fusible material, securing the disk to the ca melts.
In Fig. 3, t e disk 14 is shown raised from 'and'to then perend ofrt e stemahead18is coiled sprin .19 surrounds the stem and is held thereon"; etween; the cross bar 17 and a metallic-washer'20. Inorder down through the fixed perforated tube or cylinder from whence the-fluid passes into the body of the tank. The fluid is withdrawn from the tank through the faucet. In both pouring the fluid into the vessel and removing it therefrom the construction described provides simple and eflicient means for reventing heat or flame n the vicinity oft e tank or vessel from causing an explosion of its contents. What I claim is r 1 1. A safety device for an explosive fluidcontainer comprising a supporting-member secured to the container, a tube orcylincler opened at its upper end and olosedat its bottom secured to the supporting-member and provided with snuillopenings a wire-gauze covering the openings, :1- cap-me nber hating a. central opening, an apertured disk for closing the cap-o ening nornmll secured to the cap-member 3" a fusible materialy'u stemextending through the disk and cap-member, ond at spring surrounding the stem.
3. A safety device for an explosive fluidcontainer comprising a. flullgeu supportingineniber secured to the container, a tube open at itsupper end and closer] at its bottom and provided-with SLlizl-lhOPGllillgS. said 'tube supported by the supporting-ineinber, a wire-gauze covering the openings, a capmember having a. central opening, an apertured disk. for closing the cap-opening secured. to the cap-member by solder,- a stein extending through the disk and cap-member,
and a spring surroumling the stem and an,
ranged to exert a, pressure upon the diskto raise it from .the cap-member.
3. A safety device for'an ex losive fluidcontztiner comprising a. tube moving small openings e, wire-gauze covering the openings, 9, supporting-member for the tube, a. capmember having a central opening, an aper- .tured disk for closing; the cap-opening secured to the on by so der, a; stem extendin through the dis and cap and having a hea on its outer end and a, cross-piece at its inner end, and a coiled spring surrounding the stem and held between t 1e cross-piece and the disk adapted to exert a pressure against the disk to nise it from the cap.
4 A. s a-fet x-tle vice for an ex losive fluidcontainer comprising a tube mving small openings, :1 wire-gauze covering the openings, a supporting-nieniher.to which the tube is attached, a. cap-member hating a central opening, an apertu'red disk for closing the cap-opening secured .tothe capby solder, a stem extending through the disk and cap and having a headon its outer end and at cross-niece at its inner end. a washer on the stein, and EL coiled spring surrounding the stem and held between tlie'vmsher and the cross '-piece arranged to exert a pressure against .the disk to' raise it from the cup.
In testnnonv whereof I afiix mv signature in'pi'esence of two witnesses.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2493644 *||Apr 26, 1944||Jan 3, 1950||Automatic Sprinkler Corp||Pressure releasing device|
|US2821991 *||Nov 18, 1954||Feb 4, 1958||Marx Robert D||Relief valve|
|US3946758 *||Oct 3, 1974||Mar 30, 1976||Sun Oil Company Of Pennsylvania||Filling arrangements for fluid storage containers|
|US3946762 *||Jul 29, 1974||Mar 30, 1976||Green Edwin J||Underground irrigation system|