US 931881 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
R. A. MARE. DEVICE FOR DRYING THE HAIR.
APPLICATION FILED'MAR. 26, 1909.
Patented Aug. 24, 1909.
/93 hwoaeo I produce a device fulfilling tion and UNITED sTA'rEsrATE T OFFICE.
ROBERT ATHELSTAN HARE, 0F BLACKSBUBG, VmG-INIA, ASSIGNOR T0 WILLIAM J. MOORE, OF
.' WASHINGTON, DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA.
DEVICE FOR DRYING THE HAIR.
Specification of Letters Patent. Patented Aug. 24, 1909.
Application filed larch 26, 1909. Serial No. 485,998.
the case of womens hair, after washing or shampooing, is a tedious and annoying one,
and as far as I am aware to the contrary, no satisfactory appliances have been put upon 'the market for performing this operatlon.
A satisfactory device for this purpose should be very simple in its construction and operation, so that it will not be easily gotten out of order, and will require no special skill in manipulating it, and it must erform the operation rapidly and thorough y and with eomfortand safety to the health of the user.
"The' object of my invention has been to these re uirements, and in the attainment of this 0 ject my invention consists in'the hair-drying device having the characteristics of construclc peration substantially as hereinafter spec' 'ed and claimed.
Referring to the drawings, Figure 1 is a view partly in perspective and partly in side elevation ofan apparatus embodying my invention; and Fig.2 a lon itudinalsection of the device that is applie to the head.
Generally described, my invention as illustrated in the drawings comprisesa member or part 10 for application to the head, and an air pump, or means for producing a flow or current of air through said member or part 10. The "member 10 consists of a series of tubes 11 attached at one end to and their inner or concave sides.
radiating from achamber 12, the tubes for the greater portion of their length extending in substantially the same direction, but,
diverging slightly toward their free ends, and bent on a simple curve so as to conform to the contour or curvature of the head on The member or part 10, it will be seen, has the general appearance of the extended fingers of the hand,
; and as will be evident when thrust in the hair, will extend over quite a large surface.
In its outer or convex side, each tube has a series of air holes or perforations 13, so that the direction of air passing outward from air is long, as inthe tubes will be away from the head. As the tube is imperforate on the side next the head, it will be seen that whenair is forced outward from the tubes, it will not blow against the scalp,'and thus the discomfort and danger to health, which would result from'this condition, are avoided. Moreover, in the operation of the apparatus by the blowing or discharge of air outward from the tubes, the outward direction or passage of the numerous jets or currents of air will cause the separation of the hair into strands, and thereby greatly facilitate the access of air to a great quantity of hair, and so hasten the drying operation. The accidental or inadvertent' placing of the member 10 upon the head with the air holes turned next to the scalpis prevented by reason of the location of the air holes or openings on the outwardly curved or convex sides of the tubes, for by reason of the curvature of the tubes as described, the wrong application of the member 10 to the head, should it occur,'will be at once discovered.
To constitute at the same time a' handle, and a means of connection of the member 10 with the air pump or source of supply of air, I attach to the chamber 12 at the side opposite the side where the tubes are attached, preferably a metal tube 14 of suitable len th to form a handle, and preferably of suc weight as to counterbalance the weight of the hair-engaging tubes, so as to render more convenient or comfortable the handling of the member 10, and the'outer or free end of said tube 15 is formed for the convenient connection of a flexible tube or hose 15 for connecting the member 10 with an air pump or a source of supply of air. In the draw-- ing's, I illustrate an air lpump 16 operating upon the principle of t e Sprengel pump, and having two tube connections-17 and 18, respectively, enabling at will the blowing or forcing of air outward from the air holes 13 of the hair-engaging tubes 11 or the drawing of air through said holes into the tubes.
A desirable mode of using my apparatus, is to place the tubes or hollow fingers 11 in the wet hair, and for a while to cause the air to flow inward through the tube holes or per-- forations 13, and thereby suck or draw into the tubes the moisture or water in or on the hair, and then when the water hasbeen removed as far as is possible by this procedure, to reverse the flow of the air and cause it to blow outward from the hollow fingers or tubes to effect the further drying of the hair by evaporation of the moisture thereon. While I prefer and claim as a part of my invention, this reversal of the flow of the air, I nevertheless do not restrict myself thereto,
because in some cases it may not be neces-' shall be' in the outer sides of the tubes 11, it
is not necessary that they be in the highest points of the tubes, as it may be preferable to locate them so that they stand at an angle, in which case they will be located on either side of the highest points of the tubes. An important attribute or characteristic of my invention is the ability to thrust the fingers into the hair close to thev head, so that the drying operation can be thus performed overall portions of the hair.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim is- 1. A hair-drying device comprising a series of tubes, having air holes or perforations on one side and imperforate on the opposite side, the imperforate side being placed next the head, and a support beyond which the tubes extend free, whereby they may be thrust into the hair close to the head.
' 2. A device for drying the hair comprising a chamber, a series of tubes radiating from said chamber, having air holes or perforations on one side, and imperforate on the.
opposite side, the imperforate sides of the tubes being placed next the head, and a flexible connection between the chamber and a source of supply of air, said tubes projecting free from said other parts, whereby the tubes may be applied close to the head.
3. A device for dryingthe hair, comprising a series of curved tubes, the tubes being imperforate on their concave sides and perforated on their convex sides.
' 4. A hair drying device comprising a chamber, a series of tubes radiating from said chamber, and curved to conform to the curvature of the head, and provided with air holes or perforations, said tubes being imperforate on their concave sides.
5. In a hair-drying apparatus, thecombination of a member comprising perforated tubes for application to the head, said tubes being imperforate on one side, which side is placed next to the head, a support for the tubes beyond which the tubes extend free, whereby they may be thrust into the hair close to the head, and means for producing a flow of air alternately in either direction throu h said tubes.
6. In a hair-drying apparatus, the combination of a member comprising perforated tubes for application to the head, the tubes being imperforate on one side, that side being placed next the head, a support beyond which the tubes extend free, whereby they maybe thrust into the hair close to the head, means for producing a flow of air, and reverse connections between said means and the tube for causing a flow of air therethrough in opposite directions.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing I have hereunto set my hand.
ROBERT ATHELSTAN M- RR.