US 933265 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
W'. J. REID. BBAssIfiRB GARMENT.
APPLICATION FILED DBO. 22, 1908.
933 ,265, Patented Sept. 7, 1909.
Atjty Tocll it may concern:
clasp orother securing means on the corset,
WILLIAM J. REID, OF SOMMON, PENNSYLVANIA.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Application iiled December 22, 1908. Serial No. 468,835.
Be it known that I, WILLIAM J. REID, a citizen of the United States of America, and a resident of Scranton, Pennsylvania, have lnvented certain new and useful Improve-4 ments in Brassiere Garments, the principles of which are set forth in the following specification/ and accompanying drawing, which disclose the form-of the invention which I now consider tobe the best of the various forms in which the principles of the invention may be embodied. I
This invention relates to corset-covers of the bra'ssiere type, and consists in novel means, cooperative with the usual'brassiere' function, for always obtaining a form-fitting front for the corset cover, which is the object of the invention.
Of the drawings, Figure 1 is. a rear view,
'in perspective, of the garment having the invention applied to it, showing the back open to permit a View of the interior improvements of this invention; and Fig. 2 is a similar 'vlew showing the back closed, the improvements hereof being indicated by dotted mes.
.Asusual, the brassire may have the common lower eyeleted front tab T or other attachment having an equivalent down-pulling function, for engagement with the corsetor with the hose supporter, to keep the front pulled down from working upward; and it may have the overlapping back-pieces with the usual lower corner tapes P P which are .brought'around and tied in front; and alsov the button N operating in button-hole tape M, thus providing an approximate lower back fit in addition to an imperfect front fit.
The object of'this type of garment in gen-a eral is a cersetscover which will fitpe-rfectly,
- but this common constructiondoes not in all cases insure such a fit, particularly as to the part of the corset-cover above the top of the corset, and also as to the portion below the corset-top. v
The. object of this'invention therefore, is to combine some means with any suitable brassiere, and in such manner, as to a'lways insure such a perfect fit of the corset-cover against the bust, including particularly that part above the corset, as will produce theneatest effect, as with either eveningdressas to fit or with the s'heerest lingerie; waists, asto both appearance-and fit." This means isas follows, its function as a whole being to take up all slack in the front of the corset-cover,
both in and of itself, and by cooperative actachedto the corset-front. The detail functions of the elements of the means will be described infra.
Referring to Fig. 1, A, ,A constitute a pair of coiperating tension-drafts, which may be of the same sheer material as'the corset-cover, and each having three branches, as at B, C, D. All three of these branches are independent of the back of the corset cover, but are adapted to engage the back of the wearer, all being located inside the corset cover and between the front and back thereof. The branch B extends downward substantially vertically from the horizontal line 1 at which it is secured to (or is integral with) the inside of the shoulder strap of the corset cover, thus being adapted to be pulled down, and, simultaneously with branch B of draft A to tend to pull up the front of the corset cover, against the opposition of front-down-pullmg means T, so that in a vertical direction the front-form is ke t taut. The branch C extends horizonta y from the substantial vertical line 2 at which it is secured to (or is integral with), the inside surface of'the side of the corsetcover, being thus adapted to be pulled horizontally toward the middle of the hack to pull out the sides of the front of the corsetcover, thereby preventing any lateral fu.l lness therein which would otherwise exist in the form of vertical front folds or loosenessl I The branches B, C and D may be cut from .the same piece of material, as shown, and
the branch D may be reinforced to strengthen button-holes H by a strip secured to it along its edge and along the vertical line 3 as .shown. The angular relation of D to B and C in the draft A is such that a horizontal pull on D to the right, both pulls C substantially horizontally and B substantially vertically, D being functionally a joint con tinuation of B and C, or a common terminal of both. Thus a force exerted on D will be.
separated into two components each of which; acts respectively through B. and G to; effect the respective functions thereof as describedabove. Allbf the members B, C. and D are made of sheer flexible material Patented Sept. 7, 1909.
tion with the lower front tab which is atso. that there is no stiffness which might ing tight the front of the corset-cover. The branches D, D are connected and held in cooperative relationas by the elastic strip E, which may be secured so as to be detached when the garment is to be washed, as by the buttons U in the ,button holes H in said branches. If desired, the proper operating elasticity maybe provided irrespective of elastic strip E, by making the tension drafts themselves of elastic material in part or whole; but this is not considered so advantageous for washing, unless such elastic portion be detachable, and the construction with detachable elastic strip E is the preferred specific form. On the strip E is a a hook K, secured in position so that its curve projects downward as shown, with its opening upward, to engage upwardly in the back corset-lacing and thereby keep in operative position the entire drafts A and A The rear hook Kis the opposite end of the combination from the front tab T, and from the above it will be understood how this combination' operates, it being understood that the-elastlc strip E provides a yielding link in this combination to permit all possible adjustments with respect'to the unyielding tab T and also with respect to a condition of.
vertical front-folding which requires out- 'ward tension. Thus all looseness is insured against, including any below or above the op front line of the corset, and from side t o side of the front of the corset-cover, all this being accomplished by means entirely independent of the back of the corset-cover,
but concealed thereb when the back-pieces are tied and buttone in place. In donning the improved garment, the drafts A, A are w not in the way and do not interfere with the lines;
ordinary operation; they naturally locate themselves. on the back of the wearer, who has then simply to button as at H. U and cause the hook K to engage in the back lacmg, of the corset. In Fig. 2 is shown the relative location of the parts after the garment has been applied to the wearer, the tension-drafts being indicated by dotted The construction of the brassiere proper may be as'is customary, out of fine batiste; and with light frontal bones shown as in the usual pockets Q, although the operation of this invention-in maintaining the fit of the front of the corset-cover is such as to obviate the necessity for stiifeners of 'any kind in the corset-cover.
1. The combination with a corset-cover of the brassiere type having two back-pieces integral with the front, of two cooperating tension-draft strips of flexible material, independent of the back of the corset-cover and of the corset but adapted to lie flat against the back of the corset and be concealedby the back of the corset-cover when the two halves thereof are fixed in place on the wearer; and the frout-down-pulling means for the corset-cover; each tensiondraft operatively consisting of three branches, one of which is a joint common terminal for the other two, the other ends of which other -two branches extend to the corset-cover, one to a substantially horizontal line of the shoulder of the corsetcover, from which it depends substantially vertically in position to pull up the front of the corset-cover vertically in opposition to said front-down-pulling means thereof; and the other of said other two branches extendin to a substantially vertical line of the si e of the corset-cover, from which it extends substantially horizontally in position to pull outwardly the side of the front of the corset-cover; and an elastic strip 'detaehably conn'ectingthe adjacent endsof the common terminal branches of the two tension drafts.
2. The combination with a garment of the brassiere type adapted to.'be worn over a the front of the garment; and the other of said other two branches secured to the side of said garment, from wh1c h 1t extends substantially vertically in pos1t1on to pull outwardly the side of the front of said garment; an. elastic strip detachably connecting the adjacent ends of the common-termina branches to permit automatic adjustments with respect to the requisite tension on the front of said garment; and a hook secured v to said elastic strip to engage the back corset-lacing and thereby maintain the tens1ondrafts in their cooperative positions relative to the corset-cover. 3. The combination with, a garment of the brassiere type adapted to be worn over a corset to confine the corset-top, of two c0- operating tension draft strips of flexible material adapted to lie fiat against the back of the corset; each tension draft operatively consisting of three branches, one ofwhich is a joint common terminal for the other two, the ends of which other two branches extend to said garment, one to the shoulder of the corset-cover, from which it depends substantially vertically in position to pull u the front of said garment vertically; an the other of said other two branches secured to the-side. of said garment, from which 'it extends substantially horizontall in osition to pull outwardly the side of the out of said garment; and an elastic strip detachably connecting the adjacent ends of the common-terminal branches, to permit auto:
matic adjustments with respect to the requisite tension on the frontof said garment.
4. The combination with a garment ,of
' the brassiere type adapted to be worn over position to pull up the front of said gar ment vertically; and the other of said other two branches extendingto the side of said garment, from which it extends substantially horizontally in position to pull out-' wardly the side of the front of said garment; said joint common terminals of the respective, tension drafts being connected to cooperate in keeping the front of the corsetcover under tension vertically and horizontally; and meansfor imparting elasticity to the combination to permit automatic adjust ments with respect to the requisite tensionon the front of said garment.
5. The combination with a garment of the brassiere type adapted to be worn over a corset to confine thecorset-top, of two 00-;
operating tension -draft strips of flexible material adapted to lie flat against the back of the corset; each tension-draft consisting of three branches, one of which is a joint common terminal for the other two, the ends of which other two branches extend to said garment; one to the shoulder thereof, from which it depends substantially vertically in position to pull up the front of thecorsetcover vertically; and-the other of said other two branches extending to the side of said garment, from which it extends substantially horizontally in position to pull outwardly the side of the front of the corsetcover; said joint common terminals of the respective tension-drafts being connected to cooperate in keeping the front of said garment under tension vertlcally and hOIlZOIltally.
- W. 'J REID. Witnesses:
GREENLEAF WHITTIER PICKARD, PHILIP 'FARNSWORTH.