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Publication numberUS935459 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 28, 1909
Filing dateMar 15, 1909
Priority dateMar 15, 1909
Publication numberUS 935459 A, US 935459A, US-A-935459, US935459 A, US935459A
InventorsWilliam H Carr
Original AssigneeWilliam H Carr
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 935459 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)




935%59, Patented sept.28,1909


@XN/buena@ 'caminar H. GARR, or MINNEAPOLIS', MINNESOTA.


Specification of Letters Patent.

patented Sept. 28, 19th).

.application led March 15, 1909. Serial No. 483,459.

To all whom it `may concern.'

Be it known that I, arman ll. CARR, a citizen of the United States, residing at litinneapolis, in the county of -ennepin and State et Minnesota, have invented a new and use't'ul Combinatiori-Tool, of which the following a speeiiication.

IEllis invention relates to a combination tool, and the principal objects ot' the invention are to provide an extremely handy and ellicient. tool in the torni o't a hammer, nail pull and rule, the hammer tace and claw or nail pull ct the tool being arranged at opposite sides olI the handle. and the s 'ale constituting the rule extending along the handle from the said hammer face, -the relation of the parts being such as to cause the, hammer tace to be thrown behind one edge et the object to he measured on the scale, whereby the tool can be steadied and the rule more readiiy held at right angles to the edge of the object. nd in conjunction with the tool, which is preferably a single piece structure, .sach Jtor instance, as a drop forging. are pre Yidcd adjunctive devices which increase the usefulness ot the tool by rendering it adajtableras a screw driver, pry. pipe wrench. i te.

llfith these objects in View and others, as will appear as the description proceeds, the invention compri s the various novel features ot construction and arrangement of parts which will be more fully described hereinafter and set forth with particular-ity in the claims appended hereto.

ln the accompanying drawings, which illustrate one embodiment ot' they invention, .Figure i is a perspective View of the tool showing thc saine in use as a rule. Fig. 2 is a side View ot Fig. l. Fig. El 1s a transverse section on line i-g, Fig. Fig. et is a similar section on line iL-st. Fig. is a perspective View showing the tool used as a pipe wrench. Fig. t3 is a Ytragnientary side elevation showing the tool as a nail pull, a portion of the nail-engaging claw being broken away. HFig. 7 is a t 'agmentary perspective View of a modified form of handle :tor the tool caj'iecially use'tul'ior prying purposes. as in the openingI of a barrel. Fig. S is a detail View of the hammer Jface end of the' head showing the position of the tool, as in Fig. l.

Similar retfcrence characters are employed to designate corresjmi'nling parts throughout the. views.

The t-ool comprises a head A which is relatively flat. in the plane of the handle B, and one end of the head ,is formed into a claw l which expands outwardly and has an inwardly-extending longitudinal recess 2 t'or atlording eilfective engagement with the nails intended to be drawn. The claw over hangs the portion of the handle adjacent the head so as'to coperate with the adjacent face of the handle to form a V-shaped recess or mouth 8. Either of the jaws of this mouth formed by the claw l and the handle B may be provided with serrations -l 'for engagementwith a pipe, as indicated in Fig. 5, for adapting the tool as a wrench. lV hen the pipe is in engagement with the serrations, the opposite side will bear against the inner face of the claw to constitute an abutf ment so that the pipe can be tightly `gripped for turning the same.

The. end ot' the head opposite -from the claw l is enlarged into a circular hammer tace which is arranged with its axis at right'angles to the handle. so that the. in- 'ner or under surface o will be disposed at ninety degrees to the adjacent side face. of the handle or steel ot thelool. the purpose ot' which will be more aj'rparent by reference to Figs. 1 to 23. On one of the flat laces of the handle B is arr; nged a scale. G. ll'hen the tool is to be used as a rule. it is placed von the board or object on which measurements are to be laid out. in the manner shown in li`ig. l. so that the under side o od the hammer t'ace will bear against one edge of the board (l. This will throw the handle at right. angles to such edge, so that measurements can be marked ott' by means of the scale G. It will be noted that the claw l of the hammer rests by one of its corners against the board so as to thereby throw the face endA of the hammer head downwardly behind the edge of the board. This position is clearly shown in Fig. 3, wherein the line o represents the top surface of the board.'

The portion of the handle opposite from the head A. is rounded at 7 so as to' form a convenient grip when using the tool as a hammer, pipe wrench, nail pull or the like, and the extremity of the handle is formed into a screw driver blade 8, as shown in Figs. l and 5, or it may be formed as a pry blade 9, as shown in Fig. 7, the latter form beingr particularly useful for. a barrel opener. For this purpose, the blade has a longitudinal recess l() to constitute claws whichcan be inserted between the barrel-head retaining ring ll of the barrel D, Fig. 7, and span the fastening nails l2 for said ring' in order to effectively draw the saine. The screw driver blade 8 may be enlarged at opposite points, as indicated at 13", Fig. l, for the pun pose of preventing the tool t nn slipping out o the hand when used as a hannner. The screw driver blade is flattened in a plane at right angles to the llattened portion of the handle, and one advantage of this is thatl when the tool is positioned as shown in Figs. l and 2, the grip end of the handle will rest at one oi the .points 1,3 on the board, thereby raising the grip end o'l the handle and at the saine time throu'ii vj the face portion 5 of the hannner head .fr behind the edge oit the board to be niarlicd ofi with reference to the scale. 'lt will, therefore, be seen that the tool will have three points of contact with the board, namely, the point l5 at they end of the handle, the point ll at one o't' the corners of the clau' l, and the point l5 at the edge of the inner end of the handleI adjacent the head A. By arranging the points 13 and 14: below the plane ot' the fiat face of the handle presented to the board C, thehannner face 5 will be more nearly in a tangential relation to the edge of the hoard against which the hannner face is presented, as shown in Fig'. When the tool is to be .used as a screw driver or pry, the head A will be gripped as a handle for one hand,

while the other hand may 4grip the parts 7 adjacent the blade so as to apply powerful pressure to the tool.- In using the tool as aA nail pull, as shown in Fig. 6, the rounded Iportion 16 of .the hammer head constitutes a fulcruin on which the tool will rock in the operation of extracting the nail.

F rom the foregoing description, taken in connection With the accompanying drawings, the advantages of the construction and "oi the method of operation will be readily ap-' parent to those skilled in the' artto which. the invention appertains, and While l have described thc principle of operation of the invention, together with the device which l now consider to be the best eniliodinient thereof, l desire to have it understood that the device shown is merely illustrative, and that. such changes may be invade when desired as Within the scope of the claims ap pended l'lereto.

Having ,has described the inventiomwhat l claiin as new and desire to secure by laetters 1litatent, is zvfr combination tool comprising a handle, head secured thereto formed 'with a claw at one end anda hammer face at the opposite endA and projecting at right angles to the handle, and scale extending longitudinally of the y handle and beginning at the said head, the claw expanding outwardly and-serving to throw the hammer face behind one edge oi" an object to be measured claw and handle thereof resting' on the object.

L combination tool comprising a Flattenedhandle, a head shaped into a clanY and a4 hannner face disposed respectively at opposite sides of the handle, said hammer face being enlarged to project above and below the planes coincidentto the ilat faces of the handle, the inner surface oit the hannnerface of the handle, a scale on one oi the tlat 'faces of the handle and inning one end coincident with the said inner snrface, the claw oi' the head expanding outwardly whereby its opposite corners are disposed above and belen7 the `planes coincident with the lint faces ot the handle, and ablade on the grip end of the handle and expanded in ay plane at right angles to the flat faces of the handle to forni projections extending outwardly from the handle. and eope ating with the corners of the claw to support the tool on apiece et Work to be laid out. with the hannner face tilted behind one edge ot' the' work.

in testimony, that l claim the foregoing as my own, have hereto ailixed Iny signature in the presence of two witnesses.


Vl/Titnesses Y` Annan Ennsssn, 1 BART. J. Goonnf'i'n.

on the scale when the tool is placed with the j being disposed at right angles to the length.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2627078 *May 20, 1950Feb 3, 1953Samuel EliotTool with extension spaced from head
US4581782 *Feb 6, 1984Apr 15, 1986Randolph RileyHammer
US6019022 *Jan 15, 1999Feb 1, 2000Snap-On Tools CompanyMulti-purpose screwdriver
US8024994Sep 27, 2011Stanley Black & Decker, Inc.Demolition utility tool
US8117702Mar 29, 2006Feb 21, 2012Stanley Black & Decker, Inc.Demolition tool
US8585016Sep 19, 2008Nov 19, 2013Stanley Black & Decker, Inc.Demolition tool
US20070226913 *Mar 29, 2006Oct 4, 2007Stanley Tools And HardwareDemolition tool
US20090000039 *Jun 26, 2007Jan 1, 2009The Stanley WorksDemolition utility tool
US20090008617 *Sep 19, 2008Jan 8, 2009The Stanley WorksDemolition tool
Cooperative ClassificationB25F1/00