US 936403 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
WERNER VON BOLTON, or CHARLOT'IJJENB'URG, GERMANY, ASSIGNOR r0 SIEMENS & HALSKE, Aye, or BERLIN, GERMANY, A CORPORATION or GERMANY.
PROCESS OF MAKING FILAMENTS FOB ELECTRIC INCANDESCENT LAMP S.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patent edOct. 12,1909.
Application filedOctober 2, 1906. Serial No. 337,122.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, WERNER voN BOLTON, a subject of the Czar of Russia, and a resident of Charlottenburg, Berlin, Germany, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Processes of .Making Filaments for Electric Incandescent Lamps, of which the following is a specification.
'My invent-ion relates to electric incandescent lamps and is more especially concerned with the filaments for such lamps. I
It has already been proposed to produce filaments of tungsten powder or mixtures ofpowdered tungsten and other metals, by pressing the powder under a high pressure in a form corresponding to the completed filament. It ,is impossible, however, to ob-.
tain filaments of satisfactory homogeneousness and stability by this method. On the other hand, however, filaments in suitable lengths having complete homogeneousness and high elasticity can be made from such metal powder by pressing the powder of the metal without adding any non-metallic binding means, into a tube composed of ductile metal, such as tantalum or iron, and then drawing out or rollin this ductile tube together with the meta lic powder which it contains. After the drawing has been completed, the tube or shell of the other ductile metal can, if desired, be easily removed by chemical or mechanical treatment, or by simply melting it away. In order to remove the outer shell chemically the process would of course vary according to the material of which the outer shell is composed. However since tungsten is very difiicult to dissolve.
filament is of sufficient thickness the shellcan generally be melted away or even evaporated by a strong heat. If for example the shell consists of nickel it will evaporate considerably below the melting point of tungsten even if it should have formed an alloy with the same. In some cases there is a certain tendency of the shell to split longitudinally during the rolling process. If this tendency is aided,-the filament may-then be subsequently freed by simply pulling off the outer shell and the filament may then be used. ,In introducing the tungsten powder into the ductile metal tube, particular care must be observed in order thatthe pressing or stamping will be accomplished with the greatest-possible uniformity and in such manner that all traces of air'will be removed. If necessary, after the tube has been filled it maybe heated in a vacuum to drive out the lasttrace of air. Itis advantageous to. seal the ends of the tube afterthe metal powder has been-inserted in the above described manner. This is best done in a vacuum, by fusing the ends of the tube by an electrical heating. There is no particular difiiculty. connected with sealing the end of' the tube in a vacuum. This may be done in a very simple manner by making the tube form an electrode in an electric vacuum furnace ofthe well known type and by approaching the other electrode to the end which is to be-closed and thereby forming an are which causes an immediate melting and sealing of the endof the tube. The same result may. also be obtained by soldering, welding or any other well known method. The simplest way is to force a plug exactly fitting. the end .of the tube tightly into the opening, whereafter it may be soldered or screwed in.
By the above described process, it is easy to obtain a body from an original length of a few centimeters and a diameter of some five or ten millimeters, drawn out into a fine wire only a fraction of a millimeter in diameter. The process is also applicable to the production of thin plates :or strips which have the qualities of excellent firmness and ductility.
It is old to purify tungsten and draw it into filaments without the use of an outer shell. The present process. however differs from that in that metal powder can be used without the previous formation. of a homogeneous fused mass. Furthermore by the present process the' diificulties which are encountered in the drawing'of tungsten by the old method are avoided.
Having thus described my invention, the following is what I claim as new therein and desire to secure by Letters Patentz- 1. The hereindescribed process for producing filaments which consists in inserting refractory'metal powder into a tube of duetile metal and subsequently working the tube and the refractory metal powder into fila- 5 mentary form.
2. The hereindescribed proces for producing filaments which consists in insertin the refractory metal powder into a tube 0 ductile metal, exhausting the same of air,
0 sealing the ends of said tube and subsequently working the tube and refractory metal into filamentary form.
3.'The hereindescribed process for producing filaments which consists in inserting refractory metal powder into a tube of ductile metal, subsequently working the tube and the refractory metal powder into filamentary form and finally removing the tube from around the refractory metal.
WERNER VON BOLTON.
Witnesses HENRY IIASPER, WOLDEMAR HAUPT.