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Publication numberUS937043 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 19, 1909
Filing dateDec 8, 1908
Priority dateDec 8, 1908
Publication numberUS 937043 A, US 937043A, US-A-937043, US937043 A, US937043A
InventorsSamuel Bilger
Original AssigneeParker Mfg Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Piano-truck.
US 937043 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

PIANO TRUCK.

APPLICATION FILED Nov. aow, 1907. REIIBWIID Imc. a, 190s.

937,043. Patented Oct. 19, 1909.

3 SHEETS-SHEET 1.

- S. BILGER.

PIANO TRUCK.

APPLIOATION FILED Nov. so, 1907. RENBWBD DBO. s, 190s.

Patented Oct. 19, 1909'.

3 SHEETS-SHEBT 2.

Zi-yen 2701** Lfd/fame Za'fZgez UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

SAMUEL BILG'ER, 0F SILVERDALE, PENNSYLVANIA, ASSIGNOR TO PARKER MANU- FACTURING COMPANY, OF SOUDERTON, PENNSYLVANIA.

PIANO-TRUCK.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Patented Oct. 19, 1909.

Application filed November 30, 1907, Serial No; 404,550. Renewed December 8, 1908. Serial No. 466,559.

To all whom t may concern:

Be it known that I, SAMUEL Buena, a citizen ofthe United States, residing at Silverdale, in the county of Bucks and State of Pennsylvania, have invented new and useful Improvements in Piano-Trucks, of which the following is a specification.

My present invention relates to improvements in trucks of the character especially adapted for use in piano moving, being of the type covered by my prior Letters Patent, No. 867,099 granted September 24, 1907, and it has for its object primarily to provide an improved lifting jack for elevating the piano above the Hoor or other support and transferring its weight to the truck in order that the piano may be moved from place to place, the jack employed in the presentinstance being relatively simple in construction, and capable of easily withstanding the weight imposed on it.

Another object of the invention is to provide means for facilitating the movement and manipulation of the piano on stairways or in other places where the piano is being moved on an incline, a safety device being provided which acts automatically to prevent backward or retrograde movement.

A further object of the invention is to provided a truck of this character which is capablev of use while the piano occupies a normal upright position or when it is stood on end, a pair of casters being provided which are swiveled to permit them to operate in both instances, and they are equipped with locking devices which serve to prevent turning of the casters while supporting the piano in endwise position.

To these and other ends, the invention consists in certain improvements, and combinations and arrangements of parts, all as will be hereinafter more fully described, the novel features being pointed out particularly in the claims at the end of the specification.

In the accompanying drawings-Figure l is a side elevation of a piano truck constructed in accordance with the present invention, the parts being adapted for application to the piano; Fig. 2 is a view similar to Fig. l showing the piano lifted upon the truck and in readiness for transportation;

Fig. 3 represents a vertical section ofthe truck with the parts occupying the positions shown 1n Fig. 2; Fig. 4 1s an end view of 1 reference charactersin the.v several views. l In moving planos 1n the customary way,

that is to say, while the .piano occupies an upright position, a pair of trucks, of course, are employed, the trucks being arranged at the opposite ends of the piano, but as the trucks may be duplicates, I have considered it suilicient to illustrate and describe a single truck only, a similar truck being applied in the same manner to the opposite end of the piano.

I The truck shown in the present embodiment of my invention comprises generally a frame embodying a pair of uprights l and 2 and upper and lower cross pieces 3 and 4 rigidly connecting them, the frame thus provided .being preferably composed of wood of a suitable strength so as to insure lightness in weight. At the lower end of the frame thus provided are bolted or otherwise secured a pair of brackets 5, those shown comprising an arm 6 which is rigidly secured to the outer vertical side of the respective uprights, and its lower portion is extended horizontally forward beyond the surfaces of the cross pieces 3 and 4 and is adapted to engage beneath the body of the piano, the latter, of course, resting upon the usual casters and thereby being spaced a sufcient distance above the floor to permit introduction of the brackets beneath it. In order to prevent accidental disengagement l of the brackets from the piano, it is preferable to provide them with upturned claws 7 which are capable of obtaining a firm hold in the wood composing the piano. When the piano is thus supported lon the brackets the end thereof, of course, engages atA the forward surfaces of the cross pieces, and in order to prevent `marring or injury to the polished surfaces of the piano, it is preferable .to carpet or'otherwise pad these cross pieces, as shown at 8 and 9.

e atively to the ioor or other support. It is therewith by means of webs or tapes which In order to transfer the weight of the l piano from its own casters to the truck with the greatest facility, the truck is provided with a lifting jack which is capable of elevating the frame carrying the brackets and thereby lift the piano from the floor. In the present instance the truck frame is provided with a transverse base 10 having a pair of hinge lugs 11 extending forwardly from one of its edges'and pivotally attached to the attaching arm 6 of the respective brackets by means of pivot bolts 12, and at the under side of the base are mounted a pair of casters 13 and 14 having the axes of their rollers located toward the rear edge of the base in order that a sufficient vertical movement thereof relatively to the truck frame will occur as the base is turned about its pivots. This result is accomplished in the present instance by employing a pair of casters where` in the roller supporting lugs 15 extend sub` stantially downwardly from one of the peripheral edges of the turn table 16, the latter being mounted to' turn on a cup 17 which is secured to the under side of the base.

The necessary pivotal movements of the base for the purpose of elevating and lowering the truck frame and the brackets thereon, are affected in the present instance by means of a handle 18 connected by a cross piece 19 to a pair of operating levers 2O and 21, the latter being fulcrumed on the truck frame by the bolts 22 and 23, andthose ends thereof that are extended beyond the pivots are connected to linkss24 and 25, the latter being pivotally attached to the base by means of rackets 26 and 27 which are located in proximity to therear edge thereof and immediately above the rollers of the casters thereon. Obviously, by turning the levers about their axes by means of the handle 18, a turning movement of the base about its axis will be accomplished, causing vertical movement of the brackets that will serve to elevate and depress the truck frame relpreferable to render the operating mechanism of the jack self-locking, and this'is accomplished in the present instance by Oifset-ting the portions 28 and 29 of the respective rollers so that they will carry the pivot connections between them and the links 24 and 25 out of alinement with the pivot bolts 22 and 23 and the brackets 26 and 27, respectively, when the operating handle is moved into the position shown in Figs. 3 and 4, the truck frame at this moment being elevated to its extreme height.V

The trucks at the opposite ends of the piano may be secured from disengagement extend at the front and back of the piano and are attached at their ends to the respective trucks by means of a pair of clamps, a pair of these being shown in the present instance attached to the nprights of the frame and embodying flexible clamping arms 30 and 31 which are arranged to eooperate with the relatively {ixed surfaces 32 and 33 formed on the upper ends of the respective bracket arms, and the ends of the webs are held from disengagement relatively to the clamping arms by means of guides V34 and 35, the latter being formed on the upper ends of the respective arms of the brackets and in line with the clamping arms and being provided with raised ianges 36 and 37 which have parallel portions between which the webs engage so that vertical movement thereof is prevent-ed. The clamping arms are operated in the present instance by thumb nuts 38 and 39 which are threaded on the outer ends of the pivot bolts 22 and 23 which support the jack operating levers. The trucks at the opposite ends of the piano may be further secured by means of a web which extends over the top of the piano, each truck being provided with a clamping arm 40 having a thumb nut 41 by means of which it may be operated to clamp the respective ends of the web, and thereby prevent the trucks from dropping oif the piano in case the weight thereon should be momentarily relieved.

In order to facilitate manipulation of the trucks, they are each provided preferably with a pair of handles 42 which are connected by a cross piece 43 and are pivotally attached to the truck frame by means of a pair of links 44 which are attached to the said handles at points intermediate between their ends, as at 45, and their opposite ends are attached to the respective nprights by the bolts 46. r1`he inner ends of the handles are provided with downturned projections 1,7 which are arranged to coperate with the vertically spaced stops 4S and 49 located on the truck frame, these stops beingso po sitioned that the handles are capable of occupying two different angular positions relative to the frame, that is to say, they may occupy a substantially right angle position` as shown in full lines in Figs. 1 and 2 when the projection 47 engages the lower stop 45). and they may occupy an inclined position, as shown in dotted lines in Fig. 2 when the projection 47 engages the upper stop 4S. These handles also perform the function or parpose of supporting the piano when the latter is stood on one of its corners, the truck in this instance being supported by the ends of these handles and the casters 13 and 14. In order to facilitate the manipulation of the truck, it is preferable to provide a device for yieldingly retaining these handles in operative and inoperative positions, and for this purpose a pair of spring operated plungers 50 and 51 are provided which are preferably mounted in the nprights of the frame and are adapted to cooperate with either of a pair of apertured locking plates 52 and 53 formed in each handle, the plate 52 coperating with the plunger to retain the handles in a horizontal position as shown in Figs. l and 2, and the plate 53 cooperating therewith to retain the handles in inoperative position, that is to say', in foldc relation to the frame. u

In some cases it may be necessary to stand the piano on one of its ends while handling it, and in th atcase one of the trucks sustains the whole weight of the piano, and in order to facilitate the manipulation of the piano niider these circumstances, it is preferable to provide an additional pair of rollers 54 and which are attached rigidly to the side of tlnie cross piece 3 and when so employed the lower casters 13 and 14 should be locked in a position with their axes in parallel relation to those of the upper' casters. In the present instance this result is accomplished by providing the turn tables of the lower casters with locking apertures 56 in which the end of a plunger 57 enga-ges, this plunger being guided on a bracket 58 secured to the under side of the base l0 and is normally operated toward locked position by means of a helical spring 59 encircling it. Each plunger is provided with a laterally turned end 60 which is capable of being turned into and out of coperative relation with the projecting end 61 of its guide so that the plunger may be set into operative or inoperative positions as may he desired. Of course, in moving the piano about while it rests upon the two trucks, it is usually desirable to obtain the swiveling action of the lower casters, and in this case the laterally turned end 60 of each plunger will be engaged with the part 61 so that it cannot lock the casters from pivotal movement, but when the truck occupies a horizontal position with all four casters resting on the floor, the lower casters are locked from pivotal ,movement by the plungers.

In order to facilitate the handling of the piano in ascending and descending stairways and other inclines, it is advantageous to employ a supplemental roller 62 having a relatively wide bearing surface to coperate with a plank 63 which is adapted to be laid upon the steps, the roller being supported at its opposite ends by means of a pair of brackets 64 and 65 which are rigidly fixed to the under side of the base, the roller shown in the present instance being mounted on ball bearings in order to reduce the friction thereof. A safety device or check is preferably employed in connection with this roller for the purpose of preventing backward or retrograde movement of the` piano when the lifting effort thereof is temporarily discontinued, the check shown in the present instance being controlled automatically according to the direction of rotaperiphery of the roller.

tion of the roller, and it embodies a claw 66 which has frictional engagement with the periphery of the roller, and is provided at f circles the arm and serves to normally retain A the claw in frictional engagement with the As the piano moves upwardly the roller rotates in a direction indicated by the arrow in Fig. 5, consequently the frictional engagement between the roller and the claw will tend to lift the latter into the Lipper portion ofthe vertical slot 7l, and thereby lretain the spurs on its under side out of engagement with the supporting plank. However, should the piano move backwardly as indicated by the arrow in Fig. 6, the roller will reverse its direction of rotation, the frictional engagement between it and the claw serving to move the lat-tei" downwardly toward the lower end of the vertical slot 7l and thereby carry the spurs 67 beneath the roller into engagement with the plank, thereby obtaining a hold that will arrest thev further backward movement of the truck. check may be set into inoperative position by withdrawing it rearwardly and then turning it about the arm 68 as an axis, and when so adjusted the claw will be clear of the roller as indicated in Figs. 3 and 4, and consequently the truck may move downwardly on the plank.

I claim as my inventionl. A piano truck embodying a frame hav- In descending the stairway, the

l OO

ing lifting means thereon, a supporting base turnable about an axis parallel to the axis about which the base swings to elevate or depress the frame relatively to the base.

2. A piano truck embodying a frame provided with a lifting bracket, a supportiii base mounted in pivotal relation to said frame so as to turn on a fixed axis, and a jack connecting said frame and base and operable about axes parallel to the pivotal axis of the base to turn the base relatively to the frame and about said fixed axis.

3.,A piano truck embodying a pair of lifting brackets, a supporting base pivoted to the brackets so as to turn about a fixed axis at its forward edge and having supporting devices beneath it and adjacent to its rear edge, and means for retaining the base and bracket in coperative relation.

vided with lifting brackets, a supporting base pivotally connected to said frame and turnable about a ixed axis thereon, and a lever pivoted on one of said parts so as to turn about an axis parallel to the axis of movement of the base and having a link connection with the other part to effect relative pivotal movement between said base and frame about said fixed axis to elevate or depress the latter.

5. A piano truck embodying a frame having lifting brackets thereon, a base pivotally connected thereto, and an operating lever having pivotal connections with the frame and the base and turnable about an axis parallel to the axis of pivotal movement of the base, said lever serving` to turn the latter relatively to said frame for elevating and depressing the framerelatively to the base.

6. A piano truck embodying a frame having lifting brackets thereon, a supportino` base pivotally connected to the frame, an an operating lever pivotally connecting the frame and base and turnable about an axis parallel to the axis of movement of the base, said lever being capable of automatically locking the frame in elevated position.

7. A piano truck embodying a frame having lifting brackets thereon, a supporting base pivotally connected to the frame, a pair of operating levers connected to the frame and turnable about axes parallel to the plane of pivotal movement of the base, the ends of said levers being laterally offset, and links connecting the oHset ends of the levers to the base for effecting the elevating and lowering of the frame and for locking the latter in elevated position.

8. A piano truck embodying a frame having lifting brackets thereon, a base operatively connected to the frame, and casters having swivel connections with the base and having means for locking them with their axes in alinement.

9. A piano truck embodying a frame having, piano supporting brackets thereon, a

base ope 'atively connected to the frame, a pair 'of casters on the base having locking apertures in the movable parts thereof, and locking plungers adapted to coperate with the said apertures to retain the casters in fixed relation.

10. A piano truck embodying a frame having piano supporting brackets thereon, a b-ase operatively connected to the frame, casters pivotally mounted on the base and having locking apertures, and a locking plunger for each caster having a spring for normally retaining it in locking engagement with the aperture therein.

11.'A piano truck embodying a frame having piano supporting brackets thereon, 'a base operatively connected to the frame, casters pivotally mounted on the base and having radial locking apertures, spring op erated plungers adapted to coperate with the respective apertures in the casters, and means for retaining the plungers in inoperative position.

12. A piano truck embodying a frame having supporting brackets thereon, a base operatively connected to the frame, swiveled casters mounted on the base having radial locking apertures, spring operated plungers guided to reciprocate into and out of engagement with the respective apertures and having laterally turned ends capable of rotary adjustment, and a projection adapted to coperate with the said ends to retain the plungers in inoperative position.

13. A piano truck embodying a frame having supporting brackets thereon, a base operatively connected to the frame, a pair of casters swiveled on the base and adapted to support the truck when the latter occupies vertical or horizontal positions, locking devices for retaining the said casters in predetermined positions, and a pair of coperating casters mounted on the upper end of the frame.

14. A piano truck embodying a frame having supporting brackets thereon, a. base operatively connected to the frame, and handles pivotally connected at intermediate points to the frame and devices coperating with the inner ends of the handles for locking them in either of two different angular positions relatively to the frame.

15. A piano truck embodying a frame having lifting brackets thereon, and. a base operatively connected to it, a pair of handles having link connections with the frame and provided with retaining projections at their ends, and upper and lower stops on the frame adapted to coperate with the projections on the handles and thereby retain the latter in either of two positions.

16. A piano truck embodying a frame having supporting brackets thereon, and a base operatively connected to the frame, a pair of handles pivotally connected at intermediate points with the frame and adapted to occupy one position in parallel relation thereto, and another position in angular relation thereto, and locking devices cooperating with the inner ends of the handles for retaining the latter in either of the two positions.

17. A piano truck embodying a frame having supporting brackets thereon, a base operatively connected to the frame, a pair of casters mounted on the base, and a supplemental roller extending between the casters and having its periphery arranged above check controlled by the roller and adapted to engage the support on which the roller rests.

19. A piano truck embodying a frame having supporting brackets thereon, a base operatively connected to the frame, a roller journaled on the under side of the base, and a check frictionally engaging the roller and having spurs adapted to engage the support on which the roller rests when the roller is turned in one direction and to rest clear of the said support when the roller rotates in an opposite direction.

20. A truck of the character described eln* bodying a frame having supporting brackets thereon, a base operatively connected to the frame, a roller journaled on the base, and a safety check having a portion adapted to frictionally engage the periphery of the roller and p-rovided with spurs adapted to be carried into engagement with the support on .which the roller' rests when the roller turns in one direction.

2l. A truck of the character described emi bodying a frame having supporting brackets thereon, a base operatively connected to the frame, a roller journaled on the under side of the base, and a safety check embodying an arm guided on the base, a claw arranged to frictionally engage the periphery of the roller and provided with downwardly directed spurs arranged to coperate with the support on which the roller rests, and a spring encircling the said arm and operating to retain the claw in frictional engagement with the periphery of the roller.

22. A truck of the character described embodying a frame having supporting brackets thereon, a base operatively connected to the frame, a roller journaled on the under side'ioj of the base, and a safety check embodying an arm guided to reciprocate on the base and capable of a turning movement, a claw carried by the arm and adapted to frictionally engage the periphery ofthe roller and provided with downturned spurs adapted to engage the support on which the roller rests, the claw being moved into and out of cooperative relation with the roller by a turning movement of the said arm, and a spring for retaining the claw in operative or inoperative positions.

In testimony .whereof I have hereunto set my hand in presence of two subscribing Witnesses.

SAMUEL BILGER.

Witnesses:

EMMA GRoovER, VIOLA S. GRoovER.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US6039194 *Apr 15, 1999Mar 21, 2000Beeche System, Corp.Mobile roof crane
US6217044Apr 15, 1999Apr 17, 2001Beeche Systems, Corp.Steerable and retractable wheels for multi-purpose carriage
US8910951 *Mar 21, 2011Dec 16, 2014Smarte Carte, Inc.Caster wheel arrangements
US20120068423 *Mar 21, 2011Mar 22, 2012Daniel Leigh OttersonCaster wheel arrangements
Classifications
Cooperative ClassificationB62B5/02