|Publication number||US938648 A|
|Publication date||Nov 2, 1909|
|Filing date||May 21, 1909|
|Priority date||May 21, 1909|
|Publication number||US 938648 A, US 938648A, US-A-938648, US938648 A, US938648A|
|Inventors||Thomas A De Vilbiss|
|Original Assignee||Vilbiss Mfg Company De|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (9), Classifications (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
T. A. DE VILBISS.
ATOMIZER. APPLICATION FILED MAY 21, 1909.
Patentd Nov. 2, 1909.
INVENTOR- Ma M 7% WITNESSES: $.G W ZZ Z TUBING COMPANY, 01
To all whom it may concern:
7 Be it known that I, THOMAS A. DE VIL- BISS, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Toledo, in the county of Lucas and State of Ohio, have invented a certain new and useful Atomizer; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to the characters of reference marked thereon, which form a part of this specification.
y invention relates to atomizers; and and efiicient instrument of this class, the. liquid and air-tubes of which are adjustable to enable the laterally-disposed discharge ends thereof to be shifted to direct their discharge in a multiplicity of directions, as the nature of the use or the parts to be sprayed may require.
e operation, construction and arrangement of the parts of the invention are fully described in the following specification, and while in its broader aspect it is susceptible of embodiment in numerous forms, two referred forms of the same are illustrate in the accompanying drawings, in which,-
one form of the invention with a the same in vertical section, and similar vlew of another form of mbodym ortion ig. 2 is a he same.
Referring to Fig. 1 of the drawings, 1 esignates the liquid receptacle, the neck of hich is closed by the head 2, which may e threaded within a ferrule 3 or secured to 5, which is ead and extends'down into he rece tacle to near the bottom thereof, nd wit a channel 6, which serves to open ommunication between the atmosphere and The channel 41 has its up eror outer end orizontally an led with t e extreme end I ereof enlarge to form a seat or bearin r the inner end of the liquid tube 7, whicfi be is attached by. bands 8,0! in any other itable manner, to the Specification of Letters Patent.
' Application filed May 21, 1909. Serial No. 497,495.
has for its object the provision of a sim lei side of the air-tube;-
UNITED STATES PATENT orrion THOMAS A. DE VILBISS, OF TOLEDO, OHIO, ASSIGNOR TO THE D 'E VILBISS MANUFAC- TOLEDO, OHIO, CORPORATION OF OHIO.
Patented-Nov. 2, 1909.
9, said tubes communicating at their outerends with a common spray head or nozzle 10, which is pivotally shiftable relative tiiereto, as is common in instruments of this c ass.
The inner end of the air-tube 9 passes over or at the side of the head 2 and terminates in a laterally offset enlargement 11 through which the member 12 threads. ber has its inner end projected beyond such enlargement and pivotally seating, in axial alinement with the inner end of the liquidtube 7, in the .enlarged outer end of a channel 13, which is providedlim the head 2 in opposition to the angled upper end of the channel 4 and opens laterally into the channel 6, thus combining with the inner end of the tube 7 to form trunnions for pivotally supporting the tubes 7 and 9 relative to the head.
The outer end of the member 12 is adapted to form the nipple to which the usual air sup ly tube "(not showm) attaches, and has its' ore communicatin with the channel of This memthe tube 9 through the passages 15-and 16 in said nipple and the en tively, and with the channel 13 in the head 2 through the fine or restricted passage 17 rovided axially in the inner end portion 0 the nipple, as shown. The outer portion of the member 12 shoulders against the outer face Figure l is a side elevation of an atomizer of the enlargement 11 to form a close joint therewith, and the inner end of such member seats within the outer end of the channel 13 with sufficient force in'opposition to the inner end of the tube 7 to frictionally resist a free pivotal movement of the tubes 7-9 and hold them in any position of adjustment relative to the head 2. It is apparent with this construction that the major portion of the fluid which passes through the nipple 12 under pressure enters the tube 9 and in discharging from the spray-head 10 creates a suction argement 11, respec through the liquid-tube 7, channel 4' and tube 5,-whereby to draw liquid from the receptacle 1 and discharge it from the sprayhead in vaporized form, tion of the pressure fluidis forced into the receptacle through the fine passage 17 in the member '12 and the channels 13 and The principal purpose of the communication between the source of fluid pressure and the receptacle is to facilitate what is commonly termed a fiooding 'of the spray parts,
which may be accomplished. by placing the while a small por-- thumb over the outer end of the air-channel augment the discharge occasioned by the 'ch'anne tends aroun suction created in the spray-head and eifect a consequent greater flow of liquid through the discharge tubes.
In the modificationshown in Fig. 2, a desi ates the receptacle, and b the head, which 0 oses the neck of the receptacle and carries the spray parts, said head having the air-, channel 0 and the liquid channel 0? therethrough, which latter communicates with the interior of the receptacle through a tube e. In this instance the air and liquld tubes 7, g are concentrically arranged in advance of the head I) with an annular space provided between them and with their outer ends curved laterally and provided with a spray-head h.
The outer tube f has its inner end attached to the enlar ed end a of a yoke j, which ex- 5 the head band has an enlargement is at its rear end throu h which a mpple Zis threaded or otherwise suitably secured. The nipple Z has its bore in communication with the annular assage between the tubes f and 9 through a c annel min said oke, as shown. The inner end of the nipple projects through the enlargement is of the yoke and has a pivot bearing in one side of the head b, in a similar manner to the form above described, and such nipple end has a restricted passage 11. therethrough which combines with a passage 0 in the head to open communication between the major portion of the nipple bore and the channel 0. The inner end of the liquid tube 9 projects through the enlargement z of the yoke 7' and has a bearin in the enlarged outer end of the d in axial alinement with the nipple l the inner end thrust of which it opposes.
It is a parent with both forms of the invention t at the liquid and air tubes may be easily and quickly disen aged from the head carrying the same for t e purpose of cleaning, or otherwise, by simply unscrewin the nipple member to release its inner end rom en gement with such head.
wish it understood that my invention is not limited to any specific construction or arrangement of the parts, except in so far as such limitations are specified in the claims.
Having thus descri d my invention, what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is,-- Y
1. In an atomizer, two tubes having a nozzle at their outer ends capable of. directing fluid at an angle thereto, a head carrying said tubes for pivotal movements to shift the direction of discharge of the nozzle, one of said tubes having a pivotal bearing against one side of the head and the other tube having a part in pivotal engagement with the 2. In an atomizer, a receptacle, a head car-.
ried thereby, and means having trunnions pivotally bearing against opposite sides of said head, said means having a channel .in communication with the interior of the receptacle and a channel in communication with an air-supply, and a common discharge nozzle for said channels. 7
3. In an atomizer, a receptacle, a head carried thereby, two tubes connected together and having a common discharge nozzle, said tubes having their inner ends in pivotal connection with opposite sides of the head to permit a shifting of said, tubes,-one tube communicatin ceptacle and t e other with an air-supply.
4. In an atomizer, a receptacle, a head carried thereby, two tubes revolubly carried by said head and. having a common nozzle adapted to direct its discharge laterally of the tubes, said tubes both being in communication with the receptacle through the head, and means for connecting one tube with an air-supply.
5. In an atomizer, a receptacle, a head carried thereby, a liquid tube having its inner end pivotally seated against said head with its channel in communication with the interior of said receptacle, an air-tube having a art in pivotal contact with the opposite si e of the head to the point of bearing of the liquid-tubethereon, said tube being adapted for connection with an air supply and having a restricted channel in communication with the interior of the rece tacle, and a common spray-head for said tu es.
6. In an atomizer, a receptacle, a head carried thereby and having an air anda liquid passage in communication with the interior with the interior of the reof the receptacle, an air-tube having axially alining parts forming trunnions WhlCh have bearings in opposite sides of said head and their channe s with the interior of the receptacle throu said passage, and a common spray-head or said tubes.
7 In an atomizer, a receptacle, 9. head carried thereby, an air-tube and a li uid-tube having a common spray-head an axially registering (partsin pivotal enga ement wit oppositesl es ing artof one tube being adjustable, and the iquid-tube having its channel pmlnicat-ion with the interior of the recepac e.
ried thereby, and an air-tube and a liquidof said head, the ead engagrespectively communicating incom-fl 8. In an atomizer, a receptacle, a head cartube having a common s ray-head and axi- I ally registering parts which have bearings on opposite sides of the head, said tubes each havmgtheir channels commumcation with the interior of the orming trunnions receptacle throughsaid head, said trunnion parts being relatively adjustable.
. In an atomizer, a receptacle, a head closmg the neck thereof, a hquid-tube havhead with its channel in communication with the interior of the receptacle, an air-tube attached to said liquid-tube and having a common spray-head therewith, a nipple carried t e air-tube and having a part bearing against said head in axial alinement with the bearing end of the liquid-tube, said nip ple havin its bore in communication with the air-tu channel and in restricted commulnicatlon with the interior of the receptac e.
10. In an atomizer, closing the an air-tube 11 an atomizer, a receptacle, a head carried thereby, an air-tube and a li uidtu having alnnng parts with the insaid tubes having a nozzle, and. the air-tube for connection with an airther tube being adapted for connection with source of fluid pressure.
In an. atomizer, a head adapted for onnection with a receptacle for liquids, two
said 'tubes h dlscharge nozzle and one nection with a liquid supply and the other for connection with a source of fluid pressure.
atmosphere, a liquidt u and an air-tube having parts respec to permit rotary movements of the tubes relative thereto, said liquid-tube hav passage between the Interior of the recep'ta-- rotary movements relative tube aving communication with said airpassage intermediate its ends, and the liquid-tn having communication with the interior of the receptacle, and meansfor connecting the air-tube with an air-supply.
16. In :n atomizer, a receptacle, a head carried thereby and having a passage opening communication between the interior of t e receptacle and the atmosphere, two tubes havin a common nozzle capable of directing its 1scharge laterally of'the tubes, said tubes both eing in communicationwith thereceptacle throu h the head, and means for connecting one tli be with an air-sup ly.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto signed my name to this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
THOMAS A. DE VILBISS.
C. W. OWEN, D. C. WALTER.
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