US 946837 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
U, L. COMMON.
FOUNTAIN TONIC APPLIOATOR.
APPLICATION FILED NOV. 5, 1908.
Patented Jan.18, 1910.
UordeZz'a/ L. 6'0
- STATES PATENT OFFICE.
COBDELIA L. common, "or CLEVELAND, onio' roun'ram 'ron rc-arrmca'ron.
and useful improvements in toilet articles of that type which are designed to be employed in the treatment of the hair, to apply tonic to the scalp and simultaneously efi'ect a pleasant massage of the same; and which are designed to supersede the ordinary method of. rubbing the tonic into the scalp with the fingers, as such an operationis very tedious and cannot be conveniently performed to treat ones own hair. It is well known that the ordinary instruments of this character are not eiiicient in operation, are
not hygienic and are complicated in structure and not durable.
The object of this invention is an improved fountain tonic applicator which is.
esigned particularl to render the o eration of treating ones own hair capable of being carried on with expedition; which is designed to contain a quantity of tonic or [other liquid, and to automaticall conduct the same directly to the surface 0 the scalp and the roots of thehair, thus effecting a material economy in the amount of tonic used; which. embodies to a'marked degree the element of simplicity and durabi it and consis of comparatively few parts that are not liable" to get out of order and with reasonable care will last for a very long time, and. which possesses certain other advantages, that willbecome at once apparent as the invention is disclosed, over the instruments of this character in general use.
' With this andother objects in view that.
will more fully appear as. the description proceeds,'the invention consists in certain constructions of the parts that I shall hereinafter fully describe, and then point out the novel features thereof in the appended claim.
For a fullunderstanding of the invention and the merits thereof, and to acquire a knowledge of the details of. construction,
reference is to be had to the following de- Specification of Letters Iatent. Application flied November 5, 1908. Serial No. 461,178..
Patented Jan. 18, 1910.
scription and accompanying drawing, in which r a Figure 1 is a perspective view of a fountain tonic ap llcator embodying the improvements o my.-in vention; Fig.2 is a longitudinal section thereof; Fig. 3 is a pers ective view showing the reservoir and c osure in. juxtaposition; and, Fig. 4 is a detail view of one of the teeth.
Corresponding and like parts are referred to in the followin description and indicated in all the views 0% the drawing, by the same reference characters. My improved device consists essentially of a hollow cylindrical body portionor reservoir I which is designed to contain a'charge of tonic and which has its lower end closed, .asindicate'd at 2, While its other end is open, as shown. A closure 3 extends across the open end of the body portion and is formed with a depending annular flange 4 that fits entirely wlthin the body portion and is substantially equal in width to the depth of the body portion, as will be observed by reference to Fig. 2. The closure is detachably secured to the reservoir in any suitable manner, as by'threads 5 formed in the eriphery of the flange 4 near the juncture o the same with the closure, and arranged for engagement with interior threads 6 provided within the reservoir 1. The reservoir is provided with a series of depending teeth 7 which are preferably screwed or otherwise detachably secured in the closed end 2 and are somewhat tapered, but not sufliciently so to form sharp or rough points as would injure the hair and scalp. These teeth are supplied with tonic by means of ducts 8 thatthrough their peripheries short of the points of the same, whereby when the teeth rest 11 on the scalp the o enings will not be c osed thereby, as won (1 be the case if the ducts communicated-with the extremities of the teeth.
In the practical use of my improved device, the same is placed upon the scalp WhlCh it is desiredto treat, the teeth lightly against the scalp and the operator giving the device a referably rotary movement in order -to e ect the massa e of the scalp. During such operation, t e li 1nd contained in the reservoir flows stea 11y being pressed through the ducts 8 and is supplied to the Y respective teeth near their extremities, so as ply of tonic in the reservoir has become exhausted, the closure3 is detached and held in an inverted position in which it is adapted to serve as a cu and receive the quantity of tonic with which the reservoir is to be charged. The body portion 1 is then passed over the flange 4 in inverted position and the arts are secured together through the medium of the screw threads 5 and 6. The device is maintained in inverted position, as illustrated in Fig. 1, until again desired for use, this being necessary in order to prevent the tonic from oozing out through the ducts 8 and thus becoming Wasted.
In the present instance, the parts of this fountain applicator are formed from hard rubber, but 1t is to be understood that I do not limit myself to any material in constructing the device, but may make the same from any substance upon which the tonic will not have a corrosive effect.
From the foregoing description, in connection with the accompanying drawing, it will be manifest that I have provided an improved fountain tonic applicator which is susceptible of convenient operation, which is particularly hygienic in construction, since the parts may be readily separated to be aired and cleaned; which embodies to a marked degree the elements of simplicity, durability and strength, and which may be easily and cheaply manufactured so as to be placed upon the market at a price not too cured across the open end of the body portion and formed With an annular flange fitting entirely within the body portion and substantially equal in width to the depth of the body portion, as and for the purpose specified.
In testimony whereof I afiix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
CORDELIA L. COMMON. [1,. s.] Witnesses:
F. W. LOTHMAN, GERTRUDE M. LARKWORTHY.