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Publication numberUS947218 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 18, 1910
Filing dateAug 9, 1909
Priority dateAug 9, 1909
Publication numberUS 947218 A, US 947218A, US-A-947218, US947218 A, US947218A
InventorsPeter Macgregor
Original AssigneePeter Macgregor
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Vertical file.
US 947218 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)



Patented Jan. 18, 1910.

4 4 I r. n


.vERrrcAjL FILE,

Sxpecficationcf Letters Patent. PatentedJaJL '18, 1910',

Application filed August 9,1 1909.. Serial No. 512,071. A

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, PETER MACGREGOR, of Ottawa, in the Province of Ontario, Canada, have invented certain new anduselul Improvements in Verticaly Files,I of which the following is a specification.

My invention relates to improvements invertical files and the objects of my inven tion are to provide a le or envelopin which papers may be led lvertically and such as may be conveniently placed on shelves and have their contents indexed by suitable in! dexes on the front or side thereofVfurtherL objects being to economize space in the storing of the files, whereby, when not full, the sides will collapse together and occupy only an amount of room to correspondfwith the number of papers or. documents inside. In its construction it includes-"a'ling envelopformed with two parallel sides and collapsible ends and bottom, the front end being formed of a narrow stripjof stiff material adapted to receive indexing printing. l

In the alternative form of the invention a cover is provided for the top of thefile and a stiilening member may be provided to hold the bottom in an extended position. These and other features of the invention are more fully described in the accompanying specification and drawings. y Y In the drawings, Figure l is a perspective view ofthe ile. Fig. Q'isza transversevsection through the same in collapsed position. Fig. 3 is a perspective view of an alternative form of the invention. Fig. is a horizontal section through the alterntive form .in collapsed position. Fig. 5 is a transverse section through the alternative form of the in'- vention. Fig. 6 is the same lview as Fig. 5 with the stiening member inserted along the bottom of the file. Fig'. 7 is a perspective view of the pivoted member for holding the file in extended position. Fig. 8 is a sectional detail on the line, Qf-2, Fig. 3. Fig. 9 is a sectional detail on the line, BMS, Fig. 3.

In the drawings, like figures of reference indicate corresponding parts in each figure.

The le, as will be seen from the drawings, is made in the form of an envelop with an open top. The two sides 10y and `1l ex.- tend parallel with each other and are formed of fairly stiff material, such as very heavy Manila paper, whereby they Vwill maintain their upright position when the base extended. Both the ends and bottom are made collapsible, as'bybellows hinges or other means." A

In all the `forms, the bottom l2 is formed llay a bellows hinge. In the form shown in Pig. 2, lbellows hinge. kvThe front 14 of the file yis formed by a strip of narrow still material, such asy cardboard, connected at the edge l5 to the'side 1l, and at'lG to the opposite side,

and is made collapsibleby fforming a crease the rear end l2 is also formed by aA 1G inthe side a'sliort distance from the'end,

whereby the end willoperate after the manner of a hinge vand fold over the end as shown in Fig.' 2. l l Y v I To ,hold the'pfile in extended position' a lpivoted member 2OI may be provided having parallel. sides 2l and 22 adapted to lit oppo-v site sides. of the material and prevent ben`dg ing along the crease 16.

Suitable indexing printing may be proy. vided for the front strip, whereby when it isl Isetup on the shelf, the contents may be indicatedl by the front thereof. In order to provide means for changing the indexingk Yprinting, a removable wlabel member 23 is provided having the ends'extending through and held within slits and'25 in thelfront 14e.-

In the Uform shown in 'Y Figs. l and 2, a "cover 17 is provided connected to the Aupper .edge of the sidey ll and folding over thetop and being connected to the side l0 by means of a suitable string fastener 18. n vIn the form shown in Fig. 3, the cover is omittedr and the le 'is provided with" an indexing tab 19 such as commonly employed in vertical filingsystems. f

' case it should be desired to hold the file open "for the` convenient reception of the documents or other reason,`va stiflening strip 2()a isl provided, of equal width to the length fof the file, whereby the same, when inserted in the bottom, will hold the ile open, as shown in Fig. 6, and at the same time, reinforce` the bottom and give rigidity to the le as a whole.

` As shown in Fig. l the rear end 21 of the file may bevv formed similarly to the front endffll f. As ,many changes could Abe made in the or scope'thereof, it is intended that all mattion, within the scope of the claims, could 'be madewithout departing from the spirit l o" ter contained in the accompanying speciications and drawings, shall be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.

IVhat I claim as my invention is:

1. A vertical file including an envelop formed With parallel sides, collapsible ends and bottom, the front end being formed with a flat strip adapted to receive indexing printing, being hinged to one side and adapted to fold over the opposite side.

2. A vertical ile formed With an envelop having parallel sides and bottom formed with a bellows hinge, collapsible front and rear ends, the front end being formed With a strip of material hinged to one end and adapted to fold over the opposite end.

3. A vertical iile including an envelop formed With parallel sides, collapsible ends and bottom, the front end being formed with a flat strip adapted to receive indexing printing, being hinged to one side and adapted to fold over the opposite side, a top cover for the file and means for fastening the same in closed position.

4L. A vertical file formed of an envelop with parallel stiff sides, collapsible members connecting the sides along three edges, one at least of said collapsible members being formed with a flat strip adapted to receive indexing printing, the said strip being adapted to fold over the side.

5. A lile having parallel sides and an end member, one of the sides being formed with a crease near the end member, adapted to permit the end member to fold over the side and means on the side to hold the end member in extended position and prevent bending along t-he crease.

6. A lile formed With parallel side members and an end member extending at substantially right angles thereto, and being hinged at one side, and being adapted, in collapsed position, to be bent into substantially the same plane as the sides, and means for holding the end in extended position.

7. A vertical le comprising an envelop having stiff sides and an end member, one of the sides being formed with a crease near the end member, and a pivoted member on the side having parallel sides adapted to fold over the line of crease, and prevent bending along the same.

In Wit-ness whereof I have hereunto set my hand in the presence of two Witnesses. PETER MACGREGOR. Vitnesses RUSSEL S. SMART, IVM. A. NYMAN.

Il (l

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5295622 *Feb 12, 1992Mar 22, 1994Kurt LorberFolder or the like
US6138900 *Nov 23, 1998Oct 31, 2000Ncr CorporationFlip-up tab pouch
Cooperative ClassificationB42F7/06