US 950140 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
G. Q'. LUGKE. PORTABLE FIREPROOP BUILDING.
APPLIUATION FILED MAR. 22, 1909.
Patented Feb. 22, 1910.
CHARLES Q. Luc/ UNITED STATES PATENT onirica.
cHARLEs e. aacxn, or cHIcAGo, ILLINOIS, Assreivoa or cnn-HALF To J. H; KIMMoNs,
OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.
PORTABLE `IlIItElIlIEtOOF BUILDING.
Speei'cation of -Letters Patent. Patented Feb. 22, 1910.
Application filed'liarch 22, 1909. Serial No. 485,056.
vcitizen of the United States of America, re-
siding at Chicago, in the county of Cook and4 tate of Illinois, have invented a new and useful Portable Fireproof Building, of which the following is a specication, reference being had to the accompanying draw.
in s, illustrating same. l l
y invention relates to buildings, and more in .particular to the constructionof cement cr' c'oncrete buildings from blocks, the principal' objects of the invention being to provide an lmproved block-building which 1s reproof andv which may be readily and easily taken to pieces and transported to any suitable place and then readily rebuilt; to provide an improved block-building which -may be readily changed in its construction,
or remodeled,rasldesired;. to provide an improved construction for the walls of `such uildings; to rovide an improved construction for the oor vcasings and window casings in such buildings; and to provide an improved constructionin the various parts of such buildings.
Other objects will be apparent from the following specication.
In cement or concrete houses or buildings heretofore constructed, it is not easy to take such houses or buildings apart, transport the parts to some other locality and then reconstruct thehouse ory building. In the present invention'this can be'readily done, as the building is constructed of blocks and parts` which are ri .'dly and substantially locked to ether wit out the use of mortar, and whic at the same time permit of being disassembled when desired and then being reassembled as'at first.
vBy the aid of this present invention ai house may be built and then later remodeled or changed in sizeas desired, by the addition of asmall number of newparts, ractically all of the old parts being usabile in the new form of the house. Thus a house, or building may be reconstructed at a very little cost, there being practically no waste of material.
Another advantage of this. invention Vis, that it does not require skilled labor to construct .a house or building in accordance with the present invention, or in other words to place the lblocks together, the various blocks and parts being molded or formed, and numbered if desired, eethet it een bel readily seen where they belong in' the structure. This advantage makes the first cost of a building very small, because a great item of expense in the form of skilled labor lis eliminated.
I will now describe the invention more in detail by reference to 'the accompanying drawings, in which- Figure 1 is a perspective view of a portion `of the Wall-construction of a building constructed in accordance with this invention, with portions shown-in cross-section, showing the interlocking of the various blocks; Fig.-2 is a perspective view of a por tion of the wall shown in Fig. 1, with a portion shown in cross-section, showing the re1- ative positions of the interior and exterior wall blocks; Fig. 3 is aperspective view of a door or window casing' constructed in vaccordance with this inventlon, showing its relation with the wall blocks; and Fig. 4 is a perspective view of the top door or window casing used in connection with a pair of side door or window casings shown in Fig. 3.
Like characters refer to like parts in the several figures.
The wall blocks v6 6, preferably made of cement, concrete, orterracotta, lare hollow as shown at 7 I7 inFig. l. Within the'outer wall blocks 6 6 are placed hollow inner wall blocks 8 8, preferably made of cemeht, concrete, or' terracotta, as shown in Figs. 1 and 2, the joints 9 9 between the outer wall blocks coming midway along the inner wall blocks 8 8 and the joints 10 10 between th'e inner wall blocks Icoming midway along the outer Wall blocks'6 6, preferably as shown in .Fi s. 1 'y and 2. The up er and lower edges o lthe outer 'wall bloc s' preferably' overlap each by means of the outer blocks 6 6 and inner blocks 8 8, gives an exceedingly solid construction to such a wall, without the aid of mortar, and takes any undue strain caused 20 Y used. In such a chimney there are prefer by aside pressure on the wall, off of the tongue portions 12 l2. Both the outer wall blocks 6 6 and the inner wall blocks 8 8 are y may tit over suitable portions of a foundation, the lpwer row of inner wall blocks 8 8 resting on top of the said ortions of the foundation. At the top o a wall, short inner wall blocks are preferably used.
In constructing a chimney, one vertical row of outer and inner wall blocks niay be abl no holes 14 14 in the blocksf 'IYhe tiers of wall blocks along the sides of the doors and Windowsof a building are preferably constructed as shown in Fig. 3, the door or window casing 16 fitting in a vertical groove 17 in the tier of wall blocks 6a 6 as shown in Fig. 3. The exterior portion of the casing or casings 16 may be cov` cred with wood strips if desired. The strip 16 is fpreferably an iron strip. Across the top o the door or window is placed an iron bar or strip 18 shown in Fig. 4, the ends of i the bar 18 being dovetailed as at '19 19 to fit into the oovcs 17 in the wall blocks 6 6, .on top o the side casings 1G. The door sill or window sill inay be a cement or concrete block, the door sill preferably con'iing about level with the floor of the building.
I wish "t to be understood that the extent of the parts of such a building as is herein described, may be whatever is desired, the invention in no way being limited to any certain size of building. W ith various build ings of course additional rows or tiers of the various blocks or parts may be employed.
I do not wishto be limited to the exact material herein specified, for the blot-.ks or parts of a building .coming under this inl n between the said inner blocks being inedivention. I also wish it to he understood that various parts of the building may be ornamented as desired. Neither do l wish to limit this invention to all ot the particular details herein set forth, as various nioditications of the same may be inade without departing from the scope of the appended claims.
What I claim as my invention is:
1. A building of the character described having a wall constructed of horizontal rows -of hollow outer blocks, the blocks of each row having irtegral tongue and groove ininner blocks being disposed niedially rcgarding the said outer blocks.l
2. A wall of the character described coniprisii'ighorizontal rows of hollow outer blocks having vertical tongue and groove interlocking relationwith each other the blocks of the ad jacent rows having horizontal overlapping relation with eaeh other along their inner and outer edges, and a plurality of hollow inner blocks carried within the said outer blocks, the horizontal joints between the said inner blocks being alternately disposed with the horizontal joints of the said outer blocks, all of the said blocks having ,registering openings through someof the sides thereof whereby acontnuous air passage is formed throughout the wall. l p
3. A wall .of the character described coinprising hollow outer blocks having integral tongue and groove interlocking relation with cach other, some of the ,-outer and inner edges of the said blocks heilig recessed and some of the said edges being extended to fit in the adjacent said recesses whereby the said blocks have overlapping relation with each other along their outer and inner edges, and a plurality of inner blocks carried within .the said outer blocks, the joints between the said inner blocks being disposed inedially regarding thelsaid router blocks, for jpurposes substantially as described.
. t. Av wall of the character described coniprising rows of hollow outer blocks having integral tongue and groove interlocking relation with each other, the blocks of the adj acent rows ha ving overlapping relation with' cach other along their inner and outer edges, and a plurality of hollow inner blocks carried within the said outer blocks, the joints ally disposed regarding the joints tween the said outer blocks, a l of the said blocks having registering openingsl through soine of the sides thereof whereby a continuous air passage is formed throughout the wall.v
As inventor of the foregoing I hereunto subscribe my naine, this 16th day of lMarch,-
cuantas o. LuoKn.
FiinnnRiCK R. PARKER, J. I-I. KIMMoNs.