US 950194 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
M. E. STOGKWBLL. I FURNITURE CONSTRUCTION. Drum-non rninn Jun}: 11, 1907. Bnnwnn mac: 0-, 1909. v
Patented- Feb. 22, 1910.
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MILLABD E. STOCKWELL, OF LOS ANGEIJES, CALIFORNIA, ASSIGNOR. TO' MURRAY 'SHOW CASE AND FIXTURE COMPANY, 0]? LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA, A' CORPORA- zrroiv or CALIFORNIA.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Application filed June 17, 1907, Serial No. 379,307. Renewed December 6, 1909'. Serial No. 531,692.
To all whom it may concern: Y
Be it known that I, MILLARD' E. S'rooK- wnLL, a citizen of the United States, residing at Los Angeles, in the county of Los Angeles and State of California, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Furniture Construction, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to an improvement 1l1 metallic furn ture, as chairs, tables, stools, and it more particularly relates to improvements in a. construction which is illustrated and described in my patent entitled furniture #7l9.,709 issued January 12, .1904, and an object thereof is to provide a furniture construction especially adapted to the class of furniture herein noted which may be readily set up and taken apart.
- 1 f A further object is toprovide novel forms of leg and slat construction wherebya great a strength and solidity is obtained.
I accomplishtheseobjects by means of the device described in the following specification and illustrated in the accompanying drawings in which Figure 1:,is a side elevation of my improved construction as embodied in a chair.
Fig. 2:is a detail prospective view of the upper end of the-back slat oft-he chair show: mg its connection to the back frame. Fig. 3:-is a. vertical cross section of the back frame of the chair showing the method of inserting the back slats into the back frame.
Fig. 4:is a detail prospective view ofthe' upper. end of one of the legs. Fig. 5 :is aprospective view of a bearing plate for the legit and back frame.
eferring to the drawings in which I-h'a've illustrated my invention as embodied in a chair construction, Fig. 1 designates a chair seat 'of'usual construction to which are attached legs 6 and back frame 7 as will be hereafter described. Legs 6 are flattened at the1r upper end-8 as is shown more clearly in Fig. 4, the body part of the legs being formed of oval tubmg and havin a. strengthening rib 9 projecting upon the attened end 8 and thereby forming a brace which prevents the flattened end from being' broken' away from the'leg. Bearing plates 10 are.
provided for legs 6 which are adapted tobe secured to the under side of chair seat 5 by screws 11 and which hold the upper ends of the legs detachably secured thereto. Bear-- ing'plates 10 are stamped preferably out of screws 15 and which hold back frame 12 and a corresponding hole 14in flattened end 8 through which screw 15 is adapted to pass into the under face of seat 5 and thus hold the leg securely in place' in the bearing plate. A recess 16- is cut into raised portion 12 in which rib 9 is adapted to snugly fit and thus .hold the leg from any lateral movement. The portion 17 which is stamped out of recess 16 is left on the body portion of the bearing plate and forms a bearing for the upper face of flattened end S.
It will be observed that it is only necessary to remove screws 15 in order to take the leg off the chair seat as these screws are the only ones which hold the legs in,eugagement with the seat. It will further be noted that the legs are substantially secured to the chair seat in a manner which prevents their being misplaced in any way. Horizontal braces 18 are provided to hold the lower'ends of the legs in a rigid position and feet 19 are also provided to prevent'the metallic tubing Patented Feb. 22, 1910.
of the legs from coming in contactwith the surface upon which the chair rests.
Back frame 7 is provided with bearing plates 20 by means of which it is secured to the under side of chair seat 5 and which are similar to bearing plates 10 with the exception that no recess is formed and that consequently there is no bearing as in bearing plate 10., The construction of bearing plate 20 is indicated in dot-ted lines on Fig. 5. Screws 21 are provided placed similarly to 7 securely position in bearing plate 20, the lower end of back frame 7 being flattened as at 22 to pass into the bearing plate..- Back slats 23 are rigidly sccuredto the under face of seat 5 by screws 24, the slats being turned at right angles to passundcr the seat. The upper end of the slats are provided with curved portions 2a which are adapted to fit into the oval tubing of back frame 7. I have illustrated and described a similar construction :invmy-former patent herein before referred to in which curved portion 2a fits against the upper side of back frame 7,.
means beingprovided to keep the slat from slipping outwardly. The present invention .embodies an improvement over that construction in that the curved portionv 24 is adapted to fit against the lower part: of the tubing of which back frame 7 is formed, means being provided to prevent the slat from slipping inwardly. This means comprises shoulders 25 on the slats in con unc-, tion with a hole 26 just large enough to allow the inward passage of the reduced upper end of the slat which forms curved portion 2a. In dotted lines in Fig. 3 I have indicated the mode of insertion and removal of slat 23 to and from back'frame, 7. In order. to. accomplish the indicated operatlon it. is only necessary to remove screws 24 which hold the lower end of slat 23 'to seat 5 when the slats may be turned upwardly as indicated and removed from the back frame.
It will be observed that I have provided a furniture construction particularly adapted to chairs, stools and the like, and which provides readymeans for the dismemberment of the same without in any way injuring the solidity of the furniture by being repeatedly taken apart and set up again. It will be further noted that this construction provides for 'greatsolidity and strength in addition to. its adaptability to be quickly taken a art and set up. Further I have provide a leg construction and. a bearing plate therefor whichv is extremely strong and rigid and precludes all possibility of the legs being detached from the chair seat in any manner.'
I do not limit myself to the particular I adaptation of my invention as illustrated in the'accompanying drawin as the construction illustrated and. exp ained is equally adaptable to stools, tables, benches and the like without any departure from the spirit of my invention. t
Having described my invention what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent. is
1'. In a nation of a leg formed of metallic tub and provided. with an upper flattened en said metallic tubing pro ecting outwardly furniture construction the combi.--
onto said flattened end so as to forma bracing rib thereon, a bearing plate adapted to be secured to the furniture frame, said bearing plate being stamped out of sheet metal with a raised portion under which said flattened end of the leg is adapted to fit, said raised portion being provided with a recess for the reception of the bracing rib on said leg, and means to hold said leg in engagement with said bearing plate.
2. In a chair construction a seat member, a back frame secured to said seat member, a back slat secured to said seat member at its lower end and provided on its upper end with a curved portion adapted to fit into the upper portion of said back frame, and a shoulder on said slat adapted to contact with said back frame to prevent the further entrance of said curved portion into said back frame.
3. In achair construction, a back frame tubing in a direction parallel to the major axis of the cross-section oval of the tubing, and the portion of the tubing at one of the ends of the major axis extending over and ontothe flattened portion. In witness that I claim the foregoing I have hereunto subscribed my name this 6th day of June, 1907.
MILLARD E. STOCKWELL. Witnesses: f 7
WM. H. BARKELEW, Enmmn A. STRAUSE-