US 951698 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Patented Mar, 8, 1910.
lA/I/E/WOR WITMESSES EPHR/FIM 5. P0045,
* .rsraT PATENT orrrca.
renames s. room, or DELMAR, attac e/m.
' WRECK-PREVENTER sense. i
To olllhohom'it may concerni t Be it known thatT, Ernnmtr 13. Foam, a
citizen of the United States, and a resident of Delmar, in the county otWinston and State of Alabama, have invented certain new and useful Improyements'in Wreck-Preventers, of whiclf the following is a specification. a My invention ls'anlmprovement 1n wreck preventers, and consists an certain novel construc'tions, and combinations of parts, hereinafter described and claimed.
I The object of the'invention is to provide a device capable of being attached to any locomotive or railroad car, and which will grasp a third rail beneath the tread, thus efiectually preventing the, wheels from leavthe track.
, 'ieferringto the drawings forming a part hereof, Figure l is'a side view of a'POItIOII *ig ot a locomotive provided with they improvemenaand Fig.2 is a transverse section of "the improvement in lace.
-The prcsentembo iment of the-improve- '25 "which is provided near each end with a pan of o posltely arranged ears or lugs meat is shown applied to the bogie truck locomotive 1, and consists of a shoe 2,
3, eachoffw Ichis transveisely'perforate and the perforation a of one member of each panregisters with the erforation of the other Krnember. Each ax e 5 of the truck is ,pro-
vided near its center with s aced collars 6,
I which encircle the axle, an arc securedvin adjusted position by means of set screws ,7. A. sleeve 8 encirclesthe axle between each pair and each sleeve is provided with a dependin three cars 10. The ears 3 of the shoe: are
jg. lug 9, which is slotted to form re ents. in the slots between the cars 10 of i the collar, and fa rivet or holtll passes through the openings 4 of the ears 3 and registering o enings in the cars 10. The
is oo sely journaled on the axle, and
the openings 4 are larger than the rivet, so
' that a considerable'amount of free movement is permitted to the shoe. The shoe 2 longitudinally slotted as at 12-, and the free e ges of the sides of the slot are provided with internally extending flanges 13..
Specification of Letters Eatent. Application filed October 29, 1909. Serial No. 525,377.
Portions of the upper wall of the shoe are .cut away as indicated at 14 in Fig. 2, so that foreign substances may not fill up the s ace above the flan es 13. The wheels 15o the;
truck run out e usual rails 16, and a third rail 17 is laid between the said rails, the rail 17 being heavier than the rails 16, and being laid on the ties18. The rail 17 is secured to the ties by the usual spikes 19, and in addition 10 rods 20. Each rod 20 is pro: vided at eac of its ends with an angular portion 21-22, one of which 21 engages an opening in the base of the rail 17, wh1le the other portion engages the'side of the tie.
The rods take a good portion; of the lateralstrain from the spikes, an may be arranged as closely to ether as sirable. The tread 23 of the ral 17 is received in/ the longitudinal groove of th, zshoe, wit the flanges 13 engagmg beneath? he tread s shown in Fig. 2;" It will be evident that as the locomotive moves, the shoe will slip'jalong the rail, without any great amount of fr1cti0n,vbut will prevent the wheels leaving the rails 16. The rail 17 may he providedlwith hinged porbe provided with a third rail or not as may be desired.
It will be evident that the shoe may be 24- supported ing the third oreign bodies.
near eachiend a pairoflugs, a pivotal connection between each airof. lugs and the lug pnthe ad acent co neath the tread of-the rail.-
provided with a depending- Patented Mar. 8 1910, p
,tions at switches, whitflrmay' be connected to swing with the tongues, and the switch may p lar, and a third rail having 1ts tread recelv'edin the longitudinal groove of the shoe, the flanges engaging be- 2. 'A device of the character specified to engage the tie, the base of the rail having comprising the combination with the third an opening for receiving the same. rail, of a shoe for engaging the rail, 'and auxiliary means for securing the rail in EPHRIAM POOLE 5 place, said means comprising rods on each Witnesses:
side of the rail each havin at each end a B. F. Lone,
' lateral projection, one of w ich is adapted J. R. MCKELRY.