US 953566 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
N. L J. WAGNER.
APPLICATION FILED JULY 12, 1909.
31a, as... ...valu-isili! A@ .W1 nu ib all whom ir 'may' concevi;
Be itl l\ iovvn that ive, i and lineen i-leiinn. eit'zens States, residing` et .Caildv'eln of Canyon end .Stat idaho, iene ed cernin new ind 'llindniil l g sn d ive following to be scription of the invention, sneli :bie others skilledin the nrt to which it pertains to ineke and use the saine.
This invention relates to improvements in Windmills.
in applicants former esse,
United e oonnt,7 inventnipreveinents in deels-re a. full, clear7 und effect es will 422,132, an apparatus wai-s designer1 which vins found 'e be ot great practical utilitjyv when pnt into extensive use, but es these Windmills ere 'particularly designed ior use in connection -with ler-ge tracts of :arid lend requiringv irrigation :ind in portions ot the country Where very strong winds prevail, it has sometimes been found quite impracticeble to stop the Wheels when desired, und not infrequently Windnii is et the ordini-ry type are thrown ont et gee-r b very strong winds end the ine-.biligY to control the rote.- tion oit vthe Wheel.
@ne oi the objects of the present invention is to overcome this diiiienlty by providing means which may be adjusted to automatically swing the Wneels te such n position that they will not be acted upon by the torce of the Wind that rotates saine.
Other objects and ed T:integes .vill cppare it troni the following description, the particular tentures et novelty being pointed out in the clniins, and while the .invention not restricted to the exact details shown and described, still for the purpose of disclosure reference is had to the accompanying dreivings illustrating a practical embodiment et' the invention in which like nnnieriils designate the saine parts in the Severin views, and in Which- Figure l is a perspective viewT ot' the upper portion of the Windmill with our prese it invention shown thereon. Fig. 2 is e. vertical sectional view7 the Wind Wlieeis being omitted, and the shaft ci the controlling vane being` broken away, and .ic-lig. 3 is zi detail perspective vien7 et the nntenintie coni trolling` means. i
l designates standards of inv suitable b 1 r i type, at the upper ends of' winch is mounted i ort 2, inovided ivili the cenc o, and above this support is s siiniln rl'f enertnred ilnte provided with an lower portion 'ng se ,.nred to cnns, such z e also connienns et snit.
thA structure the video.
' plate 5 muy or 'may not be proeyl indriczi i not with e.
i i exte ision, shown, no iptfl to extend upwardly into the annule" npertnre fornied in the opper revolnble plete 8 provided with the cylindrical extension or annule rini S). 'ilhis revolnble.` plete 8 provided on its nndernentli ince iv, goove l0, balls il being 1 nen' racen-y :termed by gie be or gn'des prof i 1 projections i3 entendit; S, hese retnin- 'c ,ily secured to the find roining circinn'l'eriding member@ ilor priL ie plete beingI brown ont e the ev'limlicnl extew to einnloved is will :ilse e revolnble pleite. against nnte suitable be:=.'ings displnte 8, end in these ed the slizifit le provided l Whici connects with llie crank bein,y i'fornicd :it the centril portion it the .shzitt and pointing above the apertures in said plates. 'wind nf'heels 1S end i9 jecting ends o "he and cesiojnn-te another sel' et bein'- nils cinrielil bj; the revoluble i ivhiei letter oeiiings there auxiliary shaft exteinfliiig iii', but disen ingflcs to the insin side of the crank so not t: 'he hitters operation. This :finxilin y shell s provideejl ntone end. 'willi n vene 237 und t its other end with un inljnstnble weight mounted on the offset end. of the :i ixiliar shaft., which end is bent et posed to t er@ lil L sneh :ingle that the weightnormallyv lends to hold the vene with its blade extendinp` in :i viftiesl plaine. designnles n. lever mounted on said auxiliary shaft 2Q, and to this lever, as at Q6, is secured an operating cord 2T.
A catch 28 provided with a notch Q9 is pivotally secured to the annular rim 9, as at 27, this catch being provided ivith a lateral arm BO Weighted as at 31 and being operated by the latch string reeving over suitable roller the yvhole forming a Weighted payvl normally holding said lever Q5 in the position shovvn in l.
ln operation it ivill be evident that the yvind vvheels are so mounted that they are free to turn not only in a vertical plane but also revolve about their support to accommodate themselves to the direction of the force of the Wind, all of the operating parts moving with the revoluble plate S.
ln the position shoyvn in Fig. l the Wind vvheels are free to revolve, but when it is desired to stop the wheels a pull on the latch string vvill unlatch the pivoted payvl and the lever being released the Weight @il yvill rotate the auxiliary shaft so that the vane 23 yvill adjust itself to a vertical. plane, shown in dotted lines in lEig. 3, in i.vhich position the force of the yvind against this vane will revolve the vvhecl support, and hence throvv the vfheels out of operative rel ation with reference to the direction of the force of the vrind, and practically braking the action of the pumping mechanism.
ll'hen it is desired to start the Wheels up again a pull on the operating cord 2T .vill restore the vane 23 to its horizontal plane, the lever being automatically latched by the notch of the pivoted paivl.
llaving thus described the invention, what ne claim r l. The combination of a stationary support, a revoluble support mounted thereon, a crank shaft journaled on said revoluble support, a Wind Wheel carried by said crank shaft, an auxiliary shaft journaled on aid revoluble support extending laterally beyond and at an angle to said crank raft, said auxiliary shaft bring provided With a rane, means normally holding said vane latched in a horizontal position, and a counterbalancing Weight carried by said auxiliary shaft to automatically rotate said vane to a vertical position when unlatched, substantially as described.
2. The combination of a stationary support, a revoluble support mounted thereon, a crank shaft journaled on said revoluble support, a Wind Wheel mounted on said crank shaft, an auxiliary shaft journaled on said revoluble support, provided at one end With a vane and at its other end with a Weight, means for holding said auxiliary shaft locked against movement in the position with the Weight and vane disposed in a horizontal direct-ion, and means for releasing said holding means, substantially as described.
3. The combination of a stationary support, a revoluble support thereon, a crank shaft journaled on said revoluble support, a Wind Wheel carried by said crank shaft, an auxiliary shaft journaled on said revoluble support, said auxiliary shaft being provided at one end With a vane and at its other end With a Weight, a le Ter carried by said auxiliary shaft, a pivoted latch adapted to engage said lever and hold said auxiliary shaft locked against movement with said vane and Weight lying in a horizontal direction, and means for releasing said latch whereby said vane assumes a vertical position, substantially as described.
il. rlhe combination of a stationary support, a revoluble support thereon, a crank shaft journaled on said revoluble support, a yvind Wheel carried by said shaft, an auxiliary shaft journaled on said revoluble support, said auxiliary shaft being provided at one end with a vane and at its other end with a counterbalancing Weight, a lever connected to said auxiliary shaft and lying substantially in the same plane as said Weight and vane but opposed to the direct-ion of said Weight, a pivoted paWl of bell crank construction provided With a notch on its vertical arm and a Weight on its horizontal arm, an operating cable connected to said lever, and an operating cable connected to said pivoted paWl, substantially as described.
5. The combination of a stationary support embracing a bed plate having an annular groove on its upper face, a revoluble plate provided on its underneath face with a similar groove and cooperating With balls to form a ball bearing support, means for retaining said revoluble plate in position, a crank shaft ournaled on said revoluble support, said shaft being provided With a central crank operating in an aperture formed centrally of said supports, and said shaft extending outwardly and being provided at each end With a Wind Wheel, an auxiliary shaft journaled on said revoluble support, provided at one end with a. vane and at its other end with a counterba-lancing Weight, an operating lever for said auxiliary shaft, latching means engaging said lever, and operating cables connected to said lever and to said latching means, substantially as described.
ln testimony whereof, We affix our signatures, in presence of tvvo Witnesses.
NICKOLAUS WAGNER. JACOB lVAGNER. TWitnesses:
C. H. DZUCK, R. H. JOHNSON