US 953875 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
-E. M. WARING.
APPLICATION FILED MAR. 21. 1907.
'Patented Apr. 5, 1910.
2 SHEETS-SHEET l.
6576i jwuem/toz E. M. WARING.
1 M 1 r0 3 Am m 2 n m 3 P 0 9 1 L 2 R A M D E L I r N 0 I T A 0 I L P A 'm QQ V7 5 Woe whoa v ET? LA, Wye-a 14c I QXRLH mm as W TlNTE STA S EDWARD M. WARING, OF NEW YORK, N. Y.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, EDWARD M. WARING, a citizen of the United States of America, and a resident of the city of New York, county of Kings, State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improve ments in Type-lVriters, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to typewriter-attachments and has particular reference to means for typewriting in a book.
The object of this invention is to produce a device adapted to be employed in connection with any typewriting machine of ordinary or usual construction and by the use of which it will be possible to typewrite in a book.
In the art typewriting machines exist, which write in a book by having a specially built machine travel over the pages of the book; such machines, however, take up more space than the ordinary typewriter and are very costly, moreover they require that the operator be specially trained in the use of the machine.
N ow, the direct object of my invention is to produce a device adapted to support an ordinarily constructed book in such a man ner that one or more of its leaves may be inserted upon the platen of an ordinary typewrit-ing machine and otherwise written upon and operated as loose leaves are written upon and operated.
Hence my invention comprises means for so supporting or suspending or otherwise holding a book, that the said book will follow the movements of the carriage of an ordinary typewriter when one or more leaves are inserted for writing; and means are also provided for making carbon copies in the book. Obviously such a device has an almost unlimited field of usefulness in the matter of keeping records, billing, post ing, the writing of a diary, etc. etc.
The detailed construction of my invention is set forth in the following specification and pointed out in the claims, and illustrated in its preferred form in the accompanying drawings in which Figure l is a front elevation of a typewriter provided with my invention. Fig. 2 is a side view of Fig. 1. Fig. 3 is a detail view of how carbon copies are made in the book. Figs. 4 and 5 are views of the means for holding the book. Fig. 6 is a view of the support or frame. Fig. 7 is a detail view.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Application filed March 21, 1907.
Patented Apr. 5, 1910. Serial No. 363,534.
Fig. '8' shows a modified construction. Fig.
9 is a detail view of parts shown in Fig. 8.
In the drawings 1 denotes a typewriting machine of usual and well known form having the key board 2, platen 8 carried by the.
carriage, which in this instance is represented mainly by said platen while 4t indicates one of the arms of the carriage proper and 5 is the rail upon which said carriage travels.
I have not deemed it necessary to show or describe the details of the typewriting machine, as it will be understood that I propose to use my invention in connection with a modern machine, having a cylindrical platen, capable of transverse and rotary movement for the purpose of printing thereon in the ordinary manner; a type of such machine is illustrated in the drawing.
In the carrying out of my invention I employ a book 6 of ordinary or special construction and having the leaves 60. If the book is to be used for special kind of matter, the leaves will of course, be printed properly with headings, etc. and some of the leaves, say every second or third may be perforated so that carbon copies or the original may be torn out. In such manner bill heads may all be bound and written upon in the book, the original torn out and mailed, while a complete carbon record in the book form is conveniently obtained with its corresponding advantages. Other fields of usefulness will readily suggest themselves to the user of this device.
The book is supported in the following manner. See Figs. 3, 4: and 5. The book is opened and in the space between the back of the cover and the back of the leaves is passed a rod 7 upon which the book hangs. This rod is carried at one end by the block 8 in which it turns; the other end is threaded at 9 and after being passed through the book in the manner described the rod is screwed into another block 10 by means of the knurled fingerwheel 11 fast on the rod. Each block is provided with arms 12 for the purpose of holding the book open and each cover and as many leaves as happen to be on either side are held by the said arms between the portions 13 thereof and the hinged spring fingers 1 1 as is shown in Figs. 1, 2 and 3'. The blocks are suspended by tapes or chains 15 which in Figs. 1 and 2 are shown as having their other ends fastened to and wound around a spring roller 19 of well known construction, which exercises a constant upward pull upon the book and serves to automatically pull the book up and out of the way, when not wanted; at the same time the pull of the spring roller is not so great that it will cause an undue strain against the operation of the carriage and platen.
In Fig. 2 is shown a leaf 61 of the book inserted on the platen and a. loose leaf 62 used in front of it, so that in this instance a carbon copy would be obtained in the book by means of the carbon 16.
If the book is to be used for the purpose of obtaining more than one carbon copy, or to be used for one original and several carbon copies the carbon paper will be fixed on a thick wire as 17 which is supported in the hooks 18 underneath the blocks. This manner of using my invention is clearly illustrated in Figs. 2 and 3 and of course, several carbons may be employed and manifolding done.
The spring roller 19 is supported in a carriage 20 which is movable transversely by means of ball bearings of any suitable type, and travels between the race ways 50. which are carried by the supports 21.
The supports are preferably made to rest on the stand or desk supporting the typewriter or may be fastened to the latter, in which case a construction as shown in Fig. 2 may be used in which thumb screws 22 clamp the supports into the frame of the machine.
In Fig. 6 is shown supports which are adapted to be screwed fast into a desk or table. In case a roll top desk is used, the supports will be fastened across the top of the desk with the race ways, etc., in the same position as shown. The race ways are carried by the arms 23, 24, the latter of which is bent up around to permit of the book being pulled up as close as possible to the spring roller. I am thereby enabled to make the whole device lower. Means are provided for keeping the book in line with the carriage of the typewriter during writing, and in the present instance I provide two guide rods 25 which are fastened to the said carriage and pass upward loosely through holes 26 in the ears 27 of the blocks 8 and 10 and through lugs 28 of the upper carriage 20. The manner of fastening these guide rods to the typewriter carriage will of course, vary according to the latters construetion.
In Fig. 2 the rod is shown as being forced into the arm of the carriage and held there by friction. Fig. 7 shows various forms by means of which these rods may be fastened to parts of the carriage as by screwing or clamping.
Figs. 8 and 9 show a modification of the above construction. In this instance the upper carriage 29 is provided with pulleys as 30 over which passes the block suspending tapes 81, which also pass over the pulleys 32 and down into the hollow supports 33. Weights as 34 attached to said tapes perform the same function as the spring roller 19, and by adding an extra weight 10 as shown to the left in Fig. 8 an extra pull is exerted upon the carriage 29 and thus a propelling means is provided. The race way is denoted by 35.
The operation of my device will be easily understood from the Figs. 1 and 2 which show a leaf being written upon. hen a page is finished the platen is rotated backward and the book is automatically pulled up and out of the way and is suspended so as to be ready for immediate use. The finished page will be slipped up under the front spring fingers and another or other pages pulled from under the rear spring fingers ready 1 to be written upon. The guide rods may be lefton the carriage of the machine or detached as it will require but a moments work to attach them, and it will depend somewhat upon the make of the typewriter as to whether or not they can remain fixed on the carriage' It is obvious that my invention may be carried out in many different forms, and I am not to be limited to the construction shown, but only as to the legitimate intention and scope of the invention and the claims.
The spring roller carriage may be provided with a propelling spring or weight, somewhat in the same manner as the carriage of the typewriting machine proper, especially in cases where heavy books are used. The spring roller carriage may also be provided with tabulating attachment and numbered stops, operated by a key or keys.
It should be noted that in Fig. 8 the one weight 34 that to the left has added to it an additional weight designated by the reference numeral 410. This is done for the purpose of exercising a steady pull upon the carriage 29 in the same direction as the carriage on the typewriter travels. By this means the spring which propels the typewriter carriage does not pull the carriage 29 also but said carriage will more readily follow the movements of the typewriter mechanism.
In the case of the construction as shown in Fig. 1 means equivalent to this added weight would of course be provided such as for instance, a spring somewhat of the same nature as the spring propelling the typewriter carriage.
1. In a device of the character set forth the combination of a typewriting machine having a cylindrical platen, means for supporting a book adjacent said typewriting machine and adapted to cooperate with the said platen for presenting the leaves of the book to the action of the types on said platen and means for causing the said book to move in unison with the said platen.
2. In a device of the character set forth the combination of a typewriting machine having a rotary and transversely movable platen, of means for supporting a book ad jacent said machine, independent guiding means connecting the said supporting means and the said platen and means for causing a vertical movement of said book by the rotary motion of said platen.
3. In a device of the character set forth the combination of a typewrit-ing machine having a platen adapted to rotate, of means for supporting a book adjacent said platen and yielding means cooperating with the said platen for causing a vertical movement of said book.
4. In a device of the character set forth the combination of a typewriting machine having a rotary and transversely movable platen, of means for supporting a book with its back parallel to the axis of said platen and cooperating with the latter for presenting the leaves of the book to the action of the types of said machine.
5. In a device of the character set forth the combination of a typewriting machine having a cylindrical rotary and transversely movable platen, of'means for yieldingly supporting a book adjacent said platen, said means adapted to cooperate with the latter for presenting the leaves of said book to the action oft-he types, means for causing a transverse movement of said book with relation to said platen and means for causing a vertical motion of said book by the rotary movement of the platen.
6. An attachment for typewriting machines provided with a cylindrical transversely movable platen, comprising a frame, means for attaching the same to the said typewriting machine, means for suspending a book from said frame, means connecting said supporting means to said "platen and means for automatically withdrawing said *ook from said typewriting machine.
7. An attachment for typewriting machines having a platen, comprising a frame, a transversely movable carriage on said frame and means for suspending a book from said carriage so that its leaves may be exposed on said platen to the action of the types of said typewriting machine.
8. An attachment for typewriters having a platen, comprising a frame, a transversely movable carriage, means for supporting a book from said frame, means for detachably connecting the said carriage to said platen and means for automatically withdrawing said book from said platen.
9. An attachment for typewriters having a rotary and transversely movable platen, comprising means for supporting a book adjacent said typewriter, means for causing a vertical and horizontal movement of said book in unison with the movement of said platen, means for automatically withdraw ing said book from said typewriter and means for supporting a sheet of carbon paper on said supporting means.
10. An attachment for typewriting machines having a platen comprising means for supporting a book adjacent the said machine and adapted to cooperate with the said platen for presenting the leaves of the book to the action of the types on said platen, means for causing a vertical movement of the said book and propelling means for moving the latter in a direction parallel to the. direction of the lateral movement of the said platen.
Signed at New York city this 19 day of March 1907.
EDXVARD M. AKING. Witnesses R. L. HELBORN, IVAN KoNIGsBERG.