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Publication numberUS954682 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 12, 1910
Filing dateApr 21, 1908
Priority dateApr 21, 1908
Publication numberUS 954682 A, US 954682A, US-A-954682, US954682 A, US954682A
InventorsAbbot A Low, Maurice J Wohl, Harry Hertzberg
Original AssigneeAbbot A Low, Maurice J Wohl, Harry Hertzberg
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Electrothermal means for producing mechanical movement.
US 954682 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

A. A. LOW, M. J. WOHL dz H. HERTZBERG. v ELEGTBOTHEBMAL MEANS FOR PRODUCING MECHANICAL MOVEMENT.

nrmcyrmn FILED APR. 21, 1908.

954,682, Patented Apr. 12, 1910.

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UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

manor A. LOW, or HORSESHQE, AND MAURICE J. worn. AND HARRY HERTZIBERG, 0E N W roan, N. Y., ASSIGNORS TO sun ABBO'I A. LOW, or HORSESHOE, NEW YORK, sun MAUBICEJ. WOHL AND sun HARRY HEErzEEEG, or NEW YoEx, N. Y.,

'rnusrEEs.

ELECTBOTHERMAL MEANS FOR PRODUCING MECHANICAL MOVEMENT.

Specification of Letters Patent. Patented Apr. 12, 1910- Application filed April 21, 1908. Serial No. 428,384.

To all whom "it may concern:

Be it known that we, ABBo'r A. Low, MAURICE J. WoHL, and HARRY HERTzBERc, citizens of the United States, and residents, respectively, of Horseshoe, county of St. Lawrence, and State of New York, and of the city of New York, borough of Manhat tan,.county'ai1d State of New York, and of the city of New York, borough of Brooklyn,

county of Kings, and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Electrothermal Means for Producing Mechanical Movement, of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to electrothermal means for producing mechanical movement, the object being to provide a device in which the thermal action of an electric current is utilized to cause one member to expand while at the same time a similar member is cooling and contracting thus producing a movement in one direction which may be reversed by cutting off the current from the first thermal member and connect ing the seco d member in circuit. The expansion an contraction ofthese thermal members are utilized by means of suitable mechanical connections to produce mechanical movement of another member.

The object sought tofbe attained is to provide a simple mechanismior the purpose above described which may be utilized for various purposes such as operating a direct switch, operating the steering mechanism of a boat, operating the semaphore of a block system as well as many other uses and purposes which will be obvious.

In the drawings accompanying this speci .fication we have shown a simple embodiment of our invention to illustrate the several features thereof. -A part of the view as shown is diagrammatic and the mechanical features are illustrated by simple means and mechanism which w1ll of course, be changed in design to adapt the device for various uses;

AL movable member or arm 1 may be pivotally mounted at 2 to a suitable support frame 3, which may be provided at either end with uprights 4 and 5 in which are, carried adjusting screws 6 .and 7 to which are attached coil springs 8 and 9 respectively. To the opposite ends of these springs 8 and 9 are attached the supports 10 and 11.

ports 10 and 12 and 11 and 12, respectively.-

These thermal members are preferably in the form of wires stretched back and forth between the supports as shown, but insulated therefrom and provided with suitable con: nections at either end providing means for passing an electric current therethrough.

A suitable source of. current supply is indicated at 16 from which connection is made by means of the leads l7 and 18 to one end of the thermal member 14 and'through leads 17 and 19 to one end of the thermal member 15. From the opposite end of the thermal member 14 is a lead 20 to an indicator or light 21 and from thence through a lead 22 to a second indicator or light 23, switch 24 and lead 25, connection being made to the source of current supply 16. From the opposite end of the thermal member 15 is a lead 26 to an indicator or light 27 and from thence by means of lead 28 to an indicator or light 29 connection may be made through the switch 24 and lead 25 to the source of current 16.

In the position as shown in the drawing, the current flows from the current supply 16 through the leads 17 and 18 to the thermal member 14 through the lead 20, to the indicator or light 21, lead 22, indicator or light 23, switch 24, lead 25 causing the thermal member 14 to expand.

As no current is flowing in the thermal member 15, the expansion of the thermal member 14 allows the support 12 to be moved to the right by the spring 9. The springs 8 and 9 are adjusted by means of the adjusting screws 6 and 7 so that when no current flows in the thermal members 14 and 15 the parts are held in their central position but when the current flows through one of the thermal members as just described the springs take up the expansion and cause ating means of the "switch 24.

the lever 1 to move to the right. If the switch 24 now be moved to the right either. by hand or by an other suitable marg n will be seen that t e current will be cut out of the thermal member 14 and will then flow through leads 17 and 19 to the thermal mem-' ber 15, through the lead 25 to the indicator or light 27, through the lead 28 to the indicator or light 29, switch 24, lead 25 to the source of supply16. The current flowing in the thermal member 15 causes the same to expand and current being cut out from the thermal member 14 allows the same to contract at the same tifne that the thermal member 15 is expanding and the support 12 is moved to the left causing acorresponding movement of the lever arm 1. The expansion of the thermal member 15 and the contraction of the thermal member 14: should be equal in amount, and, consequently, the lever arm 1 will be moved to an amount equal to this expansion or contraction. Any difierence in the amount between the two thermal members will be taken up by the springs S and 9. This operation may now be reversed and operated as often as desired, thus producing a reciprocal movement of the lever arm 1 and should it be desired to retain the lever ineither position it is only necessary to lift a switch in the position corresponding to the movement when.the lever will be held by the action of the thermal member.

' It will be noted that the amount of movement may be controlled by the amount of current flowing and that the movement may be made continuous by the automatic oper- The purpose of the indicating lights 21, 23, 27 and 29 is to indicate at any desired number of points the direction of movement of the mechanism. V

As many changes could be 'made in the above construction and many apparently widely different embodiments of our inventionidesigned without. departing from the scope thereof, we intend that all matter contained in the above description or shown in the accompanying drawings shall be inter-' preted as illustrative merely of an operative embodiment of our invention and not in a limiting sense.

What we claim is: 1. In a device of thecharacter described, in combination, a pair of thermally expansible wires stretched between supports and arranged to pull in opposite dlrections, said. supports comprising a central support to which both of said wires are attached and to which a reciprocating movement is imparted by the alternate expansion and contraction of said wires, supports at the opposite ends of said wires, resilient members holding said last named supports and wires in position, and means for alternately heating said wires.

2. In a device of the character described, in combination, a pair of thermally expansible conductors stretched between supports and arranged to pull in opposite directions, said supports comprising a central support to which both of said conductors are attached and to which a reciprocating movement is imparted by the alternate expansion and contraction of said conductors, supports at the opposite ends of said conductors, re-v silient members holding said last named supports and conductors in position, and means for passin a heating current alternately through said conductors.

3. In a device of the character described, in combination, a pair of thermally expansible wires stretched between supports and arranged to pull in opposite directions, said supports comprising a central support to which both of said wires are attached and to which a reciprocating movement is imparted by the alternate expansion and contraction of said wires, supports at the opposite ends of said wires, adjustable resilient members holding said last named supports and Wires in position, and means for alternately heating said wires.

4. In a device of the character described, in combination, a pair of thermally expansible wires each stretched back and forth several times between supports and arranged to pull in opposite directions, said supports comprising a central support to which both county of Kings and State of New York,

this 17th day of April, 1908.

ABBOT A. LOW. MAURICE J. WOHL. HARRY HERTZBERG.

Witnesses:

Louis A. JEPPfi, GEo.',,WELLING GIDDIN cs.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2477616 *Jan 24, 1944Aug 2, 1949Sperry CorpThermally actuated frequency control
US2560651 *Aug 4, 1948Jul 17, 1951Honeywell Regulator CoHeat motor follow-up system
US2590334 *Feb 27, 1948Mar 25, 1952Sunbeam CorpCombined heating element and thermomotive device for cooking devices or toasters
US2655860 *Aug 1, 1951Oct 20, 1953Gen ElectricActuating mechanism for automatic electric toasters and the like
US2667828 *Jan 30, 1948Feb 2, 1954Sunbeam CorpAutomatic toaster
US2692549 *Dec 15, 1951Oct 26, 1954Camfield Mfg CompanyToaster
US2917919 *May 21, 1953Dec 22, 1959Leitz Ernst GmbhHardness-testing device
US2928233 *Jul 1, 1955Mar 15, 1960Standard Thomson CorpElectrically controlled actuator assembly
US3038049 *Aug 15, 1957Jun 5, 1962Minnesota Mining & MfgRelay
US3229177 *Oct 23, 1962Jan 11, 1966Gen ElectricThermoelectric motor in electron discharge device envelope
US3275858 *Jul 16, 1963Sep 27, 1966Hoover CoHot wire motor which oscillates at the same frequency as the input
US4300350 *Mar 24, 1980Nov 17, 1981Sangamo Weston, Inc.Bistable thermal actuator
US4736587 *Nov 7, 1985Apr 12, 1988Kabushiki Kaisha Tokai Rika Denki SeisakushoShape-memory electromechanical drive
US4811564 *Jan 11, 1988Mar 14, 1989Palmer Mark DDouble action spring actuator
US4814908 *Dec 3, 1986Mar 21, 1989Magnetic Peripherals Inc.Thermo servo for track centering on a disk
US5150864 *Sep 20, 1991Sep 29, 1992Georgia Tech Research CorporationVariable camber control of airfoil
US5186420 *Nov 8, 1991Feb 16, 1993The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The NavyArticulated fin/wing control system
US5303105 *Dec 16, 1992Apr 12, 1994Seagate Technology, Inc.Shape memory alloy for centering a transducer carried by a slider in a support arm over a track on a magnetic disk
EP0412221A2 *Nov 28, 1989Feb 13, 1991Seagate Technology InternationalApparatus for centering a transducer over a track of a magnetic disk
WO2004036586A2 *Oct 15, 2003Apr 29, 2004Nanochip IncFault tolerant micro-electro mechanical actuators
Classifications
Cooperative ClassificationF03G7/065