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Publication numberUS955866 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 26, 1910
Filing dateJun 26, 1905
Priority dateJun 26, 1905
Publication numberUS 955866 A, US 955866A, US-A-955866, US955866 A, US955866A
InventorsCharles W Graham
Original AssigneeAmerican Can Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Feeding mechanism.
US 955866 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

0. W. GRAHAM.

FEEDING MECHANISM. APPLICATION TILED JUNE 26, 1905.

955,866, Patented Apr.26, 1910.

Fig.2.

= 22 5:" fig H .3

A TTOHNEYS qlA/VEIVTO BY I UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.

CHARLES W. GRAHAM, 0F ROME, NEW YORK, ASSIGNOR, BY MESNE ASSIGNMENTS, TO AMERICAN CAN COMPANY, OF NEW YORK, N. Y., A CORPORATION OF NEW JERSEY.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, CHARLES W'. GRAHAM, residing at Rome, in the county of Oneida and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Feeding Mechanism, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.

This invention relates to feeding mechanism.

One of the objects thereof is to provide feeding means of durable and inexpensive construction, simple action and ready manipulation.

Another object is to provide means of the above type adapted to act efficiently, either automatically or by hand, and to be readily changed for use from one to the other of these methods of feed.

Another object is to provide simple and practical means for varying the power or speed of the feeding mechanism.

Another object is to provide means of the type last above-mentioned which shall be independent of the power or speed of the machine.

Other objects will be in part obvious and in part pointed out hereinafter.

The invention accordingly consists in the features of construction, combinations of elements and arrangement of parts which will be exemplified in the mechanism here inafter described, and the scope of the ap plication of which will be indicated in the following claims.

In the accompanying drawings, wherein is shown one of various possible embodiments of my invention, Figure 1 is an elevation of the same partially broken away so as to disclose the mechanism more clearly. Fig. 2 is an end elevation, partially in section, along the line tr-20 of Fig. 1. Fig. is a side elevation of parts shown in Fig. 1, the same appearing in another position.

Similar reference characters refer to similar parts throughout the several views.

As conducing to a better understanding of certain features of my invention, it may first be noted that, in mechanism of the general type with which this invention deals, unless means he provided for quickly and conveniently throwing off the power, there is a greater or less likelihood of personal injury to the operator of the machine, or of waste Specification of Letters Patent.

Application filed June 26,

Patented Apr. 26, 1910.

1905. Serial No. 267,052.

of material owing to the same not being properly acted on thereby. It may also here be noted that unless means are provided to permit a free hand feed, when desired to meet certain conditions of work, the breadth of utility of the same is considerably diminished. Another fact of interest at this point is that I have found that it is often desirable that the feeding mechanism be operated only at the desired times and with the desired speed and yet the operator be relieved of the severe manual labor attendant upon the hand feed. The above defects are eliminated and the above and other advantages attained in constructions of the nature of that hereinafter described.

Referring now to Fig. 1 of the drawings, there is shown a frame 1 having an extension or bed 2 upon which is adapted to slide a carriage 3, the same being guided in such movement by means of sleeves 1 formed thereon and adapted to reciprocate upon a guide rod 5. J ournaled within frame 1 is a shaft 6 having fixed thereon a driving pul ley 7 adapted to be driven from any desired source of power. Upon shaft 6 is fixed a pinion 8 adapted to drive through an idle gear 9 and a gear 10 a shaft 11 upon which are preferably positioned cutters 12. The details of the latter mechanism are not herein shown, as they form in themselves no part of the present lnvention, it being suflicient merely that the material in this illustrative embodiment be adapted to be fed toward them upon the bed 2 by means of the frame or carriage 3.

Upon a pin 13 formed on or secured to the frame 1 is mounted a lever 14, upon the free end of which is journaled by a stud 15 a cam 16. This cam is provided with an outer surface adapted to co-act with and frictionally engage a driving wheel 17 upon the shaft 6. In this illustrative embodiment, the face of wheel 17 is recessed so as to embrace the corresponding portions of cam 16 and thus transmit power thereto at a rate depending in part upon the force with which these parts are pressed into engagement. The free end of lever let extends for a considerable distance adjacent the carriage 3 and is provided with a slidable weight 18 by the adjustment of the position of which, the pressure with which the wheel 17 and the cam 16 engage one another may be varied.

Upon the frame of the machine is positioned a support 19 having an inclined upper surface and adapted, upon the weight 18 being pushed against the same, to raise this part and to force the wheel 17 and cam 16 out of engagement one with another. Likewise, mounted upon pin 13, as by sleeve 20, resting upon the hub 21 of lever 14:, is a lever 22, provided with a pin 23 and roller 24 adapted to rest within the groove 25 in cam 16. The remaining end of this lever extends upwardly toward the carriage 3 with which it is connected, as by link 26.

The operation of the above described embodiment of my invention is substantially as follows: Assuming that material of a proper character be placed on the carriage or feeding frame 3 and that it be desired that the same be fed automatically toward the cutters 12, or other tools which are to act thereon, the weight 18 is moved along the lever 14 to the outer portion thereof so as to move the cam. 16 into forcible engagement with the friction wheel 17. In this manner, the cam is driven by the friction wheel 17 and the pin 23 is forced toward and away from the stud 15 upon which the cam is mounted, the

lever 22 being thus rocked about the pin 13 and the carriage reciprocated upon the bed. If, however, it be desired that a delinquent feed be employed, by which ismeant a. feed in which, although power is used in the feeding action, nevertheless the same is of such slight magnitude as to permit the parts fed to be manually-retarded, the weight 18 is slid along the lever 1 1 to such a point as to reduce the pressure of the engagement of the cam 16 with the friction wheel 17 to the desired value. If for any reason, as when it is desired to employ a purely manual feed or to throw out the power quickly, the weight 18, which is conveniently positioned with reference to the carriage, is thrown toward the pin 13 and by reason of the inclined conformation of the upper surface of support 19, the weight is positively raised and the cam 16 thrown out of engagement with the friction wheel 17, as shown in Fig. 3 of the drawings. 7 I

It will thus be seen that I have provided means well adapted to accomplish the several objects of my invention and attain, among others, the advantages hereinbefore the machine is a highly advantageous fea-' ture. The ease with which the feed may be changed from manual to automatic will also be clearly apparent and the many advantages thereof obvious to those skilled in the art with which this invention deals.

As many changes could be made in the above construction and many apparently widely different embodiments of my invention could be made without departing from the scope thereof, I intend that all matter contained in the above description or shown in the accompanying drawings shall be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.

Having described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is

1. In feeding mechanism, in combination, a source of power, a feeding member adapted to be reciprocated, means for reciprocating said feeding member comprising a pair of frictionally engaging members interposed between said source of power and said feeding member through which power is frictionally transmitted during the operation of the mechanism, means for connecting one of said frictionally engaging members with said feeding member, and means comprising a slidable member for adjusting the friction between said frictionally engaging members and maintaining the same constant at any desired degree.

2. In feeding mechanism, in combination, a source of power, a feeding member adapted tobe driven therefrom, a pair of frictionally engaging members interposed between said source of power and said feeding member through which power is continuously transmitted durin'g'the operation of the mechanism, means for connecting one of said frictionally engaging members with said feeding member, and means adapted to force said frictionally engaging member into engagement, said means comprising a levelhaving a free end, and a weight slidably mounted thereon adapted to vary 'the friction between said members and maintain the same constant at any desired degree.

3. In feeding mechanism, in combination, a source of power, a member adapted to be driven therefrom, a pair of frictionally-engaging members interposed between said source of power and said driven member through which the power is transmitted, a

said frictionally-engaging members adapted to force the same into engagement with the other thereof, and means adapted to vary the effect of said weight, said varying means being positioned adj acent'said driven member. Y

4c. In feeding mechanism, in combination, a source of power, a member adapted to be driven therefrom, a pair of frictionally-engaging members interposed between said source of power and said driven member through which the power is transmitted, means adapted upon movement to va'ry the friction between said frictionallyengaging members, said means comprising a lever and a weight slidably mounted thereon, and means adapted upon movement of said weight to a predetermined point to render the same inoperative.

5. I11 feeding mechanism, in combination, a source of power, a member adapted to be driven therefrom, a pair of frictionally-engaging members interposed between said source of power and said driven member through which the power is transmitted, means comprising a weight operatively connected to one of said frictionally-engaging members adapted to force the same into engagement with the other thereof, said means being adapted upon the position of said weight being changed to vary the force with which said frictionally-engaging members engage, and means adapted upon a predetermined movement of said weight to render the same inoperative.

6. In feeding mechanism, in combination, a source of power, a member adapted to be driven therefrom, a pair of frictionally-engaging members interposed between said source of power and said driven member through which the power is transmitted, a movable weight operatively connected to one of said frictionally-engaging members adapted to force the same toward the other thereof with a pressure dependent upon the position of said weight, and a support positioned within the path of travel of said weight adapted upon said weight being moved thereon to render the same inoperative.

7 In feeding mechanism, in combination, a source of power, a member adapted to be driven therefrom, a pair of frictionally-engaging members interposed between said source of power and said driven member through which the power is transmitted, a slidable weight operatively connected to one of said frictionally-engaging members adapted to force the same toward the other thereof with a pressure dependent upon the position of said weight, a cam upon one of said frictionally-engaging members, a lever adapted to co-act with said cam, and a connection between the remaining end of said lever and said driven member.

8. In feeding mechanism, in combination, a source of power, a member adapted to be driven therefrom, a pair of frictionally-engaging members interposed between said source of power and said driven member through which the power is transmitted, a

lever connected with one of said frictionallyengaging members, a weight slidably mounted upon said lever tending to force said member into engagement with the other thereof, a cam upon said first-mentioned frictionally-engaging member, a pivoted lever having one end eo-acting with said cam and the other end connected with said driven member, and means adapted to guide said driven member in a substantially rectilinear direction.

9. In feeding mechanism, in combination, a source of power, a member adapted to be driven therefrom, a pair of frictionally-engaging members interposed between said source of power and said driven member through which the power is transmitted, one of said members being pivotally mounted and adapted to swing with reference to the other thereof, means adapted to swing said member and vary the pressure with which said first member engages said second member, a cam upon said first-mentioned frictionally-engaging member and an oper: tive connection between said cam and said driven member.

10. In feeding mechanism, in combination, a source of power, a member adapted to be driven therefrom, a pair of frictionally-engaging members interposed between said source of power and said driven memher through which the power is transmitted, one of said members being pivotally mounted and'adapted to swing with reference to the other thereof, means adapted to swing said member and vary the pressure with which said first member engages said second member, a cam upon said first-mentioned frictionally-engaging member and an operative connection between said cam and said driven member, said pressure-varying means being positioned adjacent said driven member.

11. In feeding mechanism, in combination, a pair of levers, a cam journaled upon the free end of one of the same, means eoacting with said cam upon the adjacent free end of the other thereof, a source of power adapted to drive said cam, and a driven member operatively connected to the remaining end of said second lever.

12. In feeding mechanism, in combination, a pair of levers, a cam journaled upon the free end of one of the same, means coacting with said cam upon the adjacent free end of the other thereof, a source of power adapted to drive said cam, and a driven member operatively connected to the remaining end of said second lever, said levers being pivoted at a common point.

13. In feeding mechanism, in combination, a pair of levers, a cam journaled upon the free end of one of the same, means coaeting with said cam upon the adjacent free end of the other thereof, a source of power, means driven from said source of power adapted frictionally to engage and to drive said cam, and a driven member operatively connected to the remaining end of said second lever.

14. In feeding mechanism, in combination, a pair of levers, a cam journaled upon the free end of one of said levers, means coacting with said cam upon the adjacent free end of the other thereof, a source of power, means driven from said source of power adapted frictionally to engage and to drive said cam, and a driven member operatively connected to the remaining end of said second lever, said first lever having a fixed pivotal point and said cam being adapted to move with relation to said frictionally-engaging member.

15. In feeding mechanism, in combination, a pair of levers, a cam journaled upon the free end of one of said levers, means coacting with said cam upon the adjacent free end of the other thereof, a source of power adapted frictionally'to engage and to drive said cam, means adapted to vary the friction between said cam and said frictionallyengaging member, and a driven member operatively connected to the remaining end of said second lever.

16. In feeding mechanism, in combination, a pair of levers, a cam j ournaled upon the free end of one of said levers, means coacting with said cam upon the adjacent free end of the other thereof, a source of power adapted frictionally to engage and to drive said cam, means adapted to vary the friction between said cam and said frictionally-engaging member, and a driven member operatively connected to the remaining end of said second lever, said levers having a common pivotal point. Y

17. I11 feeding mechanism, in combination, a pair of levers, a cam journaled upon the free end of one of said levers, means coacting with said cam upon the adjacent free end of the other thereof, a source of power adapted to drive said cam, a driven member operatively connected to the remaining free end of said second lever, and a weight mounted upon the remaining free end of said first lever.

18. In feeding mechanism, in combination, a pair of levers, a cam journaled upon the free end of one of said levers, means coacting with said cam upon the adjacent free end of the other thereof, a source of power adapted to drive saidcam, a driven member operatively connected to the remaining free end of said second lever, a weight slidably mounted upon the remaining free end of said first lever.

19. In feeding mechanism, in combina-v tion, a pair of levers, a cam j ournaled upon the free end of one of said levers, means coacting with said cam upon the adjacent free end of the other thereof, a source of power adapted to drive said earn, a driven member operatively connected to the remaining free end of said second lever, a weight slidably mounted upon the remaining free end .of said first lever, said levers being pivoted at a common point. 1

20. In feeding mechanism, in combination, a pair of levers, a cam j ournaled upon the free end of one of said levers, means 00- acting with said cam upon the adjacent free end of the other thereof, a source of power adapted to drive said cam, a driven member operativelyconnected to the remaining free end of said second lever,-a weight slidably mounted upon the remaining free end of said first lever, said levers being pivoted at a common point, and'a rest adapted to support said weight and render the same inop- 'erative upon the same being moved to a predetermined point.

21. In feeding mechanism, in combina tion, a source of power, a reciprocating member adapted to be driven therefrom, a

pair of frictionally-engaging members inter- I posed between said source of power and said driven member and adapted to transmit.

power from one to the other thereof to'reciprocate said driven member, one ,of said frictionally-engaging members being pivotally mounted and adapted to swing relative to the other thereof, and a slidable weight .operatively connected with said swinging member and adapted to vary the pressure with which it engages the other of said frictionally-engaging members in accordance In testimony whereof I afiix my signature, in the presence of two witnesses.

A. C. KEssINeER, JOHN J. NORTON.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US7204364 *Feb 11, 2002Apr 17, 2007Stein Automation GmbhLifting device
Classifications
Cooperative ClassificationB41F3/58