US 960360 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
G. F. LYNCH.
APPLICATION FILED 00T. 10, 1908.
960,360. Patent-,ed June 7,1910.
l useful Improvements in Colla sible Recep' zov UNITED STATES PATENT oEEIcE.
ennrnonn F. LY'NcH, or NEW Yonx, N. Y. v
Specication of Letters Patent. Application led October 10, 1908. Serial No.4 457,066.
Patented June 7, 1910.
To all whom it may concern:
' Be it knownthat I, GERTRUDE F. LYNCH, a citizen of the United States, residing at No. 207 East Fifteenth street, in the borough of Manhattan, city, county, and--State of New York, have invented certain new and tacles, of whichthe following 1s such a full, clear, and exact description as will enable anyone skilled in the art to which it appertains to make` out the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming part of this specification.
My invention relates to a collapsible or folding box or receptacle which may be readily opened or extended when articles are to be placed therein and also easily folded or collapsed when not in use.
The principal objects of my invention 'are to provide a device of ythis kind which is very compact either when opened or closed and that is particularly well adapted for being applied to the underside of the seat of a bench, chair or the like, and more par.- ticularly to the seats of folding or theater chairs.
With these and other objects in view my invention consists in the various novel and peculiar arrangements and combinations ofthe several different parts of the device, all as hereinafter fully set forth and then pointed out in the claims.
I have illustrated a type of my invention in the accompanying drawings, wherein Figure 1 is a perspective view of an ordinary folding or theater chair having my improved collapsible receptacle or box attached beneath the chair seat, which is down in position for use, the receptacle also being shown as open or extended ready for use.
Fig. 2 is an enlarged front view of the chair seat and the collapsible receptacle, the seat being folded up and the receptacle closed. Fig. 3 is an enlarged view of the chair seat and flexible receptacle-shown in Fig. 1, and` with the greater part of the chair frame removed. Fig. 4 is an enlarged side view of the parts shown in Fig. 3, but with the relative positions thereof being changed, the chair seat being folded up and the collapsible receptacle being closed against the under side seat. Fig. 5 is a sectional view of details, the plane of the section being indi- Y cated by the line 5 5, Fig. 3.
In the accompanying drawings, in which like numbers of reference indicate like parts:
throughout, 1 indicates the back, 2 the frame work or side members, and 3 the seat of a -folding or theater chair, the seat bein.
mounted on pivots l4, at each side thereo respectively and being so constructed that the seat may be swung down into substantially horizontal position, as Yshown in'-Figs. i
1 and 3, or tipped up toward the back of the v chair, as shown in Fi s. 2 andl 4.
To the underside o l the seat 3is secured the collapsible receptacle, which is shown as comprising an upper part or attaching plate 0r member 5, which may be securely 'fastened to the -underside ofthe seat in any suitable manner, and the bottom 6 between which and '.the attaching member 5, is secured iiexible material 7, which extends around three sides of the structure leaving the front thereof o en so as to form a receptacle or box-like evice. lIn the construction shown, the flexible material 7, is of substantially uniform depth on all three sides, and the bottom 6 of the rece tacle isl substantially parallel with the un erside of the seat, when the receptacle is fullyextended, as shown in Figs. 1 and 3, so as to provide a commodious storage space, though this, of course, may be varied. /In order to hold the receptacle in closed position and also to maintain it firmly in open position, I provide spring-actuated mechanism which may also have the additional function of sustaining `the weight of the contents of the receptacle` and thus relieve the flexible -material of undue strain. In the present construction, I have shown this spring-actuated mechanism as comprisinga pair of U-shaped memv bers 8 and 9, theformer of which near its center isvpiv'oted or hinged at 10, to a suitable point on the attaching late 5, or vif preferred to the seat 3 itself, W ile the latter member 9 is pivoted or hinged near its center at 11, to a suitable point on the bottom or lower part 6 of the receptacle. The side arms of the U-shaped members Sand .9, respectively, are crossed upon each otherand pivoted together at 12 and 13, respectively, and the free ends of the members 8 are each provided with a pin .or stud 14, which travels in a slot 15 formed in a bracket 16, which is secured to the bottom 6 of the receptacle, at the side thereof and near its forward end. In the same manner, thefree ends of the U-shaped member 9, are each 'provided with a pin` or stud 17, which travels is secured to the upper partA or attaching.
plate 5, or directly to the seat 3,` itself in case 'the part 5 is dispensedwith.. lWhen the receptacle is closed, the 'ins 14 and 17,
lie vat the outer ends of theY ots intheir re-Y spect-ivebrackets, and when the rece tacle is opened to its full extent, the'plns 1e at the inner. ends of the slots, respectively, as shown in Figs. 1 and 3; From this 1t will be secn'that the U-sha which inl respect to t e otherA constitute a air of pivoted levers, ongthe lazy-tongs or-` cr, 4give a substantial support to the. bottom ofthe receptacle when itis opened and supplied with articlesat the same time these members serve as side-guards'or protectors which in a way'act to `protect the flexible sides, and vlikewise the contentsof the reeeptacle. 1 This form,' also, has the advantage of causingthefpivoted crossed members to operate simultaneously, and thereby give a more balanced and smoother action in operating these parts. These members 8 and 9,
' are given a spring act-ion through meansrk of a coll spring 20,1one vendof which is attached at 21 toV the member 8, at a suitable pointi be ond the pivoted` ointy 12, when measure from the free en of the partiv 8,
while the otherend of the spring is iat-s taehed at 22, to a suitable point on the mem'- v ber 9, ata point between the pivotal points 12, and the freeeend of thelever. In'this way, a snap ac tion'is given the' mechanism,
y at aA time whenH thevpivoted members are opened on each other a considerable dis# .tance and again ata time when they are nearly closed on each other, the snrmg thereby servin to maintain the receptacle firmly ofthe seat, for t to a folding or .theater chair, I have also.
shown the ordinary wirer device 23 and'24, which is usuallyl secured to the underside e purpose of receiving4 and holding a hat `in invertedv position, the rim of the hat being inserted within thewire members 23 and 24,-in a manner well known.'
'It will thus be seen that this receptacle does f not vmake it necessaryto dispense with. this form of hat-holder, whichmay be usedl to i n hold a hat either with the receptacle in closed or open position," thereby mcreasingfthe capacit the device as a storageplace for the or inary articles of wearing apparel which a pler'son removes and lays aside when using-a c air of this kind.
If preferred, the
u perA part or attaching member 5 maybe d members 8 and 9,
v parel which the?1 ispensed with, as the "nasce theireceptacle, maybe secured directly to the undersideof tlie seat itself. It will also be understood that any suitable character lof flexible `material may be vused instead of the imperforate kind shown herein. Ordinary nettin or open work material of any suit- 'able c aracter mayy bev used.' Furthermore, :1f preferred the spring-actuated'mechanism for snapping the receptacle intoy open or closed position and retaining it in either of such positions may be wholly concealedby the flexible materlal extending around the outside of it andthis may be done byliav'ing two'thicknesses offlexible material betweenv which these operating -parts are mounted.
Accordingly, I wish to be understood as'not limiting :my invention to the particular forms of the various'ditferent parts hereinY shown, as many changes may be made the same without, however,departing from the spirit of the invention.
In applying myimprovements toY ordinary 90 folding or theater'chairs, the depth of the receptacle, or.Y the distance` from the under side of the seat, may well be restricted to a point which will keep the receptacle, when lled with articles, substantially "within the lines of the forward part ofthe chair, in orderto permit persons to. pass 1n front of the chair when the seat'is tipped up, withoutv disturbing the receptacle. It may also be notedthat thisreceptacle when combined with the seat of a chalror lbench is of great use in theaters, churches, schools or otherl places where persons assemble in numbers, and requirela handy place for temporarily storing the ordinary articles of --wearing aplay aside on suchoccasions. `This receptac e is o ened byl pressing down by pushing up onit.
Having thus described my invention what I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent isz- '1 v`1..-'1`he combination with a seat, of a-collassible receptacle mounted upon the under si e thereof and rovided with an opening in one side throug -whichthe articles are introduced into andremoved from the receptacle, a air of vertically arranged levers upon eac i of two op site. sides of Said receptacle and each pair having its twolevers pivotedftogether intermediate their respective ends Aand the endsthereof pivoted to lon the front part of t e lower rim'and closed the top and bottom ofgsaid receptacle, 'respec- 2. Thercombination with a seat, a col1apsione lever an saidiOP and one end o f ble rece -tacle provided with an o ening in one slde through which the articles are introduced into and removed from the receptacle, a pair of levers upon each of two opposite sides of said receptacle and each pair having the two levers pivoted to each other and having their ends pivoted to the top and bottom of said receptacle, respectively, the corresponding levers upon the said opposite sides being secured at their rear ends to rigid members hin ed, respectively, to said top and bottom og said receptacle, and a spring acting to snap said plvoted levers into o en and closed positions, respectively, a ter the initial movement is given such levers in the operation of opening and closing said receptacle.
3. The combination with a seat, a collapsible receptacle provided with an opening in one side through which the articles are introduced into and removed from the receptacle, spring-actuated mechanism operatively connected between two opposite sides of the receptacle and comprising a set of U-shaped members pivoted by their central parts to said opposite sides of the receptacle,
respectively, and having their side parts GERTRUDE F. LYNCH.
Witnesses WILLIAM J. GIBSON, WILLIAM J. LEWIS.