US 961887 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
K y viv. H. MUALQNBY. m8 TOE ILLUMINTIHG GAR, STEPS. Y YPLIOTIOI FILED AUG. 33, 1909. 961,887. Patented ,Tune 21,1910.
.JW- 'l mi a hummm man Il unirnn srfirns 'PATENT onirica.
WILLIAM H. yNICAIIZIOITEY, OF
SIGNAL LIGHT COMPANY, OF COLORADO SPRINGS, COLORADO,
' iwf DENVER, commise, 'Assieivon fr o THE .AUTOMATIC e CORPORATION AOF Specification of Letters Patent. Patented Jung 21a 1910,
MEANS FOR ILLUMINATING CAR-STEPS.
pplcation filed August 23, 1909. Serial No. vv5l4,2'2.
To all whom 'it may concern:
Be it known that I, WiLLiAM H. Mo- ALONEY, a citizen of the United States, residing in the city and county of Denver and State of Colorado, have invented certain-new and useful Improvements in Means for Illuminating Car-Steps; and l do declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description ofthe invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to the figures of reference marked thereon,'which form a part of this specication.
My invention relates to means for illuminating the steps of railways cars, being more especially intended for use on the cars of laid of a concealed reflector,
- such illumination at street railways, the object being to prevent accidents both in stepping oi and getting on these cars.
In my improved construction, provision is made for throwing a bright light directly upon the steps of the car, a number of incandescent lamps being arranged above the opening through wh'ich the passengers enter and pass out of the car, whose rays, by the are thrown directly downwardly upon the steps of the car, thus 'ving passengers the benefit of all times when needed.
In' equipping cars withmy improved device, a reflector is placed between the two members forming the upper wall of the side of the car above the entrance. This reliector is practically concealed between the partivonly directly u the lamps are located, the latter being also sufficiently concealed to afford ample protection against accidental injury. At the same time,xthey are in position by the aid of the reflector to throw their rays upon the car steps, as well as the fioor of the car in the vicini of the steps and the ground outside thereo thus giving perfect illumination, not on thev ste s but also in the vicinity thereo both insi e and outside of the car.
Having briefly outlined my im roved construction, I will proceed to descri e the same in detail, reference being made to the accompanying drawing, in which is illustrated an embodiment thereof.
In this \drawing:
section taken through the side of the car,
cutting the steps below and the wall of the car above the entrance. Fig. 2 is a side elevation of the car, looking toward the entrance, the upper portion of the wall of the car being partly broken away, to disclose the lamps and the reflector coperating therewit The saine reference characters indicate tle same parts in all the views.
Let the numeral 5 designate the ioor, 6 the steps and 7 the car entrance. The wall of the car above the entrance iscomposed of inner and outer members 8 and 9. Between these members is located an upwardly-curved reflector 10, forming a recess 12, in which incandescent lamps 13 are located, It -is evident that any desired number fof these lamps may be employed, dependinggipon the widthl of the entrance. As shown=in the drawing, there are three posts 14: one in the center" and two on opposite sides of the entrance. Two lamps 13, areniounted upon the central post, projecting in opposite di. rect-ions; while a single lamp is mounted upon each of the outer posts. This is simply a conventional arrangement but serves the The reflector l0, may be composed of any suitable material.
The lamps may of course be connected with the regular illuminating circuit. No attempt therefore has been made to indicate the wiring for these lamps, claimed upon any special circuit arrangement or connection.
Having thus described my invention, what l claim :is:
l. The combination with above the entrance is composed of two separated members, Of an upwardly-curved refiector insertedbetween these members and illuminating devices located inthe recess bea car whose wall since nothing is 'y tween the wall members and below the reg iiector, substantially as described.
2. The combination with a car having a Figure l is a vertical recess formed in the wallthereof above the g i 961,887 i,
entrance, a reflector located in said recess the Width of said entrance, and incandescent and curved upwardly, in order to throw lamps located in the said recess, for the purlight rays downwardly upon the stepsbelovv pose set forth.
the entrance, and an illuminating device loln testimony whereof I affix my signature cated Within the recess and below the rein presence of two Witnesses.
ector, substantially as described.
3. The combination with a car having 'WILLIAM H MCALONEY steps and an entrance above the steps, the lVitnesses: said car having a longitudinal recess formed M. F. MANEY,
yin its Wall above the entrance and extending l JEssrE F. HOBART.