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Publication numberUS962350 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 21, 1910
Filing dateAug 10, 1908
Priority dateAug 10, 1908
Publication numberUS 962350 A, US 962350A, US-A-962350, US962350 A, US962350A
InventorsHerman J Hibschle
Original AssigneeMaccormick Drill And Mfg Company Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Rock-drill.
US 962350 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Patented June 21, 1910.

.ANEYs E.' J. HIBSCHLE.

BOOK DRILL.

APPLIGATIGN FILED A'UGAO, 190s.

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WITNESSES TINTTTD sTaTns TTTTNT caries.

HERMAN J'. I-IIBSCI-ILE, 0F VICTOR, COLORADO, ASSIGNOR TO THE MACCORMICK DRILL AND MANUFACTURING COMPANY, INCORPORATED, OF DENVER, COLORADO.

ROCK-DRILL.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, HERMAN J. I-IIBsoHLE, residing at Victor, in the county of Teller and State of Colorado, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Rock- Drills, of which the following is a specication. v

My invention relates to certain new and useful improvements in rock drills of the reciprocating hammer type, and in its generic nature the invention seeks to provide a drill of an improved construction wherein the hammer piston will be of an improved form to give it a maximum operative efticiency; wherein an expansion air chamber is provided to receive the working agent, and by virtue of its expansion to act on the piston after the working agent inlet port has been closed by the forward movement of the piston.

My invention also includes those novel details of construction, combination and arrangement of parts, all of which will be first described and then be specifically pointed out in the appended claims and illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which- Figure l, is a central vertical longitudinal section of the invention. Fig. 2, is a side elevation thereof, parts being shown in section.

Referring now to the accompanying drawings, in which like letters and numerals of reference indicate like parts in all of the figures l designates the drill casing whose forward end l2l is of a reduced diameter and is provided with an internal bore lb of one diameter merging with a bore lC of a lesser diameter which in turn merges with a bore lP of a smaller diameter than the bore 1c. The bore lb receives the drill chuck 2 which is keyed in place by a key 2a and provided with a Maltese cross-shaped bore 2d to receive the drill not shown. The bore lC receives the striking plug 3 which is shown in detail in Fig. l, while the bore le is of slightly greater diameter than the striking head 4a of the hammer piston 4, hereinafter again referred to.

The main body of the casing l is provided with an internal bore 1g merging with another bore lp of slightly less diameter than the bore 1g, and the bore 1 merges with the bore le, hereinbefore referred to.

lh represents an annular internal groove at the juncture of the bore portions 1g-1P.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Application led. August 1G, 1908.

Patented June 21, 1910.

Sera1 No. 447,695.

The groove lh receives working agent through the working agent port lk that has a portion l at the rear end of the cylinder l. The cylinder l at its rear end is internally threaded as at 1m to receive the back head plug 5, hereinafter again referred to, the head plug being threaded as at 5EL to coperate with the internal thread of the cylinder l.

lr designates an internal annular groove in the cylinder l, in the portion of its bore lp; the groove lr merging with the exhaust port 1S which runs parallel with the longitudinal axis of the drill and exhausts at the rear end of the body portion of the drill, see Fig. 2.

ld designates a series of apertures from the internal bore lC slanting backward so as to permit small particles of dirt and bits of broken steel, which might accumulate in the striking plug chamber, to be ejected.

The hammer piston 4 comprises a main body portion 4f of a diameter to lit within the bore lk of the cylinder and a portion 4E at its rear of slightly greater diameter to fit the diameter of the bore 1g, the ham* mer piston 4 having its striking head 4a of a reduced diameter to enter readily the bore lB of the drill casing.

It is to be noted that in my improved construction of drill, I provide the hammer piston with a solid core 4b in longitudinal alinement with its striking head 4, so that the full force of the metal may be availed of in striking the drill, thus eliminating the centrally apertured or chambered hammer piston, now commonly used. Surrounding the solid core or central portion 4b of the hammer piston is a series of ports 4c which merge with radial ports 4d that pass to the outside of the hammer piston, as clearly shown in Fig. l.

5 designates the back head plug which is threaded as at 52L to enter the rear end of drill casing l and form a closure therefor. The back head plug is provided with a flange 5d that abuts the rear end of the body portion of the casing l and forms the closure therefor, the threaded portion 5a of the head plug being provided with an annular groove 5b, which when the plug is in place registers with the port ln of the live air or inlet port 1k. A series of ports 5c connect the groove 5b with the central internal bore 5g of the head plug, the bore 5g running from end to end and being enlarged at its rear end and internally threaded as at 5f to receive the feed piston rod 12, hereinafter again referred to. The back head plug 5 has its passage 5g controlled by a throttle valve 7 whose bushing 6a lits the aperture or chamber in the back head plug 5. The valve 7 has a passage 7ar and a stem 7c to receive the wrench 7 d.

The drill is fed to the work by any suitable feeding mechanism, preferably that indicated in the drawings, by reference to which it will be seen a feed pist-on rod 12 threads into the threaded portion 5t of the plug 5 and carries a feed piston ,2c that operates in the casing 10, the casing 10 having a cap 9 threaded on the end thereof and carrying a packing 11b, as shown. The rod 12 has a passage 12 and ports 121 through which the working' agent from the .inlet 10d passes. Suitable latch devices 8 are pivoted at 8EL to the back head plug 5 and engage the collar 9 to lock the feeding mechanism from operation at times. The back head plug 5 .is provided with a countersunk expansion chamber 50, as shown.

When the operator opens the valve 7 the working agent will flow through the passage of the plug 5, enter the port lk and from thence be conveyed to the groove 1h from which it will act upon the piston 4 when the piston is in its forward position to force it rearwardly. As soon as the piston has reached the rearward limit of its stroke, the ports ad will come in register with the annular groove 1h, and the working agent will pass therethrough and to the ports 4 into the expansion chamber' 15 and thus start the hammer piston on its forward movement. As soon as the piston has started on its forward movement and the ports ld have become closed, .or out of register with the annular groove 1h, the action of the expanding working agent will serve to force the hammer piston forward until the ports 4d register with the groove 1r and permit the working agent to pass through the exhaust 1s to atmosphere. The expanding force of the working agent serves to give the hammer piston the desired impacting force onto lthe striking plug 3, which in turn imparts the force onto the drill and forces it in its cutting movement.

The action of the hammer piston may be controlled by the valve 7 b, and as long as the latches 8 do not engage the cap 9, theJ feeding of the drill to the work will be automatic. lVhen it is desired to use the drill say, in a vertical position then the automatic air feed features are necessar the latches 8 may be made to engage the cap 9a and lock the parts together.

From the foregoing description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, it is thought the complete construction, operation and advantages of my invention will be readily understoodv by those skilled in the art to which the invention appertains.

What I claim is 1. A rock drill comprising a hammer casing having a main body portion and a front end portion, said main body portion having a piston chamber opening through the rear end of said main body portion, said front end port-ion having a bore merging with said chamber, a hammer piston o erating in said piston chamber, a back hea plug threaded into said open end of said main body portion and having a countersunk chamber portion, said back head plug having an annular groove, and a fluid passing bore, said plug having radial bores connecting said fluid passing bore with said annular groove, said main body portion having a fluid passage registering with said groove to convey fluid into the interior of said piston chamber to actuate said piston, all beinor arranged substantially as shown and described.

2. A rock drill comprising a hammer casing having a main body portion and a front end portion, said main body portion having a piston chamber opening through the rear end of said main body portion, said front end portion having a bore merging with said chamber, a hammer piston operating in said piston chamber, a back head plug threaded into said open end of said main body portion and having a countersunk chamber portion said back head plug having an annular groove, a Huid passing bore, said plug having radial bores connecting said fluid passing bore with said annular groove, said main body portion having a fluid passage registering with said groove to convey fluid into the interior of said piston chamber to actuate said piston, and a throttle valve in said back head plug to control fluid passage through said fluid passing bore of said back head plug.

3. A rock drill comprising a hammer casing having a main body portion inclosing a hammer piston chamber, said main body portion being open at one end and internally threaded, said hammer casing having a front end portion provided with a `bore of lesser diameter than that of the hammer piston casing, said bore having a plurality of diameters, an impacting plug held in said bore and a drill holding chuck also held in said bore but spaced from said plug, said front end portion having ports entering said bore between said plug and said chuck, ahammer piston operating in said piston chamber and having a projecting end to enter `said front end portion bore, said body portion having longitudinal inlet and exhaust channels parallel to the axis of said casing and communicating with the interior of said piston chamber, a back head plug threaded into the rear end of said hammer casing and having a countersunk chamber portion and an outer annular groove, said back head plug having a {lange to abut the rear end of said hammer casing, said. flange having a port registering With said exhaust passage of said hammer easing, said back head plug having an inlet, and radial bores connecting said inlet bore With said annular groove, said inlet passage of said hammer 1o casing communicating With said annular groove, all being arranged substantially as shown and described.

HERMAN J. HIBSCHLE.

Vitnesses:

A. T. MCCASKEY, CHRISTIAN lV. SCHAEFER.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4537265 *Apr 22, 1983Aug 27, 1985British TelecommunicationsSelf propelled reversible boring ram
Classifications
Cooperative ClassificationB25D9/08