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Publication numberUS965081 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 19, 1910
Filing dateJan 4, 1910
Priority dateJan 4, 1910
Publication numberUS 965081 A, US 965081A, US-A-965081, US965081 A, US965081A
InventorsHarold M Chase, Minor F H Gouverneur
Original AssigneeHarold M Chase, Minor F H Gouverneur
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Controlling mechanism.
US 965081 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)


APPLICATION PILED JAN. 4. 1910 Patented July 19, 1910.


tain new and useful-Improvements in 0011-,

r ooiv rnoLL'INq MEcH-Amsm; I

Tc. all. whom it may mam;

zens of the United States, residing at Wilmingt'Q hn' e c in ly O New Hanover,

State of-North Carolina, have invented certrolling Mechailismyof which the following is a description, reference being had to the ';aceompanying drawings, forming a part Our nventibli r'elatesto controlling-mechhereof. i

anism ,designed with especial reference to with power driven aeroplanes for the purpose of adjusting vario'us of. the parts thereof and thereby controlling the direcv: tion of movement thereofpalthough our invention is also capable'of general application 'and'of use with any machine havlng a plurality"ofipart's or elements to be con- 7 trolled, and comprises mechanism adapted to be operatedfrom'andbymeans of a single manually operatedllever and suitable connections extending from said mechanism to a plurality of various parts or elements justed whereby all of'the parts with which said mechanism is connected may be adjusted and the machine thereby controlled by We; ave illustrated the preferred embodimovin a sing-1e part. manually.

'ment pf our invention in the accompanying drawing, and have described the same in the following {specification and particularly speei-fied'th'e features'whereinour invention "consists in the clauses :of the concluding .-claim-, the embodiment ,of our invention rev ferried to being disclosed as used in connectrollin the. same.

Int e drawings: view of our controlling mechanism; Fig. 2

tion. with a power driven aeroplane for con- 'l0 is, a viewshowing a SIdG VlBW; Fig. 3.1sa

view showing a plan, view of our device, Figs. 1 and 5 arev1ewsshowmg.detalls ofour controlling mechanism.

The reference character 1 indicates a lever and Q-a'hand wheel located within easy reach of the operator and by means of wh ch the" lever 1 may be operated. The lever 1 'is' supporte'dby means of a support 3, the same being shown as arranged ntermediate the "two ends 0fthe lever 1, and said leveris capable of rotary motion about its own axis and capahlealso of a swinging movement Figure lis an isometric with reference to the support 3 above referred to. The support 3 is preferably so designed, and is illustratedas of such form, that the.lever 1 may be swungin any direction from a. given initialpositionwith referswung from side to side with reference .to said support, or may be swung diagonally' the result of which latter motion beingthat the levertakes up a final position to one side of and also above of below its initial position as the dia onal motion may be'conzontal and an up 01', down or a vertical move:

'form' of-a spherical shellas shown in Fig. 4, and a ball 5 is supported within said shell which the lever l 'p'asses as shown, and which construction permits the lever to .be swung in any direction with reference to a given initial position as above pointed out and, the ball not being fast upon the lever, it is obvious that the lever may be rotated ,spective of the position'into which it may have been swung. Obviously the operator may turn the hand wheel 2 to rotate the lever 1, and may lift or depress the wheel bodily, or move it to one side, or, in fact,

swinging motion to the lever 1 as aforesaid. 6 is a spider loosely secured upon the end of the lever 1 so that rotary motion of the Motion of the lever 1 ina vertical or horizontal direction, and consequently in an into the said spider aswill be understood.

7 7 is a member preferably in the form of a flexible cord or cable through which horizontal movements of the lever 1 are transmitted to an element of a machine, an aeroplane in the embodiment of our device illusof the lever 1 to another element of the ma chine with which the device may be used. The elements controlled or adjusted by the members 7, 8 may be the horizontal and vertical rudders of the aeroplane, in which case both such rudders will obviously be imderthe control of a single element, the lever "1. It willbe understood that the members p3, onwrnmireroiv, NORTH,

sidered as the resu tant of sidewise or hori upon or about its'axis as above specified irre-" lever "will not be transmitted to said spider.

tr'ated,'tobe controlled, and 8 is a similar member for transmitting vertical movements Specification of Letters Patients Patented 1y 19, 1910,, Application filed January 4 191a. Serial 1%,.536341;

once to thesupport 3. W That is the lever may be swung 1n an'up and down direction, or

.ment. The support 8 is preferably in the which ball is provided with'a hole through move it bodily in any direction to impart clined dire'ctiom-will however be transmitted and connect with a tiller onequivalentj 'ele-' 'ment in case xrliddersar'e to befcontrol-ledl';

' 'and it will also "bebbvious that if the lever 1 I -'5 arrangedso' astdswing in but ,one'plane only one element'of' a mach-in'etobe 'con.-

. trolledwill be adjusted-bya' swingingmovevment O .f tl'ieleven. The :rotaryjmotion "of the leverfl uponl its axis as above explained is utilizedfor adjusting 'or -controllingan-yelement of the ma- 1 chine with nwhiclrourfl device is. used 'other v than the element or elements controlledby swinging movement. imparted to such lever, to which end, in the preferredembodiment k of our device illustrated a-rotary; element 9 isprovided, thefsame-b'eing illustrated as "drum upon whicli a flexibleoordor cable 10 'is wound and the ends "of which extend to theeleinent ofthemachineto be adjusted to thereby hontrol the machine. If used .with anaeroplane, as illustrated, this cord 01" cable will preferably: be connected with the-mechanism for warpmg or twisting the "means-whereby it is prevente 18 tliereby tip the aeroplane upon its ngitlidinal axis. 1 l g i jThe lever- 1, is, in the preferred 'embodiment of ou'rf'device illustrated," 'rov'ided with from longitudinal movement with reference to the sup-' port 3i 'tOwhich end collars 11 are placed upon. the'lever which-collars engage the-ball 5, and {prevent the lever from moving through the ball but do not'interfcre with rotary motion thereofupon its own" axis; Rotary motion of the lever 1 is transmitted to ,the rotary element k0 by means of any suitable mechanism, the preferred mechan- 'ism disclosedroomprising' a rotary connecting member 12 connected with the s end 'of the lever 1 and with the rotary elementlO mechanism in by means of universal joints at 13-,1; and this connecting member ispreferably formed so as to'beofvariable length to compensate for variable distancesbe'tween the end of'the lever 1* and the'rotary element 10 encountered in theoperation ,of; our, controlling its referred, fo'rm. This is best accomplished y .formi-ng the member -12 in two telescoping parts as shown, and

providin two at l I as shown in Fig. 5". Means are provided whereby the lever 1 may belocked in anyposition into which it may have'been moved shown as comprising a screwflSin threaded engagement with the shell of the' support 3, a lever 19 carried by the-lever 1, l

anda rod 20 connecting thelever IQ-with;

an-ar'm 25 secured to the screw 18. w

21,'22and 23 areparts' of the frame of the machine or aeroplanewith which our ,jde-

, vice is used and 24 is a seat for the operator;

Suoh being the construction" of our devlce' lt will be obvious that swinging move ment 'imparted to the lever 1 about its supa sliding connection between -the port, 3 will be transmitted to an element, 01

illustratedthe members .7,' 8 and 10"as flexible members thus making it necessary that bothends t ereof be foonnected withthe spider 6 or rotary element .9 because motion broadly 'as means "for, transmitting motion to the parts of the machine .tobe controlled; and it will be obvious that if stiff connect-' mg elements be used and such as; may be such elements willv have buta single conneo tio'n each'with' the spider 6 orjrot'ary mem' ber9.

explained the mode' of Letters Patient is:'-

manually operable lever andha support for lever being capable ,of a swinging movement in d rection. from a given initial --pQS1tlOIl {LIlClWlth reference to said support,

its: own axis;

.ends. thereof and .ing movement in'any through which motionderived from swinglng movements of said lever, 1n different directions may .be -.transmitted' to two sepa Will be" transmitted to another element of the 'machine' through the connecting member 12,'rotary element 9, and flexible cord or cable 10. While wehave referred to and can'betransmitted through such inemb'ers' onlyby subjecting them to tensionywe refer to these elements in theclauses-of the claim l.-' Controlling." mechanism 'aand capable also off rotary movement aboutmeans connected with said .v lever and through which motionfderived joint and through which to'two elements,- .of amachine to be 'consubjected to eithertension or compression I Having thus described our inventionf'and i operation thereof, what we claim and destire fl-tol'secure by said lever intermediate the ends thereof; said between said rotary ele-' 2. ,Controll'in "mechanism comprising a, I

a supportfor said a L reyenting longitudinal movelever with reference tosaid support, said lever being capable of a swingdirect on'from'agiven initial position about said support, and capa-. ble also of rotary movement' about its'fown' axis 5 means connected withfisaid'leverand rate elements ofa machine to be controlled; arotary element through which motion de rived from a rotary movement of said lever may be transmitted to a third 3 elementof said machine"; and a connecting member; comprising telescoping sect ons e'xtendin between said rotary element and one-en of said lever and connected with each of said .lever intermediate "the ends ,thereofQ and means for preventing longitudinal; rabve ment of said lever with reference" tolfsaid' support; said lever being'ca'pable of a; swinging movementin any direction from 'a'give'n ble also of rotary movement aboutits own axis; means connected withsaid lever-and through which. motion derived from swing-'- ing movements of said lever inadifi'erent directions may be transmitted to'two se arate elements of a machine to be control ed; a

rotary element through which motion def rived from a rotary movement of said leverl may be transmitted to a thirdelemen'ts-of said machine; and a-connecting membersof variable length extending between said rotary element and one end of said lever and connected with each of said elements by means of a universal 'joint and through which rotary motion of said lever is trans mitted to said rotary element.

' 4. Controlling mechanism comprising a manually operable lever and a support therefor, said lever being capable of a swing ing movement in any. direction fnom agiveg v initial position and.-with referencd tesaiil support; means operated by said lever and through which motion derived from swinging movements of said lever in diflerent direct-ions may be transmitted to two so arate elements of a machine to becontrolled: and locking mechanism for securing said lever in any position into which it may have been moved.

5. Controlling mechanism comprising "a manually operable lever and a -support therefor, said lever being capable of a sw nging movement in any directlon from agiven out initial position and with reference to said support; means operated by said lever and through which motion derived from swingingmovements of said lever in different directionsmaybe transmitted to two separate elements ofafli'nac'hine to be controlled; said K PPQ f fig provided with locking means I i pgt'o position into wh ch it may have been mov whereby sa ever may, be locked in 6.;Gbntrolling mechanismcomprising a said-leverintermediate the ends thereof, said support'loem rising a ball having a passage through '1. which said lever passes and a "manually operable lever and a support v for -sgherlcaljseat-i'for said ball whereby said lsvergmav be sw'ung inany direction from a given initial position and with reference to said support; means operatedby' said lever initial position about said support, and-capa- "ndv through which-motion derived 'from swinging movementscf said lever- 1n diiierto be'cond ball for,

trolled" means engaging locking ina e the 1ever a'n which said lever may havefbeenfimoved.

s tin i to 1 irectijons may betransmitted to two 'separate-elements-of a machine 7. Gontrollin mechanismgoomprising a vmanually opera leulever andjfla' support for said lever intermediatethe ends thereof, said support comprising a ball having-a passage through- "which said -lever'-l passesand a 1 spherical seat .for" said ball whereby .siaid lever may be swungin any direc'tionffrom a given initial positionaind' with'referenw to said support; means "operated by said. lever and through which 'motion V derived from swinging movements of said leve'r' indifferent-directions maybe transmitted to} two separate elements of a v machine to be controlled; means engaging said ball ,fo'rfi locking it and the lever in any position into? whichsaid'lever may have been moved;" 1' and means'u'pon said lever and m engage-- ment with saidball for preventing longitudinal movement of said lever with reference to said ball.

This fspeeifi this 3rd day'of Ja'ny., AQD. 1910. J ,HAROLD MrCHASEftion signed and witnesse cl MINOR F. n. GoUv R-njnua 1 In the'presence of.- MoILHE NlNY,

Gnoc h Mon'ion.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2424889 *Aug 20, 1943Jul 29, 1947Holmes Tracy SAirplane control system
US2441211 *Nov 7, 1944May 11, 1948Republic Aviat CorpAircraft control lever
US2871717 *Apr 5, 1957Feb 3, 1959Gerstner Harvard JSteering mechanism and control means for outboard motors
Cooperative ClassificationF16H59/04