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Publication numberUS967938 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 23, 1910
Filing dateSep 17, 1909
Priority dateSep 17, 1909
Publication numberUS 967938 A, US 967938A, US-A-967938, US967938 A, US967938A
InventorsHermann Krause
Original AssigneeHenry Scarborough Sr
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Bottle-washer.
US 967938 A
Abstract  available in
Images(5)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

H. KRAUSE'. BOTTLE WASHER. APPLIuATIoN FILED SEPT. 1v, 1909.

Patented Aug. 23, 1910.

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Patented Aug.23, 1910. Mums-snm 4.

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Patented Aug. 23', 1910.

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UNITED sTATEs PATENT oEEioE.

HERMANN KRAUSE, 0F ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI, ASSIGNOR TO HENRY SGARBOROUGrI-I, SR.,

. OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.

BOTTLE-WASHER.

Specification of Letters Patent.

Application filed September 17, 1909.

Patented Aug. 23, 1910.

Serial No. 518,167.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, HERMANN KRAUSE, a citizen of the United States, residing at the city of St. Louis, State of Missouri, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Bottle-VVashers, of which the following is a specification, reference being had therein to the accompanying drawings.

This invention relates to machines for cleansing bottles, or the like, and particularly to that form in which a drum is adapted to be revolved in a tank containing a cleansing solution, and provided with a plurality of compartments into which the bottles to be cleansed are automatically fed. During the operation of revolving the drum, the bottles contained therein are immersed several times in the cleansing solution and are rolled, by gravity, to the opposite ends of said compartments, where they are automatically removed from said drum.

In the drawings, forming part of this specification, in which like numbers of reference denote like parts wherever they occur, Figure 1 is a plan view of the machine; Fig. 2 isa partial end elevation, and sectional view on line 2-2, Fig. 1; Fig. 3 is an end elevation; Fig. 4 is a side elevation; and Figs. 5 and 6 are detail views of a modified form of construction of the compartments.

The tank 1 may be constructed of metal or wood, or it may be made of porcelainized metal, or other suitable material, to prevent chemical effect of the cleansing solution on the metal. The tank, which is supported on standards 2, is provided with the drain cock 3 and the hand-hole 4, which allows the removal of the bottles that might be broken and deposited in the bottom of the tank during the cleansing operation.

The drum 5 is provided with a plurality of compartments 6, each of which is formed between two adjacent division plates 7, which are helically arranged and secured by bolts 8, and plates 9, or other suitable means to the casting or castings 10. Said division plates are held at a uniform distance apart by the plates 11 which are secured to the outer edges 12 of said division plates, in any ordinary manner, by the angles 13 secured to said castings and the inner edges 14 of said division plates. Each of said compartments is provided with metal or wood strips 15, which are fastened to plates 9, and extend the length of said compartment, and similar strips 16 fastened to plate 11. Said strips 15 form a rest, or stop, for the mouth of the bottle when the same is in an inverted position, and strips 16 provide a rest for the bottom of the bottle and prevent it from falling out of the compartment when the bottle is in an upright position. Shaft 17, to which said castings 10 are secured so as to rotate therewith, is journaled in the boxes 18, which are fastened to said tank. At each end of said drum, and loosely mounted on said shaft, is a casting 19 to which is secured a plate 20, fastened by bracket 21 to said tank. The plate 20 at one end of said drum is provided with an opening 22 through which the bottles enter and a similar plate at the other end of said drum is provided with an opening 23 through which said bottles are delivered from said drum. At the delivery end of said drum, the hook or hooks 24, which are secured to plate 20, extend inwardly into said drum, and each division plate 7 is provided with a slot 25 for each of said hooks to pass through when said drum is rotated.

The gear wheel 26 is rigidly mounted on shaft 17 and is driven by the worm 27, mounted on drive shaft 23 which is driven in any desired manner. Said shaft 28 1s journaled in ordinary bearings 29 which are supported by bracket 30 secured to said tank. Beveled gear 31, mounted on shaft 17 so as to rotate therewith, meshes with the beveled gear 32 secured to shaft 33. Said shaft 33 is mounted in the journals 34 which are supported by brackets 35 secured to said plate 20, and is provided with a plurality of plates 36 fastened thereto which forms the feeding wheel 37. The incline 38 is supported by bracket 39 secured to tank 1, and provides a rest for a supply of bottles to be cleansed which are fed there from by the wheel 37 into said drum, from which they are delivered on the incline 40, supported by bracket 41 at the other end of said tank.

While the drawings depict an incline for the receipt and delivery of the bottles, a belt conveyer, or the like may be advantageously used instead without departing from the spirit of this invention.

In the modified form shown in Figs. 5 and 6, the division plates 7 are entirely omitted and the strips 42 are brazed, riveted, or otherwise suitably fastened tothe plates 43 Which are secured to the castings 10 in the same manner as said division plates.

The operation of the machine 1s as follovvs: Each compartment 6 in drum 5' 1s rst filled by hand to its maximum capacity with bottles to be Washed, and the bottles that are placed by hand or automatically fed on the incline 38 roll down said incline toward the feeding Wheel 37. The rotation of the drive shaft 28 causes Worm 27 to drive gear 26 and With it shaft 17 and drum 5. Beveled gear 31, being rigidly secured to said shaft 17, rotates therewith and drives the beveled gear 32 which rotates said feeding Wheel 37 and causes the bottles on incline 38 to be fed into said drum through opening 22 in the plate 20. The rotation of drum 5 causes the slots 25 in the ends of the division plates 7 to pass over hooks 24: which consecutively remove the end bottle in each compartment at that end of said drum. After the end bottle has been removed in the manner as hereinabove described, and delivered through opening 23 upon incline 40, the inclined position of each compartment immediately following said removal causes the bottles remaining therein to roll toward the delivery end of the drum Where they are prevented from falling out of each compartment by the plate 2O at said end until they are removed by hooks 24C. The rolling of said remaining bottles toward the delivery end of said drum leaves a vacant space in each compartment at the receiving end thereof, and the rotation of said drum and the feeding Wheel 37 is so timed as to cause the bottles on inclineSS to be fed consecutively into the vacant spaces at that end of said compartments. The drum, being filled to its capacity With bottles, is rotated in tank l, Which is iilled, With any desirable cleansing solution, to a level above the mouths of the bottles When in an upright position in said tank, during the time they are immersed in saidsolution. Said bottles are thoroughly Washed on the outside and the solution Which enters same when immersed therein thoroughly cleans the inside. The solution Which enters the bottles flows out and back into the tank When the drum is rotated to bring said bottles to an inverted position above said solution. When the strips 42 are used instead of the division plates 7, a

greater circulation of the cleansing fluidV around the bottles is obtained.

In a machine for cleansing bottles, having a drum of the form hereinabove described, the bottles are caused to be immersed in the cleansing solution any desired number of times depending upon the capacity of the compartments in said drum which may be increased or diminished, it

being obvious that the number of immersions of each bottle would be equivalent to the number contained in one compartment.

I claim:

l. In a machine of the type set forth, a drum having a plurality of separate bottle containing compartments arranged helically to the axis thereof to constantly feed the bottles in said compartments gravitally in one direction.

2. In a machine of the type set forth, a drum having a plurality of bottle containing compartments arranged helically to the axis thereof, to feed the bottles in said compartments gravitally in one direction, and means in each compartment for engaging the bottles. therein.

3. In a machine of the type set forth, a drum having a plurality of separate bottle containing compartments arranged helically to the axis thereof, to effect a constant gravital feed of the bottles in said compartments in one direction, means in each compartment for engaging the mouths of the bottles therein, and additional means on each compartment for engaging the bottoms of said bottles.

et. In a machine of the type set forth, a drum having a plurality of spaced radially projecting division plates arranged helically to the axis thereof to provide separate bottle containing compartments each adapted to feed the bottles therein gravitally in one direction, and strips arranged between said plates for engagement with the bottles.

5. In a machine of the type set forth, a drum having a plurality of bottle containing compartments, means for rotating the drum, and means arranged to project into said compartments during the rotation of the drum to remove the bottles.

6. In a machine of the type set forth, a drum having a plurality of bottle containing compartments, means for rotating the drum, and stationary means arranged to )roject into the successive compartments during the rotation of the drum, to remove the bottles.

7. In a machine of the type set forth, a drum having a plurality of bottle containing compartments, means for rotating the drum, and means for removing the bottles from the compartments during the rotation of the drum, said compartments being arranged helically of said drum for feed-ing the bottles gravitally toward said removing means.

8. In a machine of the type set forth, a drum having a plurality of bottle containing compartments, means for feeding bottles thereinto, means for actuating said drum and said feeding means, and means arranged to project into the compartments during the actuation of the drum to remove the bottles.

9. In a machine of the type set forth, a drum having a plurality of open-ended separate bottle containing compartments, ar-

ranged helically With respect thereto, means for rotating the drum to feed the bottles in each compartment gravitally toward one end thereof, and a member arranged adjacent each end of the drum to prevent the bottles from falling out of said compartments.

10. In a machine of the type set forth, a drum having a plurality of separate bottle containing compartments arranged helically With respect thereto, a member arranged adjacent one end of -said drum and provided With an exit for the bottles, and means for rotating said drum to feed the bottles in each compartment gravitally toward said member.

11. In a machine of the type set forth, a drum having a plurality of separate bottle containing compartments, means for feeding bottles thereinto, additional means for removing bottles therefrom, and means for rotating said drum, said compartments being arranged helically of the drum to constantly feed the bottles, in each compartment, gravitallv toward said removing means.

12. In a machine of the class set forth, a drum having a plurality of separate compartments each adapted to contain a row of bottles, and means for rotating said drum, said compartments being arranged helically of the drum to feed the row of bottles in each compartment gravitally tovvard one end thereof.

13. In a machine of the type set forth, a drum comprising a shaft, a casting secured to said shaft, a plurality of helically-arranged division plates radially projecting from said casting, and means for spacing said plates apart, to form separate helically arranged compartments.

141. In a machine of the type set forth, a drum comprising a shaft, a plurality of castings secured to said shaft, a plurality of helically-arranged division plates radially projecting from said casting-means for securing the inner edges of said division plates to said castings, means secured to the outer edges of said division plates for spacing same apart, strips secured to said casting between said division plates for engaging the mouth of the bottle, and strips secured to said spacing means for engaging the bottom of the bottle.

15. In a machine of the type set forth, a drum, means for dividing said drum into a plurality of helically arranged compartments, means for engaging the mouths of the bottles, means for engaging the bottoms of said bottles, and each end of said drum being provided vvith a plate to prevent said bottles from falling out of said compartments.

16. In a machine of the type set forth, a tank, a drum revoluble in said tank and having a plurality of helically arranged compartments, a plate secured to said tank adj acentthe receiving end of said drum and having an opening therethrough, a plate secured to said tank adjacent the delivery end of said drum, means for automatically feeding the bottles into said compartments through said opening in the first-mentioned plate, means for automatically delivering said bottles from said compartments through said opening in said second-mentioned plate, and means for revolving said drum.

17. In a machine of the type set forth, a tank, a drum having a plurality of helically arranged compartments aiid revolubly mounted in said tank, means for feeding the bottles into said compartments, hooks adapted to remove said bottles from said compartments, and means for revolving said drum.

18. In a machine of the character described, the combination of a tank, a drum having a plurality of helically arranged compartments and revolubly mounted in said tank, a member secured to said tank adjacent the receiving end of said drum and having an entrance for the bottles, a member secured to said tank adjacent the delivery end of said drum and having an eXit for said bottles, feeding mechanism adjacent said ent-rance, means secured adjacent said exit for removing said bottles from said drum, and means for revolving said drum and actuating said feeding mechanism.

19. In a machine of the character described, the combination of a tank, a drum having a plurality of helically arranged compartments and revolubly mounted in said tank, a plate adjacent one end of said drum and having an entrance for the bottles, an incline secured to said tank adjacent said entrance, a shaft supported above said incline by said plate and bearing feeding means, and means for revolving said drum and said shaft.

20. In a machine of the character described, the combination of a tank, a drum having a plurality of helically arranged compartments and revolubly mounted in said tank, means` for revolving said drum, means for automatically feeding the bottles into said compartments, a plate adjacent one end of said drum and having an exit for said bottles, a plurality of hooks secured to said plate and adapted to remove said bottles from said compartments, and an incline secured to said tank and adapted to receive said bottles as they are delivered from said drum.

21. In a machine of the character described, the combination of a tank, an operating shaft, a drum secured to said operating shaft and having a plurality of helically arranged compartments, said drum Vbeing adapted to be revolved in said tank, a plate secured to said tank adjacent one end of said drum and having an entrance for the bottles, an incline sloping upwardly from said entrance and supported by said tank, a shaft supported by said plate and having radiallyprojecting plates secured thereto, a beveled pinion secured to one end of said shaft, a

eveled gear secured to said operating shaft and meshing with said beveled pinion, a drive shaft, a worm on said drive shaft, a gear wheel on said operating shaft meshing "with said worm, means for driving said drive shaft, a plate adjacent the other end of said drum and having an exit for said bottles, a plurality of hooks secured to said plate and adapted to remove said bottles from said drum, and an incline secured to said tank andadapted to receive said bottles as they are delivered from said drum.

22. In a machine of the type set forth, a shaft, a casting mounted thereon, a plurality of radially-projecting plates secured to said casting, a plurality of strips helically arranged and secured to said plates, each two adjacent ends of said plates being connected by a plate, a strip secured to said connecting plate for engaging the bottoms of the bottles, and a strip ,secured to said castings between said radially-projecting plates for engaging the mouths of the bottles.

23. In a machine of the type set forth, a shaft, a plurality of castings mounted thereon, each of said castings having a plurality of radially-projecting plates secured thereto, a plurality of strips secured to said radiallyprojecting plates and helically arranged about said casting, a plurality of connecting plates, each of said connecting plates being secured to each two adjacent radiallyprojecting plates, a plurality of strips secured to said connecting -plates for engaging the bottoms of the bottles, and a plurality of strips secured to said castings between said plates for engaging the mouths of said bottles. j

24. In a machine of the type set forth, a tank having a hand-hole, means for closing said hand-hole, a drain cock, a drum having a plurality of helically arranged compartments, and revolubly mounted in said tank, means for automatically feeding bottles into said drum, means for automatically removing said bottles from said drum, and means for actuating said drum and said feeding means.

25. In a machine of the type set forth, a

j tank containing a cleansing solution, a drum having a plurality of helically arranged compartments and revoluble in said drum, an incline adjacent one end of said drum, means for automatically feeding the bottles from said incline into said drum, means for automatically removing said bottles from said drum at the other end thereof, an incline adapted to receive said bottles as they are removed from said drum,l and means for rotating said drum and actuating said feeding means.

In testimony whereof I have affixed my signature in presence of two witnesses.

HERMANN KRAUSE. Witnesses:

GLADYS WAL'roN, EDNA J. GocKEL. y

Referenced by
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US4844232 *Apr 28, 1988Jul 4, 1989Werner HunzikerInstallation for the surface treatment of workpieces
US6622064Mar 27, 2001Sep 16, 2003Imx Labs, Inc.Nail polish selection method
US6672341Sep 18, 2002Jan 6, 2004Imx Labs, Inc.Apparatus and method for custom cosmetic dispensing
US6779686May 13, 2003Aug 24, 2004Imx Labs, Inc.Point-of-sale body powder dispensing system
US6883561Nov 18, 2003Apr 26, 2005Imx Labs, Inc.Apparatus and method for custom cosmetic dispensing
US7082970Jul 27, 2004Aug 1, 2006Bartholomew Julie RApparatus and method for custom cosmetic dispensing
US7099740Jan 12, 2004Aug 29, 2006Bartholomew Julie RNail polish color selection system
US7121429May 18, 2004Oct 17, 2006Bartholomew Julie RPoint-of-sale body powder dispensing system
US7395134Aug 18, 2006Jul 1, 2008Cosmetic Technologies, L.L.C.Nail polish color selection system
US7410615Jan 17, 2003Aug 12, 2008Perkinelmer Las, Inc.Precision liquid dispensing system
US7475710Jul 27, 2006Jan 13, 2009Bartholomew Julie RApparatus and method for custom cosmetic dispensing
US7624769Nov 7, 2005Dec 1, 2009Cosmetic Technologies, L.L.C.Automated customized cosmetic dispenser
US7822504Jun 3, 2008Oct 26, 2010Cosmetic Technologies, L.L.C.Nail polish color selection system
US8017137Jul 18, 2005Sep 13, 2011Bartholomew Julie RCustomized retail point of sale dispensing methods
US8141596Dec 22, 2008Mar 27, 2012Cosmetic Technologies LlcApparatus and method for custom cosmetic dispensing
US8158083Jul 8, 2008Apr 17, 2012Perkinelmer Health Sciences, Inc.Precision liquid dispensing system
US8186872Nov 5, 2009May 29, 2012Cosmetic TechnologiesAutomated customized cosmetic dispenser
US8352070Sep 17, 2010Jan 8, 2013Cosmetic Technologies, LlcNail polish color selection system
US8573263Feb 23, 2012Nov 5, 2013Cosmetic Technologies, LlcApparatus and method for custom cosmetic dispensing
US8608371May 11, 2012Dec 17, 2013Cosmetic Technologies, LlcAutomated customized cosmetic dispenser
US8636173Aug 23, 2006Jan 28, 2014Cosmetic Technologies, L.L.C.Point-of-sale body powder dispensing system
Classifications
Cooperative ClassificationB08B3/042