US 968481 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
P. A. KESSLER.
COTTAGE 0R TENT HOUSE.
APPLICATION rum A1 B.14,-1910.
Patented Aug. 23,1910.
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P. A. KBSSLER. COTTAGE on TENT HOUSE. APPLIOATION FILED APR.14, 1910.
Patented Aug. 23, 1910.
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P. A. KESSLER.
COTTAGE 0R TENT HOUSE.
APPLICATION FILED APR. 14, 1910.
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PHILIP A. KE'SSLER, OF GHICAGO, ILLINOIS.
COTTAGE R TENT-HOUSE.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Aug. 23, 1910.
Application filed April 14, 1910.. Serial No. 555,376.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, PHILIP A. KEssLER, a citizen of the United States, residing at Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Cottages or Tent-Houses, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates particularly to cottages or tent houses adapted for the use of invalids; and my rimary object is to provide a structure of the character indicated which is capable of being manufactured at moderate cost, which may be readily shipped in knock-down condition and erected with facility, and which has improved facilities for ventilation, enabling the patient to breathe the outdoor atmosphere, while his body is amply protected, and a room is afforded by the construction which may, if desired, be kept at a warmer temperature than is the chamber in which the patients head is located when he is lying on the cot or bed provided.
The invention is illustrated in its preferred embodiment in the accompanying drawings, in which- Figure 1 represents a broken side elevational view of a tent-cottage constructed in accordance with my invention; Fig. 2, a broken Vertical sectional view taken as indicated at line 2 of Fig. 7 and showing the adjustable ceiling cloth or fabric employed at that end of the structure in which the patients head is located when he occupies the cot or bed provided; Fig. 3, a broken horizontal sectional view taken as indicated at line 3 of Fig. 2; Fig. 4, a section similar to Fig. 2 and showing a portion of the ceiling cloth retracted or rolled up to place what I will term the head chamberin ventilating communication with the ventilated attic of the structure; Fig. 5, a broken central vertical section taken as indicated at line of Fig. 7; Fig. 6, a view of the entrance end of the tent-cottage, portions of the canvas-covering being shown broken away to disclose the screen beneath; and Fig. 7, a transverse vertical section taken as indicated at line 7 of Fig. 1.
In the preferred construction which is illustrated, the invention comprises a substantially rectangular structure A surmounted by a roof A and divided into a main chamber A and a head ohamber'A, the arrangement and construction being such as will now be described in detail.
The structure A comprises a frame 2 which may be of any suitable knock-down construction; side panels 3, 4 and 5 applied to said frame-work; ventilation doors 6 disposed above the panels 3 and arranged opposite each other; end-panels 7, 7 covering the frame-work 2 at one end of the structure from the bottom to near the top thereof; a window or ventilation door 8 disposed above the panels 7 and extending crosswise of the structure; a door 9 forming one panel at the opposite end of the structure and having mounted therein a window 10; and a panel 11 adjacent the door 9 and surmounted by a window 12.
The frameworkincludes sills 13 supporting a floor- 14, and also includes uprights or scantlings 15 to which the panels are secured. Each panel comprises a suitable frame 16 having applied thereto wire netting 17 and a canvas-covering 18.
The ventilating doors 6 are preferably composed of frames 19 covered by screen 20 and canvas 21, said doors being preferably mounted in upward extensions 22 of the frames of the panels 3, being secured thereto by hinges 23.
lVithin the structure may be located a bed or cot 24 whose head is located in the chamber A and whose main portion extends into the chamber A-. The chamber A rated from the chamber A by a canvas partition or curtain 25 which depends from the ceiling of the structure and is slitted from its bottom edge upwardly to the height of is sepathe top of the bed, so as to form a flap 26 adapted to lie on the bed or beneath the top cover thereof, and a flap 27 adapted to extend to the floor atthe side of the bed.
The window or closure 8 is attached by hinges 28 at its upper edge, and is adapted to swing outwardly and upwardly. The panels 7 are covered by screen and canvas, as are the side panels of the structure. The panel 11 is covered by screen and canvas, as is also that portion of the door 9 which is beneath the window 10. As above indi cated, the window.10 is set in the upper portion of the door frame. The window 12 is mounted in an upward extension 29 of the frame of the panel 11, said window 12 being attached at its upper edge by hinges 30. The door frame is carried by hinges 31.
As a part of the frame-work 2, there are employed at the top thereof horizontallydisposed members 32 upon which the roof A is mounted. The transverse members 32 are connected with the longitudinal members 32 by straps 33 having threaded extensions equipped with nuts.
The roof A is made collapsible, and comprises a pair of base frames 34 which are connected at their lower sides at the center of the structure by hinges 35 having longitudinally-disposed pintles; inclined frames 36 which meet at the ridge of the structure and which have their lower edges connected, by hinges 37, having longitudinally-disposed pintles, to the outer longitudinal members 38 of the base-frames 34; and removable members or uprights 39 which support the inclined frames 36 on the base frames 34. The meeting members of the inclined frames 36 may be connected by clips or irons 40 which are removably secured in place by screws 41. Over each inclined frame 36 is spread a wire netting 42, and over the entire roof is spread a canvas 43. The gables may be covered by screen and canvas 44. As thus described, the roof affords a low attic 45, and at the ends thereof, or in the gables, are provided swinging ventilating windows 46.
In the base frames 34 of the roof are employed outer longitudinal members or boards 47 whose inner edges project past the inner surfaces of the members 32, and to the lower margins of the inner edge portions of said boards 47 are secured tacking strips 48 to which is attached a canvas ceiling 49. A section 50 at that end of the canvas 49 which is disposed above the chamber A is left untacked, that is, is not secured to the tacking strip 48, except at the cross-member 48 thereof. The section 50 of the canvas ceiling is secured to a transversely-disposed movable tacking strip 51 whose ends are provided with headed studs 52 to which are attached cords 53 which extend through eyes 54 secured to the corresponding endframe of the structure, said cords 53 having their free ends connected with coil-springs 55 which are attached to the frame-work of the structure near the curtain or diaphragm 25. The strip 51 may be rolled to wind up the canvas section 50, the springs 55 yielding to permit this action, and the strip, with the canvas wound thereon, may be secured in a retracted position by a strap or straps 56, each of which straps has one end attached to the framework and the other end provided with a slot 57 adapted to hook over a stud 58 carried by the frame-work. One of the doors or ventilating windows 46 of the attic is located practically above the chamber A It will now be understood that a patient may occupy the cot 24 (shown in dotted lines), the patient having his head disposed in the chamber A and his body disposed in the chamber A When the windows or venl. A structure of the character set forth tilating side doors 6 are open, therefore, the patient will be permitted to breath the outdoor atmosphere; and, if desired, the movable ceiling section 50 may be retracted and the ventilating attic windows opened, so that the air will pass upwardly and out through the attic.
In shipping the structure, before erection, the inclined frames 36 of the roof may be folded so as to extend parallel with the base frames 34 of the roof, and the base frames of the roof may be folded about the hinges 35, thus getting the roof into compact form for shipment. When the structure is erected, the plates or boards 47 are secured to the frame-work 2 by straps 59 which are equipped with threaded bolts which extend through the members 47 and are secured by nuts 50.
The foregoing detailed description has been given for clearness of understanding only, and hence no undue limitation is to be understood therefrom, but the appended claims should be construed as broadly as permissible in view of the prior art.
WVhat I regard as new and desire to secure Letters Patent is comprising a main compartment and a head compartment separated by a diaphragm, said head compartment having a pair of lateral ventilating windows disposed opposite each other.
2. A structure of the character set forth comprising a main compartment and a head compartment separated by a diaphragm, said head compartment having oppositely located lateral ventilating windows, and an attic chamber disposed above said firstnamed chambers and separated therefrom by a ceiling, said ceiling having a withdrawable section located above said head chamber, and said attic having a ventilating window therefor.
3. A structure of the character set forth comprising a main chamber and a head chamber separated therefrom by a dia phragm, means for ventilating said head chamber, an attic chamber disposed above said chambers and separated therefrom by a ceiling having a flexible withdrawable section disposed above said head chamber, said attic being equipped with ventilating means.
4. A structure of the character set forth comprising a main chamber and a head chamber separated from each other by a flexible diaphragm depending from the ceiling and slitted from its lower edge upwardly to a height corresponding approximately with the height of a bed, and an attic chamber disposed above said first-named chambers and separated therefrom by a ceiling.
5. A structure of'the character set forth comprising a main frame, panels applied thereto comprising frames and fabrics applied thereto, a diaphragm dividing said structure into a main chamber and a head chamber, an attic chamber disposed above said first-named chambers and covered with fabric, a ceiling fabric separating said attic chamber from said first-named chambers, and means for ventilating said head chamber.
6. A structure of the character set forth comprising a frame and side and end panels, and a folding roof comprising a pair of base frames supported on said first-named frame and hinged together at the center of the structure to permit them to be folded to bring their lower surfaces together, and a pair of inclined frames hinged to the outer longitudinal members of said base frames, for the purpose set forth.
PHILIP A. KESSLER. In presence of J. G. ANDERSON, R. A. SCHAEFER.