US 969173 A
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J. 'L. LOOSE. FOOD PRODUCT. 'APPLIUATIO'N'FILED AUG. 26, 1909.
Pat'i'ianted Sept. 6,1910;
witnesses Inventor M 9 Jacob L.Z0ose gflttfyap UNITED TE OFFICE.
JACOB L. LOOSE, OF KANSAS CITY, MISSOURI, ASSIGNOR TO LOOSE-WILES BISQUI'I COMPANY, KANSAS CITY, MISSOURI, A CORPORATION OF MISSOURI.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Ratented'tlept, 6, 1910.
' 1 Application filed August 26. 1909. Serial No. 514,701.
may be readily separated into smaller por tions of predeterminate size and outline.
Int-he accompanyiup drawing, Figure 1, in perspective, illustrates a biscuit made in accordance with my invention; and Fig. 2, a section on the dotted line 2-2.
Referring to the drawing, the biscuit B may be of desired size, outline and material, made up and baked in usual manner. My invention, however, is particularly useful in- COIIIIBCthHl with'biseuits of a crisp nature which, when broken in usual manner, are
likely to separate along irregular lines and into many pieces of varying and usually small size.
As illustrated in the drawing, the biscuit '30 is thin and of rectangular and approxi mately square ,outiine witlr'its corners cut away as, for instance, along the straight inclined lines 3. To this extent the biscuit does, and may, resemble biscuits now on the market and well-known to all users, In accordance with my invention, the biscult is provided at opposite points with oppositely and outwardly facing marginal notches 4, the side edgesof which refer- 40 ably correspond in length, angle an character with the inclined corner lines 3, to
t' e biscnifihfter separation, as will be described. These opposite notches 4t are connected across thebiseuit by a broken or interrupted zone of weakness 5, which,- in conjunction with the breaking notches, form ageneral though interrupted breaking.line along which the biscuit may be broken or .5 separated into a predetermined number .of
'parts, herein two, indicated at Z), b,- ea,cl1 of predeterinincd outline and dimensions, As herein shown the zone of weakness is along a-diametrical line, so that the resulting biscuit partsare thesame size and shape. The
nd syinrnet-ry to the individual parts of zone of weakness 5 preferably does not err-- tend entirely through the biscuit from one to the opposite face thereof, but suliiciently, to insure rupture or separation along such line while leaving a thin connecting fin or film-like bondtl, shown in section (Fig. 2), I
as positioned about mid thickness of the hiscuit, to assist in retaining the separable parts 6, b of the biscuit in unitary form at all times prior to intentional separation into itsypossible predetermined pa rts. Said filmlike bond 6 is so thin that when the biscuii is broken, the edges ot-i'he biscuit parts fi'irmerly joined by said bond present substantially smooth and unbroken surfaces, thus simulating original unbroken biscuits.
The line of weakness?) has been referred to as interrupted 1' This is because, in accordance with my invention, the separable parts I), I) are joined across said line of Weakness by connecting bars 7; herein shown as live in munber. Said bars span the bond and present an unbrokensurface thereto and n'ierge' into the bodies-of the biscuit pants at opposite sides of and substantially,
remote from the zone of weakness, so as to afl'ord strengthening,- bridge-like members of. substantial length. These connecting bars, 'of which the endinost are preferably the larger, serve to bind or unite the separable parts 6. I) firmly together and permanently, so far as concerns the ordinary handling of the asmc in the course of manufacture, shipping and serving. If, however,
the biscuit be taken in the, hands, and the thumbs placed against one face and near to but at opposite sides of said line of weakness, and the outer edges bent. backward from the opposite face by the fore and middle fingers,-the said connecting bars readily break at or in the vicinity of the zone of weakness, and the thin connecting fin or film-like bond 6 also readily gives Way, permit-ting the two biscuit parts- Z1, Z1 ,to-sep- 'arate along a'elea'n and welldefined line,- without objectionable fragments or crumbs,
the separated parts themselves presenting outlines of predetermined certainty and dimension, all the edges of which appear substantially unbroken, so that an original, unbroken biscuit is'simulated. The marginal notches, while adding to the symmetry-of "the separated parts individually considered,
serve also to insure a clean separation at the margin of the biscuit, where otherwise would most likely occur a rugged and irregular bi'eak lx" The number of transccting, interrupted lines of weakness with their terminal notches may be varied, as well as the direction of the same, according to the number and outline of parts into which is desiral "the unitaryhisc it shall be divisible.
Biscuits made in a'ccordfi nce With myv in vention are particularly adapted for sale in bulk or in packages. because the relatively large dimensions of the unitary articles permit. them to be easily andconveniently handled, yet when they have been served to the consumer they maybe readily separated into the smallerparts, for convenient eating, without, as stated, the formation of objectionable fragments or crumbs.
1. As an article of commercial food, a unitary, thin, substantially rectangular biscuit provided with a substantially dianietrical breaking zone of weakness forn'iing separabl ef'su bst'an tial-ly equa hbiscu it parts, said bridge-like members of substantial length, said breaking zone terminating in open, marginal, breaking notches 4 to provide smooth corners for the segregated biscuit parts, said film-like bond being of such thinness that when ln-oken, the edges of said biscuit parts fornu-rly joined by said bond, present substantially smooth or unbroken surfaces, thus simulating original, unbroken biscuits.
2. As an article of commercial food, a unitary. thin biscuit provided with a transecting, breaking zone of weakness forming Sepvsable biscuit parts, said breaking zone consisting of a film-like bond and a series of reinforcing, connecting bars spanning said film-like bond ahdresenting an unbroken surface thereto, Slllt bars merging into the bodies of said biscuit parts at opposite sides of and substantiall remote from said zone of weakness, so as to afford strengthening, bridge-like members of substantial length, said lihn-like bond being ofsuch thinness that when broken, the edges of said biscuit: parts formerly joined by said bond, present substantially smooth or unbroken surfaces,
thus simulating original, unbroken biscuits. In testimony whereof, I have signed my name to this specification, in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
JACtHt L. LOOSE. 'itnesses:
(n.tuxcm' P. l ux'rox, Funmcnu'u ll. Emma: