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Publication numberUS975940 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 15, 1910
Filing dateJan 29, 1910
Priority dateJan 29, 1910
Publication numberUS 975940 A, US 975940A, US-A-975940, US975940 A, US975940A
InventorsCharles L Fetterly
Original AssigneeKilmarnock Textile Mfg Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Woven fabric.
US 975940 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)


Paiu-mtedlv Nov. 15, 1910] 2 SHEETS-SHEET 1.




Patented NOV. 15, 1910.


' To all; whom it may concern;

' cation.


I name oo,

Be it known that I, CHARLES L. FET- TERLY, a citizen of the United States, residing in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, have invented certain Improvements in Woven Fabrics, of which the following is a specifi- My invention relates to certain improve ments in woven fabrics, but more particularly'to the class of fabrics known as Scotch art squares which are reversible and particularly adapted for floor coverings.

order toproduce the raised effect.

i 1 Another object is prominently raised panying drawings, in

It is, therefore one of the objects invention to produce afabric of the mentioned class that of my above will: have its desi n. oneach face, and 1ts ground weave well bound and durable.

to obtain variable heightsof the raised design in the same fabric. i I

These b'ects I attain in ithe following manner, re erence being had to which Figure 1, is a transverse sectional view through the *warp of a three-ply, three color fabric produced'in accordance with my invention;-'Fig. 2 is a section through the weft, taken on the line w-a Fig. 1; Fig. 3, is a section throu h, theweft, taken'on the line Ix-b Fig. 1; ig. 4;',is a diagrammatic perspective view of one form of my invention, the threadsbei'ng separated to clearly show their functions and arrangement;

the accom- C Fig. '5, is a diagrammatic transverse secj tional-view through the weft'of a four-ply ply fabric and 1 verse sectional fabric; sectional vlew through the weft of a fourshowing a in'odifiedform of *7, is a diagrammatic transview through the weft of a fourply' fabric showing three forms of blndlng; Fig.

binding; Fig. 8, is a diagrammatic transverse sectional view through the weft of a three-ply fabric showing.

a modified form of binding;

Referring to the drawings, (Figs. 1 to 4 inclusive) 1, 2- and 3 are threads only when scribed hereinafter.

4 sitioned as 6, is adiagrammatic transverse.

raised design on binders, are shown in heavy woven FABRIC.

figuring Weft threads of large diameter; binder warps which operate alternately to chain-bind from'surface-to surface, all the wefts in every shed; 7 and warps for binding and tying-1n the weft they are forming the ground weave, as shown at aand 00' .(Figs. 1, 2 and 3) but which do not bind portions of weft threads that are brought to the surface to produce the raised design" as shown at 3 and (Figs. 1, 2 and 3) an 9, 10, 11 and 12 are the stufl'er war s which 8 are auxiliary anama; 15, 1910.

5 and 6 are or tie any.

are arranged in a manner which w1ll be de-' I The arrangement of the warps as they come through the reed,is such that; alternate slits contain four threads each, namely, auxiliary binder 7 a stufier 9, and a stufi'er I0, and the intervening slits also contain four t eads each, namely, a chain binder 6,

an auxiliary binder 8, a stufl'er 11 and a stufier 12. In the weaving of the fabric the chain binder warps 5 and 6 are raised and lowered alternately to bindeach group of weft threads, as clearly shown in Fig. 4. The auxiliary binder war s 7 and 8 are opa chain binder 5, an

erated alternately" "'y t e jacquard, but

never bind a weft when the latter is made to form a part of the raised design. The

stuifer wargs serve to bring the proper Wefts into t e design and run through the fabric adjacent the surface picks; being p0- previously mentioned in the drawing-1n arrangement, and as clearly shown in Figs. 1 and 4.. Thus, by employing weft threads of great diameter; bindmg the ground weave by the auxiliary binder warp 7 and 8; tying portions of the weftsformlng the raised design and POSI- tioning the stutter warps as specified, Ihave prod'uceda fabric that is durable and which has its design well defined and raised above the ground, as clearly shown in Figs. 1, 2 and 3 at 3/ and y.

-I have shown (Figs. 2 and 3) how the auxiliary threads operate when making a change from the raised design to the ground on upper surface and from ground to the the lower surfaces. The point of change is indicated at Z andthe wefts, as they are bound by the auxil ary I dark stipplmg. Fig. 5, I have shown In thejmodification,

wefts, 1, 2, 3 and 4,

a case of four color 'By weaving a fabric as shown in Fig. 7

415 drawing, or on the same face,-as would be stood that a fabric constructed in accorde rEJ Woven on each face. and formedgby portions of the weft threads that project beyond the portions of the weft threads which form the 4 ground weave, the same consisting of three or more plies of fi ring weft threads of large diameter, stu er warps directly-adjawhere the auxiliary binders '7 and 8 bindtwo wefts to form the ground. In this case I the ply ,of weft directly beneath each surface assists in forming the raised design, as 5 do also the stufier warps between them.

i Fig. 6, shows a case where, in a four color fabric, the auxiliary warp binds three of the wefts, and the raised design is produced'em tirely by the outer surface wefts.

I cent the' surface wefts, an auxiliary warpfor binding two or more plies of weft and so st'uifer warps to form the ground weave,

and a chain binder warp for bindingthe raised design to the ground ,weave.

2. A'woven fabric especially adapted as'a floor covering and having a raised design on each face, the same consisting of three or;

more series of figdring weft threads of large diameter, stufier warps directly adjacent the surface wefts, an'auxi1iary warp forbind-v ing two or more wefts and stufierwarps be-' tween them in each shed to form the ground I weave, and a chain binder warp for tying,

to the ground weave, portions of the wefts 1 which form the raised design,

- 3. A woven fabric especially adapted as a L floor covering and having a raised design on each face, the same consisting of threeor more series of figuring weft threads of large J diameter, stuffer warps directly-adjacent the surface wefts, an auxiliary warp for bind-40' ing two or more wefts and stuffer warps'between them in each shed to form the ground weave, and a chain binder warp for tying, to the ground weave, the portions of-weft which form theraised design and the stuifer"75. warps when they are adjacent the raised de- Intestimony whereof, I have signed my naine to this specification, in the presence of two subscribcitng witnesses.


where the auxiliary warps bind yariable numbers of the wefts I -btain various heights, in the raised design, either on opposite faces of the fabric, as shown in the the case if Figs. 5 and 6 were combined to. form one fabrlc. a The three-ply fabric shownat Fig. 8 has a the stuffer warp stitching the middle ply of 20 wefts, thereby creating a sound body of the tying in of the wefts. v v Fabrics of this class have heretofore been. constructed where the outer surface wefts were, stitched by extra warp, when forming 5 the design ground, but as there was no tying "in orbind'm'g, their extra threads soon became loose and o no avail. In my fabric, -on the contrary, t e'auxiliary warps alwaysbind and tie in at least two 'weft' threads, 30 which have stufi'ers passing between them; a the action and result being that the wefts naturally tend to expand and spring apart, and in sodoin'g also tend to keep the auxiliary warps tight. Thus it will be underance' with my invention possesses all the possibilities of the art square fabric desi and in addition allows the design to. if;

clearly brought out in a well defined .raised 40 effect from a durable ground weave. Witnesses: I cla1m:- WM.E. SHUPE, 1. ,A fabric having a raised design inter-' 'WM. A, BARR.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2893442 *Mar 1, 1954Jul 7, 1959Genin PaulReinforcing woven materials for making laminated articles
US2925098 *Jul 26, 1955Feb 16, 1960Gentex CorpBallistic fabric
US4080915 *Jun 22, 1976Mar 28, 1978Commissariat A L'energie AtomiqueMethod of and apparatus for the production of bodies or parts of three-dimensional fabric
US4854352 *Jun 6, 1988Aug 8, 1989J. B. Martin CompanyTextile fabrics having a plurality of warp and filling layers and attendant method of making
US5154965 *Jan 18, 1991Oct 13, 1992Scapa Group PlcDeformable fabric for composite materials
US6367513 *Dec 2, 1997Apr 9, 2002Intertape Polymer GroupPololefin scrims of woven superimposed tapes
Cooperative ClassificationD03D11/00