US 976001 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
E. D. SCHMITT.
BRILIZING AND TEMPERING GLASS VESSBLS. v APPLmMoN FILED Nov. 1.8, 1909.
APPARATUS PoR sT Patented Nov'. 15
Y Tempermg ,UNrrED STATES PATENT onirica.
EDWARD D. SCHMITT, or` BALrrIMonE, MARYLAND, AssIGNoiaBv 'manor aan) MESNE ASSIGNMENTS, TO THE PURE FOOD PRQCSS COMPANY, OF BALTIMORE, MARYLAND,
-A130IRPORATI0N 0F MARYLAND.
l Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Nov. 15,1910;
application med lNovemlwr 1s, 1909. serial N0. 528,784'.
To all it may concern.' Be it known that I. EDWARDD; Scm'u'rr,
a citizen of the United States, residingat Baltimore city, State of Maryland, have invented certain new and useful Improve ments in' lpparatus for Sterilizing and lass Vessels, of which the followlng is a specification. f
The invention relates to improvements in apparatus for sterilizing glass vessels, and.
for tempering the same, so as to prepare or vcondition them to withstand, without cracking: orA breaking, theexceedingly high temperature required in processing foodproducts.
In packing food-products in glass vessels, it is necessary or advisable, from a sanitary standpoint, to sterilize the-vessels, and also to temper thenr in order to eliminate thel danger of cracking or 4breaking during the act of" processing, hence the chief object of the invention is to provide an apparatus, whereby thev vesselsmay be subjected to zones of gradually increasing degrees of heat, 'the passage through the first heat-zone being amply suiicient toA .thoroughly sterilize the vessels, 'while the passage through the remaining'heatzones'will properly tem- A per or condition said vessels, so that they will withstand, as before stated, the excessive heatv incident to the processing or. cooking step.
To' thisV end theuin'vention consists-'chieiy in arranging within a suitable jacket or casing,a number of Specially constructed cha1n' bers vforming heating-zones; a suitable' carrier for conveying the vessels, to be treated,` -through the several chambers and zones, and
meansforlsupplying heat to the zones, the
heat? inthe successive zones beingl gradually .increased from'a moderateto a high heat,
s o that in' Vpassing through fthe first zone, the
vvessels will be subjected to a certain degreev 'of-heat, and -in passing through the remaining zones, they will bel subjected to graduallysincreasing degrees of heat, each succeeding zone being at a higher temperature than the-preceding-one, so that when the vessels 4have 'been 4subjected to the higher def v fgree-ofheat inthe last' zone, they will be. .vproperlytemp'eredi or conditioned to with- 'glsta'nd the excessive heat to which they will cracking or breaking,
'be subjected in the processing step, Without-p4 In the drawing: Figure 1 isa ytop lplan view ofthe apparatus, a'portion'of the caslng or jacket being broken away, 'showing the arrangement of the heat-supply-pipes relative to the .deiector-plat'es within` the u meral l indicates a suitable base or table supported upon intermediate legs 2,2 and end legs 3, 3'.. Suitably journaled in the respective end .legs are wheels4, around which is arrangedto travel an endless conveyerlbelt 5, adapted to support and convey the vessels lengthwise through -tlie apparatus.'
Mounted upon the 'table is a'casmg orjacket 6 which vextends approximately the entire length of the table, leaving at each end a short platform 7 from which may be handled thevessels. A heat-supply-pipe 8, preferably steam, is arranged on each side of the casing or jacket, the two pipes being connected together by a transverse pipe 11. The-end of one of the pipes Sis adapted to be connected '.with a suitable source of steam or other heat-supply, and a valve 9 is provided for turning on and` cutting oif the supply of heat.- The end of the'other pipe 8 is closed by a plug 10. Leading from each supply-pipe'S area number of jet supply-pipes 12, which, projecting through the sides of the casing,have their inner ends inclined toward ,the outer .or exitend of said casing. Each jetlpipe is provided with a needlei valve to control or regulate the inflow of heat, preferably steam."
'rality of chambers'by delector-plates 13,
which areA arranged adjacent to thejet-pipes,
and extend from the top to the bottom of the casing. Each deflector-plate is provided with la longitudinal extension 14, .against which the' heating-fluid from the jet-pipes is projected, and prevented from coming into immediate, vdirect contact .with the vessels.
l ,The outer or rear end of the casing is pro- .Y
. 25 nection with each inlet pipe,
-, same amount ofl steaiir, and that '1.0 ity, while `the others quicker and more intense l one-halt ot the distance at the Sametime, it
vided i a suitable stack 15, through which the heating-Huid, after passing through the various chambers,.is allowed to escape. v
It will ybe observed that the first two jets on cachiside ot the apparatus are of the same capacity or size, being,y adapted to admit the the followare ofthe same capac- 'toward the end of the thus providing a heat at the'icai portion ot the apparatus, than that which the jars must endure in ,traveling thelirst through the jacket. The arrangement of the detlectors within the jacket and the construction of the detiec'tors prevents the steam from coming into immediate direct contact with the jars, while ing two on each side jacket increase in size,
about a complete circulation and comparatively uniform 1 zone.
l refer to einplpy the valves 12 in conso that the heat supplied at any particular part of the jacket, may be regulated to a great nicety.
Suitably connected to the traine ot the apparatus is a drain trough 17 which extends the entire length ot the jacket and throughV which the. water of condensation -r passes lto the drain pipe 1G. It will be noted that this drain trough is inclined so that the water cannot' accumulatein the trough.
` l Having thus fully described myinvention,
j f a plurality of chambers,
ada ted to convey the jars 40 ing at the other,
scribed,'comprising a 7 what l claim is:
1. An apparatus ot the character de scribed, comprising a suitable jacket having i aninl'et opening at one end and an exit openand having a series of defccting plates therein extending' from the bottoni to the top of said jacket and forming an endless conveyor passing between said d eiecting plates and from one end ot the jacket to the other, means tor supplying heat to said chambers to which the jars are subjected in passing through the jacket.
2. A n apparatus ot the character desuitable jackethaving an entrance opening at one end and an exit opening at theother, a plurality ot deilcctifng plates within the jacket and extending rom 5,5 forming heat chambers, an endless conveyer entrance opening of the j passing between said detlecting plates and adapted to convey the jars through the jacket, means chambers in an increasing of the character dee *i5 opening-at the other, alseries of deiiecting ing at the other, a
conveyer j so directs it as to bring f temperature within each trance opening to the the bottom to the top thereof` andy suitable jacket having l `diate contact with the jars,
aranci plates extending from the bottom to the top of said jacket, an endless conveyer passing between. said the jars troin'theentrance to the exitend of saidjacket, a steam pipe connected with said jacket and having ,a pluralityoi* jet pipes extending into the jacket adjacent to plates, and adapted to convey the d'etlecting plates, whereby heat'is supplied to the chambers within the jacket.
4C. An apparatus of the character de scribed, comprising a jacket having an entrance opening at one end and an exit openj plurality ot' detiecting plates within the jacket andextending from the bottoni to the top thereof and dividing the jacket into heat chambers, an endless passing between the deflecting plates and adapted to convey the jars trom one end ot the jacket to the other` a steam pipe on each side of the jacket having a pluralityjof jet'pipes connected therewith and extending into the jacket adjacent to the deliectingu plates, jet pipes increasing in size 'from the entrance opening to the Aexitopening whereby an increasing quantity ot heating fluid is fed into the jacket from the enexit opening, thus providing a series ot different heat Zones. through which the jars pass. v
5. An apparatus of the character described, comprising a suitable jacket having a pluralityof defiecting plates, said deflector-plates converging toward each other and dividing the jacket into a number ot chambers, a suitable conveyer passing through said jacket and adapted to convey the jars from one end of the jacket to the' other, means for supplying hcatyin an increasing degree from one end ot the jacket to the other, whereby the jars will be carriedby the conveyer through different zones ot heat increasing in intensity trom one end ot thc jacket. to the other, whereby the jars are sterilized and gradually heated or tempered, to condition them to receive the uc'ts.
G. An apparatus ot the character described, comprising a jacket haring a plu rality of deicctor plates thereinextending from the bottom to the top of said jacket and dividing the jacket into chambers, said detlector plates being inclined toward the exit opening ot the jacketV and provided with longitudinally-extending inner end portions, a suitable conveyer passing between said deiiector plates and adapted to convey the jars from one end oi' the jacket to the other., a heat supply pipe-having a plurality of jet pipes extending into the jacket adjacentto the delecting platesiand discharging the heat against the loiigitudt` nal portions of the deflecting plate whereby the incoming hot iiuid is kept out ot imnie said jetfpipes increasing in capacity.y from the entrance to food prodthe exit end of vthe jacket, whereby heat' from the bottom tothe top of said jacket and dividing the jacket into chambers, sai-d deflector plates being inclined toward the exit opening o-the'jacket and provided with longitu dinally-eXtending inner end portions, a suitable conveyerpassing between said de- -llector plates and adapted to convey the jars from one end ofthe jacket to theother, a' heat supply pipe Ahaving a plurality of jet pipes extending -in-to the jacket adjacent to the deflecting plates, and discharging the hot fluid .against thelongitudinal portions of the deflecting plate whereby the incoming hot fluid is kept out of immediate direct con-v tact with the jars, each jet pipe being provided with a controlling' valve, said j et pipes increasing in capacity from the entrance to the exit end of the jacket, whereby heatzones -of varying intensity are produced, increasing from the entrance to the exit end of the jacket.
8. An apparatus of the character described. comprising a suitable jacket divided by oppositely-located, converging detlecting plates into a plurality of successively-ar-4 ranged chambers. a carrier arranged to pass between the deeflctor-plates, and means for supplying heat to the several chambers.
9. An apparatus of the character de-v scribed, comprisin'g a suitable jacket di.
plates, and means for 4supplying heatingv fluid to the several chambers andV discharging the same against said longitudinal ends, 'said heated fluid sodischarged, being prevented from coming into immediate, direct Contact with the vessels.
10. An apparatus of the character de! scribed, comprising a .suitable jacket divided by' oppositely-located, converging deflector-plates into a plurality of successivelyarranged chambers forming Zones of heat, a carrier arranged to travel between th'e deflcctor-jlates, and'. means for supplying heated fluid to the several zones, in increasing quantity from one end of the casing to the other.
1l. An apparatus of the character described, comprising a suitable jacket divided by deliectonplates into a plurality of successively-arranged chambers forming zones of heat, said deflector-plates having' longitudinally-extending ends, a carrier, for supportingl vessels, arranged to travel between the detlector-plates, and means for supplying heated fluid to the several zones, in an increasing quantity from one end of the casing to the other, said hot fluid being discharged against the longitudinal ends and Iby belng so discharged being prevented from coming into immediate, direct contact with the vessels. Y 12. An apparatus of the character described, comprislng a suitable jacket divided by deflector-plates into a plurality of successively -arranged chambers forming zones of heat, said deflectorsplates being arranged at opposite sides of the casingand provided with longitudinallyextended ends, a carrier for supporting vessels arranged to travel between said deflector plates, and means for supplying heatedv fluid to the several zones and discharging-the same againstthe longitudinal ends of the deflector-plates, said heated fluid so discharged being prevented from coming into immediate, directcontact with the vessels. l. 13. An apparatus of the character described, comprising a suitable jacket divided by deflector-plates into a plurality of successively arranged chambers, said deflector-plates being arranged at opposite sides ofthe casing and provided with longitudinally-extended ends, a carrier for supporting vessels, arranged to travel'between said deflector-plates, and means for supplying heated fluid-to theseveral chambers and discharging thev sameagainst the longitudinal ends of said deflectonplates, said heated.
fluid so discharged being prevented from coming into immediate, direct contact with the vessels. g
In testimonyY whereof I aliix 'my signature in presence of two witnesses.
EDWARD I). SCHMITT.
Witnesses FRANCIS S. Macular, FRANK G. BRERETON.