US 977565 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Patented Dec. 6, 1910.
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LUCIEN A. SMITH, 0F DETROIT, MICHIGAN.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Application filed February 10, 1909. Serial No. 477,137.
To all whom fit may concern:
Be it known that I, LUCIEN A. SMITH, a citizen of the United States of America, residing at Detroit, in the county of Vaynel and State of Michigan, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in 1Window-Awnings, of which the following is a specification, reference being had therein to the accompanying drawings.
It is the object of the invention to obtain a construction of awning which forms less of an obstruction to free ventilation than with constructions heretofore employed, and also possessing other advantages as more fully hereinafter set forth.
In the drawings; Figure l is a perspective view of the awning; Fig. 2 is a section longitudinally of one of the tubular bows; Fig. 3 is across section thereof; and Fig. 4 is a plan View of a modified construction. Fig. 5 is a section through a modified construction of bowel frame. Fig. 6 is a longitudinal section through one of the bowed frames shown in Fig. l; Fig. 7 is a similar view through one of the bowed frames of Fig. 4, and Fig. 8 is a section on line J-y of Fig. 7
As commonly constructed, awnings for windows and doors are provided with a hinged U-shaped frame, to which the lower edge of the cloth is attached, and which may be folded upward adjacent to the window casing when the awning is not in use. An objection to such constructions is that in wet weather when the awning is raised the cloth is bunched at the upper part of the window forming a pocket for the accumulation of rain and also interfering with ventilation to the upper portion of the window. Another objection is that in use the whole upper portion of the window is shielded by the awning which also interferes with ventilation. With my improved construction the cloth portion of the awning is withdrawn to the side of the window casing.
which provides free drainage for all the folds and leaves the entire window opening unobstructed. Furthermore, when the awning is in use ventilation is provided at the upper end.
In detail A and B are bow frames which are attached to the window casing and support the upper and lower edges of the awning B. Each of these frames is preferably formed of a tubular rod slotted lonpositioned a slidable member D connected by a pin E which extends out through the slot F, with sleeves Gr slidably arranged upon the tubular frame. The awning cloth is secured to the bow frames by loops or rings so as to be adjusted longitudinally thereof. One end of the awning cloth is connected to the slidable member in any suitable manner and the latter is adjusted longitudmally of the frame by a cord C secured thereto and having its opposite ends passing out through the ends of the bow frame. Thus by drawing upon the cords of the upper and lower bow frames, the cloth may be drawn about the bows to form the desired protection, and when not in use, the awning may be adjusted to one side of the window casing.
The bows A and B may be secured to the window casing in any suitable manner, but, as shown in Fig. 1 are provided with shanks H which detachably engage bracket fittings I permanently secured to the casing. As before stated the opposite ends of the cords C pass outward through the open ends of the bows and may either be passed through apertures in the window casing inside of the building, as indicated in Fig. 2, or may be dropped downward outside of the window, as indicated in Figs. l and 5. Vith either construction, the awning cloth is adjusted by the drawing 0f the cord to any position desired.
In the construction shown in Fig. 4, the cloth is formed in two sections which meet in the center of the bow, and when not in use are drawn to the opposite sides of the casing. To adjust the awning cloths in this latter construction a pair of members E are positioned within the frame and the operating cord for each member has its opposite ends extending out through the ends of the tubular frame, the members E being cut away at E2 to permit the operating cord of the other member E to pass therethrough. This construction has the advantage that one of the sections may at times be opened for light and ventilation, while the other section will furnish the requisite shade.
The upper bow A is more flattened than the lower bow so as to diminish the space between its central portion and the window casing. At the same time, suflicient space is left open to provide ventilation in the upper portion of the window, even when the gitudinally as at F, and within the tube is l awning is in use, and the cloth may be per- Iatented Deo. 6, 1910.
mitted to extend up above the point of its attachment to the bow so as to prevent the entrance of the sun light through this opening.
One advantage of my construction is that the awning may be adjusted to just the proper angle for excluding the sun light without completely Covering the window. This can generally be done for the reason that the house is seldom so located as to have the plane of the window perpendicular to the rays of the sun, and therefore it is only necessary to arrange the shield on one side or the other. Thus much better ventilation is possible than with previous constructions.
As shown in F ig. the bowed frame B is provided with flanges M for attaching it directly to the window casing, and is further provided with a sheave N located in a slot therein and over which the operating cord C passes.
What I claim as my invention is: l. An awning comprising upper and lower hollow slotted bowed frames, the upper frame being bowed to a lesser extent than upon said frames, and means extending subf stantially parallel wlth said fra-mes for adg `iusting the shade.
In testimony whereof I afix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
LUCIEN A. SMITH. lWitnesses NELLIE KINSELLA, IV. J. BELKNAP.