US 979381 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
A. E. OQNERY, JR.
APPLICATION EILEE I'EB.18, 1907. RENEWED MAY 11, 1910.
Patented Dec. 20, 1910.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 1.
ATTORNEYS A. F. GONERY, JR.
SOAP ARTICLE. APPLICATION nun PEB.18, 1907. RENEWED MAY 11, 1910.
Patented Dec. 20, 1910.
2 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
ATTORNEYS UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
ARTHUR F. CONERY, JR., 0F NEWARK, NEW JERSEY.
V SOAP ARTICLE.
description of the same, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the" same.
This invention relates to soap articles; and consists in a soap article adapted for use as a shaving stick and like purposes, said article comprising a plurality of wafers, disks or other thin pieces of soap built up to form a unitary mass or stick lateral strength and stiffness and adapted for use as a whole but with such wafers retaining their individuality and adapted for successive use while still forming a part of such unitary mass; all as more fully hereinafter set forth and as claimed. While other wafers or leaves of other materials may be built up into unitary masses in like manner,
I shall here describe this invention as apy it less well ada ted to the pro plied principally to the manufacture of a soap article, such as a shaving stick.
Shaving sticks as customarily made consist merely of a cylindrical cake of soap. In use, this cake has an end face moistened and rubbed over the face to leave a layer of soap thereon as a preliminary to the production of a coating of lather for shaving. Commercial soaps contain large percentages of water and in a cake of this kind used in this way the soap is more apt to dry out in time than is the case with the ordinary cake used in the ordinary way and kept moist. As the qualities of commercial soaps and their composition are nicely balanced to the intended uses, this drying out of shaving soap makes uction of the creamy lather esired and a stick which has been altered by exposure does not leave the right amount and quality of soap on the face when rubbed thereover. Furthermore, for hygienic reasons it is not desirable to bring the same surface of soap into repeated contact with the face, or with diiferent faces. It is the purpose of the present invention to produce a soap article or shaving stick which shall have all the convenience of application of the ordinary integral cake for Specification of Letters Patent. Application filed February 18, 1907, Serial No. 357,929.
the following to be a full, mg a fresh surface having considerable made in separable segments so Patented Dec. 20, 1910. Renewed May 11, 1910. Serial No. 560,732:
such purposes as shaving, being strong and stiff enough to be held in the hand and used like a shaving stick and which shall nevertheless be free of the stated disadvantages of such an integral cake, not drying out from long use or changing in quality and presentof soap for each application. To this stick built up of a number of thin layers, laminae or strata, conveniently disk-like in shape, with each such layer of such dimensions that it will sufiice for an ordinary using; in using the article as a shaving stick, of such dimensions that the amount of soap will suflice for a single shave. These layers or disks I assemble together with separators between them to form a unitary structure of suificient strength for the designed purposes.
It takes but a little soap for a single shave and this amount in this invention may be provided by a quite thin wafer since the backing given by the separator will allow such a thin wafer to be applied. To add to the mechanical strength of the assemblage and to aid in preventing drying, I surround this assemblage of soap. wafers and intervening separators with a supporting and shieldlng casing or wrapping, preferably that one wafer after another can be exposed. With this I preferably also combine a special sealing coating of par'aflin or other suitable material as a further aid against evaporation of the contained water of the soap.
In the accompanying illustrations I have shown certain embodiments of the described invention.
In this showing: Figure 1 shows a detail side. elevation and partial section of one form of my improved soap article, the size and thickness of certain parts being greatly exaggerated; Fig.2 shows a transverse section therethrough; Fig. 3 shows a detail end I provide an article or perspective view of the separators or protectors; Fig. 4 shows a side elevation and partial section of a stick hav ng an alter natwo form of easing or wrapping; Fig. 5 is a view similar to that of Fig. 4 illustrating a further alternative form of wrapping and the use of double protectors or separators between the several wafers; Fig. 6 shows a detail vertical section of part of the stick shown in Fig. 5; and Fig. 7 is a View similar to that of Fig. 6 showfng an alternative form of stick in which the wafers are not dished.
In the illustration (see Figs. 1, 2 and 3) numeral 1 designates a series of soap wafers in cylindrical arrangement, each being somewhat dished for reasons hereinafter set forth; 2 designates a plurality of intervening separators or protectors, preferably of paraflined or parchmentized paper or like material; and 3 is a wrapping, or casing of paper, metal foil or other suitable substance surrounding and supporting the assembled wafers and separators.
4 is a dummy of papier mach or like material forming the top or, in use, base of the soap stick.
5 is a layer of paraflin or like material intervening between the wrapping 3 and protectors or separators 2, and serving to unite and seal the edges of the separators against entrance of air or exit of moisture and-to cause the wrapping 3 to adhere and further strengthen the structure.
In forming the soap article, the alternating wafers and protectors are assembled in stick form upon the dummy 4 and are then covered with a thin coating of melted paraffin or like material, forming the layer 5. While this parafiin or like material in the coating is still molten, or at least sticky, the wrapping 3 is applied.
Each of the protectors 2 as shown is provided with a raised edge or flange 6 within which the neXt wafer (1) and next protector (2) will nest, and for convenience in detaclr. ing each such protector from the soap stick to reveal a new and fresh layer of soap there may be on each such flange or edge 6 a projecting tab 7. These tabs may be arranged in line as shown in Fig. 1, in which case, preferably, the wrapper 3 does not completely surround the soap stick, the edges of the wrapper being separated by a slot opposite these tabs. To facilitate the tearing ofi of successive portions of the wrapper in exposing fresh and clean soap wafers, the edge of the wrapper may have in it a series of lines of division 8 where the material of the wrapping or casing has been weakened by grooving, cutting, breaking off the fiber, perforating or the like so that it is easy to start a tear at such points. Or these tabs may be arranged helically as shown in Figs. 4c and 5, to facilitate the detaching of any given protector and if desired the wrapping 3 may completely surround the soap stick, as also indicatedin Fig. 5.
If preferred. the wrapping of the stick may be formed by winding a ribbon 9 helically about the stick, the edges of the several turns of the ribbon overlapping as shown, and provided with points of weakness 10 formed in the same manner as the lines of weakness 8, whereby the portionwise removal of the outer casing is facilitated.
- With the wafers dished in the manner shown in Fig. 1 several advantages result. For one thing, a rounded or coned surface is given the end of the stick at the point of application to the face, and for another the soap stick is made much stronger, lateral stresses such as those incident to using the structure as a shaving stick, being distributed from one wafer to another at any given point on the stick. \Vith these dished and, consequently, nested, wafers the shaving stick is given relatively great strength and stiffness. However, '1 do not confine myself to the dishing of the soap cakes in this way but may use flat laminae or strata as shown in Fig. 7; in which case the adhesion of the nested edges 6 of the separators or protectors and the strength given by the outer casing are relied upon to give the necessary degree of lateral strength and stiffness. For many purposes, and particularly when the article is not to be used as a shaving stick but where it is used as a source of soap leaflets, less lateral strength is required. But even with the flat disks, the article can readily be made strong and stiff enough to be held inthe hand and rubbed over the face in the way customary with shaving sticks. Stiffer casings are, however, required with the flat disks than with the dished wafers.
If desired, there may be two of the protectors or separators between each two successive wafers. This gives somewhat more strength and has the further advantage that the separators serve more perfectly to procontainination. Upon detaching one separator with whatever soap remains after using a wafer, the next wafer below is left protected by the second separator until such time as it is desired to use it. This structure is shown in Figs. 5 and 6 in which 11 designates the second protector. Each such protector or separator 11 will customarily have adhering to it the adjacent wafer of soap; such adhesion being easy to produce by selecting a proper grade of paper for the separator, or by other means which will readily suggest themselves to those skilled in the art; as, for example, the use of a thin coating of adhesive. But ordinarily a proper grade of paper will sufficiently adhere to the soap when pressed thereagainst. T he tabs 7 of corresponding separators or protectors 2 and 11 will ordinarily be used in register, as indicated in Figs. 5 and 6.
In the described structures, each layer of soap being entirely sealed away from the air and from contamination there is no possibility of injury, and although the structure as a whole is unitary and can be used with as much freedom and ease as the ordinary integral shaving stick, yet each such wafer as it is successively exposed is to all intents a tect the soap wafers against desiccation and the manner described for soap wafers, yet I ing casmg for said mass.
regard my invention as particularly adapted 8. A soap article-comprising a series of: to and advantageous for soap wafers. waferlike bodies of soap, a series of flanged "hat I claim is zseparators between, covering and separating l. A soap article comprising a series of adjacent surfaces of said waferlikebodies,
1o waferlike bodies of soap, a series of separathe flanges of said separators covering the tors between, covering and separating adjaedges of said waferlike bodies and extendcentsurfaces of said waferlike bodies and in ing to and beyond the bottom edge of the contact therewith, said separators and Wanext separator in series, means for closing ferlike bodies fitting together to form a the joints between the edges of the flanges sticklike body, and an enveloping covering and said bottom edges, and a casing surclosely adhering to the exposed edges of the rounding the assembled objects. A separators, sealing in the waferlike bodies 9. A soap article comprising a series of and uniting the assembled objects into a waferlike bodies of soap, a series of flanged unitary mass. separators between, covering and separating 2. A soap article comprising a series of adjacent surfaces of said waferlilre bodies, waferlike bodies of soap, a series of Separathe flanges of said separators covering the tors therebetveen, and an enveloping c at edges of said waferlike bodies and extending of impervious sealing material closely i g to and eyond the b tO H edge of t adhering to the exposed edges of the assemn Xt separators 1n series, means for closing bled objects and uniting said assembled ob t joints between the edges of the flanges jects into a unitary ma and said bottom edges, and an outer wrap- 3. A soap article comprising a series of p e: p g po s d fl nge waferlike bodies of soap, a series of separa- A P fi P' QQ it 581165 of tors therebetween, an enveloping coating of Waferlike bodles 0f ixa serles 0f g impervious sealing material closely adhers parators bet-ween,c0ve r1ng and separat ng ing to exposed edges and uniting the assemadjacent Surface? of 531d wflfelllkt? bled objects into a unitary mass, and an he flang f s l sebarators q ng o e outer wrapping. the edges of said Waferhke bod es and said 4. A soap article comprising a series of separators bemgnested, a coating of seal 3-5 waferlike bodies of soap, a series of separai g material ClOSlIlg the pa between tors therebetween, a covering of plastic majilcent edges of Said separators, and all 0111591 terial adhering to exposed edges and uniting pp the assembled objects into a unitary mass, A p St1ck mp g serles of and an outer wrapping waferlike bodies of soap, a ser1es o f sepa- 40 5. A soap article comprising a series of or be ween, coverlng and separatlng adwaferlike bodies of soap, a series of separa- 1.366111? surfaces of Sald Waferlflke bodles, tors therebetween, a covering of pa fli said Waferlike bodies and said separators l l dh i t exposed edges d u itbeing shaped tofit together into a sticklike ing the assembled objects into a unitary body, sealing means circumferentially sealmass, and an outer Wrapping. ing, covering and uniting adjacent edges 6. i soap article comprising a series of f h a sembled 0bjects,' and enveloping waferlike bodies of soap, a series of flanged a s r d ng d stlckllke y separators between, covering and separating asslstmg 1n uniting said assembled ob ects adjacent surfaces of said waferlikebodies Into a unitary mass- 0 and in contact therewith, the flanges of the 12. A soap article comprising a series of Separators extending over edges of said Waferlike, dished bodies of soap, a series of \vaferlike bodies, sealing means for making separators between, covering and separating a tight joint between adjacent edges of said adjacent surfaces of said waferlike bodies,- flanged separators and uniting the assemmeans fastening together the assembled obbled objects into a unitary mass, and a surjects as a unitary mass and enveloping rounding casing for said mass. means surrounding said mass and united 7. A soap article comprising a series of th ret waferlike bodies of soap, a series of flanged 13. A soap stick comprising a series of separators between, covering and separating Waferlike, dished bodies of soap and interadjacent surfaces of said waferlike bodies vening separators, sealing means unitin and in contact therewith, the flanges of said exposed edges and converting the assembled separators covering over the edges of said objects into a unitary mass, and a Wrapping. waferlike bodies and successive separators 14. A soap article comprising a series of being nested the one Within the other, where- Waferlike bodies of soap, a series of tabbed by waferlike bodies and separators unite to separators therebetween having projecting fresh body of soap, having of a fresh cake of soap.
\Vhile' other Waferlike articles can be assembled into a single unitary structure in form a sticklike body, sealing means for making a tight joint between adjacent edges of said separators and uniting the assembled objects into a unitary mass, and a surroundall the properties I waferlike bodies of soap,
tabs, and means for fastening together the assembled objects to form a unitary mass.
15. A soap article comprising a series of Waferlike dished bodies of soap, a series of tabbed separators therebetween having projecting tabs; successive tabs being helically arranged, and means for fastening together the assembled objects to form a unitary mass.
16. A soap article comprising a series of waferlike dished bodies of soap, a series of separators therebetween, said separators having projecting tabs and successive tabs being helically arranged, means for fastening together the assembled objects to form a unitary mass, and a wrapping.
17. A soap article comprising a series of a series of separators therebetween, there being two such separators between each adjacent pair of waferlike bodies and each such separator adhering to the waferlike body next thereto, such waferlike bodies and separators being shaped to fit together into a sticklike body, and means fastening together the assembled objects as a unitary whole.
18. A soap article comprising a series of waferlike dished bodies of soap, aseries of separators therebetween, there being two such separators between each adjacent pair of waferlike bodies and one such separator adhering to the waferlike body next above,
and means fastening together the assembled objects as a unitary whole. a
19. A soap stick comprising the combination of a dummy base, a series of waferlike bodies of soap, and a series of separators between adjacent waferlike bodies, said objects being assembled to form a sticklike body, a coating of plastic material surrounding exposed edges in said assemblage of waferlike bodies and separators and an enveloping wrapping surrounding said assemblage and cooperating with said plastic material to unite said assemblage into a unitary mass.
20. A soap stick comprising the combination of a dummy base, a series of waferlike dished bodies of soap, and a series of separators between adjacent waferlike bodies, said objects being assembled to form a stick like body, a coating of plastic material surrounding exposed edges in said assemblage of waferlike bodies and separators, and an enveloping wrapping surrounding said as semblage and cooperating with said plastic material to unite said assemblage into a unitary mass.
In testimony whereof I aflix my signature in the presence of two witnesses.
ARTHUR F. CONERY, JR.
' ROGER H. LYON,
H. M. MARBLE.