US 984285 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
W. E. MONEILLIE, JR. HULL CONSTRUCTION.
APPLIUATION FILED 0(1'T.25,199, 984,285. Patented Feb. 14, 1911.
W. E. MGNEILLIE, JR.
HULL CONSTRUCTION. APPLICATION FILED oor'. 25, woo.
Patented Feb. 14, 1911.
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. 7 Be it known that I, Winninii E. MoNniL- chester 4and State of New York, have inand refers particularly to a peculiar conf same whereby the hulls of vessels may be provision of a reinforcement for concrete Vhulls wherein the elements which comprise the like may be rigidly secured in position.
4'tion reference is to partly in section lto disclose the `iiioclilied form of the-ribs.
' drawings by the ysame reference characters.
i niarrnn sfrarns riigrnnr ornion EDWARD MCNEILLIE, JR.,
`01: NEV ROCHELLE. NEW YORK.
Application led October 25,`
To all 'whom 'it may concer/n:
Lim-Jr., a citizen of the United States, residingat New Rochelle,linthe county of Vestvented certain new and useful Improvements'in Hull Constructions, of which the following `isa specification.
This invention. relates to marine vessels struction in the hulls of the saine.
An obyect-of this inventionisto arrange a body of concrete and reinforcement for the 'constructed from such material..
The invention has for another object the the same are so arranged as to receive and ably sustain the pressure which is exerted thereupon, and also to form a hull which is` capable of carrying considerable weight.
A-further object of this invention is to form an integral hull and deck of concrete or like plastic material which is molded about an improved reinforcement which, is so constructed that frames for hatches, and
The invention has for a still further obj ect lthe provision of a concrete hull which enables the forming. of the hull in the usual manner so'tliatthe saine is adaptable for vessels-of various types.
For a full understanding of the iiivenn be had to the following 'description and accompanying drawings, in which Figure, 1 is a side elevation of the hull frame and 'the' metallic meshing. Fig. 2 is a fragmentary and sectional perspective view .of the improved hull. '.Fig. 3 is a horizontal section through a portion of the hull, Fig. l is afv'iew of the same disclosing a slight modified form of the ribs employed, and Fig. 5 is asimilar view disclosing a still further Corresponding and like paits are referred to in the following descriptionl and indicated in all the views of the accompanying Referring specifically to the drawings, `the improved'hull is formed of keel which is ieinvforcedby a longitudinal beam 10, havy ing disposed against its opposite faces angle irons 11. The angle irons 11 are, secured to Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Feb. 11,' 1911.
1909. Serial. No. 524,481.
the beam 10 through the medium of rivets 12 which are engaged through'the members at frequent'intervals throughout the lengths of the same. '4
As will be noted in Fig. 2 one of the fianges of each of the angle irons 11 is en?! gaged against the face of the beam 10, while the opposite flange is extended from the beam 1() and'at right angles thereto, the outwardly extending flange being disposed in flushed relation with the upper edge of the beam 10. The angle irons 11 are provided'witl'i a plurality of iibs 13 which are formed, preferably, of angle iron, and which are secured at their 'lower extremities against the under faces of the out-turned flanges of the angle irons 11. The ribs 13 are vdisposed in equi-distantly spaced relation throughout the lengths of the angle irons 11 and form the body of the hull. In
order to conform the hull to the common construction the ribs 13 are curved outwardly as is disclosed in Fig. 2 and may be formed in any suitable manner to provide hulls for various types of vessels.
The ribs 13 carry across their upper ends angle beams 23 which extend the entire length of the hull and which are so vdisposed that the horizontal flanges of the same are directed inwardly and are flushed with the upper extremities of the i'ibs 13. A. plurality of gli-ders 24 are engaged across the beams 23 and are secured at their ends upon the horizontal flanges of the beams 23. The ribs 13 and the girders 21 are provided with a metallic meshing 111, which is preferably a wire meshing, and which is engaged against the outer faces of the ribs and gir-ders, and extending the entire length of the hull. The metallic meshing 14 in conjunction with the ribs 13 and girders 21 support va body of4 concrete 15 which is molded against the op- 1 posite sides of the saine and provides the wall and deck of the hull. The body of con crete 15 may be formed into any desired thickness according to the strength and Vweight desired in the hull construction. For
the purpose of protecting the outer surface :of the body of concrete 15, a Water-proofing substance, consisting of paraffin, glue, or the like is placed against lthe outer face of the body of concrete 15 to form a protective sheet 22, through the-medium of hot irons or the like, as is usual in the hull construction. 4 A InFig. 4: a slight modification is disclosed formation fand carrying "the.,me tallic meshlinggl? against the 'outer faces forv the support of the body of concrete 18. Fig. 5
. 'showsastill.'furtherfmodiiied formy of the ribs 19 inv which the same are formed from rounded bars 'and which sup ort across their outerfaces the .mesliingQO or carrying the body of concrete 21.v
Itwill be observed that in the constructiomof the hull, each of the ribs is diverged outwardly from the keel and that the ribs are-disposed in pairs to form rigid braces forv amply supporting the pressure lwhich is 'exerted against theouter face of the wall of the hull. The keel of the hull is formed by molding" the body of concrete 15 about the 'beam 10 and angle irons 11, whereby a continuous integral wall is formed throughout the entire length of the heel. rJ`i"he stem and the runbf the hull are formed by simply` curving the. beam upwardly at its opposite ends in the'desired angle and oi shortening vthe ribs in accordance wthethe points of contact between the same and the angle irons 11. In this lvlanner'thehull is formed of practically one lpiece so that a rigid and strong structure is provided.
Having thus des ,riloed` the invention what 'is claimed as newfis 1. A hull construction including a longitudinal beam, angle irons carried against the opposite sides of the longitudinal beam,
curyed .ribsy secured in longitudinal spaced relation to the angle beams andextending,
upwardly and outwardly in pairs therefrom, longitudinal Oangle beams carried across the 'upper ends of the ribs and 'against their inner faces, transverse grders disposed between the upper ends-ofthe ribs' and secured to the angle bars, a metallic meshing arranged about the ribs and the girders, and
a body of concrete .molded as gainstv the opposite sides ofthe meshing.
2. A hullconstructionincluding a longil curved, ribs secured in longitudinal spacedl relation against the angle iron and extending upwardly therefrom, angle beams carried acrossthe upper ends of the ribs and extending inwardly from the same, arched girders transversely disposedacross the upper ends of the ribs and secured at their opposite ends upon the angle beams, a' wirev meshing secured against the outerfaces ofthe ribs and the girders, and a body of concrete molded about the meshing to engage the ribs and the girders.
In testimony whereof l affix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
WILLIAM EDWARD llCNllILLllLJB.l .L. Sl] Witnesses:
WM. E. MoNmLLm, HELEN ivlcNniLLiE.