US 985865 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
W. H. TURNER, J11. BMBALMING INSTRUMENT.
APPLICATION FILED JUNE 29, 1910.
Patented M1212. 191 1.
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WILLIAM H. TURNER, .18., OF AMSTERDAM, NEW YORK.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Mar. '7, 1911.
Application'flled June29, 1910. Serial No. 569,467.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, WILLIAM II. TURNER, Jr., a citizen of the United States, residing at Amsterdam, county of Montgomery, and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Embalming Instruments, of which the following is a specification. v
The invention relates to such improve ments and consists of the novel construction and combination of parts hereinafter described and subsequently claimed.
Reference may be had to the accompanying drawings, and the reference characters marked thereon, which form a part of this specification.
Similar characters refer to similar parts in the several figures therein.
Figure 1 of the drawings is a view in side elevation of my improved embalminginstrument without the suction-pump. Fig. 2 is a central longitudinal section of the same also showing the suction-pump. Fig. 3 is a cross-section taken on the broken line 33 in Fig. 3.
The invention relates more particularly to the class of instruments used for withdrawing fluids from the abdominal cavity of a dead body. To withdraw such fluids it is customary to puncture the abdominal wall and insert therethrough a tubular instrument, the inserted end of which is provided with apertures to permit the outflow of such fluids. In the use of such instruments, it is found that the viscera and other solid contents of the abdominal cavity tend to clog the apertures at the inner end of the tubular instrument, thereby tgreatly retarding or preventing the outflow 0 such fluids; and this is particularly the case when a suctionpump is employed in connection with such tubular instrument to accelerate the outflow of such fluids.
The principal object of the present invention is to facilitate the withdrawal of such fluids, and this I accomplish both by 'preventing clogging of the inlet-apertures at the inner end of the tubular instrument, and also by providing a vent for the admission of air to the abdominal cavity as the liquid is withdrawn therefrom.
Referring to the drawings wherein the invention is shown in preferred form, 1, is
a tube closed at one end at, 2, and provided near its closed end with inlet-apertures 3.
A plurality of flexible resilient guard-plates, 4, are confined between the screw, 5, whereby they are attached to the closed end of the tube,,and asleeve, 6, mounted to slide on said tube. The sleeve, 6, is connected by a plurality of rigid rods, 7, with a sleeve, 8, also mounted to slide upon the tube, 1, and adapted to be locked in selected position by means of a set-screw 9. By sliding the sleeve, 8, toward the closed end of the tube to the position indicated by dotted lines in Fig. 2,the sleeve, 6, will be forced to slide in the same direction, thereby causing the confined guard-plates, 4, to buckle and expand to the position indicated by dotted lines in said figure, thereby causing them to hold away from the inlet-apertures, 3, the solid contents of the abdominal cavity when the lnstrument is in use. A smaller tube, 10, which may be an ordinary trocar, is inserted within the tube, 1, said inner tube being provided near its inner end with a plurality of inlet-apertures, 12, through which the fluids which enter the outer tube, 1, can pass to the interior of the inner tube 10. The outer end of the inner tube, 10, is connected by a rubber pipe, 11, with a suction-pump, 14, shown in the drawings as an ordinary hand-operated bulb-pump.
The suction-pump may be of any known type. y
In using the instrument the abdominal wall is punctured, and the inner end of the instrument is forced therethrough into the abdominal cavity, after which the sleeve, 8, is forced toward the inner end of the instrument until the guard-plates, 4, are sufficiently expanded. The sleeve, 8, is then looked in position by means of the set-screw, 9, and the suction-pump, 14, is operated to withdraw the fluids from the abdominal cavity. The inner tube, 10, is made to fit loosely within the outer tube, 1, so that sufficient air can enter between said tubes and through the apertures, 3, to permit the suction-pump, 14, to be freely operated. After the fluids have been withdrawn, the set-screw, 9, is loosened and the sleeve, 8, is withdrawn until the guard-plates, 4, are brought into substantial parallelism with the tube, 1, whereupon the instrument can be withdrawn.
What I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is- In an embalmlng-mstrument, and in combination, an outer tube provided with inletapertures near its inner end; flexible guards adjacent to said apertures; a member movably mounted upon said outer tube near its outer end; connections between said movable -member and said guards for expanding the latter; an inner tube inserted within said outer tube, with an air-space therebetween, said inner tube being provided at its inner end with inlet-apertures; and a suctionpump connected with the outer end of said 10 'WILLIAM H. TURNER, JR.
O. A. W. PLATT, H. E. GREENE.