US 986270 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
UNTTFD STATES PATENT QFFTQE.
THOMAS M. DANIELS, OF VALDEZ, DISTRICT OF ALASKA.
Application filed December 26, 1907, Serial No. 408,001. Renewed August 9. 1910.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented Mar. 7, 1911.
Serial No. 576,389.
To all whom "it may concern:
Be it known that I, THOMAS M. Daxnzns, a citizen of the United States, and. a resident of Valdez, in the District of Alaska, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Bottles, of which the following is a full,
clear, and exact description.
The purpose of the invention to provide a bottle with a cap employed in conjunction with the cork, and a device that will remain as a constant pointer, indicating that the bottle has been opened, which indicating device is auton'iatically operated upon the removal of the cap and the withdrawal of the cork.
It is a further purpose of the invention to provide a bottle wherein the equipment described will, in no way interfere with the filling of the bottle, and wherein the ordinary cork is employed in connection with a. pro tective stopper or cap, and wherein the com bination of elements is such as to render it impossible to draw the cork without remov ing the cap, or to draw the cork without n'iaking it apparent that the bottle has been opened, no matter how skilfully the cork may be replaced or the cap fitted to the bottle, thus preventing a sealed bottle being presented a second time as an original pack age, without detection.
The invention consists in the novel c011- struction and combination of the several parts as will be hereinafter fully set forth and pointed out in the claims.
Reference is to be had to the accompanylng drawings forming a part of this specification, in which similar characters of reference indicate corresponding parts in all the figures.
Figure 1 is a vertical section through the neck and. upper portion of the body of the bottle having the improvement applied, the section being taken practically on the line 11 of Fig. :2; Fig. 2 is a front elevation of the parts of the bottle shown in Fig. 1, portions thereof being broken away; F 3 is a horizontal section drawn upon an enlarged scale and taken practically on the line 3-3 of Fig. 1, illustrating the pointer in its ini tial position, or the position that it occupies prior to the uncorking of the bottle; Fi d is a vertical section through the upper portion to that shown in Fig. 3, illustrating the position of the pointer as the cap is partially removed; and Fig. 6 is a view similar to that shown in Fig. 5, illustrating the final position of the pointer, or that which it occupies when the cap has been removed from the neck of the bottle.
A represents the body of the bottle, A the neck thereof, which neck of the bottle is provided. with an exterior thread 10 adjacent to its mouth, and the threaded portion 10 of the neck A is adapted to receive a ct p 1.1 interiorly threaded as shown at 11, and the said cap is also provided with an interior construction whereby it will receive and press against the upper portion of a cork 12, that is placed in the neck of the bottle to close the same, as is shown in Fig. 1, and this cap 11, is turned by means of a bar 12 located upon its upper face, extending preferably from one side to the other, the bar 12 being an integral portion of the said cap.
A channel 13, is longitudinally or vertically produced in the material forming the neck of the bottle at one side of said neck, as is particularly shown in Figs. 1 and 2, and this channel 13 extends from the upper edge of the neck of the bottle to that pointwhere the neck connects with the body of the bottle. as is especially shown in Fig. 1, the said channel 13 being open at both top and bottom. The lower portion of the channel 13 is in direct communication with an open chamber 1% that is located upon an outer face of the body A of the bottle where said body connects with the neck A, and the said chamber 1-l; is bounded by an offset 15, as is shown particularly in Figs. 3, 5, and 6. This chamber 14 is of substantially triangular shape, and the same offset 1.3 also defines a second and connecting chamber 16, also of triangular shape, and the lower or smaller chamber 16 is connected at its contracted portion with the wider or lower portion of the upper chamber 1st. as is also shown in Figs. 3. 5 and (3. The bottom wall of the upper chamber 14: is inclined from the point of connection between the two chambers 14 and 16 downward in opposite directions. as is illustrated at 17 in said Figs. 3, and 6.
The chambers 11 and 16 are adapted to contain an indicator 18; this indicator 13 is preferably made of spring wire of suitable I gage, and at its upper end is provided with i an arrowhead 19. or its equivalent. and the 5 lower end of the said indicator is bifurcated,
l l l I as is illustrated at 20 in said Figs. 3, 5 and 6. Initially the bifurcated end 20 of the indicator is expanded in the lower or smaller chamber 16, as is shown in Fig. 3, but when the cap 11 of the bottle is removed, the indicator will have been drawn up into the upper chamber 14L, and its bifurcated lower end 20 will then be expanded at the bottom portion of the said upper chamber 14:, as is indicated in Fig. 6, and between the two actions just mentioned, the bifurcated portion .20 of the indicator 1S will be contracted so as to pass the narrow passage between the two chambers and 16, as is illustrated in Fig.
A wire 21 of a frangible material, or the equivalent thereof, is attached to the head portion of the indicator 18; this wire extends up through the channel 13 in the neck of the bottle, as is indicated particularly in Figs. 1, 2, and t, and is visible from the exterior of the bottle. At the upper end of this frangible member 21, a trigger head 22 is formed, which is of triangular or barbed formation, and the said trigger head is located at the upper end of the said channel 13, which upper end of said channel is adapted for the reception of said trigger head, as is especially shown in Fig. 2. The cap 11 is provided with interiorly inclined teeth 23 which are not required to extend entirely around the inner chamber of the cap, butmay be made to do so if desired, and the teeth 23 of the cap 11 are adapted when the cap is unscrewed, to engage with the trigger head of the frangible member 21 and draw said member up, carrying with it the indicator 18, and at the same time the said frangible member is broken by the continued movement of the cap, thus indicating that the bottle has been opened, particularly since the wire 21, or otherfrangible material employed, cannot be replaced, and furthermore, since the said frangible member 21 is drawn upward the indicator 18 is carried in the same direction, its bifurcated base or lower portion being at such time removable from the lower chamber 16 on the body of the bottle to the upper chamber let, as is indicated in Fig. at, and usually the word Opened is produced upon the exterior of the bottle just above the upper end of the upper chamber 14:, as is shown in Fi 2, and when the bottle has been opened, the head 19 of the indicator will be close to g or will have passed the aforesaid word Opened.
Having thus described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Let ters Patent 1. A bottle provided with a movable indicator having a frangible member, a removable cap cooperating with the frangible member of the indicator as it is removed, to first move the frangible member to change the position of the indicator and then sever the said frangible member, and means carried by the bottle and coacting with the indicator to hold the latter in the position to which it is moved.
2. In a bottle, a removable cap therefor, a movable indicator visible from the exterior of the bottle, a frangible member also visible from the exterior of the bottle, capable of end movement and connected with the indicator, means carried by the cap for moving and breaking said frangible member by the act of removing the cap, and means carried by the bottle and coacting with the indicator to hold the latter in the position to which it is moved.
3. In a bottle having a channel in its neck, a cap having screw connection with the neck thereof, a sliding indicator located at the exterior of the bottle, a frangible member having sliding movement in the channel in the neck of the bottle, which member is connected with'said indicator, a trigger head for said frangible member, and projections from the cap for engagement with the said trigger head.
t. In a bottle, the combination with the body and the neck thereof, the neck being provided with a channel extending from its mouth to the point of connection of the neck with the body, and exterior, substantially triangular-shaped connected chambers located upon the outer face of the body of the bottle, one of said chambers being in direct communication with the said channel, of an indicator constructed of spring material and adapted for sliding movement in the said chambers and for passage from one to the other, the said indicator being provided with a head and with a bifurcated lower portion, a frangible member secured to the said indicator, extending up through the said channel in the neck, a trigger head at the upper end of said frangible member, and secured thereto, a cap having a screw connection with the neck of the bottle, and interiorly located teeth carried by the cap for engagement with the aforesaid trigger head.
The combination with a bottle, of a removable cap therefor, a sliding indicator on the exterior of the bottle, and means for slidin the indicator as the cap is removed.
6. The combination with a bottle, of a removable cap for the exterior of the bottle, a sliding indicator on the body of the bottle, a member extending from the indicator to the cap, and means on the cap for engaging the said member to slide the indicator.
7. The combination of a bottlehaving a recess or chamber in its body and a channel in the neck, said channel leading from the recess or chamber to the mouth of the neck, an indicator mounted to slide in therecess or chamber of the bottle and having a member extending into the said channel and through the same, and a removable cap on the bottle neck and provided with projee tions for engaging the end of the said memher.
8. The combination of a bottle having a chamber in its body and a channel in its neck, said channel leading from the chamber to the mouth of the neck, an indicator sliding in the chamber, and having a member extending into the channel and through the same, a removable cap on the bottle neck and provided with projections for engaging the end of the member to slide the indicator, and means whereby the indicator will be held in the position to which it is moved.
9. The combination with a bottle having a chamber or recess in its body and a channel in its neck, an indicator mounted to slide in the chamber or recess, and having a frangible member extending into the channel into engagement with the cap, and a removable cap mounted to turn on the bottle neck and provided with projections for engaging the frangible member to first slide the indicator and then sever said member.
In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
THOMAS M. DANIELS.
\Vitnesses E. Hnxnnnsox, M. H. Cox.
Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents, Washington, I). C.