|Publication number||US989931 A|
|Publication date||Apr 18, 1911|
|Filing date||Apr 20, 1910|
|Priority date||Apr 20, 1910|
|Publication number||US 989931 A, US 989931A, US-A-989931, US989931 A, US989931A|
|Inventors||Axel Conrad Aulin|
|Original Assignee||Carl Gustaf Smith|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (2), Classifications (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
c. (3;. SMITH & A. 0. AULIN.
TRACK LAYING MACHINE.
APPLICATION FILED APJLZO, 1910,
989,931 Patented Apr. 18,1911.
4 SHEETSBHBET 1.
. l M J m /M and Mac :0. G. SMITH & A. c. AULIN.
TRACK LAYING MACHINE.
APPLICATION FILED APR.20, 1910.
I 989,931. I Patented Apr. 18,1911.
4 SHEETS-SHEET 2.
" .M i i i I.
0.1 SMITH & Ape; AULIN.
TRACK LAYING MACHINE. APPLICATION FILED APR.20, 1910.
Patented Apr. 18, 1911 4 SHEETS-SHEET 3.
"mm W M. W
G. G. SMITH & A. 0. AULIN.
TRACK LAYING MACHINE. APPLICATION IILED-APEJO, 1910. I
Patented Apr. 18,1911.
4 SHEETS-SHEET 4 a corresponding Sweden CARL GUSTAF SMITH, OF
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that we, CARL GUSTAF SMITH, a subject of the King of Sweden, and resident or" ItIarlbergsvii-gen 40, Stockholm, in the Kingdom of Sweden, and AXEL CONRAD A'ULIN, a subject of the Kin of and resident of Villa Hvilan, rsa, in the Kingdom of Sweden, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in l'iaying hlachines, of which the following is a specification, reference being had therein to the accompanying drawings.
This invention relates to a machine for laying tracks in the constructing of railroads and tramways.
The said machine comprises a railroad car, provided with a solid floor of suitable width and adapted for the positioning and connecting of the ties and the rails, which will form a pair of rails or track section (having the same length as the rails). The said floor, called the connecting bed in the fol lOWlIlQ specification, is located at the same or substantially the same level above the track supporting the car, as the floor of ordinarygoodsavagons and is provided with a track extending longitudinally of the connecting bed and adapted to support a transport trolley, by means of which the ties and the rails can easily be moved to the connecting bed from wagons behind the machine, which also are provided on their floors with track, which by suitable means can easily be connected with the track on the machine car or with the track of the next wagon. The connecting bed is providcd with suitable guiding means for the ties and the rails to be connected, so that they are located in the proper position with relation to each other and are held in the said position in a reliable manner during the connecting operation. The connected ties and rails are moved'as a whole from themsv chine to the road-bed. The said movement is effected by means of a trolley, which is provided with a winch and supported by a track, provided on a superstructure 011 the machine car and extending longitudinally of the same. The finished track section is lifted from the connecting bed by means of the winch and is then advanced on the machine car for such a distance, that it can be lowered to the road-bed in front of the said l car.
The characteristic features of the inven- Specification of Letters Patent. Application filed April 20, 1910 Serial No.
means provided a rails on the STOCKHOLM, AND AXEL COhlRAID SAID AULIN AQSIGNORTO SAID SMITH.
A'ULIN, or case, swnnnn;
. .atcntmd Apr. 18, 1911. 556,592.
| tion consist in the said connecting bed and t the same for moving the and for their proper adpzsting and connecting with the ties pcrstructure forming with the an overhead which each track section'can ties, and
easily be moved from the machine car to the road-bed.
In the accompanying drawings Figure l is a side IQW of the in plan view of view of the 1 side view and auxiliary with the dina. section part of the co section of the 9 and 10 are is a side view, Fig. 13 a plan view of mg the tracks and the auxil achine and Fig. 2 a the same. Fig. is an end nachine. l igs. 4: and 5 are a a plan view respectively of wagons, adapted to be connected machine car.
Fig. 6 is a longituand Fig. 7 a plan view of a nnecting bed. Fig. 8 is a cross connecting bed and Figs. 9, 9*, details of the same. Fig. 11 Fig. 12 a cross section and a device for connect-. provided on the machine car iary wagon, so that the transport trolley can pass from one of the tracks to the other.
The machine com vided with a bed length of the ties 3 necessa placed on the said section fixed to the same. port trolley 7, is
mentioned prises a booie car 1 pro- 2 formingthe connecting above. The width and said bed are so great, that the ry for a track section can be same and the rails 4;, d ofthe then located on the tics and A truck 6, 6 for the transprovided on the car 1 at floor the connecting bed 2 and extends longitudinally of same. by tracks 6* 9.10 along wagons 8. be moved The rails of support, on w the connccti provided for The distance nally oi the m sired distance between the ties. port trolley 7 loaded with ties the track 6 one tie at the forks. ward. The r in the manne The machi ng bed forks 11 for the locating of the ties,
a time being then while the trol to the front end discharged in ley is moved backails are then moved to the ties r described below.
he also comprises the superis moved on of the bed 2, i
wagon by means 0 I drawings the rope rollers 16, are then'lowered, are supports I rails low the same tending arms and a suitable gearing,
other, dependent on rails, -adapted fo r curves,
structure 12 made of frame irons and vided with a track 13 for the winch tro ley '14, The height and the Width of the said superstructure inside the same are so adageed, that there is a sufiicientl large-room for the per ormance of the work on the connecting bed and for hoistin up the connected track section from the sai bed by means of the overhead trolley 14: and moving the same forward. The said superstructure 12' extends forward, outside the front end of the machine for-such distance, that-the raised track section can .be move forward sufficiently to be lowered to the road-bed. The superstructure 12 is provided at its rear end with a special wlnch 12 for moving the rails forward. The said winch 12", as well as the winch trolley 14,
' is of any ordinary construction and is, for
that reason, not shown in Fig. 2. After the ties have been placed on the connecting bed 2, the rails 4, 4 are ulled forward from the f the winch 12*. In the '15 is shown connecting the rails with the winch. In order that the ties may not be displaced by the heavy rails during the said operation, the machine is 'providedwith a runway formed by rollers,
which can be raised and lowered and on which the rails are moved. The said runway is arranged in the following manner.
At certain points of the bed 2, between the places for two ties a roller 16 is located, extending transversally of the bed, above the same, and journaled with its end pins in the top arms 17 of two bell crank levers, which are journaled at each side of the machine in such a manner, that they can be swung in a vertical plane extending longitudinally of the machine. The downward ex- 18 of the said levers atthe respective side of'the machine are connecte with a rod 19 extending longitudinally of the machine. Ropes are fixed to the rods 19 at the end of the machine and wound around a roller 20 journaled in the machine, roller can be rotated by means of a crank Fig. 10. By rotatso that the ropes and rods the rollers 16 will be raised the ties. A pawl, en'- fixed to theiroller 20,
ing the rollers, are strained, all aboye the top side of gaging a ratchet wheel eeps the rollersjin the ties. The so that the rails dby the ties. For guiding the forks'21lare provided orr'the bed, three at least for each rail andloeatedone at each end of the machine-land one'atthe center of the same. The forks are adjustable transversally of the rails,so located at the proper distance from eacn the curvatureof the on the distance between the two rails at the straight parts of the track, curves. are shown in Figs. 9 and 9.
In the bed 2 a guide 22 isprovided, in
rail 4. A horizontal screw threaded spindle eased by moved, as the spindle is rotated. The spmdle is provided with a bevel-wheel 24, meshing with a inion 25fixed on a vertical shaft The said shaft 26 hand wheel 28, by means of which the shaft can be rotated. An index 29 is fixed on the screw threaded shaft 26 and coiiperates with a dial 3O fixed to the said upright 27. Between the two forks, located in the same line transversally of the rail, a rod 28* is fixed which is divided at its center into two parts, the screw threaded ends of which are engagedby a nut 29*, Fig. 9, provided with a hand wheel. By-means of the said device the distance between the forks can be exactly adjusted; By rotating thefhand wheel 28 both the forks can be adjusted into the proper position laterally with relation to the center line of the connectin bed. Only one shaft 26 is shown in Fig. fut such a shaft is provided at all the forlrs located at the same side of the machine.
After the positioning of ley 7 is moved back .vard on the next wagon loaded with rails.
The wheels of the 'sai trolley are so high, that the trolley can pass over the rails on the said wagon. a
As the ties and the rails havebeen positioned on the connecting bed in the described manner, the rails are fixed to the ties by means. of spikes or screws-either m..nually or by a special machine section is then hoisted up from the connect- Y their raised position. The rails are advanced on the runway" thusformed without displacing ing bed by means of the winch trolley which for the said purpose is provided with four ropes 36 and is then moved forward;--'sn pported by the said trolley, as shown in' High 1, and lowered to the road bed in order to be connected with-the track before laid on the same. The ties for the next track section are-th'enlaid on the connecting bed and the operations described above repeated.
The device for connecting the rails of the machinecar and the wagons is arranged in that they-can be the following manner a The heads of the two rails are reduce at the ends to the same width as the body of the rails. Pieces 31 are provided at both the sides of the rails having the same height as the rails and are sup- -;ported by the foot pieces of the same. The said side pieces are fixed to the end of one of the rails by means of a bolt 32 passing through the same and to the end of the other rail by means of a loop 33 embracing the bottom part of the rail. The screw threaded which the fork can slide transversally of the the ties the'troldifferent from that at the Means for adjusting the said forks 2 3-is journaled in'the said guide and is en- I the fork, so that the latter is is journaled in an upa right 27 and provided at its top end with a The. finished ends of the said loop, provided with nuts, pass through lugs extending from the side pieces. Owing to the said arrangement a sliding movement to a certain degree can take place longitudinally of the rails; so that the cars can pass curves, he moved onto sidings etc. without straining being effected.
The ends of the side pieces are rounded with the bolt as center point, so that they can he turiied upward and downward.
Having now described our invention, what We claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is: 4
1. In a tract: laying machine the con'ibination of a railroad car provided with a plane bottom surface on which the ties can be placed and the rails, supported by the said t es, means at the said surface for guiding the ties and the rails respectively for their locating in the proper position on the said surface, tracks (6, 6) for a trolley for transporting the ties to the surface (:2) and their placing on the same, a superstructure on the said car provided with a track (13) for a winch-trolley (14), the said superstructure being so high and wide inside, that there is room for the performance oft-he operations on the said bottom surface, and so long, longitiulinally of the car, that the pair of rails fixed to the tics and lifted from the bottom surface by the winch-trolley (I-l) can be located in front of the bottom surface, by moving the trolley forward on the track (13), and then be lowered. to the road bed.
2. In a track laying machine the combination of a railroad car, plane bottom surface provided on the same, on which the ties and the rails, which have to form a track section, can be placed and connected, means at the said surface for guiding the ties and the rails into their proper positions and holding the same during the connecting operation, a runway for the rails moved to the bottom surface, said runway comprising rollers and means for raising and lowering the same, and means provided above the bottom surface for lifting the finished track section from the bottom surface, locating the same-in front of the bottom surface and lowering to the road bed.
in a track laying machine the combination of a railroad car, a plane bottom sur in the same, on which forming track section, when connected, can be placed and connected, forks at the said surface for guiding the ties into their proper positions, forks for guiding the iails into their proper position on the ties, the forks, last mentioned, being adjustai'ilc trausversally of the rails to adjusting the rails with relation to curves and. to the proper distance from each other, and means for .n'ioving the finished track section from the car downward to the road bet.
the tics and rails i l f. i i i and 4-. In a track laying machine the combinatioiuof a railroad. car, a connecting bed provided on the same, on which the ties and therails, which are to be connected, are placed, forks at the said connecting bed for guiding the tics and the rails respectively into their proper positions and holding the same during the connecting operation, the guide forks for the rails being movable transversally of the rails and connected with a screw, and means for rotating the said screw for adjusting the rails into their proper posit-ions.
5. In atrack laying machine the combination of a railroad car, a connecting bed provided on the same, on which the tics and the rails. which form a track section, are laid and connected, forks for guiding the rails, which forks are adjustable in the con- ]]t""i'l1l2' bed transversally of the rails, a rod (28), connecting the pair of forks located in the same transverse line with relation to the rails and divided transvcrsally into two parts, a nutengaging the screw thr *aded adjacent end of the said parts with a hand wheel for adjusting the said forks into the desired distance from each other, a screw threaded spindle journaled in the connecting bed transversally of the rails, means connecting the said pair of forks with the said spindle, and means for rotating the said spindle for moving the pair of forks laterally.
6. In a track laying machine the combination of a railroad car, a bottom plane surface provided on the same, on which the ties and the rails forming a track section can be placed and connected, means at the said surface for guiding the ties and the rails respectively and holding the same duriiig the connecting operation, and a runway on which the rails can be moved to their places on the said bed, the said runway comprising rollers, located between certain places for the ties and transversally of the bed, levers located at both sides of the machine supporting the rollers respectively, and means for turning the said levers simulta neously for raising and lowering the rollers.
7. In a track nation. of a railroad at and wagon, a statiriinary plane surface in the car on which and rails to be connected to form a track section are placed and connected, means for conveying the rails to l of the car, means for raising and lowering the aforesaid means, guiding means on thc said plane surface of the car for holdin the tics and rails in position during the connectoperation, a track extending longitudi nally of the machine for supporting a trans-- port trolley for conveying the ties to the said plane surface of the car from said wagon loaded with ties and located behind the car, a track on the said Wagon and means for and provided laying machine, the combithe said plane surface said tracks, the
pieces, ivotally connected with the rails on 15 one of t 1e cars, and loop shaped ieces (33) located under the rails on the other car and embracing the same and rojecting with their ends through the said slde pieces.
In witness whereof, we have hereunto 20 signed our names in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
CARL AXEL Witnesses:
HEDWIG MELINDER, ROBERT APELGREN.
Jnnecting the said tracks on the main car and wagon.
8. In a track laying machine the combination of a railroad car, a connecting bed provided on the same on which the ties and rails, which connected form a track section, are laid and connected, a track provided an the said surface and extendinglongitudinally of the machine, a trolley supported by the said track and adapted for transporting the ties to the connecting bed from a we 011 located behind the machine and provi ed with a track, and means for connecting the said means comprising side i GUSTAF I CONRAD AULIN.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3420186 *||Aug 4, 1966||Jan 7, 1969||New York Central Railroad Co T||Method and apparatus for preconstructing railroad track sections|
|US4270456 *||Apr 10, 1978||Jun 2, 1981||Franz Plasser Bahnbaumaschinen Industriegesellschaft M.B.H.||Mobile apparatus for receiving and laying an assembled track section|