US 99235 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
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Letters Patent l'Vo. 99,235, dated January 25, 1870.
IMPROVEMENT IN WASHING-MACHINE The Schedule referred to in these Letters Patent and making part of the same.
sow- To all whom it may concern To enable others skilled in the art to construct and use my invention, I will proceed to describe it.
My invention relates to washing-machines, and consists in a novel manner of constructing a box or body to. contain the articles to be washed, and giving to it apeculiar compound rotary motion, as herein described.
In the drawings- Figure 1 isa cross-section of my machine, taken on theline X-X ot' fig. 2, and
Figure 2 is atop plan view ofthe machine.
In' constructing my lmachine, I iirst provide an elongated hexagonal box or body, D, of about double the size required to contain the articles to be washed, and made of any suitable materials.
On three of the inner walls of the body, I form longitudinal grooves or corrugations j, and on the remaining three walls, and across the ends, I secure ribs k, as shown in g. 1.
Through one side of the body, I make an opening, and provide it with a tightly-fitting cover, l, and, for the purpose of securing this-cover in place, I secure to the body-two clamps or buttons m., these buttons each consisting of a bar, secured in place by a screw, fn, passing loosely' through their middle, and'provdcdl at one end with a-thumh-screw, o. To fasten the cover,'the clamps are turned around so as to bring one end over it, and then the thumb-screw turned down tightly.
The body I), I provide with journals e on its ends,
` and mount it in a frame, B, so that it may turn freely on said journals. j
The frame B, I provide with journals b, and mount it upon these journals in a strong frame, A, as shown in figs. 1 and 2, and vin which it is freeto revolve.
Thus, it will be seen that the body D is free to revolve upon its own axis in frame B, and that the frame B is free to revolve on frame A, carrying the body D with it, the axis of rotation of the body D, and that of frame B being at right angles to one another. Thus, the body Dis allowed'acomponnd rotary motiomrst, upon its own axis, and second, end over end, caused by the rotation of the frame B.
On'the end of journal e, outside of the frame B, I secure a grooved pulley, E, and to one of the adjoining corners of frame B, I attach a shaft, 71,.and upon each end of this shaft mount a'grooved pulley, g.
Over one of the journals b, I slip a grooved pulley, I?, concentric with the journal, but secured to the standard of frame A in such manner that it cannotturn.
The pulleys E and F, I connect bya belt, t', passing over the pulley g, as shown in figs. 1 and 2, so that as the frame B is revolved, the body Dis turned ou its own axis.
In operating the machine, the cover lis removed, andthe body about half filled with clothes and Water, and, after replacing the cover, the crank is turned from :five to ten minutes at the rate of about sixty revolutions per minutes, at the end of which the clothes will be found thoroughly cleansed.
By the peculiar motion given to the body, the clothes are not only dashed from end to end of'the chamber, but, by the action of the` ribs and corrugations, are kept constantly turning, so as to bring all parts successively in contact with the body.
The relative size of the pulleys E and E may be varied, as desired, to give the body D one or more revolutions on its axis to each revolution ofthe frame B.-
Having thus described my invention,
What I claim, as`my improvement, isl
1. The rotating vessel D, mounted in the rotating frame B, with the pulleys E, F, and g, arranged to opcrate as seti'orth and shown.
2. A washing-machine, consisting of a suitable vessel for' holding the clothes and water, so mounted and arranged as to have imparted' to it the two-fold or compound motion, as described and shown.
Titnesses JOHN Rans, WILLIAM WILLIAMS.'