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Publication numberUS992529 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 16, 1911
Filing dateDec 2, 1910
Priority dateDec 2, 1910
Publication numberUS 992529 A, US 992529A, US-A-992529, US992529 A, US992529A
InventorsCharles Abraham
Original AssigneeCharles Abraham
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 992529 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)




Patented May 16, 1911.

Un i4. I





To all whom "it may concern:

Be it known that I, CHARLES ABRAHAM, acitizen of the United States, residing in Richfield, Passaic county, and State of New Jersey, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Hotbeds; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawing, and to letters of reference marked thereon, which form a part of this specification.

My invention consists in certain improvements in hot-beds having for their principal objects to facilitate the assembling and disassembling of the parts thereof, make it possible to vary the size of the hot-bed, and render the construction simple and durable in character.

The invention will be found fully illustrated in the accompanying drawing, wherein,

Figure 1 is an isometric View of the improved hot-bed; Fig. 2 shows fragments of two adjoining planks or boards forming the sides of the hot-bed; Fig. 8 shows said boards assembled with their supporting means, said figure being an inside elevation; Fig. i is a plan showing what appears in Fig. 3; Fig. 5 is a vertical sectional view taken to the left of one of the stakes forming a part of said supporting means; Figs. 6, 7 and S are perspective views of parts of one of said supporting means; and, Fig. 9 is a view of a modified form of one of the stakes.

In the accompanying drawings, a designates planks or boards forming the sides of the hot-bed. According to its length, each of said boards has one or more holes I) penetrating the same and where it is to abut end to end with another similar board it will have a notch c which, with a similar notch in the adjoining board, will form a hole substantially like hole 6 when the two boards are assembled as shown in Fig. 2. C

To supportthe several boards or planks I provide the following means: Stakes (Z are provided each having a horizontal seat or step e a distance from its upper end approXi mately equal to the depth of the boards to be supported. In the preferred form, said stake is formed of sheet metal, two reverse bends being produced therein (Fig. 5) so as Specification of Letters Patent.

Application filed December 2, 1910.

Patented May 16, 1911.

Serial No. 595,175.

to afford the seat 6. In the modified form shown in Fig. 9, where the stake f is of wood, the seat or rest 9 is produced by notching the upper end of the stake on the inside. Above the seat the stake is provided with an aperture 72., Fig. 5 (2', Fig. 9) through this aperture is passed a bolt j whose head 70 bears against the outer face of the stake. The inner end of the bolt is formed with a vertical opening Z adapted to receive the wedge m.

The parts of the hot-bed are assembled as follows: The stakes being driven into the ground in the proper disposition, their rests or seats facing inwardly, the boards or sides a are assembled therewith so that the holes I) and c of said boards will receive the bolts which are then entered through the holes h of the stakes. The wedges m are then driven into the holes Z of the bolts to bind the sides a securely against the stakes. Where the joints come between the abutting ends of two adjoining boards a each such joint is overlapped by one of the stakes; the stakes used at the joints are therefore preferably made wider, as shown, than the other stakes. In addition, a plate a is disposed at the inside of the joint to take the pressure of the wedge m, the said plate being apert-ured for the bolt, as shown. The seats or rests in the stakes, on which the sides rest, serve to insure the top edges of the boards forming said sides being level or alined with each other, it being understood that the stakes are driven into the ground until said seats are level with the surface of the ground.

Inasmuch as the innenends of the bolts constitute projections from the stakes serving to receive the wedges m it will be understood that I do not wish to be limited to such projections being removable from the stakes. In other respects, I do not wish to be limited to the precise construction shown and described, what I claim being:

1. In combination, with a side forming member of a hot bed and a stake member having a seat or rest, one of said members having a projection horizontally penetrat ing and protruding from the other and formed in its protruding portion with an opening, and a wedge entered into said opening and securing said members together, said side-forming member overlying the seat of the stake member, substantially as described,

2. In combination, with two adjoining side-forming members of a hot-bed abutting end to end, a stake disposed opposite the joint between said members and on one side thereof, a plate disposed opposite said joint on the other side thereof, said stake having a projection penetrating said members and the plate and protruding from the latter, and a wedge penetrating the protruding portion of said projection and securing said members, the plate and stake together, substantially as described.

3. In combination, with two adjoining sides of a hot bed abutting end to end, a stake member disposed opposite the joint between said sides and on one side of said joint, a plate member disposed opposite said joint upon the other side thereof, one of said members having a projection penetrating said sides at the joint and also the other member and protruding from the latter, and a wedge penetrating the protruding portion of said projection and securing said members and sides together, substantially as described.

In testimony, that I claim the foregoing, I have hereunto set my hand this first day of December, 1910.



Copies of this patent may be obtained for five cents each, by addressing the Commissioner of Patents, Washington, D. G.

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US5400544 *May 3, 1993Mar 28, 1995Wien; FredrickRaised garden bed
US6021600 *Feb 5, 1998Feb 8, 2000New Standard CorporationArticle of manufacture for securing landscape timber
US6038811 *Jul 21, 1998Mar 21, 2000Conway; Robert MatthewLawn edging system and method for edging lawn
US8266844Jul 17, 2008Sep 18, 2012Surefoot Hardscape Products, Inc.Paved surface restraint and method of installation
US8499491 *Feb 22, 2010Aug 6, 2013Joel W. BolinMethod and apparatus for landscape edging
US20080048093 *Jul 27, 2007Feb 28, 2008Scott PetersonConcrete form
US20090038238 *Jul 17, 2008Feb 12, 2009Rubin KurtzPaved surface restraint and method of installation
US20120311927 *Feb 22, 2010Dec 13, 2012Bolin Joel WMethod and apparatus for landscape edging
US20170009419 *Aug 22, 2016Jan 12, 2017Gary L. ReinertOne-piece z-shaped flat plate foundations and method of forming same
USD733936Aug 20, 2013Jul 7, 2015Dimex, LlcLawn edging
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USD773074Sep 1, 2015Nov 29, 2016Dimex, LlcLawn edging
USD776834Jan 6, 2015Jan 17, 2017Dimex, LlcEdging for lawn, landscape, and pavers, or the like
USD797319Apr 6, 2016Sep 12, 2017Dimex, LlcLandscape edging
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Cooperative ClassificationA01G9/20