Improvement in compound tool
US 99470 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
tittittd tat@ anni @tithe AUREsTUs s. ILERIIAM, or WASHINGTON, DISTRICT or COLUMBIA, AssIGNoR To HIMsELF, ALoNzo BELL, AND AMos RADLEY, -oF SAME PLAGE.
Leners Patent No. 99,470, dated February 1, 1870. t
IMPROVEMENT IN COMPOUN TOOIJ.
The Schedule referred to in these Lettere Patent and making part of the same.
I, AURnsTUs S. PERHAM, of Washington City, District of Columbia, have invented a new and useful Improvement in'Combinat-ion Tools, of which the followingis a spesication. l 1 'lhe object of vmy invention is to combine several mechanical tools, such as are more commonly used by persons in every branch of business, in shop and in household, .in one neat'and compact body, and thus to provide both a means by which several tools may he kept together, and a convenient form for using them in this compact body also, to combine several tools in such .manner that they may be manufacturedV and supplied at an expense' much less than when each tool is constructed completein itself', and independent of ot-hers.v i
Thus, my invention consists in so constructing th handle of a hatchet, hammer, or other implement, that there lmay be encasedin, and combined with it, several tools, such as screw-driver, chisel, can-opener, saw, and tape-measure, or other tools in lieu thereof, in such manner as to make it convenient to use them all from the handle in which they are encased and combined.
Figure l, ofthe accompanying drawing, is a side view of the instrument embodying my invention.
Figure 2 represents one section of the handle of the instrument, the handle-havin g been divided lengthwise through they centre, with the tools encased ltherein.v
Figure 3 represents either end ofthe handle, or ferrule on the handlfywith t-he orifice through which the tools are made to protrude, 'when desired-for use; also',
the catch, which, bythe aid of a spring, connected with it, secures said tools firmly in-vplace.
A is the handlehof the hatchet, which should be made of hard wood, and may be constructed either of one solid piece of wood, or of two pieces of4 wood,`of similar shape, united together flatwise, and sccuredby glue, rivet, or screw, and by the ferrules B B, on either end of the handle.A Thev object 'ofconstructing the handle in two parts is to give it greater strength, and.
to better insert myimprovements.
C is the hatcht, in the eye of which the handle is 'secured by'the thumb-screwfl), so that the handle may .he taken out at pleasure by loosing the screw, thereby giviugkaccess to the tools confined in the end of the handle, which is inserted in the eye of the hatchet.
Eis the claw of the'hatchet, formed upon the back -p'al't'of that portion of the hatchet opposite to the v blade, which is used for hammering.
F F are the orifices, in either end of the handle or ferrle, through which the tools are made to protrude, when required for use.
` Gr is a shallow groove, in the centre of the handle, about one-eighth by three-eighths ot' an inch, and `ruuning longitudinally through the handle.
H H are the tools, to be made of iron or steel, which lit closely in the groove G, in which they play.
The two tools, confined in either end of the handle, are'united together at the ends','so that either tool,
-thus united, maybe used` by simply'reversing them,
so asto make the onejrequired for immediate use to protrude from the orifice in the handle, while the other tool is upon the opposite end of the same piece of steel; and encased within the handle.
The tools H H are secured in position, when being used, by the catches or little slides I 1, which play between the inner surface of the end ofthe ferrules B B, and the end of t-hewood of which the handle is ,constructed, and these catches areforced into the notches J J, in 'the edges of the tools-H H, by the steel springs K K, which springs'are secured by one end to the inner surface of the ferrules, and the other ends press against the ends ofthe catches or slides I I.
When the tools H H do not protrude from the oritices F F, these orifices are partially and suteiently closed by the catches or slides I I, to prevent the tools in the handle from falling out voluntarily.
'lhe catches are moved, and the orilices opened,
by pressing upon the knobs L L, protruding from the under side of the ferrules. l M is a small brass ring, fastened to the end of a taper measure, N, which-is wound around asmall metallic drum, O, encased in the handle, and which measure is divided oli' into feet, inches, and parts ot inches, and th'e inches numbered. Y
Within the drum O, which revolves upon a small pivot in the centre, is a steelcoil or., spring, P, and when the tape-measure N is withdrawn from the orilice Q, by pullingI uppn the ringM, it wi'ndsjup the spring P, which relaxes, and theveby'draws the :tapenieasure back into its case by winding it upon the drum O.
I claim, as my inventioni The implement herein described,- composed of the i handle A, hatchet O, claw E, screw-driver and chisel H, saw and can-opener H', and the tape-measure N, all being constructed and arranged to operate substantially in the manner and for the purpose specilied.
AURESTUS S. PERHAM. Witnesses: ALONZO BELL, Amos HADLEY.