Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS996127 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 27, 1911
Filing dateJun 9, 1910
Publication numberUS 996127 A, US 996127A, US-A-996127, US996127 A, US996127A
InventorsWilliam E. Patnaude
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Liquid-cooler.
US 996127 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

W. E. PATNAUDEE LIQUID COOLER.

APPLICATION FILED JUNE 9, 1910.

Patented J1me 27, 1911.

2 SHEETS-BHEET 1.

W. E. PATNAUDB.

LIQUID COOLER.

APPLICATION FILED JUNE 9, 1910.

996,127, Patnted June 27, 1911.

2 SHEETS-SHEBT 2.

1X); meow:

WILLIAM E. PATNAUDE, OF MERRIMAC, MASSACHUSETTS, ASSIGNOER. T0 ATWOOD BOGGS, OF DORCHESTER, MASSACHUSETTS.

LIQUID-COOLER.

Specification of Letters Patent. Patented June 27, 1911.

Application filed June 9, 1910. Serial No. 566,014.

1 that is surrounded by ice or a cooling agent,

and from which liquid receptacle the cooled liquid is drawn as required, the amount withdrawn being automatically replaced in the receptacle from the inverted bottle or container.

The object of the present invention is to provide a cooler especiallyadapted for cooling those liquids from which a gas emanates when they are in closed receptacles such, for instance, as cider, though it is capable of being used with those liquids from which there is no generation of gas such, for instance, as water.

In the accompanying drawings-Figure 1 is a vertical central longitudinal sectional View of a cooler embodying my present invention. Fig. 2 is a view showing the corrtainer and the liquid receiving receptacle in side elevation with the ice chamber in section. Fig. 3 is a perspective view of the cooperating inverted bottle and liquid receptacle closing member shown in separated relation. Fig. 4 is two sectional views of the upper end of the vent pipe showing the valve in one view closed, and in the other open.

In carrying out the present invention, a vessel 1 is provided in which is located a liquid receiving .and cooling receptacle 2. The receptacle 2 is made smaller in crosssectional area than the vessel 1 to provide a space for receiving a cooling agent such, for instance, as ice 3.

Means is provided for hermetically closing the open upper end of the receptacle 2, and this means consists of a rubber cupshaped cap 4, which has its flange 5 extending around the side wall of the receptacle 2, and preferably clamped thereto by a suitable band 6. This cap or cover 4 has a central opening 7, from which depends a flange 8, and this flanged opening is adapted to hermetically embrace a tubular stopper 9, which proiects from the mouth 10, of an inverted bottle or container 11. This stopper 9, has its inner end provided with a valve-seat 12, against which a valve 13, is adapted to seat and close the inner end of the tubular stopper. A stem or rod 14 extends from this valve 13 longitudinally of the tubular stopper 9, which has a valve operating head 15, attached thereto. This head 15 projects beyond the lower end of the stopper 9, and is held extended with the valve 13 seated by means of a suitable spring 16, which is located within the stopper. This head 15 is provided with a suitable number of liquid outlet openings 17.

When the tubular stopper is extended through the flanged opening 7, of the cover 4, until the inverted container is seated upon a suitable support 18, as shown in Fig. 1, the valve operating head 15 engages a stationary yoke 19, which causes the head to be retracted within the tubular stopper 9 and the valve 13 unseated. This yoke 19 is supported and carried by a flange 20, which flange is placed between the upper end of the receptacle 2 and the cover 4, as clearly shown in Fig. 1.

A vent tube 21 passes through and is carried by the stopper 9, the inner end 22 extending up into the bottle a suitable distance while the outer end 23 communicates outside of the bottle, the tube being doubled upon itself, as clearly shown. A vent hole 24 is formed in the upper end of the vent tube, and this hole is normally closed by a valve 25. This stopper 9 has a flange 26 between which and the mouth 10 of the bottle a rubber packing 27 is located, and the stopper is clamped to the mouth of the bottle by any well-known stopper clamping device such, for instance, as shown at 28.

The operation of the described structure is as follows: The stopper with its valve and vent-pipe are clamped to the mouth of the It will not entirely fill the receptacle 2, be-

'cause the airwhich was in the receptacle 2 will form a cushion between the liquid and the covering formin an air-space such, for instance, as indicate at 29. With the parts in this position, the hole 24 is closed and the liquid cannot flow out of the vent-tube, nor can air flow through it into the bottle. The cool liquid is drawn from the receptacle 2 through a pipe 30, which has its inner end in communication with the bottom of the receptacle, and its upper and outer end extending through the ice containing vessel. 1 and carrylng an suitable form of faucet 31. When any liquid is drawn from the receptacle 2 the liquid in the inverted container will flow into the receptacle to supply the same amount thereto automatically that has been taken from the receptacle. The flow of liquid from the bottle 11, tends to form a vacuum therein and this will cause the valve 25 to move up, as shown in the left-hand view of Fig. 4, and open the vent-opening 24, thus letting air into the bottle and permittmg the liquid to flow therefrom.

Attention is directed to the fact that by this construction the inverted bottle and the receptacle 2 are normally hermetically closed and that the communication between the two is also hermetically closed. Owing to this construction any ressure caused by gas emanating from the liquid, either in the receptacle 2 or in the inverted bottle 11, can not force the liquid out of either the receptacle or the bottle by causing the liquid receptacle 2 to overflow.

Any suitable outlet pipe 32 may be pro ent is 1. In a cooler of the type described, the

combination of a liquidcooling receptacle having an open top, an elastic cover hermetically engaging the wall of said opening, the elastic cover having an opening, of an inverted container provided with a projecting tubular stopper passing through the said opening in the elastic cover, the wall of the cover opening hermetically fitting the exterior ofthe stopper, a valve normally closing the said tubular stopper, and a valve operating member within the cooling receptacle adapted to open the valve when the tubular stopper is forced through the opening in the elastic cover, and means for drawing liquid from the cooling receptacle.

2. In a cooler of the type described, the

combination of a liquid cooling receptacle.

having a cover hermetically fitting the receptacle, an inverted container having an air-tight communication with the receptacle, a vent-pipe having one end within the container, an air actuated valve controlling the said end of the vent-pipe, the'opposite end of the vent-pipe communicating outside of the container.

3. In a cooler of the type described, the combination of a liquid cooling receptacle having an open top, a cover hermetically fitting the top of the receptacle, an inverted container having a tubular outlet passing through the cover and hermetically engaged thereby, a valve cont'rolling the saidfltubular outlet, and a member resting on the top of the receptacle and held in place by-the said receptacle cover, the said member adapted to actuate the valve when the tubular outlet of the containeris passed through the said receptacle cover.

In testimony whereof I hereunto aflix my signature in the presence of two witnesses.

WILLIAM E. PATNAUDE.

Witnesses:

JOSEPH E. KIMBALL, JAMES A. TonRILL.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2469746 *May 10, 1945May 10, 1949Jose SanchisFilling device with receptacle operated outlet valve
US2550825 *Feb 17, 1948May 1, 1951Kolodie George FRefill attachment for steam irons
US4699188 *Jan 17, 1986Oct 13, 1987Baker Henry EHygienic liquid dispensing system
US4834261 *Feb 16, 1988May 30, 1989Karl BrdlikPaint storing system
US4874023 *Sep 30, 1988Oct 17, 1989Liqui-Box CorporationDecap dispensing system for water cooler bottles
US4991635 *Aug 9, 1989Feb 12, 1991Liqui-Box CorporationDecap dispensing system for water cooler bottles
US5031676 *Jun 11, 1990Jul 16, 1991Liqui-Box CorporationDecap dispensing system for water cooler bottles
US5222531 *Jun 15, 1992Jun 29, 1993Elkay Manufacturing CompanyLiquid container support and hygienic liquid dispensing system
US5232125 *Oct 8, 1991Aug 3, 1993Portola Packaging, Inc.Non-spill bottle cap used with water dispensers
US5273083 *Feb 1, 1993Dec 28, 1993Ebtech, Inc.Bottle cap and valve assembly for a bottled water station
US5284188 *May 6, 1993Feb 8, 1994Elkay Manufacturing CompanyOne-piece hygienic cap and liquid dispensing probe
US5289854 *May 6, 1993Mar 1, 1994Elkay Manufacturing CompanyTwo-piece hygienic cap and opening probe or feed tube
US5295518 *May 6, 1993Mar 22, 1994Elkay Manufacturing CompanyTwo-piece hygienic cap with resealable plug and tearable skirt with pull tab
US5335829 *Dec 15, 1992Aug 9, 1994Nancy SovannKnockdown dispenser kit
US5392844 *Aug 16, 1993Feb 28, 1995The United States Of America As Represented By The Administrator Of The National Aeronautics And Space AdministrationQuick connect coupling
US5413152 *Oct 7, 1991May 9, 1995Ebtech, Inc.Bottle cap and valve assembly for a bottled water station
US5431205 *Oct 8, 1993Jul 11, 1995Gebhard; Albert W.Dispensing system for bottled liquids
US5535794 *Oct 25, 1994Jul 16, 1996Posly; Louis M.Water bottle closure
US6029860 *Nov 25, 1996Feb 29, 2000Elkay Manufacturing CompanyLiquid dispensing device and hygienic adapter
US6123232 *Jul 8, 1999Sep 26, 2000Elkay Manufacturing CompanyLiquid dispensing device and hygienic adapter therefor
US6378742Oct 10, 2000Apr 30, 2002Rieke CorporationFluid dispensing closure
US6619511Feb 7, 2002Sep 16, 2003Oasis CorporationFeed tube adapter for a bottled water cooler
US7658213 *Apr 18, 2006Feb 9, 2010Anderson Chemical CompanyFluid dispensing system
US8191571Jul 30, 2008Jun 5, 2012Hamilton Sundstrand CorporationFluid circuit breaker quick disconnect coupling
US20150047741 *Aug 19, 2013Feb 19, 2015Max Time GmbHRefill system of a liquid container
Classifications
International ClassificationB67D3/00
Cooperative ClassificationB67D3/0009, B67D3/0029
European ClassificationB67D3/00C, B67D3/00H