US 998996 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
J.'M. SWENSON & T. S. OLSEN.
ATTACHMENT FOR INVALID BEDS.
APPLICATION FILED AUG. 28. 1910.
Patented July 25, 1911.
efose new 8 Olsen ATTORNEYS UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
JOSEPHINE MATHILDA SWENSON AND THOMAS SIEGFRIED OLSEN, OF NEW YORK, N. Y..
ATTACHMENT FOR INVALID-BEDS.
Specification of Letters Patent.
Patented July 25, 1911 Application filed August 23, 1910. Serial No. 578,546.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that we, .JOSEPHINE MA THILDA SWENSON, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of the city of New York, borough ofManhattan, in the county and State of New York, and THoMAs SIEG- FRIED OLSEN, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of the city of New York, borough of Brooklyn, in the county of. Kings and State of New York, have invented a new and Improved Attachment for Invalids Beds, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description.
Our invention relates to attachments for invalids beds, and it has for its object to provide one which is simple in construction and inexpensive-to manufacture, and which may be used as afoot rest or a seat, to support the patient when the bed is raised, and the patient is lying in an inclined position; as a back rest; as a table; as a protector to prevent an unconscious or delirious patient from injuring himself against the head of the bed; and as a cradle for supporting the weight of the bed clothes.
Additional objects of the invention will appear in the following complete specification, in which the preferred form of my invention is disclose In the drawings similar characters of reference indicate corresponding parts in all the views, in which- Figure 1 is a perspective view showing a portion of a bed supplied with our attachment; Fig. 2 is an enlarged perspective view showing how our attachment is applied to a bed; Fig. 3 is a view similarto that shown in Fig. 2 but with the horizontal member disposed obliquely relatively to the standard; Fig. 4 is an enlarged elevation showing our attachment; Fig.- 5 is a crosssectional view of Fig. 4; and Fig. 6 is a fragmentary view showing a modified'form.
of the invention. L
By referring to the drawings 1t Wlll be seen that a bracket 5 is provided having a cone-shaped member 6, which is integral therewith, there being an orifice 7 which extends through the cone-shaped member,-the bracket 5 being adapted to be disposed around one of the side barsof the bed, as best shown in Fig. 5 of the drawings. Disposed on the cone-shaped projecting member 6 there is a second member 9, this second member 9 having a cone-shaped recess 10, in which the cone-shaped projecting member 6 is disposed. The member 9 also has an orifice 11, which is in alinement with the orifice 7, and on its outer face it has a groove 12, in which is disposed the lower terminal 13 of the standard 14. This standard 14 isprovided with an orifice 15, in which thebolt 16 is disposed. This bolt 16 has a key 17, by which it may be readily turned, the bolt extending not only through the orifice 15, but also through the orifices 11 and 7, the inner terminal of the bolt being engaged by a nut 18, which has a recess 19, in which the lower edge of the side bar 8 is disposed. By this means the nut 18 is prevented from turning when the screw 16 is turned by its key or thumb piece 17. The upper terminal 20 of the standard 14 is disposed in a groove 22 in a member 23, having a cone-shaped recess 24, the member 25 which is secured to the horizontal member 26 having a cone-shaped projection 27 which This cone-shaped projection 27 has a threaded orifice 28, which is in alinement with the orifice 29 in the member 23, a screw 30' being provided which is disposed through a slot 21 in the upper terminal 20 of the standard 14, and also through the orifice 29, the screw meshing in the threadedorifice 28. It will therefore be seen that whenthe screw 30 is turned home its head 31 will press the upper terminal 20 of the standard 14 against the member 23 and the member 23 against the member 25, by which means the standard and the members 23 and 25 will be held in position relatively to each other. One face of 13518 horizontal member 26 is padded as at 3 The modified form of the invention shown in Fig. 6 of the drawings is provided for use when the attachment is to be mounted on a bed having-side bars which are annular in cross section. In this form of the invention the bracket is formed of two companion pieces 33 and 34, which are disposed one at each side of the side bar The bracket member 33 has a depending lug 36 to which the cone-shaped projecting member 6 is secured, the orifice in the cone-shaped projecting member extending through the said depending lug 36. The bracket member 34 also has a dependin lug which is referred to as 37 in the drawings, this lug 37 having a threaded orifice 38. Projecting upwardly from the bracket member 33 there is a tongue 39, and the bracket member 34 has an arm 40 extending from its upper portion, this arm 40 having an opening 41 in which the tongue 39 is disposed. When this modified form of the invention is used and the screw 16 is turned home it will draw the depending lugs 36 and 37 together, and at the same time will hold the standard 14 and the member 9 relatively to the depending lugs 36 and 37, and the bracket members 33 and l t will be understood that one of these standards 14 is mounted, as just described, at each side of the bed, and that the horizontal member 26 is supported by the app terminals of the standards 14 in the manner indicated; The standards 14 may be disposed at any desired angle relatively to the sides of the bed,by merely unscrewing ti screws 16 slightly, and again turning the screws home, the heads 42 of the screws 16 pressing the lower terminals of the standards 14 against the members 9 and the members 9 against the cone-shaped projec'.
tions 6, as has beenclearly pointed out. When the standards 14 are disposed at the desired angle relatively to the side bars, the
horizontal member 26 may be rotated to any,
desired position by unscrewing the screws 30, and may be held in position relatively to the standards 14 by again turning home the said screws. that when the screws 16 are unscrewed, the brackets 5 may be readily slid along the side bars 8, so that the standards 14 will project upwardly from the side bars at any point desired.
When the attachment is to be used as a foot rest, the brackets are moved to the foot of the bed, and the standards turned so that the horizontal member 26 will be disposed against thebrackets on the bed, and will act as a prop to the feet, supporting the weightofthe patient, and keeping him from slipping toward the foot when the bed is raised so that the patientis disposed in an inclined position.
When the attachment is to be'used as a seat, it is moved to a position nearer the head of the bed, but preferably the horizontal member 26 still rests against the mattress although it may be rotated relatively to the standards 14 to the inost convenient position.
When the attachment is used as a-back rest, the standards 14' are raised so that the horizontal member 26 will be disposed at a distance above the mattress and the said horizontal member 26 is rotated-so that the padded face 32 will be disposed against the patient.
When the attachment is to be used as a table, the horizontal member 26 is rotated so that its padded face is disposed downwardly, the opposite face, when disposed parallel with the floor of the building, forming a most convenient table.
It will also be understood When the attachment is moved to the head of the bed, and the horizontal member 26' is disposed against the head board, with its padded face 32 away therefrom, it serves as a guard or protector, to prevent an unconscious or delirious patient from injuring his head against the bars of iron beds.
It will also be understood that the attachment may be adjusted with its horizontal member 26 in a numberof positions above the mattress of the bed, to be used to support the weight of the clothes when such is deemed to be advisable by the surgeon or nurse.
Having thus described our invention we claim as new and desire to secureby Letters Patent:
1. In an attachment for invalids beds a cone-shaped member having an orifice, means for securing the member to a bed,
a second member having a cone-shaped recess in which the cone-shaped member is dis posed, an orifice which is in alinement with the first-mentioned orifice, and a slot, a standard disposed in the slot in the secondmentioned member, and having an orifice, and a bolt disposed through the several ori-' fices for holding the two members and the standard relatively to each other.
2. In an attachment for invalids beds a bracket adapted to be disposed around the side bar of a bed and having a cone-shaped projection with an orifice, a second member having a cone-shaped recess in which the cone-shaped member is disposed, and an orifice which is in alinement with the firstmentioned orifice, a standard having an orifice, a bolt disposed through the several orifices for holding the bracket, the members and the standard relatively to each other, and a nut for the bolt having a recess adaptgddto receive the edge of the side bar of a 3. In an attachment for invalids beds two companion members one having a lateral projection with an opening in which a tongue on the other is disposed, and each of the members having an orifice, a coneshaped projection on one of the members through which the orifice therein extends, a third member haying a cone-shaped recess in which the cone-shaped projection is nor mally disposed, and an orifice in alinement with the first two mentioned orifices, a standard having an orifice, and a bolt for holding the standard and the two members relatively to each other.
4. In an attachment for invalids beds a member having a groove, acone-shaped recess and an orifice, a standard having a slot and disposed in the groove, a cone-shaped member with a threaded orifice disposed in the recess, a horizontal member supported orifices, for holding the standard'and the first-twomentioned members relatively to each other.
5. In an attachment for invalids beds a cone-shaped member, means for securing the cone-shaped member to a bed, a second member having a cone-shaped recess in which the cone-shaped member is disposed, a standard having an opening at its upper terminal engaging the secondmentioned member, means for holding the two meinbers and the standard relatively to each other, a third 4 member having a cone-shaped recess, and an orifice, a cone-shaped member with a thread- 1 ard and the orifice, for holding the standard and the members having orifices together,
JOSEPHINE MATHILDA SWENSON. THOMAS SIEGFRIED OLSEN.
GEORGE A. RAUHs, PAUL E. SGHAEFERL