Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUSD480478 S1
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 29/130,210
Publication dateOct 7, 2003
Filing dateSep 28, 2000
Priority dateSep 28, 2000
Publication number130210, 29130210, US D480478 S1, US D480478S1, US-S1-D480478, USD480478 S1, USD480478S1
InventorsPaul C. Leonard, Jon M. Bishay
Original AssigneeVertis Neuroscience, Inc.
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Percutaneous probe applicator
US D480478 S1
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
  1. The ornamental design for a percutaneous probe applicator, as shown and described.

FIG. 1 is a top, left, front isometric view of an embodiment of a percutaneous probe applicator showing our new design.

FIG. 2 is a right-side elevational view thereof.

FIG. 3 is a left-side elevational view thereof.

FIG. 4 is a front elevational view thereof.

FIG. 5 is a rear elevational view thereof.

FIG. 6 is a top plan view thereof; and,

FIG. 7 is a bottom plan view thereof.

Non-Patent Citations
1AAMI Neurosurgery Committee; AAMI Implantable Neurostimulator Subcommittee. Implantable peripheral nerve stimulators. Assoc. for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation (1995) NS15-1995, cover-8, 11 pages.
2Ahmed et al., "Percutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (PENS): A Complimentary Therapy for the Management of Pain Secondary to Bony Metastasis", Clinical Journal of Pain (Dec. 1998) 14:320-3.
3Ahmed et al., "Percutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation: An Alternative to Antiviral Drugs for Herpes Zoster," Anesth. Analg. (Oct. 1998) 87:911-4.
4Almay, B.G.L. et al., "Long-Term High Frequency Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (hi-TNS) in Chronic Pain. Clinical Response and Effects of CSF-Endorphins, Monoamine Metabolites, Substance P-Like Immunoreactivity (SPLI) and Pain Measures", J. Physchosom.Res. (1985) 29:247-257, 11 pages.
5Baker, L. et al., "Effects of Waveform on Comfort During Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation", Clinical Orthopedics and Related Research (Aug. 1988) 233:75-85.
6Ballegaard et al., "Acupuncture and Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation in the Treatment of Pain Associated with Chronic Pancreatitis", Scan.J.Rehab.Med. (Dec. 1985) 20:1249-54.
7Balogun et al., "The effects of acupuncture, electroneedling and transcutaneous electric nerve stimulation therapies on peripheral haemodynamic functioning", Disability and Rehab. (Feb. 1998) 20:41-8.
8Balogun, J., "Effects of Ramp Time on Sensory, Motor and Tolerance Thresholds During Exogenous Electrical Stimulation", The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness (Dec. 1991) 3:4, 521-526.
9BD Safety Flow Lancet—Product Number 366356. BD catalog 1997-2000, Capillary Access, (Aug. 7, 2001) (3 pages).
10BD Safety Products. BD Vacutainer Safety-Lok Blood Collection Set; BD Vacutainer SefetyGlide Blood Collection Assembly and BD Vacutainer Eclipse Blood Collection Needle, 1 page.
11BD Vacutainer SafetyGlide Blood Collection Assembly. Quick Reference Card (1999), 1 page.
12Brull, S., Silverman, D.G., "Pulse Width, Stimulus Intensity, Electrode Placement, and Polarity During Assessment of Neuromuscular Block", Anesthesiology (Oct. 1995) 83:702-709.
13Bushnell et al., "Electrical stimulation of peripheral and central pathways for the relief of musculoskeletal pain", Can.J.Physiol.Pharmacol. (May 1991) 69:697-703.
14Carroll, D., "Randomization is Important in Studies with Pain Outcomes: Systematic Review of Transcutaneous Electrial Nerve Stimulation in Acute Postoperative Pain", Br J Anaesth. (1996) 77:798-803.
15Cassuto, J. et al., "The Use of Modulated Energy Carried on a High Frequency Wave for the Relief of Intractable Pain", Int.J.Clin.Pharm.Res. (1993) XIII(4) 239-241.
16Cheng et al., "Electroacupuncture analgesia could be mediated by at least two pain-relieving mechanisms: endorphin and non-endorphin systems", Life Sciences (Dec. 3, 1979) 25:1957-62.
17Cheng et al., "Electroacupuncture elevates blood cortisol levels in na´ve horses; sham treatment has no effect", Intern.J.Neuroscience (1980) 10:95-7 (1980/no month listed).
18Cheng et al., "Electrotherapy of Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain: Comparison of Electroacupuncture and Acupuncture-Like Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation", Clin.J.Pain (1987) 2:143-9 (1987).
19Cramp AF et al., "The Effect of High and Low Frequency Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation Upon Cutaneous Blood Flow and Skin Temperature in Healthy Subjects", Clin.Physio. (2000) 20:150-7.
20Eclipse+ Dual Channel Transcutaneous Electrial Nerve Stimulator User's Manual (1993), 31 pages.
21Electrotherapy for Rehabilitation, Empi Cervical Traction,, Mar. 23, 2001, 8 pages.
22Electrotherapy for Rehabilitation, Empi Cervical Traction,, Oct. 22, 2001, 3 pages.
23EPIX XL TENS Instruction Manual, Empi, Inc. (1988), 21 pages.
24Foster, N. et al., Manipulation of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation Variables Has No Effect on Two Models of Experimental Pain in Humans, The Clinical Journal of Pain (1996) 12:301-310.
25Gadsby et al., "Nerve stimulation for low back pain—a review," Nursing Standard 11:32-3 (Jul. 16, 1997).
26Galletti S.P. et al., Highlights concerning low frequency-high intensity TENS (review). Minerva Stomatol (1995) 44:421-9.
27Ghoname et al., "Does the Stimulus Frequency Affect the Analgesic Response to Electrical Stimulation?", Anesth. Analg. (1999) 88:S210, 1 page.
28Ghoname et al., "Percutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation for Low Back Pain", JAMA (Mar. 3, 1999) 281:818-23.
29Ghoname et al., "Percutaneous electrical nerve stimulation: an alternative to TENS in the management of sciatica", Pain (Nov. 1999) 83:193-9.
30Ghoname et al., "The Effect of the Duration of Electrical Stimulation on the Analgesic Response", Anesth.Analg. (1999) 88:S211.
31Ghoname et al., "The Effects of Stimulus Frequency on the Analgesic Response to Percutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation in Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain", Anesth.Analg. (Apr. 1999) 88:841-6.
32Gopalkrishnannn, P., Sluka, K.A., "Effect of Varying Frequency, Intensity, and Pulse Duration of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation on Primary Hyperalgesia in Inflamed Rats", Arch.,Phys.Med.Rehabil. (Jul. 2000) 81:984-990.
33Gracanin, F., Trnkoczy, A. "Optimal Stimulus Parameters for Minimum Pain in the Chronic Stimulation of Innervated Muscle", Arch.Phys.Med. Rehabil. (Jun. 1975) 56:243-249.
34Hamza Ma et al., "Effect of the frequency of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on the postoperative opioid analgesic requirement and recovery profile", Anesthesiology (Nov. 1999) 91:1232-8.
35Hamza, M.A. et al., "Effect of the Duration of Electrical Stimulation on the Analgesic Response in Patients with Low Back Pain", Anesthesiology (Dec. 1999), V. 91, No. 6:1622-7.
36Han Js et al., "Effect of Low and High-Frequency TENS on Met-enkephalin-Arg-Phe and Dynorphin A Immunoreacitivity in Human Lumbar CSF", Pain (1991) 47:295-8.
37Healthronics HANS LY257 User Manual, 15 pages.
38Innovative Healthcare: Electrotherapy Pain & Rehabilitation Product Solutions from Rehabilicare. [Includes product description of SporTX and Ortho DX]. 1999, 3 pages,
39Instruction Manual for the Empi EPIX VT TENS Device, 1997, Dual Channel Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulator, Empi, Inc., 29 pages.
40Intelect Legend Stim Clinical Reference Manual, vol. 4 Intelect Legend Series, Chattanooga Group, Inc., 31 pages.
41Jette, D., "Effect of Different Forms of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation on Experimental Pain", Physical Therapy (Feb. 1986) 66:2, 187-193.
42Johnson, M.I., "Analgesic Effects of Different Pulse Patterns of Trancutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation on Cold-induced Pain in Normal Subjects", Journal of Psyhosomatic Research (1991) 35:2-3; 313-321.
43Johnson, MI, "Analgesic Effects of Different Frequencies of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation on Cold-Induced Pain in Normal Subjects", Pain (1989) 39:231-6.
44Johnson, MI, et al. "An In-Depth Study of Long Term Users of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS). Implications for Clinical Use of TENS", Pain (1991) 44:221-9.
45Katims, J.J. et al., "Transcutaneous Nerve Stimulation. Frequency and Waveform Specificity in Humans", Appl. Neurophysiol (1986) 49:86-91.
46Landau et al., "Neuromodulation Techniques for Medically Refractory Chronic Pain", Annu.Rev.Med. 44:279-87 (1993)/no month listed (annual publication).
47Leem, J., "Electrophysiological evidence for the antinociceptive effect of transcutaneous electrical stimulation on mechanically evoked responsiveness of dorsal horn neurons in neuropathic rats", Neuroscience Letters (1995) 192:197-200.
48Lehmann et al., "Efficacy of Electroacupuncture and TENS in the Rehabilitation of Chronic Low Back Pain Patients", Pain (Sep. 1986) 26:277-90.
49Liss S., Liss B., "Physiological and Therapeutic Effects of High Frequency Electrical Pulses", Integr.Physio.Behav. Sci. (Apr.-Jun. 1996) 31:88-94.
50Marchand, S., et al., "Modulation of Heat Pain Perception by High Frequency Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS)", Clin.J.Pain (1991) 7:122-9.
51Model AWQ-104B Multi-Purpose Electronic Acupunctoscope Instruction Manual, 10 pages.
52Moreno-Aranda J., "Electrical Parameters for over-the-skin muscle stimulation", J. Biomechanics (1981) 14:9, 579-585.
53Moreno-Aranda J., Seireg, A., "Investigation of over-the-skin electrical stimulation parameters for different normal muscles and subjects". J. Biomechanics (1981) 14:9; 587-593.
54O'Brien, WJ, "Effect of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation on Human Blood B-Endorphin Levels", Physical Therapy (Sep. 1984) 64:1367-1374.
55Omura, Y., "Basic electrical parameters for safe and effective electro-therapeutics [electroacupuncture, TES, TENMS (or TEMS), TENS and electro-magnetic field stimulation with or without drug field] for pain, neuromuscular skeletal problems, and circulatory disturbances", Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Res. (1987) 12:201-25.
56Omura, Y., "Electrical parameters for safe and effective electro-acupuncture and transcutaneous electrical stimulation: Threshold potentials for tingling muscle contraction and pain; and how to prevent adverse effects of electro-therapy", Acupuncture & Electro-Therapeutics Res. 10:335-7 (1985).
57Ordog, G., "Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation Versus Oral Analgesic: A Randomized Double-Blind Controlled Study in Acute Traumatic Pain", American Journal of Emergency Medicine (Jan. 1987) 5:1, 6-10.
58Ortho DX Product Data Sheet.
59PCT International Search Report for International Application No. PCT/US01/31441; mailed May 7, 2002; Applicant: Vertis Neuroscience, Inc., 8 pages.
60Pointer F-3 Instruction Manual, ITO Co., Ltd., 10 pages.
61Romita et al., "Parametric Studies on Electroacupuncture-Like Stimulation in a Rat Model: Effects of Intensity, Frequency, and Duration of Stimulation on Evoked Antinociception", Brian Res.Bull. (1997) 42:289-96.
62Rooney, J.G., et al., "Effect of Variation in the Burst and Carrier Frequency Modes of Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation on Pain Perception of Healthy Subjects", Phys.Ther. (Nov. 1992) 72:11, 800-808.
63Sluka, K.A., "Treatment with Either High or Low Frequency TENS Reduces the Secondary Hyperalgesia Observed After Injection of Kaolin and Carrageenan into the Knee Joint", Pain (1998) 77:97-102.
64SMP-plus. The Pain Relief Solution for Hard to Treat Patients, Rehabilcare (2 pages).
65Somers, D.L., "High-Frequency Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation Alters Thermal but not Mechanical Allodynia Following Chronic Construction Injury of the Rat Sciatic Nerve", Arch.Phys.Med.Rehabil. (Nov. 1998) 79:1370-6.
66Sportx Product Data Sheet.
67Starobinets, M., Volkova, L., [Analgesic Effect of High-Frequency and Acupuncture-Like Trancutaneous Electric Stimulation of Nerve Fibers in Spinal Osteochondritis]. Zh Nevropatol Psikhiatr Im S. S. Korsakova (1985) 85-350-4.
68U.S. patent application Ser. No. 09/451,547, entitled "Percutaneous Electrical Therapy System with Sharp Point Protection," filed on Dec. 1, 1999.
69U.S. patent application Ser. No. 09/451,795 entitled "Percutaneous Electrical Therapy System with Position Maintenance," filed on Dec. 1, 1999.
70U.S. patent application Ser. No. 09/451,796, entitled "Electrode Remover for a Percutaneous Electrical Therapy System," filed on Dec. 1, 1999.
71U.S. patent application Ser. No. 09/451,799 entitled "Electrode Introducer for a Percutaneous Electrical Therapy System," filed on Dec. 1, 1999.
72U.S. patent application Ser. No. 09/451,800, entitled "Electrode Assembly for a Percutaneous Electrical Therapy System," filed on Dec. 1, 1999.
73U.S. patent application Ser. No. 09/452,477, entitled "Percutaneous Electrical Therapy System with Electrode Entry Angle Control," filed on Dec. 1, 1999.
74U.S. patent application Ser. No. 09/452,508, entitled "Percutaneous Electrical Therapy System with Electrode Depth Control," filed on Dec. 1, 1999.
75U.S. patent application Ser. No. 09/452,510, entitled "Percutaneous Electrical Therapy System for Minimizing Electrode Insertion Discomfort," filed on Dec. 1, 1999.
76U.S. patent application Ser. No. 09/452,663, entitled "Percutaneous Electrical Therapy System Providing Electrode Axial Support," filed on Dec. 1, 1999.
77U.S. patent application Ser. No. 09/666,931, entitled "Method And Apparatus for Repositioning a Percutaneous Probe," filed on Sep. 21, 2000.
78U.S. patent application Ser. No. 09/667,183, Bishay et al., filed Sep. 21, 2000.
79Ulett et al., "Electroacupuncture: Mechanicsms and Clinical Application," Biol. Psych. 44:129-38 (Jul. 15, 1998).
80Van Doren, CL, "Contours of Equal Perceived Amplitude and Equal Perceived Frequency for Electrocutaneous Stimuli", Percept.Phychophys. (1997) 59:613-22.
81White, P.F. et al., "Percutaneous Neuromodulation Therapy: Does the Location of Electrical Stimulation Effect the Acute Analgesic Response?", Anesth. Analg. (2000) 91:1-6.
82White, P.F. et al., "The Effect of Montage on the Analgesic Response to Percutaneous Neuromodulation Therapy", Anesth. Analg. (2001) 92:483-7.
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US20040044348 *Aug 29, 2002Mar 4, 2004Medtronic, Inc.Medical passing device and method
U.S. ClassificationD24/147, D24/187, D24/146, D24/133