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Publication numberUSH1437 H
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 08/205,442
Publication dateMay 2, 1995
Filing dateMar 4, 1994
Priority dateMar 4, 1994
Publication number08205442, 205442, US H1437 H, US H1437H, US-H-H1437, USH1437 H, USH1437H
InventorsHeinz H. Spelthann
Original AssigneeSpelthann Heinz H
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Containing acrylic acid ester, vinyl chloride and ethylene-carbon monoxide, and butyl acrylate copolymer; self-supporting films, moldings, automobile dashboards, waterproofing liners
US H1437 H
Abstract
Grafted copolymers are disclosed which contain an acrylic acid ester polymer, vinyl chloride and a copolymer containing units of ethylene, carbon monoxide and n-butyl acrylate; and their use in preparing self-supporting films (sheets) and moulded articles.
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Claims(6)
I claim:
1. A thermoplastic copolymer comprising
(a) an acrylic acid ester polymer;
(b) vinyl chloride; and
(c) a copolymer consisting essentially of, by weight,
(i) 40-40% ethylene;
(ii) 3-30% carbon monoxide; and
(iii) 5-60% of n-butyl acrylate.
2. A blend according to claim 1 wherein (a) is polybutyl acrylate.
3. A blend according to claim 1 comprising, by weight, 20-60% (a), 30-70% (b) and 1-30% (c).
4. A thermoplastic composition comprising a blend according to claim 1 and an additional thermoplastic material.
5. A self-supporting film made from a blend or composition according to any one of claims 1 to 4.
6. A molded article made from a blend or composition according to any one of claims 1 to 4.
Description
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

The present invention is directed to grafted copolymers which contain an acrylic acid ester polymer, vinyl chloride and a copolymer containing units of ethylene, carbon monoxide and n-butyl acrylate; and to their use in preparing self-supporting films (sheets) and moulded articles.

More particularly, the present invention relates to a thermoplastic graft copolymer comprising (a) an acrylic acid ester polymer; (b) vinyl chloride; and (c) a copolymer consisting essentially, by weight, of (i) 40-80% ethylene; (ii) 3-30% carbon monoxide; and (iii) 5-60% of n-butyl acrylate; and their aforementioned use in preparing films and moulded articles.

The grafted copolymers of the present invention are useful for producing films and moulded articles demonstrating good tensile properties, hardness and tear resistance. They also possess good low temperature properties, aging, weather and oil resistance, and form smooth surfaces that can be glued and welded. Typical end-uses suitable for the grafted copolymers include automobile dashboard panels and waterproofing liners.

Graft copolymers of vinyl chloride, acrylic acid esters and ethylenevinyl acetate-carbon monoxide are known (cf. EP 0 224 913 B1; U.S. Pat. No. 4,752,639). These graft polymers have desirable performance characteristics, including good tensile strength and elongation at break. It has now been found that certain of these properties, including elongation at break and tear resistance, can be surprisingly improved by particular selection of the copolymer to be grafted with vinyl chloride and acrylic acid ester.

DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

Terms as used herein have the following meanings.

Component (a) of the graft copolymer according to the invention, i.e. acrylic acid ester copolymers, is known in the art. The "acrylic acid esters" of the acrylic acid ester copolymers are preferably alkyl acrylates having 4-18 carbon atoms in the repeating unit. A particularly preferred alkyl acrylate is butyl acrylate.

Component (a) is preferably comprises 20-60% by weight of the graft copolymer, more preferably 30-50%, still more preferably 35-45% by weight.

Component (b) of the graft copolymer according to the invention, i.e. vinyl chloride, preferably comprises 30-70% by weight of the graft copolymer, more preferably 30-50%, still more preferably 35-45% by weight.

Component (c) of the graft copolymer according to the invention is likewise known in the art. It can be represented by the formula (I) ##STR1## wherein x, y and z are chosen to provide the percentage ranges of ethylene, carbon monoxide and n-butyl acrylate previously set forth. The copolymer of formula (I) is commonly known as EnBACO, and is available from the DuPont Company under the name ELVALOY HP.

Component (c) preferably comprises 1-30% by weight of the graft copolymer according to the invention, more preferably 10-25%.

The graft copolymers according to the invention can be blended with one or more additional thermoplastic materials to form a thermoplastic composition. The additional thermoplastic material, and the amount to employ in the composition, will be chosen according to the performance characteristics required for the end use of the product produced. Typical additional thermoplastic materials include those which increase the heat distortion resistance such as acrylonitrile/butadiene/styrene copolymer (ABS), styrene/acrylonitrile copolymer (SAN), methylstyrene/acrylonitrile copolymer (MSAN) acrylonitrile/styrene/acrylate copolymer (ASA), styrene/maleic anhydride copolymer (SMA), polyvinylidene fluoride (PVD), methyl methacrylate/butadiene/styrene copolymer (MBS), polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) and polycarbonate (PC); polymers which lower the Shore hardness such as ethylene/vinyl acetate copolymers and terpolymers (EVAC, VAE); polymers which impart elastomeric properties such as thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU), thermoplastic copolyesters such as HYTREL (available from the DuPont Company), polyether block amide such as PEBAX (available from Elf Atochem), nitrile rubber (NBR), ethylene/propylene/diene rubber (EPDM), and chlorinated polyethylene (CPE).

In addition, the compositions according to the invention may further contain common additives known in the art, such as fillers processing aids, flame retardants, stabilizers, lubricants, and the like, in mounts that are known to those skilled in the art.

The comonomers (a) , (b) and (c) can be present in the copolymer either as comonomers of the acrylic acid ester in the grafting base and/or cografted as comonomers of vinyl chloride. According to the invention, it is also possible to use, for example graft copolymers in which these comonomers have been incorporated into the graft copolymer as a second graft phase, for example in an intermediate or subsequent grafting step.

The graft copolymer according to the invention can be prepared by processes known in the art. These processes can be carried out as a solution, suspension or emulsion polymerization, preferably in an aqueous medium.

In a preferred process, the graft copolymer according to the invention is prepared by first grafting the vinyl chloride onto the acrylic acid ester polymer. This graft product is combined then with option other additives and thereafter fiuxed prior to the addition of component (c). Following the addition of component (c) the grafted copolymer can be pressed or moulded into a desired end product shape, such as a self-supporting film or a molded article.

EXAMPLES

Graft copolymer compositions according to the invention can be prepared on a mill by fiuxing the vinyl chloride grafted polymer and other formulation additives prior to the addition of EnBACO, to ensure a complete gelification of the vinyl chloride grafted polymer.

Granules of EnBACO are added to the fixed vinyl chloride grafted polymer. If the EnBACO content is below 50 parts per hundred (pph), the EnBACO can be added at once; if the EnBACO content is higher, it should be added in two steps. The composition is then mixed until a smooth and homogeneous sheet is produced. The sheet is removed and pressed into plaques.

Typical process conditions are as follows.

Mill: Shaw 1530 cm; oil heated (friction ratio 1:1.14)

Mill temperature: 180 C.

Mixing time to form sheet: 3 min.

0.2150150 mm plaques formed at 180 C.

In Table I, below, the terms and abbreviations have the following meanings:

VC/PAE I: vinyl chloride-polybutyl acrylate graft copolymer containing, by weight, 60% vinyl chloride grafted onto 40% partially cross-linked polybutyl acrylate

VC/PAE II: vinyl chloride-polybutyl acrylate graft copolymer containing, by weight, 50% vinyl chloride grafted onto 50% partially cross-linked polybutyl acrylate

ELVALOY 742: ethylene-vinyl acetate-carbon monoxide (EVACO) terpolymer, available from the DuPont Company

ELVALOY EP 4015: EnBACO, available from the DuPont Company

IRGASTAB 17 MOK: sulfur tin stabilizer, available from Ciba Corporation

IRGASTAB BZ 562: barium-zinc stabilizer, available from Ciba Corporation

Wachs E: lubricant of montan ester wax, available from Hoechst

AC 617: polyethylene wax

              TABLE I______________________________________Compound       Control 1 Control 2 Example 1______________________________________VC/PAE I       77        --        --VC/PAE II                77        77ELVALOY 742    23        23        --ELVALOY EP 4015B          --        --        23IRGASTAB 17 MOK            1.3     --        --IRGASTAB BZ 562          --          1.3       1.3Wachs E         1        --        --AC 617         --         1         1______________________________________

              TABLE II______________________________________Properties                        ValueTest method DIN     Unit     Ctrl 1                              Ctrl 2                                    Ex 1______________________________________Hardness    53505   Shore A   80    59    60               Shore D   28   --    --Tensile test       53455Tensile strengthat 23 C.    N/mm2                         17.5  11.4  12.4at 80 C.              1.3   1     0.9Elongation at breakat 23 C.    %        250   353   383at 80 C.             130   185   183Tear resistance       53515   N/mm2                         28.5  16.2  17(Graves angle test)______________________________________
Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4489193 *Jan 30, 1981Dec 18, 1984Stauffer Chemical CompanyBlend of internally plasticized vinyl chloride copolymer and ethylene/carbon monoxide polymer
US4752639 *Nov 12, 1986Jun 21, 1988Wacker-Chemie GmbhFlexible-to-soft shaped articles containing a vinyl chloride-acrylic acid ester graft copolymer
US5254630 *Oct 26, 1990Oct 19, 1993Huels AktiengesellschaftProcess for the production of a vinyl chloride-butyl acrylate graft copolymer for processing by injection molding
WO1990013600A1 *Apr 30, 1990Nov 15, 1990Du PontPolymeric plasticizers for polyvinyl chloride
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5679425 *May 6, 1996Oct 21, 1997Plumley Companies, Inc.Protective reinforcing thermoplastic inner layer comprising a terpolymer of hexafluoropropylene, tetrafluoroethylene and vinylidene fluoride; impervious, heat resistance, flexibility
Classifications
U.S. Classification525/190, 525/185, 525/64
International ClassificationC08F265/04, C08F255/02
Cooperative ClassificationC08F255/02, C08F265/04
European ClassificationC08F255/02, C08F265/04
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Apr 26, 1994ASAssignment
Effective date: 19940221
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:DU PONT DE NEMOURS INTERNATIONAL S.A.;REEL/FRAME:006969/0507
Owner name: E.I. DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND COMPANY, DELAWARE