|Publication number||USH148 H|
|Application number||US 06/628,096|
|Publication date||Nov 4, 1986|
|Filing date||Jul 5, 1984|
|Priority date||Jul 5, 1984|
|Publication number||06628096, 628096, US H148 H, US H148H, US-H-H148, USH148 H, USH148H|
|Inventors||James K. Thompson|
|Original Assignee||The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Non-Patent Citations (2), Referenced by (5), Classifications (9), Legal Events (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The invention described herein may was made in the course of or under a contract or subcontract thereunder with the Government and may be manufactured, used, and licensed by or for the Government for governmental purposes without the payment to me of any royalties thereon.
The invention is an explosively operated device by which a strong magnetic field pulse and an electric current pulse can be produced of microseconds duration. The device utilizes a cylindrical magnet to initiate the field, and its energy source is an explosive charge. Within the converter itself, the lines of magnetic flux are essentially axial. When the explosive charge in the central metal tube is detonated, the end of the tube flares radially, and the tube begins to expand along its length. As it does so, the tube compresses the magnetic field against the inner surface of the magnet. Simultaneously, the helical coil inside the converter experiences a rapid increase in flux density, thus satisfying Faraday's law. This interaction causes a pulse of electric current to be fed into the turns of the magnetocumulative generator, as its initial magnetic field is maximized. As the central tube expands against the inside of the coil, it shorts out the turns one-by-one as the detonation wave travels axially along the converter. This action progressively reduces the inductance of the circuit, thus increasing the current output of the converter.
This invention can be used in a number of applications in which moderate pulsed power outputs are required in combination with a strong, pulsed magnetic field (greater than can be obtained with a conventional electromagnet). Examples of applications are: special types of chargedparticle accelerators, magnetic traps for charged particles, containment and compression of flowing plasma (MHD and controlled fusion studies), and pulsed electromagnetic
The single FIGURE is a diagrammatic showing of the present invention in cross-section.
The single FIGURE shows a permanent magnet 1 which is cylindrical in shape and causes the electromagnetic flux to be essentially axial throughout the insulated casing 2. A conducting metal coil 3 is wound inside the insulating casing 3 and is connected to output terminal 4A at its right-hand end. The other output terminal 4B is connected to the right-hand end of a metal tube 5. The metal tube 5 is filled with an explosive 6 which may be of any conventional explosive. A detonator 7 is provided for igniting the explosive 6 at the left-hand end of tube 5. Tube 5 should be made of a metal having good electrical conductivity and good ductility (aluminum, etc.).
When the detonator 7 is fired, the explosive at the lefthand end of the tube will cause the left side of the tube to flare out and in a conical shape until it reaches coil 3 and insulating casing 2. When the left side of the tube 5 contacts the left side of metal coil 3, an electrical connection is made for providing current to the output terminals 4A and 4B. As the tube 5 is flared out from left to right by the explosive charge (also traveling from left to right), the magnetic field is compressed against the inner surface of the coil and the permanent magnet.
The compression of the magnetic field is due to the radial movement of the tube. The end of the tube 5 where the explosion is initiated is flared into a conical shape and this process continues down the length of the tube as the explosion progresses. Therefore, the turns of coil 3 are shorted out one-by-one by the perimeter of the cone as it is pressed along the inside of casing 2.
The current output of the device is coupled between the metal coil and the explosive-filled tube at the "rear" end of the device. The output or load circuit is shown schematically at the right-hand end of the device. In this application, the metal coil is flared to a wide sheet at the right side of the figure in order to more efficiently convert the current direction from circumferential (in the coil) to axial (around the flux trap). The right side of the figure shows one type of magnetocumulative generator (MCG) which can be used in the field of high-energy physics.
As the number of unshorted turns of coil 3 decreases, so does the inductance L of the coil. The current I is proportional to the magnetic flux Φ divided by the inductance; i.e.,
Since rapid deformation of the tube leads to conservation of the magnetic flux, Φ remains constant and the drop in the inductance leads to increase in the current. Note that while the total magnetic flux Φ in the vicinity of the coil remains constant, the flux denisty is changed rapidly by the confining action of the expanding tube, and this causes a corresponding flow of current in the coil (increased by the drop in inductance).
|1||C. M. Fowler, "Explosive Flux Compression Generators for Rail Gun Power Sources", IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 18 No. 1, Jan. 82, pp. 64-67.|
|2||R. S. Caird et al, "Explosive Magnetic Flux Compression Plate Generators asast High-Energy Power Sources", IEEE Conf., Lubbock, Tex. (11/11/76), 6 pages.|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US7077047 *||Jul 13, 2004||Jul 18, 2006||Joseph Franklin Frasca||Electromagnetic propulsion devices|
|US7276819||Sep 19, 2005||Oct 2, 2007||The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Navy||Explosively driven power generation, method and device|
|US8919253 *||May 26, 2011||Dec 30, 2014||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Perforating string with magnetohydrodynamic initiation transfer|
|US20050155487 *||Jul 13, 2004||Jul 21, 2005||Frasca Joseph F.||Improvements to Electromagnetic Propulsion Devices|
|US20120298363 *||May 26, 2011||Nov 29, 2012||Baker Hughes Incorporated||Perforating string with magnetohydrodynamic initiation transfer|
|U.S. Classification||89/8, 310/10, 307/106|
|International Classification||H05H7/00, H02N11/00|
|Cooperative Classification||H02N11/004, H05H7/00|
|European Classification||H02N11/00B2, H05H7/00|
|Jul 28, 1986||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: ARMY, UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, AS REPRESENTED BY
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:THOMPSON, JAMES K.;REEL/FRAME:004584/0845
Effective date: 19840607