|Publication number||USH497 H|
|Application number||US 07/003,170|
|Publication date||Jul 5, 1988|
|Filing date||Jan 14, 1987|
|Priority date||Jan 14, 1987|
|Publication number||003170, 07003170, US H497 H, US H497H, US-H-H497, USH497 H, USH497H|
|Inventors||Douglas S. Piasecki|
|Original Assignee||The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Air Force|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (13), Classifications (4), Legal Events (2)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The invention described herein may be manufactured and used by or for the Government for governmental purposes without the payment of any royality thereon.
The present invention relates broadly to a power on reset circuit, and in particular to a ratioed power on reset apparatus.
Typically prior art power on reset (POR) circuits employed discrete components to establish RC time constants to establish and control the power on reset (POR) pulse. This technique presents problems and difficulties in maintaining a POR signal for power supplies, VDD with slow rise times which exceed the RC time constant established by the POR circuit. Also many POR circuits result in a undesirable quiescent current. The present invention provides a circuit that relies on voltage levels rather than voltage transients to establish a POR signal and ends in a zero current state.
The state of the art of power on reset circuits is well represented and alleviated to some degree by the prior art apparatus and approaches which are contained in the following U.S. patents and incorporated by reference herein:
U.S. Pat. No. 4,553,054 issued to Kase et al on Nov. 12, 1985;
U.S. Pat. No. 3,895,239 issued to Alaspa on July 15, 1975;
U.S. Pat. No. 4,385,245 issued to Ulmer on May 24, 1983;
U.S. Pat. No. 4,196,362 issued to Maehashi on Apr. 1, 1980;
U.S. Pat. No. 3,950,654 issued to Broedner et al on Apr. 13, 1976; and
U.S. Pat. No. 3,753,011 issued to Faggin on Aug. 14, 1973.
Kase et al discloses a power on reset circuit for use with a microprocessor to trigger the microprocessor's initialization subroutine. A rest pulse is applied to the microprocessor 4 when a power supply voltage VDD is applied to terminal 10. The duration of the output pulse produced by the patented circuit is not affected by the rise time of the applied voltage VDD, the pulse duration being determined by the ratio of the capacities of the capacitors 16 and 18.
Alaspa discloses an automatic power on reset circuit which is adapted for use on complementary MOS integrated circuit semiconductor dies. The circuit includes a voltage reference stage followed by an amplifier stage. A PN diode is coupled in series with a diode-connected MOSFET and a low current MOSFET device to provide a slight overdrive to the P-channel MOSFET of a CMOS inverter, which determines the initial output level thereof. As the voltage applied to the power supply conductor increases, the switching point of the amplifier-inverter stage varies until the output thereof assumes the opposite logic level. This transition of the output of the amplifier inverter stage is applied to wave shaping circuitry and an output circuit which reliably produces the desired reset signal.
Ulmer discloses a power on reset circuit which deletes the need for resistors uses a current source transistor and a capacitor to provide a minimum time for the power on reset signal.
Machashi generates a clear signal for initializing a logic circuit when the power supply voltage reaches or exceeds a predetermined level.
Broedner et al is concerned with an initializing circuit which includes feedback and is used to initialize all the relevant storage elements in an electronic calculator.
Faggin shows a circuit for setting a flip-flop using MOS technology and not requiring the fabrication of an RC circuit. The present invention is directed to a ratioed power on reset circuit that addresses the short comings of the prior art apparatus.
The present invention utilizes field effect transistors (FETs) in a series-parallel circuit to function as a voltage dividers so that the circuit relies on voltage levels rather than voltage transients to establish a POR signal. When the power supply source signal VDD begins to rise, the POR signal from the circuit tends to follow the power supply source VDD from zero to about 3 volts. The POR signal then goes low and is locked in the low condition. The circuit utilizes the same conductivity FET device in series because it is easier to maintain the correct voltage ratios over variations in mobility and threshold voltage than for complementary FET devices in series.
It is one object of the present invention, therefore, to provide an improved ratioed power on reset apparatus.
It is another object of the invention to provide an improved ratioed power on reset apparatus which provides a power on reset signal for slow power supply rise times.
It is still another object of the invention to provide an improved ratioed power on reset apparatus which utilizes a voltage divider to establish a power on reset signal.
It is a further object of the invention to provide an improved ratioed power on reset apparatus which reacts to voltage levels rather than voltage transients.
It is an even further object of the invention to provide an improved ratioed power on reset apparatus in which the voltage dividers utilize solid state devices with the same conductivity.
It is yet another object of the invention to provide an improved ratioed power on reset apparatus which utilizes solid state devices to maintain the correct voltage ratios over variations in mobility and threshold voltage.
These and other advantages, objects and features of the invention will become more apparent after considering the following description taken in conjunction with the illustrative embodiment in the accompanying drawings.
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the ratioed power on reset apparatus according to the present invention; and
FIG. 2 is a graphical representation of voltage waveforms in the apparatus of FIG. 1.
Referring now to FIG. 1, there is shown a schematic diagram of the ratioed power on reset apparatus wherein a power on reset (POR) signal is generated in response to the voltage level of an applied power supply source signal, VDD. The present apparatus provides a POR signal which is utilized to reset memory units and/or other circuit elements when power, VDD from a power supply is initially applied to a circuit or system. It should be well understood that the power that is being applied to the memory, etc. circuits or systems, is also simultaneously being applied to the ratioed power on reset apparatus. The present power on reset apparatus substantially comprises three parallel circuits which contain a predetermined number of field effect transistors in series. The first parallel circuit contains field effect transistors P1, P2 and N1 which are connected in series between the power supply signal VDD and ground. The FETs P1, P2 are arranged in series to form a voltage divider means. The source of FET, P1 is connected to the power supply signal, VDD. The drain of FET, N1 is connected to ground. The FET, P2 which has its gate connected to ground, has its drain connected to the drain of FET, N1 and also has its source connected to the drain of FET, P1.
The second parallel circuit comprises field effect transistors P3, N2 and N3 which are connected in series between the power supply signal VDD and ground. The FETs N2, N3 are arranged in series to form a voltage divider means. The source of FET, P3 is connected to the power supply signal, VDD. The source of FET, N3 is connected to ground. The FET, N2 which has its gate connected to VDD, has its source connected to the drain of FET, N3 and also has its drain connected to the drain of FET, P3.
The third parallel circuit comprises field effect transistor P4 and N4 which are connected in series between the power supply signal VDD and ground. The source of FET, P4 is connected to the power supply signal, VDD while the source of FET, N4 is connected to ground. The gates of FETs, P4 and N4 are connected to each other and to the common junction between FETs, N2 and N3. The common junction between FETs, P4 and N4 is connected to the input of inverter, INV 1. A capacitor, C1 is connected between the power supply signal VDD and the input to inverter INV 1. The output of inverter INV 1 is respectively connected to the gate of FET, P1 and the input to inverter INV 2. The output of inverter INV 2 provides the output signal POR and is also connected to the gate of FET, N3. The gates of FETs, N1 and N2 are respectively connected to the power supply signal VDD. The gate of FET, P3 is connected to the common junction between FETs, P1 and P2.
The ratioed power on reset apparatus operates in the following manner. Referring still to FIG. 1, assume, for simplicity, that the P and N device voltage thresholds are equal. When the power supply source signal VDD begins to rise, the labelled nodes in the circuit will tend to follow the power supply source signal (see FIG. 2) VDD until a threshold voltage is reached. At this point, some of the FET devices will begin to turn on. Referring now in particular to node C, assume that this node will remain at the higher voltage and is not discharged by FET N4. Since node C is a bit above the threshold voltage VTN for the inverter unit, INV 1, the N-type device of INV 1 will turn on and pull node D low, and this in turn, will cause inverter INV 2 to pull node POR high. When the signal POR is high, it will turn on FET N3 which pulls node B low, thus causing FET N4 to remain off. Thus, it may be seen that the initial assumption for node C is a good one.
At this point, since the power supply signal VDD is a little greater than an FET threshold value, it will be seen that FET N1 will turn off, pulling node E low. When node D becomes low, it will turn on FET P1. Now the input of FET P2 is tied to ground, and thus FET P2, by the way it's connected, will try to keep node A a threshold voltage above node E. Thus, since FET P1 is turned on, it can pull node A to the value of the power supply signal VDD and FET P3 is off. Note, at this time the power supply signal VDD is only above one threshold voltage by a tiny bit. FET N2 is on but FET P3 is off, thus FET N3 has no problem pulling node B low. FET N3 will continue to hold node B low until FET P3 turns on. The ratioes for the N2/N3 FET devices, are chosen such that when FET P3 turns on node B will equal one threshold voltage when the power supply signal VDD =3V. The P1/P2 FET device ratios are also chosen such that node A will be one threshold voltage below the power supply signal VDD when VDD =3V. At this point (VDD =3V) FET P3 can turn on then node B will rise to 1 Vth. Vth represents the threshold voltage of an FET device. Node B being 1Vth allow FET N4 to turn on thus discharging node C, node D in turn goes high (VDD) and node POR goes low. Note that node POR going low is the end of the POR (power on reset) pulse. When node D goes high, FET P1 turns off and FETs P2 and N1 will pull node A toward ground, turning FET P3 on even more than it was before. This will tend to pull node B higher and in turn on FET N4 even harder. Node POR going low, turns FET N3 off and thus node B will be pulled high through FETs P3 and N2.
Thus in summary, node (POR) will follow a rising power supply signal VDD from 0V to 3V and then POR will go low. FETs P1 and N3 will then turn off and lock in the low POR. The FET devices P1/P2 and N2/N3 are being used as voltage dividers. The choices of the same conductivity devices in series here for the FET pairs P1/P2 and N2/N3 is because it is easier to maintain the correct voltage ratioes over variations in mobility and threshold voltages then for complementary FET devices in series.
Although the invention has been described with reference to a particular embodiment, it will be understood to those skilled in the art that the invention is capable of a variety of alternative embodiments within the spirit and scope of the appended claims.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5030845 *||Oct 2, 1989||Jul 9, 1991||Texas Instruments Incorporated||Power-up pulse generator circuit|
|US5555166 *||Jun 6, 1995||Sep 10, 1996||Micron Technology, Inc.||Self-timing power-up circuit|
|US5691887 *||Aug 22, 1996||Nov 25, 1997||Micron Technology, Inc.||Self-timing power-up circuit|
|US6157227 *||Dec 18, 1997||Dec 5, 2000||Sgs-Thomson Microelectronics Sa||Device for neutralization in an integrated circuit|
|US6281723 *||Dec 18, 1997||Aug 28, 2001||Sgs-Thomson Microelectronics S.A.||Device and method for power-on/power-off checking of an integrated circuit|
|US7310760||Dec 11, 2002||Dec 18, 2007||Chung Sun||Apparatus and method for initializing an integrated circuit device and activating a function of the device once an input power supply has reached a threshold voltage|
|US7426667||Aug 24, 2007||Sep 16, 2008||Actel Corporation||Apparatus and method for initializing an integrated circuit device and activating a function of the device once an input power supply has reached a threshold voltage|
|US7673194||Mar 2, 2010||Actel Corporation||Apparatus and method for initializing an integrated circuit device and activating a function of the device once an input power supply has reached a threshold voltage|
|US20050001660 *||Jun 22, 2004||Jan 6, 2005||Amit Roy||Power-on reset circuit|
|US20050140406 *||Nov 30, 2004||Jun 30, 2005||Pierre Rizzo||Power-on reset device|
|CN103633973A *||Aug 21, 2012||Mar 12, 2014||宜扬科技股份有限公司||A power supply reset circuit with zero standby current consumption|
|EP0700159A1 *||Aug 31, 1994||Mar 6, 1996||SGS-THOMSON MICROELECTRONICS S.r.l.||Threshold detection circuit|
|WO1994024762A1 *||Apr 4, 1994||Oct 27, 1994||National Semiconductor Corporation||Self-disabling power-up detection circuit|
|Apr 8, 1987||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: GOVERNMENT OF THE UNITED STATES, THE, AS REPRESENT
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST. SUBJECT TO LICENSE RECITED;ASSIGNORS:PIASECKI, DOUGLAS S.;RCA CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:004695/0518
Effective date: 19861224
|Nov 8, 1999||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: CREDIT SUISSE FIRST BOSTON, AS COLLATERAL AGENT, N
Free format text: SECURITY INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:INTERSIL CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:010351/0410
Effective date: 19990813