|Publication number||USH639 H|
|Application number||US 07/188,934|
|Publication date||Jun 6, 1989|
|Filing date||May 2, 1988|
|Priority date||May 2, 1988|
|Publication number||07188934, 188934, US H639 H, US H639H, US-H-H639, USH639 H, USH639H|
|Inventors||Richard A. Stern, Richard W. Babbitt|
|Original Assignee||The United States Of America As Represented By The Secretary Of The Army|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (3), Classifications (7), Legal Events (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The invention described herein may be manufactured, used, and licensed by or for the Government for governmental purposes without the payment to us of any royalty thereon.
This invention relates in general to a method of making ferrite elements and in particular to a method of making ferrite elements for use in millimeter-wave ferrite control devices.
The application is copending with U.S. patent application Ser. No. 171,325, filed March 21, 1988, for "Improved Method of Making a Ferrite Circulator" by R. A. Stern and R. W. Babbitt and assigned to a common assignee.
Ser. No. 171,325 described a method of making a ferrite circulator wherein ferrite material is arc plasma sprayed into the cavity area of a microstrip circuit, thus eliminating any chance of gaps between ferrite material and microstrip substrate material.
This still leaves the problem of making low cost ferrite elements in volume numbers for use in radar and communication applications. Heretofore, these ferrite elements have been made by slow molding processes requiring numerous processing steps.
The general object of this invention is to provide a method of making ferrite elements for use in millimeter-wave ferrite control devices. A more particular object of the invention is to provide such a method of making ferrite elements in volume numbers at lower costs eliminating the slower molding processes that requires additional processing steps.
It has now been found that the aforementioned objects can be attained by arc-plasma-spraying the ferrite materials into a mold type cavity having the configuration of the desired ferrite element or into an array of identical mold type cavities or impressions, each cavity having the configuration of the desired ferrite element.
It is desired to fabricate a Y-shaped ferrite element that has very fine tapered feather edges on the three legs of the Y configuration. A mold is first obtained having the configuration of the desired Y-shaped ferrite element. The surface of the cavity is then coated with a "mold-release" solution so as to allow easy removal of the completed ferrite element. The cavity is then filled with ferrite by arc-plasma-spraying, with minimal surface finishing required after completion of the spray process. The ferrite element is then easily removed from the cavity and is complete in geometrical configuration, just having to be annealed to optimize the ferrite magnetic properties.
Thus, applicants have provided a method of effectively and efficiently making low-cost ferrite elements having unique configurations. The method results in fabrication of ferrite elements in volume numbers resulting in faster, easier, lower cost fabrication of ferrite elements heretofore made by slower molding processes that require additional processing steps.
The configuration of the ferrite element made will generally be one having a low thickness to volume ratio.
The mold that contains the ferrite will generally be made of metal or other conventional molding material that will provide a smooth surface and accurate tolerances. Standard lecithin based solutions can be used as the "mold release" solutions.
By arc-plasma-spraying as the term is used herein, is meant, a process of feeding ferrite powder into an electric arc where it is melted and directed to a target. Such a process is shown in the article "Arc Plasma Fabrication of Ferrite-Dielectric Composites" by R. W. Babbitt, American Ceramic Society Bulletin, June 1976, at page 566-568.
In the arc plasma or flame spray method, any free flowing ferrite powders can be used. The method is generally short duration taking about 2 minutes.
We wish it to be understood that we do not desire to be limited to the exact details as described for obvious modifications will occur to a person skilled in the art.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US7118728||May 7, 2003||Oct 10, 2006||Steward Advanced Materials, Inc.||Method and apparatus for making ferrite material products and products produced thereby|
|US20050263923 *||Apr 15, 2005||Dec 1, 2005||Hopkins Noel P||Method of producing a self supporting form from a coating material|
|WO2003096358A1 *||May 8, 2003||Nov 20, 2003||Steward Inc||Method and apparatus for making ferrite material products and products produced thereby|
|U.S. Classification||264/80, 264/235|
|Cooperative Classification||C04B41/80, C04B41/009|
|European Classification||C04B41/00V, C04B41/80|
|Mar 17, 1989||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, THE, AS REPRESENTED BY T
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST.;ASSIGNORS:STERN, RICHARD A.;BABBITT, RICHARD W.;REEL/FRAME:005031/0579;SIGNING DATES FROM 19880422 TO 19880427