Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUSPP23838 P2
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 13/200,531
Publication dateAug 20, 2013
Filing dateSep 23, 2011
Priority dateSep 23, 2011
Publication number13200531, 200531, US PP23838 P2, US PP23838P2, US-P2-PP23838, USPP23838 P2, USPP23838P2
InventorsPatrick Pineau
Original AssigneePepinières Minier
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Forsythia plant named ‘Nimbus’
US PP23838 P2
Abstract
A new and distinct cultivar of Forsythia plant named ‘Nimbus’, characterized by its compact, upright and outwardly spreading plant habit; vigorous growth habit; freely branching habit; dense and bushy growth habit; freely and continuous flowering habit; long flowering period; bright yellow-colored flowers; resistance to Phytophthora; and good garden performance.
Images(2)
Previous page
Next page
Claims(1)
It is claimed:
1. A new and distinct Forsythia plant named ‘Nimbus’ as illustrated and described.
Description

Botanical designation: Forsythia×intermedia.

Cultivar denomination: ‘NIMBUS’.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to a new and distinct cultivar of Forsythia plant, botanically known as Forsythia×intermedia and hereinafter referred to by the name ‘Nimbus’.

The new Forsythia plant is a product of a planned breeding program conducted by the Inventor in La Ménitré, Maine et Loire, France. The objective of the breeding program was to develop new compact and freely flowering Forsythia plants.

The new Forsythia plant originated from an open-pollination in 2004 of Forsythia×intermedia ‘Courdijau’, disclosed in U.S. Plant Pat. No. 13,050, as the female, or seed, parent with an unknown selection of Forsythia×intermedia as the male, or pollen, parent. The new Forsythia plant was discovered and selected by the Inventor in 2006 as a single flowering plant within the progeny of the stated open-pollination in a controlled environment in La Ménitré, Maine et Loire, France.

Asexual reproduction of the new Forsythia plant by softwood cuttings in a controlled greenhouse environment in La Ménitré, Maine et Loire, France since May, 2006 has shown that the unique features of this new Forsythia plant are stable and reproduced true to type in successive generations of asexual reproduction.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

Plants of the new Forsythia have not been observed under all possible environmental conditions and cultural practices. The phenotype may vary somewhat with variations in environmental conditions such as temperature and light intensity without, however, any variance in genotype.

The following traits have been repeatedly observed and are determined to be the unique characteristics of ‘Nimbus’. These characteristics in combination distinguish ‘Nimbus’ as a new and distinct Forsythia plant:

    • 1. Compact, upright and outwardly spreading plant habit.
    • 2. Vigorous growth habit.
    • 3. Freely branching habit; dense and bushy growth habit.
    • 4. Freely and continuous flowering habit.
    • 5. Long flowering period.
    • 6. Bright yellow-colored flowers.
    • 7. Resistant to Phytophthora.
    • 8. Good garden performance.

Plants of the new Forsythia can be compared to plants of the female parent, ‘Courdijau’. In side-by-side comparisons, plants of the new Forsythia differ primarily from plants of ‘Courdijau’ in the following characteristics:

    • 1. Plants of the new Forsythia are more compact than plants of ‘Courdijau’.
    • 2. Plants of the new Forsythia are more vigorous than plants of ‘Courdijau’.
    • 3. Plants of the new Forsythia are more freely branching than plants of ‘Courdijau’.
    • 4. Plants of the new Forsythia are more freely flowering than plants of ‘Courdijau’.
    • 5. Plants of the new Forsythia flower for a longer period of time than plants of ‘Courdijau’.
    • 6. Plants of the new Forsythia and ‘Courdijau’ differ in flower color.
    • 7. Plants of the new Forsythia are more resistant to Phytophthora than plants of ‘Courdijau’.

Plants of the new Forsythia can be compared to plants of Forsythia×intermedia ‘Courtacour’, not patented. In side-by-side comparisons, plants of the new Forsythia differed primarily from plants of ‘Courtacour’ in the following characteristics:

    • 1. Plants of the new Forsythia were more erect than plants of ‘Courtacour’.
    • 2. Plants of the new Forsythia were more freely branching than plants of ‘Courtacour’.
    • 3. Plants of the new Forsythia were more freely flowering than plants of ‘Courtacour’.
    • 4. Plants of the new Forsythia flowered earlier than plants of ‘Courtacour’.
    • 5. Plants of the new Forsythia flowered longer than plants of ‘Courtacour’.
    • 6. Plants of the new Forsythia and ‘Courtacour’ differed in flower color.
    • 7. Plants of the new Forsythia were more resistant to spring frost than plants of ‘Courtacour’.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE PHOTOGRAPHS

The accompanying colored photographs illustrate the overall appearance of the new Forsythia plant showing the colors as true as it is reasonably possible to obtain in colored reproductions of this type. Colors in the photographs may differ slightly from the color values cited in the detailed botanical description which accurately describe the colors of the new Forsythia plant.

The photograph on the first sheet is a side perspective view of a typical plant of ‘Nimbus’ grown in a container.

The photograph on the second sheet is a close-up view of a typical flowering branch of ‘Nimbus’.

DETAILED BOTANICAL DESCRIPTION

The aforementioned photographs and following observations, measurements and values describe plants grown in Grand Haven, Mich. during the spring and summer in an outdoor nursery and under conditions which closely approximate commercial Forsythia production. Plants were three years old when the photographs and the description were taken. In the description, color references are made to The Royal Horticultural Society Colour Chart, 2001 Edition, except where general terms of ordinary dictionary significance are used.

  • Botanical classification: Forsythia×intermedia ‘Nimbus’.
  • Parentage:
      • Female, or seed, parent.—Forsythia×intermedia ‘Courdijau’, disclosed in U.S. Plant Pat. No. 13,050.
      • Male, or pollen, parent.—Unknown selection of Forsythia×intermedia, not patented.
  • Propagation:
      • Type.—By softwood cuttings.
      • Time to initiate roots, summer.—About 25 days at 16° C.
      • Time to produce a rooted young plant, summer.—About three months at 16° C.
      • Root description.—Fine; white in color.
      • Rooting habit.—Freely branching; dense.
  • Plant description:
      • Plant form and growth habit.—Perennial shrub; compact, upright and outwardly spreading plant habit; vigorous growth habit.
      • Branching habit.—Freely branching habit, dense and bushy growth habit, about 22 lateral branches develop per plant.
      • Plant height.—About 50 cm.
      • Plant diameter (area of spread).—About 50 cm.
  • Lateral branch description:
      • Length.—About 30 cm.
      • Diameter.—About 5 mm.
      • Internode length.—About 1 cm.
      • Aspect.—Upright to outwardly spreading.
      • Texture, developing.—Smooth, glabrous.
      • Texture, developed.—Woody.
      • Color.—Close to 152B.
  • Foliage description:
      • Arrangement.—Opposite, simple.
      • Length.—About 7.5 cm.
      • Width.—About 3 cm.
      • Shape.—Ovate to oblanceolate.
      • Apex.—Acute to acuminate.
      • Base.—Attenuate.
      • Margin.—Mostly entire with some slight indentations towards the apex.
      • Texture, upper and lower surfaces.—Smooth, glabrous.
      • Venation pattern.—Pinnate.
      • Color.—Developing leaves, upper surface: Close to 144A. Developing leaves, lower surface: Close to 143A. Fully expanded leaves, upper surface: Close to 141A; venation, close to 140A. Fully expanded leaves, lower surface: Close to 141A; venation, close to 140B.
      • Petiole.—Length: About 7 mm. Diameter: About 2 mm. Texture, upper and lower surfaces: Smooth, glabrous. Color, upper and lower surfaces: Close to 140A.
  • Flower description:
      • Flower appearance/arrangement.—Single star-shaped flowers; freely flowering habit with about two to 17 flowers per axillary node; flowers face upright and outwardly.
      • Fragrance.—None detected.
      • Flower longevity.—Flowers last for about three to six weeks on the plant and for about two to four weeks as a cut flower; flowers not persistent.
      • Natural flowering season.—Plants begin flowering in early May in Michigan.
      • Flower diameter.—About 3 cm.
      • Flower depth.—About 3 cm.
      • Flower bud.—Length: About 4 mm. Diameter: About 3 mm. Shape: Oblong. Color: Close to 146C.
      • Petals.—Arrangement/quantity: Single whorl of four petals fused at the base. Length: About 2.1 cm. Width: About 8 mm. Shape: Oblong. Apex: Obtuse. Margin: Entire; curled and undulate. Texture, upper and lower surfaces: Smooth, glabrous. Color: When opening, upper and lower surfaces: Close to 9A. Fully opened, upper and lower surfaces: Close to 6A; color does not fade with development.
      • Sepals.—Arrangement/quantity: Single whorl of four to five sepals fused at the base; calyx, star-shaped. Length: About 4 mm. Width: About 3 mm. Shape: Ovate. Apex: Acute. Margin: Entire. Texture, upper and lower surfaces: Smooth, glabrous. Color, upper and lower surfaces: Close to 146C.
      • Peduncles.—Length: About 3 mm. Diameter: About 1 mm. Strength: Strong. Texture: Smooth, glabrous. Angle: About 20° to 50° from vertical. Color: Close to 146C.
      • Reproductive organs.—Stamens: Quantity per flower: Two to four. Anther size: About 1 mm by 2 mm. Anther shape: Oblong. Anther color: Close to 6A. Pollen amount: Abundant. Pollen color: Close to 6A. Pistils: Quantity per flower: One. Pistil length: About 2 mm. Stigma shape: Rounded, two-lobed. Stigma color: Close to 145D. Style length: About 1 mm. Style color: Close to 145D. Ovary color: Close to 146C. Seeds and fruits: Seed and fruit development has not been observed on plants of the new Forsythia.
  • Garden performance: Plants of the new Forsythia have been observed to have good garden performance and to tolerate rain, wind and to tolerate temperatures ranging from about −28° C. to about 38° C.
  • Pathogen/pest resistance: Plants of the new Forsythia have been shown to be resistant to Phytophthora. Plants of the new Forsythia have not been shown to be resistant to pests and other pathogens common to Forsythia plants.
Classifications
U.S. ClassificationPLT/230
International ClassificationA01H5/00
Cooperative ClassificationA01H5/02