Process of manufaciiuuno-xils ebom
US RE10338 E
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v 1). M. BUIE, Assignor, by mesne assignments, to J. B. WHITEHEAD, G. McK. BAIN, E. M. STODDARD,
0. E. MALTBY, and G. Dmx. PROCESS OF MANUFACTURING OILS PROM ORGANIC SUBSTANCES.
eiss ued Jun 1883.
WITNESSES ATTORNEYS Us iTED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
m xcAr' i1. runs, or wunnxorrox, NORTH CAROLINA. AsblGXOlt, or MESNI'J Assioxmnn'rs, TO JOHN BOSWELL VVH'ITEHEAU, oEoncr. MvKENDREE K, EVAN MORGAN STODDAR-D, OLIVER ELLSVOR'III .\L\LTBY, AND
csoncn DICK, ALL OF NORFOLK, VIRGINIA.
success or umumewmmnns EBOIDRGANIC SUBSTANQES.
SBICIFICATION forming part of Beissued Patent No. 10,338, dated June 5, 1883 Original n. 400.108, inn! Februlry ii', 1818.
To all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, llUNCAN M. Buns, of Wilmington, in the county-of New Hanover and State of North Carolina, have invented a new and useful Improvement n1 the Manufac ture of (his from O1-gnnic Substances, such as pitch-pine, sas'safras,juniper, myrtle, peanuts, cotton-seed, 61c; and I do hereby declare that the following is a fuH, clear, and exact description of the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming part of this specification, in which- Figure 1 represents a side elevation,"partly in section on line mm, Fig. 2,..01 the apparatus 1 employed in the of oils from organic substances. Fig. 2 inatopvicmparttyin horizontal section; and Fig. 3 is a vertical transverse section of the same on line i; 3 Fig. 1.
' The invention will first be described'in cennection witht-he drawings, and then poin'ti out int-he claim.
In the drawings, A represents a boiler or retort of cylindrical shape, to 'be charged througha lid. B. The cylinderA is heated by a furnace, C, placed near the chargingend of the cylinder, the'fire passing along its entire length;
and the of combustion being drawn off through a smoke-stack or chimney at' the op.- posite end. g
Dis a reverberatory flue arranged around cylinder, and connected by an opening with the furnace. It runs diagonally over and down the whole circumference on both sides of the cylinder, and thence along the wall, returning over and across the cylinderfouror more times,opemfigfinally intothe chimney. Above thebrick-wo'rk of the reverberatory fluc D is a layer or covering, 1), of 1 49 The cylinderor retort A is charged through the end door, B, with the organic substances, and alsqthrough pipes b a at both sides of the doorwith-steam and carbonic-acid gas, so as to the gases into the materials and increase thereby the yield and quality of the product operation is as follow: Fill the cylinder pitch-pine, sassafras, juniper, myrtle,
peanuts-air cotton-seeds, or other oilcontaindenser, and the firejn furnace, as in the .coinpose the carbonate ofanimonia and liber- "aflso fornmd-remaiuwm'the retort.
lower ;sides. -Thetanks are connected by -I claimasnew.ist The process of manufacturing "oil from organic substances-Asuchaspitch-pinqsassafme,
in; substances, make the oonnection'withcon- Application tor reissue filed April fl), I883.
- old method of destructive distillationto make pyroligneous acid. The retortfi'E E contain five gallons each, one being nearly filled with water, which is made to boil by the application of heat. The vapor generated is conducted into the large retort, which is heated nearly red-hot, andthe hydrogen liberated. The other retort E is charged with ten quartsof water, twopounds ofcrrlponnte of 'lllllllU- nia, and thirty-two ounces of vitriol, strength.) the latter being applied by drops througha tube. The-measure of acid will deate carbonic-acid gas, which enters the retort 6 A, while the sulphate of ammonia that is Y The oilvapers are;. ccnducted, by agoose neck or cap, 13,! the rear end of the cylinder A, into a suitable coil, G, of a condensing-tank, G, then to a second worm and tank below' the same, and to a third worm and tank below the former. The goose-neck F is made with convex sides and flat'surtaces at .the upper and 7 pipes provided with gas-cocks and exit-pipes, the pipe between the second and third tank being intended to draw 0d the gas to a. purifier, when desired, for illuminating'purposw, that between the first and second tanks serv-' ing as a safety-cock for the purpose of relier- .ing thECWOl'lllS of undue pressure. The con densing worms and tanks cool 0d and finally discharge the oil, which, by the more efiective action of the heat on the boiler, in connection-'8 with the ingredients charged to and embodied in the oil, produce a productot superior quality and in-quantit Having thus-"descri -my invention, whatjuniper, myrtle, peanuts, cotton-seed, and other oil containing 7 substances-which consis'ts in injecting steam and carbonic-acid gas'o .into the retort the materialsand heated to a high temperature, as specified.
DUNGANJI. BU'IE. .m'itnesses: v
. IBnNJ. F. KING,
Guns. B. Davis;