of biemin gham
US RE10808 E
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
P. MCILVBNNA & J. G. ROLLASON.`
Assignors to J. GADBURY & W. P. THoMPsoN. TROUSERS `STRETCHLRI No. 10.808T y Y Reissued Feb. z2, 1887.
S Jn' "E" E 1 /wf/ 6. MM50/v m0230751 g2g@ by UNITED STATES FELIX MOILVENN A, OF MANCHESTER, COUNTY OF LANCASTER, AND JOSEPH GEORGE ROLLASON, OF BIRMINGHAM, COUNTY OF WARWICK, ASSIGNORS TO JOEL CADBURY, OF BIRMINGHAM, AND WVM. PHILLIPS THOMPSON,
or' LIVERPOOL, ENGLAND.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Reissued Lettera Patent No. 10,808, dated February 22, 1887.
'Original No.3l7,01'1, dated March 2,1686. Application for reissue filed June 12, 1886. Serial No. 25,005}y Patented in England February 12, 1884, No. 3,126, and May 5, 1885, No. 5,498. I
.To @ZZ whom, il; may concern.- y Y Be it known that we, FELIX MOILVENNA and JOSEPH GEORGE ROLLAsON, subjects of the Queen of Great Britain, and residents, respectively, of Manchester, in the county of Lancaster, and Birmingham, in the county of Warwick, England, have invented certain new and-useful Improvements in Trousers-Stretchers, of which the following is a specification. Ic Theinvention herein described has been patented in Great Britain by Letters Patent dated February 12, 1884, No. 3,126, and May 5, 1885, No. 5,498.
The object of our invention is to so coni 5 structan article of the class described that it shall be simple in construction and operation, cheap, and efficient in its action.
In the drawings, Figure 1 is a face View of our improved device; Fig. 2, an edge View of 2o the same; Fig. 3, a detail sectional View, and
Fig. 4 a modification.
A indicates a tubular` bar or rod containing a spring, B, at one end, and C indicates a second rod, tubular or solid, sliding into the end of rod A and bearing directly against the spring B.
E E are two flat plates, of metal, wood, papier-mache, or other suitable material, about two inches wide, to the ends of which metal 3o caps F F are applied, as shownin Figs. 1 and 2. These caps F F project atV right angles to the plates or bars E E', as shown in Fig. 2, and then project a slight distance with the plates, and toward the center of the latter, as
shown in Fig. 1. This construction, it Willbe observed, forms pockets or recesses GG', into which the ends of the bars H H it. The sockets or recesses G G' are tapering, as shown,
so that as the bars or plates H H are put 4o therein and moved toward the narrow end of the socket they will be crowded toward the board or plate, and thus lirmly hold the gar ment between them.
I I' indicate sockets in the plates or bars H H', intowhich the ends of the tubular rod A C lit, the rod A Cbeing provided with flanges J J near each end to rest upon the edges of the boards H H', as shown in Fig. 1, and by dotted lines in Fig. 2.
A chain, L, is secured to the upper side of 5o 'the' upper bar, H, by which to suspend the apparatus when-desired. It is often desirable toplace the device with garment immediately before a. tire, to dry the same quickly, and, so far as we are aware, no one has ever constructed a stretching appa ratus of the class described so that it may be hung up or suspended and also set upon its base, as is desired. This we accomplish by the construction shown in Figs. 2 andr3, in 6o which M indicates a threaded `lug or projection upon the outer face of plate or bar E', and N a thumb-screw adapted to tit therein.
P indicates a baseplate or stand, which-is attached to the bar or plate E by means of the thumb-screw N, passing through the baseplate and into the threaded lug M, as clearly shown in Fig. 3. The base plate P is of course recessed upon its under side to allow the thumh-nut to be out of the way when the 7o base-plate is used. l
It will readily be seen that when it is desired simply to hang the garment up to stretch it the chain L will be employed, the base-plate having been previously removed by unscrewing the nut ott' the screw.
The device constructed as herein `described is exceedingly cheap and simple, and may be carried by travelers without inconvenience.
In order `to render the device as compact as 8O possible, the caps F F are recessed, as at K K, to receive the bars or rods in packing.
In some cases a handle, D, may be employed to compress the spring B, though this is notv necessary. 85
In Fig. 4 we have shown a modilication of the device, the bars E H being connected by links,v which, when one of the bars is moved, urge the latter toward the stationary bar and clamp the garment. We deem the arrangego ment shown in Figs. 1 and 2 preferable.
The center of the fiat face of each of the bars E E is cut out or recessed, as atQ, in order to clamp the garment at each side and stretch same evenly.
In using the device it is only necessary to spread the trousers upon the plates E E', which are separated the required distance. The blocks or bars H H' are then inserted with their ends under the caps F F', and as they are crowded or wedged down into the narrow xo end of the sockets G G they clamp the garment rmly between themselves and the plates E E'. Thejointed rods A C are then inserted in the blocks H H', and the spring B, pressing upon the end of rod C, serves to spread the two frames E H and E H' apart, and thus stretch the garment.
The stretcher may be hung up by means of the chain L, or set upon 'its base I), as is desired.
Having thus described our invention, what we claim` isy 1. In combination with bars E E', provided with wedge-shaped sockets G G', bars H H', inserted in said sockets, and spring pressed rods A C, inserted in the movable bars H H and provided with plates J J' to bear upon the latter. Y
2. In combination with bars E E' and movable bars H H', rod A C, inserted at its ends 3o in movable-bars H H', and stand I?, detachably secured to the outer face ofthe bar E', as and for the purpose set forth.
3. In combination with frames E H E' H't and rods AG, provided with spring B, socket M upon the outer face of bar E, screw N, in-
serted in said socket, and stand l?, held in place by screw N, as and for the purpose set orth. f
4. Ina trousers stretcher, the combination of two clamps to hold the'garment each side of theiportion to be stretched, said clamps consisting each of a bar havingv wedge -shaped sockets, and a second bar fitting within said sockets, a two-part rod extending from one clamp to the other and bearing at` its extremities against the second bar of the clamp, and a spring acting upon the two parts of the rod and serving to force them apart, whereby the greater the tension the tighter will be the hold of the clamps upon thc garment.
5,. In a device for stretching trousers, the combination of two clamps for holding the trousers, an intermediate extensible rod or connection, and a' trousers-stretching spring acting upon the two parts of said rod, and serving to move them longitudinally and to Aforce the clamps from eachother with the force required to stretch the trousers.
JosErH GEORGE EoLLAsoN.
Witnesses to the signature of Felix McIl- Veuna:
FEED B. LOWE, ROBERT WARDLE, -56 Brown Street, Manchester, Notaries Clerks. Witnesses to the signature of Joseph George Rollascn:
GEO. H. TAY, LETITIA HALL.