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Publication numberUSRE11339 E
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 16, 1893
Publication numberUS RE11339 E, US RE11339E, US-E-RE11339, USRE11339 E, USRE11339E
InventorsEugene A. Ford
Original AssigneeGeorge Holl
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Type writing machine
US RE11339 E
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)


Reissued May 16, 1893.

2 Sheets-Sheet 2.


Reissud May 16, 1893.

W U l H E 1 MIN,



srncn'toanon' forming part or neis uednettm Patent no. 1 1,339. dated m 1 6, 189s. Original in. 472,8 0, dated Lprllli, 1m;- lppllostio'n it: aims m m r, 1892. Serial Io. 439.849

To all whom it may concerns Be it known that I, EUGENE A. FORD, or the city, county, and State of New York, invented a new and useful Improvement in Type-Writing Machines, which, is'fnil-yset forth in the following specification.

- The main object of my invention'is to con-' struct a simple and eflicient shifting mechanism, whereby e large number :of charactersmaybe printed from a few keys, without 10' shifting thoplatem'and whereby the typebars may be accurately guided to the prinb.

P int. Prior to myinvention it hasbeen-proposed r 5 to shift the type-bars (they having each two or more characters) instead of shifting the heavy carriage and platen as in the wellknown Remingtonmwhine. Tothis end-the key-leversand type-{mirehave been pivoted so upon a tilting frame, capable of being thrown at will into either of two positions, so as to. bring either'oneor the other of the characters (of the type-bar to the printing point.

- According to my invention, the type-levers and type-barsflare not carried .by a shifting frame, but the key-levers are'pivoted to a fixed support and each type-bar is'pivotedto the end of the key-leverfin such manner that, in addition to the ordinary stroke-for printing', imparted by said-lever, the type-bar can 'move independently thereof to bring any one of its characters into printing'position. With the type-bars so mounted, are combined shiftlng devices under the control of the operator;

3 5 forimparting to the type-bar, a movement in the direction of the alignment of the typed 'e.,'transversely to the printing stroke. This shifting device may, and does preferably perform alsothe. function of" a guide, controlling thehead or printing end 0! the type-bar to I the moment: of impact with the platen, In making a shift, therefore, it is not necessary to move a frame carrying sll'the key-levers andtype-bars. No key-levers move at all, sud only that type-bar need be materially displaced-which at the time being is in oper-- 'stion. here isi 'consequentl ya minimum weight ofthe shifting parts, giving; a lighter shift and much quicker. action. When a 56 heavy-frame is used, the spring that returns it, innit be proportionately strong, and the re- .advantages are durability, .cheapness and ing parts of. the machine, are attached rear-' sistance of thisspring must be overcome by the operator in making a shift. Additional simplicity of construction. 455' a My. invention further comprises an im-. proved quick-action feed mechanism for the carriage, as hereinafter specifically described, In order that my invention and the man-. ner in which thesame is carried into eflect 60' maybe fully understood, 1 will describe in detail a machine constructed in accordance therewith, referencebeing hadto theacooinpanying-drawings which form part' ofv this specification.

Figure 1, is 'a plan view, partly in section, of my improved type writing. machine. {Fig- 2, is a; vertical'longitudinal section. Fig. 3, is an end elevation of the type-bars, showing thetype-bar guide; and Fig.4,isanenlarged plan view of the carriage feeding'mec'hanism;

Similar letters of reference indicate correspending parts in all the'views'. To the base A, which supports all the workwardlylcurved pilla'trs' B, supporting rods a b, andnpon the said rods are loosely placed-theen'd piecesc of the frame of r the paper-car; ria'ge C. 1n the said frame is supported the paper supporting roller D.": The end piecesc are connected witha longitudinal bard, .carrying a double-rack bar e; Between ears 1; projecting rearwsrdly from thesupport g, are placed the p'awls h i. The said paiwls are held in place by a pin j, projecting through the earsfandthrough a. circular hole in the pewlt' and an oblonghole in the pawl h. The pawl h is provided with a right-angled arm 1:, furnished with a downwardly projecting!- shaped finger l, which engages 'theteeth of the rear surface of the rack-bar e. The pawl iis furnished with aV-shaped fing erm ,which engages the forward islide of the rack-bar'--e.-

In the pawl h,near its free end, is inserted an adj listing-screw n, which normally rests upon .95

the side of the pawl 11st its free end. The pawl h is held in engagement with'the teeth of the rear side of the rack-bar by a spiral spring 0, connected with the pawl and with a fixed support. The pawi-and-ratchetmecl1-.- iot- 8111511118 operated by arod. p in the manner presently tube described a To the fixed support in. front of the paper supporting roller Dis pivoteda-triangular rests upon the top of -the support 9, so that the guide is usedin this position while printing the frequently-recurring letters and cha ractcrs. The side walls of the triangular guide which converge to this narrow end, constitute guide-strips which control the head or-printing end of the type-bar, and direct the latter to'the slot orjopeninga In standards q r, attached to the base A, are pivoted levers s t, providcdat their rear ends with'studs n w for engaging and lifting the type-bar guide E. The stud w is made shorter than the stud '0, so that when the lever is tilted andthe stud is raised until the free end of the lever 15 strikes the angled upper end of the support 9, .the type-bar guide Ewill be raised sufii-v ciently-to bring'the central letter orcharacter on theend of thetype-bar into position for printing. In a similar manner the longer stud 0, carried by the lever s, -willraise the type-bar guideE whenthe said lever is' moved,

so as to bring the lower character on the end of the type-bar into position for printing.

- The forward ends of thefleverss t are con- 'nected with rodsa' b, which extend upwardly through the casing F of the machine, and are providedat their upper ends with fingerpieces 0' d, so that by pressing these keys the t 'pe-bar guide may be raised in the manner escribed.

In standards 6'', secured to the base A near the'front thereof, are pivoted the key-levers G, which are connected with type-barsH and with rods I, extending. through the casing F and provided at their upper ends with finger pieces f. As all of the type-bars, type-operati'ng levers, and parts connected therewith are alike in all'respects as to position in the,

niachin'eand the form of their free ends,- a

description of vone bar, and the mechanism connectediherewith will answer for the Whole. The lever G is formed of the longer arm 9', the shorter arm h,- aud the weighted arm 1",,

extending approximately at right angles in the main portion of the-lever opposite thev pivotal point," The shorter arm h is pivotally connected withthe internally-threaded sleeve j, into which is screwed the threaded lower end of the rod I. The free extremity of the longer arm g of the lever G ispivo't ally connected with the type-bar H, and the said type-barextends forward and projects into the forward end of the guide E. In front of theguid'e E is supported a slotted plateor comb .Lwhicn receives at each of its slots 'a type-bar, as shown in;I ig.-3. p The free endof'the type-bar I-I is'widened,

and in the present case carries type for pro-'- dneing three letters or characters. Either of the characters may be brought into position for printing by tilting the guide- E in the this movement of the guide andat the same time to preserve the alignment of the type, the end of the typebarv'is provided above and below with convex projections k; The rojdp ofthe carriage-feeding mechanism is pivoted to a. portion of the lever l, which turns on fixed pivots in the lower part of the machine-casing,and connected "at their upper ends by a rod-m. The said rod lies in of the typebar, so that as the type-bar is 7 moved forward, the impact of 'the projection which pushes the. pawl 11 forward, so as to bring the projection 'm into engagement with the teeth on the front side of the ratchet-bar e, at the same time,- through the medium of out of engagement with. the ratchet teeth. on the back side of the bar 6, thereby releasing the bar from the pawl h and causing it to be .held by the pawl 11. At the same. time the spring 0 draws the pawl h forward ready for re-eugagemeutwith the ratchet-bar'at'ter its release, which occurs when the rod 19 moves forward, allowing the pawl 71 to slip out of engagement with the ratchet-bar.

the manner described is moved forward one To provide for spacing without printing, an angled lever 0', pivoted in a standard project.-

by a rod 10' with the levers t', and is pivotally connected at, the other end with the rod g, which extendsup vardly through the easing,thepressure of the finger upon the-finger-piece 'r tiltsthe lever 0', pushes forward the mile, and releasesth'e feeding mechanism inthe'manner already described. A'n inking-ribbon of the usual description will ,be interposed between the type-bar E and they paper supported by the roller D.

of the type-bar guide E are providedwith hinged doorss, which may be opened for the introduction of a brush.

are curved slightly to accommodate them to the type bar' guides. V

Patent+ r r v 1'. In'a typewriting machine, the combina tion of a'series'of key-leveraaseries of type bars each directly pivoted to its lever and movable independently thereof transversely to the printing stroktaeach type-bar being provided with two or'rnore characters, and a shifter or iguide at the free ends of the type-bars and 'n' on the rod m moves forward the for] p,

the screw n, pushing the triangular finger-l The car-' riage after the'release' .of the. ratchet-bar in notch by a spring or weight in the usual way, 1


ing from the base A, is connected at one end To facilitate cleaning the type, the sides lhe centraltype bars are made straight;,but the'lateralones manner already described. To permit oi.--

the path of a projection n on the lower edge r05 ing and is furnished with a finger-piece 1". V Wheneverit is desired to space without print- Having thus described myinvention, I, claim as new'and desire to secure hv Letters i under the. controlot the operator, for shift- I ing said bars at will in the direction of the 'transverselyjso the alignment of the type,'substantially as de scribed.

2. The combination of a series of key-levers pivoted each to a fixed Supporha series of type- 'barshaving each twoor morecharacters and directly jointed each'to a key-lever so as to re- .ceive a printing stroke longitudinally of said bar, and a shifting guide controlling the free ends of said type-bars formoving the same tially as described.

3. The combination of a series of type-bars each having two or more characters, means for reciprocating them longitudinally towardand from the printing roller, and a swinging guide having a slot or orifice common to all the type-bars. substantially as described.

4. The combinaticn of a series of type-bars having each two or more characters, key-le vers'for reciprocating the type-bars, and a swinging guide converging to a slot or orifice close to 'the printing roller, the free ends of all the type-bars resting loosely upon said guide, substantially as described.

5.Iu a type-writing inachine the combina- 'tion of a series of type-bars H, the fixed slotted guide J, the triangular type-bar guide E for causing the type-bearing ends of .the type:

bars to register, and the type-bar-actuating mechanism consisting of levers G, rods. I, and finger pieces f, substantially as specified.

6. The combination with the horizontal platen, of a vertically swinging hollow guide having its sides converging toward the platen,

lev ersacting against the lower side of the hollow guide to: raise it into two new positions, a series of type-bars having vertically aligned type or characterson-their forward ends, and operating devices forprojecting' the type-bars forwardly through the hollow-guide and its contracted forward end into contact with the 'platen or paper thereon, substan- .tially as set forth.

7. In a type-writer, the combinatiomwith a series'of type-bar's converging at their forward ends, each provided with vertically aligned type or characters, and. keys having alever connection withthe'rear ends of the bars, of a hollow vertically swinging guide hinged at its rear end and'havinga contracted opening at .its forward end of a size to firmly guide the forward end of a single typebar, vertically-swinging levers beneath the said hollow guide and constructed to raise its forward end into two new positions, and akey mechanism adjacent to the keys of the typebars to beo erated simultaneously therewith or separate y and connected with the guide elevating levers,-s.ubstantially as set forth.

S. The combination with a series of horizontal levers pivoted near their forward ends, a series of convergingtype-bars pivoted at their lower ends to the long radial arms of said levers and inclined upwardly and forwardly therefrom, vertically aligned typeor printing stroke, substam ,nation, with the paper-carriage and printing characters on the forward end of said bars,

and a series of vertically-extending key-rods pivoted at their lower ends to the forward ends of said lovers to raise the type-bars into a horizontal position-and project them forwardly to a common printing point, of a verticallyswingiug hollow guide pivoted at its rear end adjacent to the upper forward ends of the'type-bars, and levers aetingon the saidhollow guide to elevate its free end into two new positions, substantially as set forth.

-9. The combination, with the inclined converging type-barseach having on its forward end vertically-aligned type or characters, the keys connectedwith said bars, and a stationary bar having vertical slots, through which the downward movement 'of its forward end, i i

of the vertically-swingingkey-levers extending forwardly under said guide and beneath 3 its rest to engage the latter when their forward ends are swung up,and upwardly projecting studs o'nthe forward ends of said levers and one projecting higher than the other to engage the lower side of the hollow guide and raise its forward end into two new positions, substantially as set forth.


11. The combination with the paper-carriage, its spacing mechanism having a keyoperated rod, and intermediate vertical levers pivoted .between their ends to the-said rod and connected at their upper ends by a cross bar or rod, of theinclinedtype-bars crossing at their forward ends the said cross-bar and having depending lugs to engage it and rock the vertical levers forwardlyto actuate the spacing mechanism,-vertically-aligned type or characters on the forward ends of the said bars, keys for actuating the type-bars, and a vertically swinging hollow guide contracted.

at its forward end to form a common printing opening and pivoted at its rear end adjacent to the upper ends of the type bars, and

key-operated levers acting on the lower side of the hollow guide to raise its forward'end to two new positions, substantially as set forth. 12. In a type writing machine the combination of the type-bars-l-Lprovided with pro- I j ections n, the levers Z, and pawl-and-ratchet mechanism connected with the paper carriage and arranged to be operated by the impact of the type-bar through ieverszl' and their con- -nections', substantially-as specified- 13. In a type writing machine, the comhimechanism, of the double ratchet bar e, at-

tached to the paper carriage, the pawl i, In testimony whereof I have signed this adapted to engage one side of the ratchet bar, specification in the presence of two snbscribto the slotted pawl h,ada'pted to engage the oping witnesses. posits side of'the ratchet-bar-, theadjusting 5 Screw n, inserted in the pawl h, the bearing upon the pawl i, and the retractile spring 0, Witnesses: I

7 connected with the pawl h and with a fixed PHILIP MAURO, support, s11 bstantially as specified. REEVE LEWIS.


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US8083424 *Mar 12, 2009Dec 27, 2011Metamorfyx, LLCErgonomic keyboard